The comorbidity between alcohol use and internalising psychopathology in early adolescence
ConclusionsBoth low and risky levels of alcohol use in early adolescence are associated with internaliisng symptoms. The findings have implications for the timing of school-based prevention programs, and suggest future preventive efforts should adopt a combined approach to reducing alcohol use and mental health disorders in tandem. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - December 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide prevention among young people: A study protocol for evaluating Youth Aware of Mental Health in Australian secondary schools.
ConclusionsFindings from this research will contribute to the evidence-base for suicide prevention programs in Australian schools and, if proven effective, YAM could be widely delivered in Australian secondary schools, providing a valuable new resource. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - December 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Fixation what is needed to eridicate the depression epidemic, and why
Publication date: Available online 2 December 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Johan Ormel, Pim Cuijpers, Anthony Jorm, Robert A. SchoeversAbstractDespite substantial investments in the treatment of major depressive disorder (hereafter ‘depression’), especially antidepressant medications and cognitive behavioral therapy, epidemiological data do not indicate that depression burden, as measured by the period prevalence, has decreased in recent decades.Although improving the delivery and quality of treatment will undoubtedly reduce episode duration and recurrence risk, and thereby reduce depres...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - December 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The rise of mental health problems, inequality and the role of job strain in Germany
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Karin Schuller, Felix WeissAbstractThe prevalence of mental health problems among the working population has increased sharply since the turn of the millennium in Germany. Secondary analyses of the BIBB/BAuA employment surveys from 1999, 2006 and 2012 showed that, whereas in 1999 only about 4 to 6% of respondents reported mental health problems, this number had grown to 20% or higher in 2012. In this article, we investigate if this sharp increase in mental health problems, measured in terms of self-reported regular occurren...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Optimizing mental health benefits of exercise: The influence of the exercise environment on acute stress levels and wellbeing
This article further investigates the role of different exercise environment characteristics and compares effects of indoor and outdoor exercise sessions on acute wellbeing and stress levels. A field study with N = 140 collegiate sports participants was conducted. Mood, state stress and state anxiety as well as perceived exercise intensity and the naturalness and calmness of the exercise environment were assessed by means of questionnaires immediately before and after engagement in an indoor or an outdoor exercise session. Results strongly support previous evidence on the beneficial effects of acute exercise on wellbei...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - August 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comparison of Youth Suicide with Involuntary Hold Criteria and Inpatient Capacity
ConclusionsWhile individual holds can be valuable in prevention of danger to self, on a population basis, the incident rate ratio of inpatient bed number and that of stringency of hold criteria was not significant when relevant variables were controlled. A focus on preventative strategies is imperative, given the equipoise for this current avenue of treatment. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - July 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preface for the Special Issue “The consequences of childhood maltreatment on mental and physical health”
Publication date: Available online 19 June 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Iris Kolassa, Inga Schalinski (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - June 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Publishers Note
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Publisher's Note
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Daniel Staemmler (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Borderline personality disorder symptoms in relation to adverse childhood experiences and balance performance
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Dorothea Thekkumthala, Maggie Schauer, Martina Ruf-Leuschner, Benjamin Kraus, Markus Gruber, Thomas Elbert (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Future of Mental Health & Prevention
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Anthony Jorm, Marie Yap (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Interventions Aimed at Reducing Poverty for Primary Prevention of Mental Illness: A Scoping Review
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Jennifer E. Enns, Maxine Holmqvist, Pamela Wener, Janet Rothney, Gayle Halas, Leanne Kosowan, Leah Goertzen, Alan Katz (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lessons from Iceland: developing scalable and sustainable community approaches for the prevention of mental disorders in young Australians
Publication date: Available online 21 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Erin Hoare, Ingibjorg Eva Thorisdóttir, Alfgeir Logi Kristjansson, Inga Dora Sigfusdóttir, Josh Hayward, Steven Allender, Claudia Strugnell, Nicola Reavley, George Patton, Michael Berk, Felice JackaSummaryAdolescence is the primary age of onset for common psychiatric disorders and thus presents a singular opportunity for prevention, particularly in school settings. Research efforts have advanced the understanding of diverse and interacting risk and protective factors for anxiety and depression. Such factors span ind...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Peer counseling for mental health in young people – Randomized clinical trial –
Publication date: June 2019Source: Mental Health & Prevention, Volume 14Author(s): Hiroki Nozawa, Kazunori Ikegami, Satoshi Michii, Ryosuke Sugano, Hajime Ando, Hiroko Kitamura, Akira Ogami (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Better family relationships––higher well-being: The connection between relationship quality and health related resources
Publication date: June 2019Source: Mental Health & Prevention, Volume 14Author(s): Dennis Grevenstein, Matthias Bluemke, Jochen Schweitzer, Corina Aguilar-RaabAbstractFamily relationships form very important social relationships. They provide the social context enabling the development for a healthy personality and fostering social competencies and the capacity for social adjustment. Several constructs constitute a complex sample of health beneficial attributes, such as resilience, sense of coherence, self-compassion and others, that haven't been investigated in connection with perceived quality of family relationships...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Peer counseling for mental health in young people –Randomized clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 13 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Hiroki Nozawa, Kazunori Ikegami, Satoshi Michii, Ryosuke Sugano, Hajime Ando, Hiroko Kitamura, Akira Ogami (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Randomised Comparison of Two ‘Stress Control’ Programmes: Progressive Muscle Relaxation versus Mindfulness Body Scan.
