A Review of Sleep Disturbances among Infants and Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders
AbstractSleep problems are common among children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). We review sleep disturbance in three major NDDs: autism spectrum disorder, Down syndrome, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). We review associations with functional impairment, discuss how patterns of sleep disturbance inform understanding of etiology, and theorize about mechanisms of impairment. Sleep disturbance is a transdiagnostic feature of NDDs. Caregivers report high rates of sleep problems, including difficulty falling or staying asleep. Polysomnography data reveal differences in sleep architecture and increased rates...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Interventions to Address Inappropriate Masturbation for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder or Other Developmental Disabilities
AbstractIndividuals with autism spectrum disorder and other developmental disabilities (ASD/DD) may engage in socially inappropriate masturbation that puts them or others at risk for harm. This may lead professionals, parents, and other stakeholders to intervene in ways that suppress safe, socially appropriate, and gratifying masturbation. Single case experimental intervention research may support prevention of inappropriate masturbation as well as increasing access to specialized instruction for safe and socially appropriate masturbation by individuals with ASD/DD. We conducted a systematic literature review of single cas...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Effects of Parent Training Programs on the Quality of Life and Stress Levels of Parents Raising a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review of the Literature
AbstractParents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk higher levels of stress and a lower quality of life compared to parents of typically developing children. Few parent training programs focus on parenting outcomes, and few authors evaluate the implementation fidelity of their program. A systematic review was conducted to target studies assessing the effects of group training programs on the stress levels or quality of life of parents of children with ASD as well as the implementation fidelity. A total of 12 studies were identified. Findings suggest that mindfulness could be a promising parent training too...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Canine-Assisted Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review
Abstract Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been suggested to increase prosocial behavior in children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Out of all the animals used in AAT, dogs have been found to be the most utilized and accessible. This systematic review examines the current state of literatur e on canine-assisted therapy (CAT) for children with ASD based on peer-reviewed articles. Five studies met inclusion and exclusion criteria. All articles found that presence of a therapy dog was correlated with increased frequency and duration of social behavior both throughout treatment and, in the case of one stud...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Primary Care Physicians ’ Knowledge of Autism and Evidence-Based Interventions for Autism: A Systematic Review
This study comprised a systematic review of research assessing PCPs ’ knowledge of autism and evidence-based interventions for individuals with autism. Results indicated that PCPs in a majority of studies had inadequate knowledge of autism and its associated treatments. A variety of variables were associated with PCPs’ knowledge including personal experiences wi th autism, continuing medical education on autism, and years of clinical experience. Results are discussed with regard to their implications for further education in autism for PCPs and future research. (Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Autism Spectrum Disorder Interventions in Mainland China: a Systematic Review
AbstractResearch on effective interventions for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has historically been focused on Western populations and little is known in China. This literature review sought to determine the current state of ASD intervention research in mainland China, with respect to the evidence-based practice (EBP) movement in the treatment of ASD. A methodical search process of refereed articles yielded 33 studies from 2003 through August 2018 meeting the selection criteria for inclusion and analysis. The majority of articles (76%) used either a true EBP or an idiosyncratic behavior intervention package (IBIP) includi...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Potential Determinants of Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbstractGastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction is a common comorbidity of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and is associated with increased severity of characteristic autism-associated symptoms. However, the underlying biological mechanisms for GI dysfunction symptoms in children with ASD are unknown. This review explores potential explanations for these symptoms including altered enteric microbiota, impaired intestinal permeability, changes in immune homeostasis, and genetic factors such as single nucleotide polymorphisms. It was shown that genetic factors not only influence the development of altered enteric microbiota and imp...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Reading Instruction for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review and Quality Analysis
This study reviews the literature on reading instruction consistent with the recommendations of the National Reading Panel (NRP; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development,2000) for children with autism spectrum disorder, using the Evaluative Method for Determining Evidence-Based Practices in Autism to assess research quality (Reichow, Volkmar,& Cicchetti,2008). A search of the literature published between 2009 and 2017 identified 10,779 relevant records, of which 19 met inclusion criteria. Studies reported gains in phonics, reading accuracy, reading fluency, and/or reading comprehension skills; however, ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Caregiver-Implemented Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review of Coaching Components
