Canine-Assisted Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review

Abstract Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been suggested to increase prosocial behavior in children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Out of all the animals used in AAT, dogs have been found to be the most utilized and accessible. This systematic review examines the current state of literatur e on canine-assisted therapy (CAT) for children with ASD based on peer-reviewed articles. Five studies met inclusion and exclusion criteria. All articles found that presence of a therapy dog was correlated with increased frequency and duration of social behavior both throughout treatment and, in the case of one study, at follow-up. However, methodological limitations such as small sample sizes and sub-optimal analytic procedures suggest that existing studies might not accurately reflect the true nature of the relationship between CAT and social behavior. Therefore, further exploration of this area of research using methodologically strong studies is warranted and necessary. Recommendations for future research are included.
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Child Development Source Type: research

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Authors: Barton BB, Segger F, Fischer K, Obermeier M, Musil R Abstract Introduction: Antipsychotic-induced weight-gain (AIWG) is a very important, yet often neglected side-effect in the treatment with first and second generation antipsychotics. AIWG can increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Meta-analyses mostly concentrate on AIWG in schizophrenic and bipolar patients, even though antipsychotics are prescribed off-label across many other diagnostic groups (e.g. anxiety disorders, depression, autistic disorder).Areas covered: Pub Med and Web of Science were systemat...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
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Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular Autism - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
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