Publication date: Available online 13 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Dr Christina Corbett, Dr Jonathan Egan, Monika PilchAbstractThis research study explores the relationship between treatment outcome and intervention type, by comparing two large group cognitive behavioural therapy based stress management programmes; ‘Stress Control with Progressive Muscle Relaxation’ versus ‘Stress Control with Mindfulness Body Scan’. The experiment was conducted in a rural Irish community setting, inviting participation from the general public (n = 86). All participants attended the s...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of burnout in Swiss farmers – Burnout in the context of interrelation of work and household
Publication date: Available online 8 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Linda Reissig, Aureliano Crameri, Agnes von Wyl (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

University Students’ Perspectives on Mental Illness Stigma
Publication date: Available online 7 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Mineko Wada, Melinda J. Suto, Michael Lee, Danielle Sanders, Crystal Sun, Thi Nga Le, Julia Goldman-Hasbun, Stephanie ChauhanAbstractMental health issues are increasingly prevalent among North American post-secondary students and often impede academic progress. However, students appear reluctant to seek help and access mental health services due to stigma associated with mental health issues. Our study explored university students’ perspectives on and experiences of mental illness stigma on campus with the ultimate aim of wo...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychosocial Health And Prevention Of Crisis In Rural Areas – Results Of A Pilot Panel On Psychosocial Problems, Subjective Burden, And Utilization Of Help In Germany
ConclusionAn interdisciplinary psychosocial care system could provide the population with adequate services and prevention approaches. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reflective Functioning in an Adolescent Community Sample
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Carola Cropp, Rainer W. Alexandrowicz, Svenja TaubnerAbstractThe Reflective Functioning Scale (RFS) is a widely used psychodynamic measure that has been thoroughly studied in adult samples. However, to date empirical data regarding reflective functioning (RF) in adolescence has been sparse. The present study examines RF in a German sample of 96 adolescent pupils (aged 15-18). The study assesses the RF capacities of the adolescent pupils and examines its association to intelligence, language skills, sociodemographic data, and psych...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Is body appreciation a mechanism of depression and anxiety? An investigation of the 3-Dimensional Body Appreciation Mapping (3D-BAM) intervention
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Virginia Ramseyer Winter, Antoinette M. Landor, Michelle Teti, Kristen Morris, Erin M. Schliep, Danielle Pevehouse-Pfeiffer, Emily PekarekAbstractBody appreciation is related to numerous mental health outcomes, including depression and anxiety. This pilot study investigated the effects of an intervention, 3-Dimensional Body Appreciation Mapping (3D-BAM), developed to improve body image, depression, and anxiety by using 3D scanning technology to train participants to focus on ways they appreciate their bodies. Eighty-nine emerging ...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Universal prevention in eating disorders: a systematic narrative review of recent studies
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Caroline Schwartz, Konstantin Drexl, Anne Fischer, Markus Fumi, Bernd Löwe, Silke Naab, Ulrich VoderholzerAbstractIn the field of eating disorders, much research has been devoted to selective prevention that addresses high-risk groups, while universal prevention has received less attention. This paper systematically reviews recent studies on the universal prevention of ED. The analysis shows that universal prevention may impact on a wide range of eating disorder risk factors such as body dissatisfaction and media internalizat...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Better Family Relationships – Higher Well-Being: The Connection Between Relationship Quality and Health Related Resources
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Dennis Grevenstein, Matthias Bluemke, Jochen Schweitzer, Corina Aguilar-RaabAbstractFamily relationships form very important social relationships. They provide the social context enabling the development for a healthy personality and fostering social competencies and the capacity for social adjustment. Several constructs constitute a complex sample of health beneficial attributes, such as resilience, sense of coherence, self-compassion and others, that haven't been investigated in connection with perceived quality of family relati...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - May 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attachment problems in childhood and the development of anxiety in adolescents: A systematic review of longitudinal and prospective studies
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Lawrence T Lam, Akshay Rai, Mary K LamAbstractThe association between early relationships and the experience of infant and mother, and the subsequent development of the child through their life span has long been studied. Attachment, as a most prominent construct in early child development, has been the focal point of investigation since the inception of the theoretical concept by Bowlby. In recent years, research has expanded to examine the effect of attachment on the mental health and socio-emotional development of young c...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - February 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Socially differentiated life trajectories of individuals with experience of psychosis: A biographical study