AbstractCaregiver-implemented intervention, commonly facilitated via coaching, is an increasingly common approach to early intervention for infants and toddlers with or at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present systematic review examines four coaching components across the literature on caregiver-implemented intervention models for children under 36  months with or at risk for ASD. Systematic search procedures resulted in 26 studies for review. Results showed that although most studies addressed building on caregivers’ competence and guided practice, many neglected to address collaborative coaching...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 11, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Naturalistic Interventions to Improve Prelinguistic Communication for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review
AbstractThe current review identified 11 single-case design (SCD) and 14 group-design evaluations of naturalistic behavioral interventions targeting prelinguistic social communication in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Three SCD studies and eight group design studies utilized methodologically rigorous designs and demonstrated a functional relation between the intervention and child prelinguistic social communication. Results of this systematic review provide information about efficacy of specific naturalistic behavioral interventions, details about the intervention, and characteristics of the implementa...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sex Differences in an Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis: Are Restricted Repetitive Behaviors and Interests the Key?
AbstractRestricted and repetitive behaviors and interests (RRBI) have garnered attention for their presenting sex differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Specifically, previous works have claimed that RRBI are less predictive of an ASD diagnosis for females relative to males. Previous reports have demonstrated mixed findings: females present with greater RRBI (e.g., compulsive behaviors), females present with fewer RRBI (e.g., restricted interests), and females are not distinguishable from males based on overall RRBI profiles. The following review details behavioral and neurophysiological RRBI findings to argue that...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Missing Components in Current Management of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Nutrition, Dental Care, and House-Call Programs
AbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder and systemic disease with multiple comorbidities and largely fragmented clinical care. In this article, we discuss three important components frequently missing from the current ASD standard care routine: oral health, nutrition, and house-call programs. Both ASD centers associated with tertiary-care hospitals and community ASD providers do not regularly offer these services. In this review, we address the benefits of and rationale behind incorporating dental care, nutrition, and house-call programs into ASD management. We also explain why these...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Schema Development in Individuals with Autism: A Review of the Literature
AbstractThe purpose of this article was to synthesize the available research regarding the development of complex schemata in individuals with autism across its entire developmental process beginning with prototype formation, followed by categorization, and finally the development of schema. Specific research questions addressed the quality of research across all available studies, characteristics of participants, and whether a difference exists in the ability of individuals with autism to form schema as it relates to all three steps of the developmental process. Through a search of articles published between 1980 and 2018...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Effects of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD): a Systematic Review
ConclusionsPRT may be associated with advantageous effects, but more high-quality research is needed before we can draw firm conclusions. (Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Interventions to Improve Play Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractChildren with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience difficulty with play, and a number of different interventions have been developed and evaluated to address this deficit. This systematic review of randomized controlled trials identified 19 studies reporting on play-based interventions for children with ASD aged 2 –12 years. The components of each study, including elements of the interventions and methodological quality, were examined. A meta-analysis was completed for 11 studies, and a small but significant treatment effect was identified (Hedges’g = 0.439). The current review ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Mental Well-Being of Informal Carers of Adults on the Autism Spectrum: a Systematic Review
AbstractCarers of autistic adults may experience increased day-to-day stress relating to their caring role. This review aims to (1) summarise the current literature on factors that affect mental well-being in carers of autistic adults and (2) map these results to an existing conceptual model of carer psychological well-being for individuals with developmental disabilities. Twenty-three studies met inclusion criteria. Some factors, such as adaptive skills and the quality of the caring relationship, were consistently associated with carer mental well-being. Conflicting or weak associations were found with several factors, in...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 31, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Editorial: Special Issue on Mental Health Issues in Autism Spectrum Disorder
(Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 22, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Modelling Me, Modelling You: the Autistic Self
