The comorbidity between alcohol use and internalising psychopathology in early adolescence

ConclusionsBoth low and risky levels of alcohol use in early adolescence are associated with internaliisng symptoms. The findings have implications for the timing of school-based prevention programs, and suggest future preventive efforts should adopt a combined approach to reducing alcohol use and mental health disorders in tandem.
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Opioids are a group of very strong pain relievers used to relieve pain after a surgery or traumatic injury. They are much more effective than over-the-counter pain relievers, however, they are also highly addictive. People who suffer from mental health conditions are much more likely to become addicted to opioids, making it important to understand the link between opioids and mental health. The Connection Between Addiction to Opioids and Mental Health People with mood and anxiety disorders are twice as likely to use opioids as people without mental health disorders They are also more than three times as likely to misuse ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction to Pharmaceuticals Mental Health mental health costs mental health coverage mental illness opiate addiction opiates opioid opioid crisis opioids Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Anthony J. Rosellini, Siyu Liu, Grace N. Anderson, Sophia Sbi, Esther Tung, Evdokia KnyazhanskayaAbstractA growing literature is utilizing machine learning methods to develop psychopathology risk algorithms that can be used to inform preventive intervention. However, efforts to develop algorithms for internalizing disorder onset have been limited. The goal of this study was to utilize prospective survey data and ensemble machine learning to develop algorithms predicting adult onset internalizing disorders. The data were from...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this clinical sample, distress-related internalizing symptomatology was associated with risk for, and not protection against, hazardous AU, but only when accompanied by high externalizing symptoms. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Findings suggest that whether or not internalizing symptoms operate synergistically with externalizing symptoms to predict hazardous AU depends on the subdomain of internalizing symptoms (distress vs fear) and perhaps the type of sample (ie, clinical vs community). (Am J Addict 2019:00:00-00). PMID: 31782592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Substance misuse and anxiety/depression are associated at the population level, and these associations are partially explained by familial liabilities. Our findings indicate a common genetic etiology but are also compatible with a potential partially causal relationship between substance misuse and anxiety/depression. PMID: 31328718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Similar to the past SCID versions, kappa values were found to be quite high and all were statistically significant. The Turkish version of SCID-5/ CV can be reliably used in both clinical practice and clinical studies. PMID: 31170307 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Turk Psikiyatri Derg Source Type: research
Hui Xu1,2,3, Chenguang Guo1, Haining Li1, Lin Gao2, Ming Zhang1* and Yuan Wang1* 1Department of Medical Imaging, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China 2Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Education Ministry, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China 3Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Background and Purpose: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a rare neuromuscular disorder characterized by unilateral, involuntary, and paroxysmal contractions of orofacial muscles. To eluci...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Gyöngyi Kökönyei1,2,3*, Natália Kocsel1,2,3,4, Orsolya Király1, Mark D. Griffiths5, Attila Galambos1,2,4, Anna Magi1,4, Borbála Paksi6 and Zsolt Demetrovics11 Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary2SE-NAP2 Genetic Brain Imaging Migraine Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary3Department of Pharmacodynamics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary4Doctoral School of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary5Psychology Department, Not...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The current study shows that members of the general population with mental disorders are at increased risk of future victimisation. However, the associations with violent and psychological victimisation vary considerably across specific disorders. Clinicians should be aware of the increased risk of violent and psychological victimisation in individuals with these mental disorders - especially those with alcohol dependence - and individuals with a history of childhood trauma. Violence prevention programmes should be developed for people at risk. These programmes should not only address violent victimisation, bu...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between schizophrenia liability and anxiety disorders is not restricted to psychopathology in adolescence but is present in adulthood and specifically linked to generalised anxiety disorder and panic disorder. We suggest that the association between schizophrenia liability and hypomanic/manic episodes found in clinical samples may not be due to bias.Declarations of interestNone. PMID: 30472973 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
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