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Eugenie Georgaca, Anastasia ZissiAbstractThe role of social factors in the development and course of psychotic disorders has been increasingly acknowledged in recent decades. The present study examines the role of social, family and environmental factors in shaping biographical trajectories of people experiencing psychosis. Biographical interviews were conducted with 27 individuals with experience and diagnosis of psychotic disorders, in several locations in Greece. The narratives were subjected to biographical analysis, cul...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - February 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

“Get Over It and Move On”: The Impact of Mental Illness Stigma in Rural, Low-income United States Populations
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Loni Crumb, Taryne M. Mingo, Allison CroweAbstractUnderstanding the stigma associated with mental health concerns is essential to increasing utilization of mental health services in rural, economically deprived communities. This research study examined mental illness stigma in a sample of rural, low-income mental healthcare consumers and explored preferred attributes in mental healthcare providers that may help combat stigma. Qualitative methodology using a qualitative content analysis approach was used to reach an understand...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - February 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attachment Styles in College Students and Depression: The Mediating Role of Self Differentiation
This study explored the role of self-differentiation as a possible mediator between insecure attachment in romantic relationships and depressive symptoms among a sample of 175 college undergraduates. Participants completed the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECRS), the Differentiation of Self Inventory (DSI), and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Preacher and Hayes’ (2008) test for indirect effects was used to test the mediational model. As hypothesized, degree of insecure attachment predicted depressive symptoms through affect regulation. Implications of results in regards to...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - February 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evaluating a peer support model of community wellbeing for mental health: a coproduction approach to evaluation
Conclusion: The study examines process and outcomes of an integrative evaluation, providing evidence for how peer support group work can be used effectively with underserved communities to promote mental health recovery. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - January 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association of maltreatment and socially deviant behavior––Findings from a national study with adolescent students and their parents
In this study, we assessed adolescents’ exposure to violence and maltreatment as well as their socially deviant behavior in a national sample of 700 adolescent students in Tanzania (52% girls). In addition to adolescents’ self-reports, we also included their parents’ perspective (N = 332, 53% females). After controlling for other risk factors, we found significant positive associations between emotional violence by teachers, as well as neglect, emotional and physical violence by parents with adolescents’ self-reported delinquent and rule breaking behavior. Positive associations were also found b...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Investigating the Factor Structure of the K10 and Identifying Cutoff Scores Denoting Nonspecific Psychological Distress and Need for Treatment
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): John W. Lace, Taylor R. Greif, Andrew McGrath, Alex F. Grant, Zachary C. Merz, Carson L. Teague, Paul J. HandalAbstractWhile widely used in epidemiological research, studies of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) have supported profoundly mixed results regarding its latent factor structure and optimal cutoff scores to identify clinically significant psychological distress. The present study sought to investigate the K10 and identify cutoff scores denoting clinically significant nonspecific psychological distress an...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - January 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Alcohol use by school-going adolescents in Ghana: Prevalence and correlates
This study investigated the risk factors that are associated with alcohol use among a nationally representative sample of school-going adolescents in Ghana. The 2012 version of the Ghanaian Global School-based Student Health Survey on adolescents aged 11-19 years old (N = 1,984) was used. Logistic regression was employed to study the relationship between alcohol use variables and socio-demographic characteristic, mental health problems, psychosocial variables and parental involvement. The prevalence of alcohol use behaviours were 6.8%, 11.1% and 12.6% for alcohol problem, lifetime drunkenness and current alcohol u...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - January 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predicting Student-Athlete and Non-Athletes’ Intentions to Self-Manage Mental Health: Testing an Integrated Behaviour Change Model.