AbstractThe stereotype of autism spectrum conditions (ASC or ‘autism’) focuses on the social and communicative elements of the diagnostic criteria. In this review, we step back from autism as a social and communicative disorder and focus on the autisticself. The autistic self is a key component of the condition which has nevertheless received comparatively little attention. We provide a taxonomy for experimental paradigms in the cognitive sciences that aim to address questions related to the self. We articulate reasons based on domain-general cognitive mechanisms, autobiography and historical conceptions for wh...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sensory Processing in Williams Syndrome: a Narrative Review
AbstractTo date, little is known about sensory processing in Williams syndrome (WS) and the similarities of the sensory profile in individuals with WS compared to people with other neurodevelopmental disorders. The current review aims to consolidate available evidence on sensory processing in WS. Eighteen primary studies investigating sensory processing in individuals with WS were identified through systematic searches of electronic databases. Fourteen studies investigated hyperacusis (sound sensitivity) in WS and four papers examined broader sensory processing characteristics. A high prevalence of both hyperacusis and sen...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Abnormal Structural and Functional Connectivity of the Corpus Callosum in Autism Spectrum Disorders: a Review
AbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by difficulties with social communication, interaction, and repetitive and stereotypical patterns of behaviour. Recent studies suggest that abnormalities in the corpus callosum (CC) can produce autistic symptoms, so this cerebral structure is a target for autism research. It is the largest area of white matter fibre that connects the cerebral hemispheres and has been considered an index of interhemispheric connectivity. The poor connectivity that is a characteristic of autism could be due to CC abnormalities. In this review, we describe empirical studies that have use...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Predictors of Burnout, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover in Behavior Technicians Working with Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractFrequent turnover of behavior technicians working with individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have negative impacts on organizations, staff, and patients. The current paper set out to conduct a systematic review of predictors of staff retention in behavior technicians. Two databases were searched to identify studies relating to retention, turnover, burnout, and job satisfaction across samples of behavior technicians working with individuals with ASD. Of the 33 articles identified, 5 studies met inclusion criteria. A number of employee and organizational factors were identified as predictors of burnout,...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Rapid Prompting Method and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Systematic Review Exposes Lack of Evidence
AbstractThis systematic review is aimed at examining the effectiveness of the rapid prompting method (RPM) for enhancing motor, speech, language, and communication and for decreasing problem behaviors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A multi-faceted search strategy was carried out. A range of participant and study variables and risk and bias indicators were identified for data extraction. RPM had to be evaluated as an intervention using a research design capable of empirical demonstration of RPM ’s effects. No studies met the inclusion criteria, resulting in an empty review that documents a meaning...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 8, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Preschool Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Review of Effectiveness Studies
AbstractEarly intervention is widely recommended for young children with autism spectrum disorder, but the effectiveness of interventions when implemented in inclusive preschool settings needs to be considered. To this end, we identified 16 studies that provided early intervention to children with autism spectrum disorder who were attending inclusive preschools. Effectiveness studies, that is, studies evaluating interventions that were implemented under real-world conditions, were targeted, provided they met the pre-determined inclusion criteria. Included studies were summarized in terms of (a) participant characteristics,...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Anxiety in Children with Autism at School: a Systematic Review
AbstractAnxiety in autism is commonly reported by parents, but teacher reports of anxiety in their students with autism have received little attention. This paper presents the results from the first systematic review on anxiety in children with autism at school. Six intervention studies (five of which were based upon cognitive –behavioural therapy) and 26 descriptive/non-experimental studies met inclusion criteria. Sample populations from included studies were frequently drawn from psychiatric clinics, with females and children attending special schools underrepresented, making generalisability of results difficult. ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Mood as a Dependent Variable in Behavioral Interventions for Individuals with ASD: a Systematic Review
AbstractThe current review provides an original examination of the literature involving mood as a dependent variable in behavioral interventions designed for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-nine single-subject experimental design studies were identified through systematic searches and evaluated in relation to the following variables: (a) participant and setting characteristics, (b) experimental design, (c) approach to mood assessment, (d) intervention procedures, and (e) intervention effects on mood. The experimental rigor of the included studies was evaluated on the National Autism Center ’s ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

