Childhood predictors of adult adiposity: findings from a longitudinal study.
Childhood predictors of adult adiposity: findings from a longitudinal study. N Z Med J. 2019 Dec 13;132(1507):11-21 Authors: McLeod GF, Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Boden JM, Carter FA Abstract AIMS: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has become a key challenge for New Zealand. The purpose of the present study was to examine childhood risk factors for adult adiposity in a longitudinal birth cohort. METHODS: Data were gathered from the Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS), a birth cohort of 1,265 children born in Christchurch in 1977. Associations were examined between socio-demographic background, perinatal factors, infant and child characteristics, family functioning/child maltreatment and adiposity at ages 30 and 35 years. Adiposity was assessed using body mass index scores. RESULTS: At ages 30 and 35, approximately one-third of cohort members were overweight and one-fifth were obese. Generalised estimating equation models showed that statistically significant (p
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): I.P. Shanura Fernando, BoMi Ryu, Ginnae Ahn, In-Kyu Yeo, You-Jin JeonAbstractBackgroundMetabolic syndrome (MS) defines a group of severe comorbidities, including insulin resistance, abnormal fat accumulation, and high blood pressure that lead to obesity, diabetes, and heart diseases. MS has received a growing concern due to its rising prevalence in many countries. The consumption of high-calorie food, sedentary lifestyle habits, genetic factors, and stress conditions aggravate risk factors for developing metabolic syn...
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Xavier Serra-Aracil, Esther Gil-Barrionuevo, Raquel Lobato-Gil, Anna Gonzalez-Costa, Laura Mora-López, Anna Pallisera-Lloveras, Sheila Serra-Pla, Salvador Navarro-SotoAbstractBackgroundThe aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of transanal endoscopic surgery (TES) in obese patients.MethodsObservational descriptive study evaluating the feasibility of TES in obese rectal tumors between June 2004 and January 2019. Patients were assigned to two groups: body mass index (BMI)
This study revealed that soaking and germination significantly reduced (P
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 66Author(s): Jr-Wei Chen, Yi-Ling Lin, Chung-Hsi Chou, Yi-Hsieng Samuel Wu, Sheng-Yao Wang, Yi-Chen ChenAbstractA high-fat diet is a major risk factor for obesity and heart failure. Our previous study has demonstrated that protease A-digested crude-chalaza hydrolysates (CCH-As) with a specific free amino-acid and carnosine/anserine profile show lipid-lowering and antioxidant activities against chronic alcohol consumption. The antiobesity and hypolipidemic effects of our CCH-As against a high-fat diet was to investigated in this study. In high-fat-diet ...
School feeding programme in Togo. Credit: WFP/João CavalcanteBy Jomo Kwame Sundaram and Wan Manan MudaKUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia, Jan 21 2020 (IPS) If well planned, coordinated and implemented, a government funded school feeding programme for all primary school children can be progressively transformative. Such a programme, involving government departments and agencies working together, can benefit schoolchildren, their families, farmers and public health, now and in the future. Jomo Kwame Sundaram Such a scheme should comprehensively supply adequate food for all, especially schoolchildren, and improve their nutrition,...
In conclusion, we have considered the literature that focuses on the omega-6/omega-3 ratio. The ratio changed from the past, especially in people whose diet is strongly westernized worsening the state of health of the patient and leading to an higher incidence of obesity. Our study hypoth esizes that the supplementation could help to restore the correct ratio.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with morbid obesity need health, nutritional, and psychological education. PMID: 31955190 [PubMed - in process]
(University of Barcelona) A new study by the University of Barcelona (UB) concluded that irregularity in eating schedules during the weekend, named by the authors as eating jet lag, could be related to the increase of body mass index (BMI), a formula that measures weight and height to determine whether someone's weight is healthy.