Long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 and impacts on health in Rome, Italy

ConclusionThis may be achieved through adoption of stringent air pollution regulations and sustainable city planning. Increase in urban green infrastructures and improving road transportation will reduce PM2.5 levels in urban environment, thereby safeguarding human health from air pollution and improving citizens’ well-being.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

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In this study, we quantified the spatiotemporal burden of mortality attributable to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5, which is defined as a mass of particles with an aerodynamic dry diameter of ≤ 2.5 μm) in Taiwan during 2008–2015. Hourly concentrations of PM2.5 were obtained from the Taiwan Air Quality Monitoring Network. According to geographical and climatic characteristics, the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration has divided Taiwan into seven air quality regions (AQRs): the North (four districts), Chu-Miao (two districts), Central (three districts), Yun-Chia-Nan (three districts...
Source: Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
ConclusionThis may be achieved through adoption of stringent air pollution regulations and sustainable city planning. Increase in urban green infrastructures and improving road transportation will reduce PM2.5 levels in urban environment, thereby safeguarding human health from air pollution and improving citizens’ well-being.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In the literature there are many data on the main causes of death for patients with COPD, such as respiratory failure, lung cancer, pulmonary thromboembolism, but due to the high comorbidity of COPD with cardiovascular pathology, and the mechanism of mutual complications of these nosologies, according to our research, today the main causes of death for patients with COPD are cardiovascular accidents caused by hypercoagulation.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Monitoring airway disease Source Type: research
Conclusions: The follow-up after discharge in specialized units of tobacco cessation is very low, yet the efficacy of the treatment per year was high.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tobacco, smoking control and health educ. Source Type: research
by Jenny C. Censin, Sanne A. E. Peters, Jonas Bovijn, Teresa Ferreira, Sara L. Pulit, Reedik M ägi, Anubha Mahajan, Michael V. Holmes, Cecilia M. Lindgren Obesity traits are causally implicated with risk of cardiometabolic diseases. It remains unclear whether there are similar causal effects of obesity traits on other non-communicable diseases. Also, it is largely unexplored whether there are any sex-specific differences in the causal effects of obe sity traits on cardiometabolic diseases and other leading causes of death. We constructed sex-specific genetic risk scores (GRS) for three obesity traits; body mass index...
Source: PLoS Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
Veena S. Kulkarni, Associate Professor, Department of Criminology, Sociology and Geography, Arkansas State University, USA; and Raghav Gaiha, (Hon.) Professorial Research Fellow, Global Development Institute, University of Manchester, England.By Veena S. Kulkarni and Raghav GaihaNEW DELHI, India and JONESBORO, US, Oct 7 2019 (IPS) China’s almost meteoric transition from a being a low income to a middle income country within a span of four decades is often perceived as a miracle analogous to the post Second World War Japanese economic development experience. China’s GDP rose from $200 current United States dolla...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Economy & Trade Food & Agriculture Food Sustainability Globalisation Headlines Health Labour TerraViva United Nations Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition Foundation (BCFN) Source Type: news
Abstract It is well established that respiratory and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity rates are associated with poor air quality as measured by high concentrations of fine particulate matter such as PM2.5 parameters. Since such information is lacking for the State of Kuwait, this study examined the exposure levels of PM2.5 and the associated health risk as evaluated by five mortality measures embodied in ischemic heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute lower respiratory infection as well as two morbidity outcomes related to both cardiovascular and respiratory disea...
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 September 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Giulia Carreras, Alessandra Lugo, Silvano Gallus, Barbara Cortini, Esteve Fernández, Maria José López, Joan B. Soriano, Ángel López Nicolás, Sean Semple, Giuseppe Gorini, Yolanda Castellano, Marcela Fu, Montse Ballbè, Beladenta Amalia, Olena Tigova, Xavier Continente, Teresa Arechavala, Elisabet Henderson, Alessandra Lugo, Xiaoqiu LiuAbstractOur aim was to provide a systematic review of studies on the burden of disease due to second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure, reviewing methods, exposure ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Maigeng Zhou, Haidong Wang, Xinying Zeng, Peng Yin, Jun Zhu, Wanqing Chen, Xiaohong Li, Lijun Wang, Limin Wang, Yunning Liu, Jiangmei Liu, Mei Zhang, Jinlei Qi, Shicheng Yu, Ashkan Afshin, Emmanuela Gakidou, Scott Glenn, Varsha Sarah Krish, Molly Katherine Miller-Petrie, W Cliff Mountjoy-VenningSummaryBackgroundPublic health is a priority for the Chinese Government. Evidence-based decision making for health at the province level in China, which is home to a fifth of the global population, is of paramount importance. This analysis uses data from the...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we estimated the avoidable mortality burden attributable to ambient air pollution in Tehran, and derived the economic impact associated with these health effects. Using PM2.5 data from ground-level air pollution measurements in Tehran, we estimated PM2.5 exposure for 349 neighborhoods in Tehran, by the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP-CE). We considered five scenarios related to PM2.5 levels: an increase to 35 μg/m3; a reduction to 25 μg/m3; a reduction to 15 μg/m3; a reduction to 10 μg/m3 (the WHO's air quality guideline value); and a full roll-back, assuming a...
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
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