Impact of nicotine/smoking, alcohol, and illicit substance use on outcomes and complications of burn patients requiring hospital admission: systematic review and meta-analysis

In conclusion, this systematic review and meta-analysis found that compared to non-nicotine/smoking, non-alcohol, non-substance use burn patients, patients using nicotine/smoking, alcohol, and/or substances were associated with more burn related operations, higher rates of graft loss/failure, longer hospital LOS (length of stay), higher rates of intubation, longer ICU (intensive care unit) LOS, increased mortality, and increased wound/local skin infections. Patients using nicotine/smoking were associated with higher rates of intubation and wound/local skin infections. Patients consuming alcohol were associated with more days on a ventilator, had higher rates of intubation, higher rates of inhalation injury, longer ICU LOS, and increased mortality. Patients taking substances were associated with higher %TBSA (percent total body surface area) of burns, longer hospital LOS, higher rates of intubation, higher rates of inhalation injury, longer ICU LOS, and increased wound/local skin infections.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

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This study sought to examine associations between (a) sports team participation; (b) lifestyle behaviors (e.g., sleeping, alcohol, and tobacco use); and (c) dietary behaviors with self-reported academic achievement using data derived from the 2017 U.S....
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Codependence Narcissism Personal Stories Relationships & Love Addiction Recovery Alcoholism Breakups Emotional Abuse Substance Abuse Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 10 January 2020Source: Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)Author(s): Moisés Rodríguez-Socarrás, Pernille Skjold Kingo, Pieter Uvin, Peter Østergren, Giulio Patruno, Eric Edison, Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Juan L Vásquez, Francesco Esperto, Juan Gómez RivasAbstractIntroductionBurnout syndrome has increased dramatically in urology within recent years. A healthy lifestyle has been described as a protective factor. However, data on lifestyle is lacking among residents and urologists and remains to be elucidated. We aim to assess lif...
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Burn survivors who misuse alcohol and/other substances have been associated with poorer long-term outcomes and clinical complications following injury. The self-reported CAGE questionnaire (Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, and Eye-opener) is an outcomes assessme...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 3 January 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Philippe Abdel-Sayed, Dorian Tornay, Nathalie Hirt-Burri, Anthony de Buys Roessingh, Wassim Raffoul, Lee Ann ApplegateAbstractChlorhexidine is known to be a potent antiseptic with evidence of a beneficial role in burn care. Nevertheless, several in vitro studies have reported cytotoxicity on cultured cells, while in vivo and clinical data seem to show more controversial results. In the frame of this work, we aimed to evaluate the use of chlorhexidine in burn units worldwide be sending a survey to professionals of the field. We associated survey result...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates alcohol abuse alcohol detox alcohol treatment Source Type: blogs
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility Alcoholics Anonymous Source Type: blogs
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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