Aphasia Park: A pilot study using the co-active therapeutic theater model with clients in aphasia recovery

Publication date: February 2020Source: The Arts in Psychotherapy, Volume 67Author(s): Laura L. Wood, Dani Bryant, Kerryann Scirocco, Hia Datta, Susan Alimonti, Dave MowersAbstractAphasia, most often caused by brain damage due to stroke, is a language disorder hindering one's ability to verbally express and/or comprehend language, ranging in severity from mild to severe. An Applied Thematic Analysis (ATA) was undertaken of a post-production focus group to evaluate a 12-week pilot program that used the CoActive Therapeutic Theater (CoATT) Model for persons in Aphasia recovery. Results of a focus group interview found five themes that participants noted as unique outcomes following participation in the pilot program: 1) Meaningful relationships; 2) Increased belief in self; 3) Invigorating experience; 4) Unique healing opportunity; 5) Perceived speech and language improvement.
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Aphasia;   Stroke Intervention:   Behavioral: Logbook Sponsor:   Duquesne University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion: The predictive value of this picture description task and correlations with existing language assessments substantiate the clinical importance of a reliable yet rapid bedside measure for acute stroke patients that can be administered by a variety of health care professionals.
Source: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Abstract Aphasia is a highly disabling acquired language disorder generally caused by a left-lateralized brain damage. Even if traditional therapies have been shown to induce an adequate clinical improvement, a large percentage of patients are left with some degree of language impairments. Therefore, new approaches to common speech therapies are urgently needed in order to maximize the recovery from aphasia. The recent application of virtual reality (VR) to aphasia rehabilitation has already evidenced its usefulness in promoting a more pragmatically oriented treatment than conventional therapies (CT). In the prese...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusions Though it is not without inherent challenges, fNIRS may have advantages over other neuroimaging techniques in the areas of speech and language impairment. fNIRS has clinical applications that may lead to improved early and differential diagnosis, increase our understanding of response to treatment, improve neuroprosthetic functioning, and advance neurofeedback. PMID: 32640168 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluate the effectiveness of an illustration-based rehabilitation method on speech recovery of a patient with non-fluent chronic aphasia. The Ultraspeech-player software allowed visualization by the patient of reference tongue and lip movements recorded using ultrasound and video imaging. This method can improve the patient's awareness of their own lingual and labial movements, which can increase the ability to coordinate and combine articulatory gestures. The effects of this method were assessed by analyzing performance during speech tasks, the phonological processes identified in the errors made during...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research
Conclusion: The Brisbane Evidence-Based Language Test is a sensitive assessment of aphasia. Diagnostically, the High Level Test recorded the highest psychometric capabilities of the Short Tests, equivalent to the full Brisbane Evidence-Based Language Test. The test is available for download from brisbanetest.org.Implications for rehabilitationAphasia is a debilitating condition and accurate identification of language disorders is important in healthcare.Language assessment is complex and the accuracy of assessment procedures is dependent upon a variety of factors.The Brisbane Evidence-Based Language Test is a new evidence-...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of this paper is to integrate different bodies of research including brain traveling waves, brain neuromodulation, neural field modeling and post-stroke language disorders in order to explore the opportunity of implementing model-guided, cortical neuromodulation for the treatment of post-stroke aphasia. Worldwide according to WHO, strokes are the second leading cause of death and the third leading cause of disability. In ischemic stroke, there is not enough blood supply to provide enough oxygen and nutrients to parts of the brain, while in hemorrhagic stroke, there is bleeding within the enclosed ...
Source: Biological Cybernetics - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Biol Cybern Source Type: research
In this study, no differences were observed between individuals with aphasia and control participants on behavioral measures of accuracy and response time, though accuracies overall were lower than those of prior studies examining this task in young adults. Eye gaze data demonstrated that over the course of training, controls and individuals with aphasia learned to reduce the number of looks to the feature of lowest diagnosticity, suggestive of optimized attentional allocation. Eye gaze patterns, however, did not show increased looking or look times to all features of highest diagnosticity, which has been seen in young adu...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In conclusion, FAS is a rare motor speech disorder, often related to cerebrovascular accidents involving critical regions in the dominant hemisphere. In addition, the present case adds further evidence to the role of the left primary motor cortex in modulation of prosody. In rare cases FAS can be the only sign of stroke or can appear after recovery from post-stroke aphasia.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Robert Loughnan, Diego L. Lorca-Puls, Andrea Gajardo-Vidal, Valeria Espejo-Videla, Céline R. Gillebert, Dante Mantini, Cathy J. Price, Thomas M.H. HopeAbstractAround a third of stroke survivors suffer from acquired language disorders (aphasia), but current medicine cannot predict whether or when they might recover. Prognostic research in this area increasingly draws on datasets associating structural brain imaging data with outcome scores for ever-larger samples of stroke patients. The aim is to learn brain-behavior trends from ...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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