New Genetic Approaches for Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbstractAutism spectrum disorders (ASD) are common heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders, characterized by disruptions in social interactions, communication, and limitations in behavior. Early diagnosis is an important step to prevent progression of ASD. Recent developments in genetic technology provide useful tools to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in autism. Despite a number of noteworthy studies, there is not yet enough understanding of the genetic etiology of ASD. Research should focus on multidisciplinary approaches to improve early diagnosis and intervention of autism. It is important to study the...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 13, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Correction to: Considering Methodological Accommodation to the Diversity of ASD: A Realist Synthesis Review of Data Collection Methods for Examining First-Person Experiences
On page 5 in the published version, the following text is incorrectly formatted as a block quote, currently appearing as. (Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 11, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Behavioural Water Safety and Autism: a Systematic Review of Interventions
AbstractPeople with autism are approximately twice as likely to die from drowning than members of the general population. Drowning can take place in quite small bodies of water. Therefore, acquiring good water safety skills is of the utmost importance. A systematic review of research into effective behavioural interventions for water safety and swim skills was conducted. In total, 11 studies were identified. Findings suggest that behaviourally based interventions can improve a range of water safety and swim skills in individuals with autism. (Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 8, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Addressing the Mathematics Gap for Students with ASD: an Evidence-Based Systematic Review of Video-Based Mathematics Interventions
AbstractThis systematic review of literature synthesizes research on video-based instruction (VBI) to teach mathematics to students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Eleven studies, including gray literature, were included in the synthesis resulting in data analysis of performance from 29 participants. To better align with transparent reporting guidelines of PRISMA (Moher et al., PLoS Medicine 6(7),2009), we synthesize information regarding participants, intervention outcomes, and study design. Effects of student and study-level outcomes are presented in non-overlapping data (PND) and improvement rate difference (IRD). ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Measuring the Academic Outcomes of iPads for Students with Autism: a Meta-Analysis
Discussion focuses on the use of iPads for academic interventions for students with autism and recommendations for practitioners. (Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - February 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Applications of Supervised Machine Learning in Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: a Review
AbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) research has yet to leverage “big data” on the same scale as other fields; however, advancements in easy, affordable data collection and analysis may soon make this a reality. Indeed, there has been a notable increase in research literature evaluating the effectiveness of machine learning for diagnosing ASD, exploring its g enetic underpinnings, and designing effective interventions. This paper provides a comprehensive review of 45 papers utilizing supervised machine learning in ASD, including algorithms for classification and text analysis. The goal of the paper is to ide...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - February 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Considering Methodological Accommodation to the Diversity of ASD: A Realist Synthesis Review of Data Collection Methods for Examining First-Person Experiences
AbstractDrawing on a realist synthesis approach, this review identified qualitative data collection approaches that inform “first-person” lived experience in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) across phenotypic expression. It further drew upon methodologic approaches used in other conditions that similarly represent individuals with impaired verbal expression. The aim of this realist synthesis approach was to identify m ethods with relevance to participants across the autism spectrum. Methods that emerged for eliciting first-hand perspectives consisted of photovoice, Talking Mats, “deep assessment,” Sen...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - February 13, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Fundamental Motor Skill Interventions for Children and Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum: a Literature Review
AbstractIn addition to the core characteristics of ASD, recent research has demonstrated that children on the autism spectrum develop motor skills differently, often delayed, compared with peers. Motor skill interventions can help improve motor skills, which in turn can increase the likelihood of participating in physical activity (PA) and potential to build social skills. However, research in this area is limited. A search of several prominent databases revealed a total of five empirical studies focused on building gross motor skills for children on the autism spectrum. Although the reviewed studies varied in the delivery...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - February 7, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Effective Interventions in Teaching Employment Skills to Individuals with Developmental Disabilities: A Single-Case Meta-analysis
