Assessing the Variability and Quality of Lung Stereotactic Radiotherapy Treatment Plans using a Web-Based Crowdsourcing Platform

ConclusionsThese findings demonstrate the importance of quality assurance to help improve planning and contouring, as well the value of peer review and comparison. More readily accessible quality evaluation software solutions, such as the one used here, may be poised to help meet this growing need.
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 28 March 2020Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Stanzione Arnaldo, Renato Cuocolo, Del Grosso Renata, Nardiello Anna, Romeo Valeria, Travaglino Antonio, Raffone Antonio, Bifulco Giuseppe, Zullo Fulvio, Insabato Luigi, Maurea Simone, Pier Paolo Mainenti
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Li W, Zhou Y, Shang C, Sang H, Zhu H Abstract Background: Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and other acid-suppressing drugs are widely used in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcer, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, gastritis, and gastric cancer (GC). About 80% of GC patients receive acid suppression treatment. PPI suppresses the production of gastric acid by inhibiting the function of H+/K+-ATPase in gastric parietal cells and raises the pH value to achieve therapeutic purposes. Some studies have found that PPI had a certain antitumor effect in the proliferation and apoptosis of tumor cells. But the effects o...
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Srinivasa R. Rao, Nasullah K. Alham, Elysia Upton, Stacey McIntyre, Richard J. Bryant, Lucia Cerundolo, Emma Bowes, Stephanie Jones, Molly Browne, Ian Mills, Alastair Lamb, Ian Tomlinson, David Wedge, Lisa Browning, Korsuk Sirinukunwattana, Claire Palles, Freddie C. Hamdy, Jens Rittscher, Clare Verrill
Source: The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 March 2020Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Riccardo Giannini, Gemma Zucchelli, Mirella Giordano, Clara Ugolini, Roberto Moretto, Katarzyna Ambryszewska, Michele Leonardi, Elisa Sensi, Federica Morano, Filippo Pietrantonio, Chiara Cremolini, Alfredo Falcone, Gabriella Fontanini
Source: The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Authors: Quaglino F, Manfrino L, Cestino L, Giusti M, Mazza E, Piovesan A, Palestini N, Lauro C, Castellano E Abstract Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is a rare disease responsible for about 1% of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) cases. PC usually has an indolent course, tough to differentiate from the benign causes of PHPT, and the only certain diagnosis is histologic. The gold standard surgical treatment is the en bloc resection associated with the homolateral thyroid loboistmectomy. The aim of this study was to underline the main differences between PC and benign PHPT, along with gathering epidemiological knowledge...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
This study aims to analyze survival rates in acute lymphocytic leukemia in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1997 to 2013, according to sex, age bracket, and administrative region. This was a longitudinal study to calculate survival rates. Data on new cases of leukemia in the age bracket 0 to 14 years of age were collected from the database in the Population-Based Cancer Registry of the city of São Paulo. Population and mortality data were obtained from the Brazilian Health Informatics Department. The sample included children 0 to 14 years of age diagnosed with leukemia from 1997 to 2013, living in the city...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Nguenang GS, Ntyam ASM, Kuete V Abstract Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) is a plant widely used in Africa like food and to solve many health problems. The methanol crude extract of tomato recently demonstrated a good antiproliferative effect on many human cancer cell lines. The aim of this research was to evaluate the acute toxicity and subacute oral toxicity of methanolic extract from leaves of this plant. These toxicities were evaluated based on the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) guidelines. The assay of acute toxicity was performed using a total of 3 female rats, which rec...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese findings demonstrate the importance of quality assurance to help improve planning and contouring and the value of peer review and comparison. More readily accessible quality evaluation software solutions, such as the one used herein, may help meet this growing need.
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy is a therapy of choice in management of early stage lung cancer. However, in 2006, RTOG 0236 phase II trial raised safety concerns for SABR of centrally located lung tumours. Other publications reinforced this hypothesis, describing partial or complete bronchial strictures, proximal bronchial tree necrosis (PBT, defined as last 2  cm of trachea, carina, right and left main bronchi and bronchial tree up to the second bifurcation), fatal haemoptysis and oesophageal fistulas, thus leading to dosimetric guidelines to avoid such severe late effects [1–5].
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
This report provides a comprehensive assessment of recent tobacco-associated cancer incidence for each cancer type by sex, age, race/ethnicity, metropolitan county classification, tumor characteristics, U.S. census region, and state. These data are important for initiation, monitoring, and evaluation of tobacco prevention and control measures. PERIOD COVERED: 2010-2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: Cancer incidence data from CDC's National Program of Cancer Registries and the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program were used to calculate average annual age-adjusted incidence rate...
Source: MMWR Surveill Summ - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Surveill Summ Source Type: research
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