The objective of this study was to assess the factorial and predictive validity of an Integrated Behaviour Change (IBC) model (Hagger & Chatzarantis, 2014) for predicting Higher Education (HE) student-athlete and non-athletes’ intentions to self-manage mental health. Students (n=200) aged 21.10 (SD= 3.73; male = 53%; athlete =69%) completed a questionnaire, and a two-step model building approach was conducted (i.e. confirmatory factor [CFA] and path analysis). Demographic (i.e. female or male; athlete or non-athlete) and IBC (i.e. autonomous and controlled motivation, subjective norms, perceived behavioural c...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - January 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parental Aggression and Adolescent Physical Health Status 10 years Later
ConclusionThe current longitudinal study supports the potential long-term effects of early parental aggression on children's mental health and their subsequent physical health status in adolescence consistent with biopsychosocial family models. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - January 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Recovery-Oriented Training Programmes for Mental Health Professionals: A Narrative Literature Review
Conclusions and Implications for Practice: Due to the heterogeneity among the identified studies, the effectiveness of staff recovery training is inconclusive. Whilst recovery training may have some utility in improving recovery-oriented staff outcomes, training needs to be provided as part of wider organisational change to ensure this translates into clinical practice. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - January 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Body image promotion program with a creative movement approach for female college students in Taiwan
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2019Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Tsung-Chin Lee, Chung-Hsin Chiang, Ching-Lin ChuAbstractBody image is considered to be positively correlated with self-esteem and self-efficacy. “Beauty in the midst of moving: My healthy body image” program based upon a creative dance/movement therapy approach was proposed to improve body dissatisfaction in female college students. A quasi-experiment design with three groups: the experiment group of 16 female college students, the comparison group (mat Pilates course) of 17 female college students, and the contro...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Decoding the impact of adverse childhood experiences on the progression of schizophrenia
In conclusion, individuals at risk and with manifest schizophrenia experienced substantial childhood maltreatment, as reported for other diagnoses. The present findings suggest childhood adversities as sensitizing (environmental) factor in vulnerable individuals. Lower hair cortisol concentration may indicate lasting effects of past stress experiences on stress axis function in schizophrenia, which might modulate unfolding psychopathology. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - January 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evaluating Factors Associated with Thoughts About Self-harm in Grade Seven and Ten Students Living in Canada
ConclusionsThe results of this study can direct public health advocates and program developers towards creating tailored proactive interventions to meet the needs of youth residing within Canada. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - December 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Mental Health First Aid Training for Underserved Latinx and Asian American Immigrant Communities
ConclusionThrough this interactive training, participants built new knowledge, skills, and confidence to apply to their work of assisting community members who may be at risk of developing mental health or substance abuse problems. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - December 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Brief Mindfulness Intervention Reduces Depression, Increases Nonjudgment, and Speeds Processing of Emotional and Neutral Stimuli
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Sarah M. Sass, Lauren M. Early, Linda Long, Amy Burke, David Gwinn, Paul MillerAbstractAnxiety and mood disorders are common in university students but most students are not receiving treatment. The university setting presents a unique opportunity to provide interventions for at-risk students who may not otherwise seek services. Mindfulness interventions have been successfully adapted for use with individuals reporting symptoms of depression, anxiety, and other forms of psychological distress. The present quasi-experimental ...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - December 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Stability and change of attachment disorder symptoms and interpersonal problems in foster children
Publication date: Available online 8 December 2018Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Tabea Symanzik, Arnold Lohaus, Ann-Katrin Job, Sabrina Chodura, Kerstin Konrad, Nina Heinrichs, Vanessa ReindlAbstractThis paper focuses on the longitudinal examination of perceived reactive attachment disorder (RAD) symptoms and indiscriminate, insecure and pseudomature behavior in foster children, many of them having experienced maltreatment and neglect in the family of origin. A total of 84 foster children - aged between 2 and 7 years - and 146 biological children (comparison group) participated across three assessments, w...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - December 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effect of Playing Golf on Children's Mental Health