AbstractThis meta-analysis analyzed 39 studies that met the inclusion criteria for employment-related interventions for individuals with developmental disabilities. Each experiment included in this analysis either met or met with reservations all of the basic design standards (Kratochwill et al.2010,2013). Tau-U effect sizes were calculated for each A –B contrast extracted from the included experiments, and moderator analyses were conducted for dependent variables, participant characteristics, setting characteristics, and implementer characteristics for all video modeling interventions. Moderate to strong effects wer...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - February 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Generalization and Maintenance Outcomes of Social Skills Intervention for Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractGeneralization and maintenance of intervention outcomes are of paramount importance in achieving socially significant outcomes within applied behavior analysis. Social skills interventions for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are widely represented within the empirical literature; however, generalization and maintenance outcomes are often under reported. While recognition of the importance of generalization and maintenance is increasing, there is a lack of research systematically evaluating these outcomes and the factors that support successful generalization and maintenance. The current review a...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - February 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Specific Phobia: the Role of Sensory Sensitivity: Brief Review
AbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder affecting approximately 1 in 59 children (Baio et al.MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 67(6), 1,2018). A commonly experienced psychiatric comorbidity in ASD is anxiety. Although this is known, little research has been done on the specific issues concerning specific phobia in ASD, even though specific phobias (SPs) are present in up to 40% of children with ASD. As one of the leading treatments for anxiety, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been adapted for many different populations, including children with ASD. However, the work that has been do...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - February 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Perceptions of School Involvement of Parents of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders: a Systematic Literature Review
AbstractSeveral different types of parent involvement with schools have been identified in the special education and general education literature, including (a) advocacy, (b) collaborative partnership, (c) home-school communication, and (d) school-based participation. However, it is unclear which types of involvement are addressed in the literature and how parents of children with autism spectrum disorders perceive these types of school involvement. In this systematic literature review, we synthesized this body of literature, which consisted of 37 studies published from 2001 to 2017. Authors addressed all four types of par...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 22, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Stigmatization of Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders and their Families: a Scoping Study
DiscussionKnowledge generated from this scoping review provides an overview of the influence that stigma may have on individuals with ASD and their families. Further research directions are suggested to address structural stigma and community inclusion. (Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

To Choose or Not to Choose?: a Systematic Literature Review Considering the Effects of Antecedent and Consequence Choice upon On-Task and Problem Behaviour
AbstractAntecedent choice and consequence choice procedures are often used as interventions to increase on-task behaviour and reduce problem behaviour. This systematic literature review considers the conditions under which individuals show a preference for choice. Results suggest that preference for choice is variable, with some individuals preferring choice which allows access to more highly preferred stimuli and others preferring choice regardless of the outcome ’s preference value. It is recommended that choice be used as a non-invasive intervention which may positively affect some individuals’ behaviour by ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 21, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Group-Based Parent Training Interventions for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: a Literature Review
AbstractParents of children with autism spectrum disorders should have access to interventions to help them understand and support their child. This literature review examines the existing evidence for group-based parent training interventions that support parents of children with autism. From the literature, core intervention processes and outcomes are identified and include parenting and parent behaviour, parent health, child behaviour and peer and social support. Results show a positive trend for intervention effectiveness, but findings are limited by low-quality studies and heterogeneity of intervention content, outcom...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 17, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Peer-Mediated Interventions for Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Inclusive Settings
AbstractPeer-mediated interventions (PMI) are implemented for skills teaching for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), particularly within the context of early learning environments. PMI have several potential advantages in comparison to adult-led intervention; however, there is a lack of research evaluating the use of PMI with younger populations. This review aims to synthesize the literature regarding the use of PMI in skills teaching for children with ASD in preschool settings. A systematic search of the literature spanning 1980 –2018 was conducted, and 31 articles were identified for inclusion. Results a...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 19, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Can Canine-Assisted Interventions Affect the Social Behaviours of Children on the Autism Spectrum? A Systematic Review
AbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition impacting individuals ’ social communication and interactions. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) have been identified as practice modalities for children with ASD. A systematic review of the literature was completed identifying 13 articles addressing the impact AAI has on the social behaviours of children with ASD. P articipant numbers were small with ages ranging from 3 to 18 years. Outcomes comprised verbal communication, non-verbal communication, identified desired and undesired behaviours. Findings suggested that AAI can have a positi...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 15, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Training Behavior Change Agents and Parents to Implement Discrete Trial Teaching: a Literature Review
AbstractDiscrete trial teaching (DTT) is a commonly implemented and evaluated teaching procedure for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). As such, DTT is often a procedure that behavior analytic practitioners are required to learn  how to impliment. Additionally, parents are often encouraged to learn how to implement DTT to supplement intervention for their child(ren) diagnosed with ASD. This review of the literature included 51 studies (57 experiments) that involved training behavior change agents and/or parents on the impl ementation of DTT. Each of the studies was evaluated and quantified alon...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 15, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Can Performance in Navon Letters among People with Autism be Affected by Saliency? Reexamination of the Literature
AbstractFindings from Navon letters paradigm studies among individuals with autism spectrum disorder are inconsistent. The different results are often being interpreted in terms of “local bias” and/or “global weakness,” according to the predictions of leading theories such as the “weak central coherence” or the “enhanced perceptual functioning.” We suggest that some of the inconsistencies may be a result of differences between these studies in the stimuli’s p hysical characteristics and/or the task’s attentional demands which are known to affect the relative salie...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 19, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Review of Transition and Vocational Interventions for Youth and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractThe persistence of disappointing employment outcomes for youth and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) indicates the importance of efforts to prepare them for the workplace. We conducted a systematic review of intervention/follow-up intervention studies on employment skills and outcomes for youth and adults with ASD. We reviewed 39 studies in terms of their participant characteristics, research methodologies, intervention features, and employment outcomes. These studies highlight practices and programs that promote vocational skill acquisition, improve employment outcomes, and provide collateral benefits (e....
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Media Use Among Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review
AbstractScreen media has become an intrinsic feature in the daily lives of children and youths with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This systematic review provides a current overview concerning the significance of screen media in the lives of children and youths with ASD. For the years 2005 to 2016, we identified 47 studies covering media use among children and youths with ASD. These studies concordantly showed screen media as being a preferred leisure activity for children and youths with ASD, and reported mixed evidence compared to children without ASD. Further research on content, functionality, problematic ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Parent-Implemented Language and Communication Interventions for Children with Developmental Delays and Disabilities: a Scoping Review
AbstractThe purpose of this article was to review and examine the empirical literature on parent implemented naturalistic language interventions aimed at supporting language development of young children with disabilities. A scoping review of 21 parent-implemented naturalistic language intervention studies published between 2000 and 2016 was conducted to (a) identify and report the types of naturalistic strategies used in research studies, (b) identify the characteristics of study participants, and (c) collate and summarize the effects of parent implemented intervention studies. All 21 studies reported positive outcomes fo...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Electrophysiological Responses to Emotional Facial Expressions in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review
AbstractStudies on processing of emotional faces in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have shown mixed findings. The goal of this systematic review was to investigate brain electrical responses to emotional facial expressions in individuals with ASD. We conducted a literature search of nine databases and grey literature sources up to Jan 2017, resulting in 943 studies. Eleven studies met inclusion criteria, with quality assessments varying from three to six out of 10. This systematic review demonstrates that individuals with ASD show a lack of sensitivity to different emotional expressions, especially fear, c...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Social Learning Through Structured Exercise for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbstractIncreased participation in structured exercise (SE) routines has positive effects on physiological, cognitive, and social development (SD) for students of all ages and abilities. SE offers unique opportunities for social learning in a non-academic context. SE allows students to practice vital social skills such as observation, imitation, and self-regulation. Unfortunately, SD during SE is often overshadowed by more commonly known physiological benefits. Researchers of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are encouraged by SE findings which offer alternative methods for learning social skills the students struggle to dev...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research