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2018Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Dr. Carolin SchulzeAbstractAdolescents in particular are exposed to high stress levels due to biological changes, identity development and higher academics demands at school (Schraml, Perski, Grossi, & Simonsson-Sarnecki, 2011). The construct of resilience can be understood as a factor for healthy development: those who manifest high resilience experience more positive emotions (Tugade & Fredrickson, 2004; Wolin & Wolin, 1993) and can improve both their self-esteem and psychological adaption reaction (Block &...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - November 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Coping with loneliness at University: a qualitative interview study with students in the UK
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2018Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Konstantina Vasileiou, Julie Barnett, Manuela Barreto, John Vines, Mark Atkinson, Kiel Long, Lyndsey Bakewell, Shaun Lawson, Michael WilsonAbstractLeaving home to attend University constitutes a transition that is often characterized by an increased risk of loneliness, a psychological state that predicts poor mental health outcomes. Informed by a comprehensive conceptual framework of coping with stress, this study sought to examine the coping strategies young adults deploy to manage experiences of loneliness whilst studying ...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - November 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of Emotion Regulation in the Relationship between Empathy and Internalizing Symptoms in College Students
This study aimed to examine difficulties in emotion regulation as one possible mediator of the relationship between empathy and internalizing symptoms in a large sample of college students. Six hundred and sixteen male and female college students completed a series of self-report questionnaires measuring empathy, difficulties in emotion regulation, and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress. Findings revealed that difficulties in emotion regulation indirectly affected the relationship between affective empathy and internalizing symptoms, after controlling for participants’ year in college and gender. These resul...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adult attachment, psychological distress and help-seeking in university students: Findings from a cross-sectional online survey in England
We examined the prevalence and predictors of help-seeking in students with psychological distress, with a focus on the role of adult attachment styles along with social support and perceived stigma. Overall, 22% of the sample reported severe psychological distress and 37% reported mild/moderate psychological distress. Of students reporting severe psychological distress, 58% sought help in the past year and 30% were receiving counselling or therapy. In the group with mild/moderate psychological distress, 30% reported help-seeking and 17% were receiving counselling or therapy. For students with psychological distress, being ...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Causal relationships between sense of coherence and life skills: Examining the short-term longitudinal data of Japanese youths
This study investigated the causal relationships between sense of coherence (SOC) and life skills. Participants (248 university students; 147 men, 101 women; mean age = 20.4 years, SD = 0.9 years) completed the Japanese version of the SOC-29 scale and the Life Skills Scale for Adolescents and Adults. Structural equation modeling (a synchronous effects model and a cross-lagged effects model) indicated that life skills had a certain effect (β = .55 to .75, p
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Positive mental health and mental health stigma: A qualitative study assessing student attitudes
Conclusions: Mental health professionals may use study findings to enhance awareness of mental health among college students and increase rates of those seeking-treatment by incorporating main themes into prevention and intervention programs. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - November 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Personality Disorder and Substance Use Disorder – an update
In conclusion, therapeutic approaches for the two disorders should comprise combined treatment methods. To improve the specific treatment options for patients with substance use disorder and personality disorder further research is needed. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - October 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of adverse childhood experience on symptom severity in patients with functional neurological symptom disorder (FNSD)
ConclusionResults emphasize the impact of neglect and abuse on FNSD, and strengthen the proposed ACE influence on affect regulation with its mediating role for symptom expression in support of the conversion concept. The similar impact of ACE on FNS, depressive and trauma-related symptoms suggest a sensitizing impact of childhood adversities on mental health. (Source: Mental Health and Prevention)
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicidal Ideation in the Perinatal Period: A Systematic Review
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2018Source: Mental Health & PreventionAuthor(s): Avril O'Connor, Sadie Geraghty, Dr Gemma Doleman, Annemarie De LeoAbstractObjectiveTo examine literature surrounding suicidal ideation and suicidality in the perinatal periodDesignSystematic Literature Review of published 15 research studiesFindingsThere is a scarcity of prospective studies conducted in suicidal ideation during the perinatal period. More research is needed to ensure childbearing women at risk of suicidal ideation during pregnancy receive the appropriate care and maternity services required to support them thr...
Source: Mental Health and Prevention - October 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research