Facilitators and Barriers to Positive Special Education Experiences and Health Among Latino Families of Children with Disabilities: Two Systematic Literature Reviews
AbstractFamilies face systemic barriers when deciding on educational services for their children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Further, caregiver health and well-being is critical for supporting children with IDD. In addition, research has shown a negative correlation between the quality of special education experiences and caregiver health and well-being. However, the barriers and facilitators to positive special education experiences and health are unclear for Latino parents of children with IDD. By identifying barriers, interventions can be created to a...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 19, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Parent-Mediated Music Interventions with Children with ASD: a Systematic Review
AbstractParent-mediated interventions complement professional services and empower parents. In music therapy, this treatment modality is emerging. A systematic review was conducted to assess the existence of parent-mediated music interventions with children with ASD, identify the characteristics of parent coaching used, and summarize results. Thirteen studies were selected. Framework analyses were performed on descriptions of “parent-mediated,” “parent coaching,” outcomes, measures, and findings. Quality of the research and of the training programs varied substantially. Salient findings include emer...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 19, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Parent-Mediated Interventions for Children with ASD in Low-Resource Settings: a Scoping Review
AbstractAs a global health concern, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is known to affect millions of people regardless of their demographics. Children with ASD and their families in many low-resource settings (LRS) around the globe are reported to experience a multitude of barriers. Parent-mediated interventions (PMI) may be a viable treatment model in these LRS. Therefore, a scoping review was conducted to provide an overview of PMI-related literature in LRS. A total of 12 studies representing 10 different countries were reviewed. This review revealed strategies used to train and coach parents, target skills for children, an...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Research on Technological Interventions for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: a Scoping Review
AbstractResearchers have widely reported using technological interventions to support young children with autism spectrum disorder. Given the abundance and diversity of research on the topic, the authors conducted a scoping review of 158 studies published from 1994 to 2019 to provide a current state of the literature and guide future research. Overall, the results indicate that video modeling, communication aids, and discrete trial instruction have been the topic of the most studies in the research literature. Moreover, most researchers have used single-case designs and combined technology with some type of adult provided ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 29, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Telerehabilitation for Improving Adaptive Skills of Children and Young Adults with Multiple Disabilities: a Systematic Review
AbstractWe conducted a systematic review of telerehabilitation (TR) interventions on children and young adults with multiple disabilities (MDs). This review aimed to (a) examine the effectiveness of telerehabilitation (TR) on adaptive skills that have been targeted for intervention, (b) describe the type of devices used in the intervention procedures, (c) summarize the outcomes, and (d) examine the consumer/professional satisfaction of TR. Eleven studies met inclusion criteria. Results suggested that TR is an effective tool in improving the adaptive skills of children and young adults with MDs. Boh consumers and profession...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 25, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Mental Disorders and the Impacts in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities
AbstractMental disorders and physical health problems are common among adults with intellectual disabilities, as they accompanied with mental disorders are always present higher levels of functional disability than those with intellectual disabilities only. This review aims to describe the characteristics and the impacts of older people with intellectual disabilities accompanied with mental disorders in their daily livings. Results reveal that the prevalence of MD is high in adults of all ages with ID; there was no significant difference in older people with ID and younger people with ID. Individuals with ID attending psyc...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 22, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Perceptions, Experiences, and Needs of Parents of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Children with Autism: a Scoping Review
AbstractA scoping review of studies carried out in the UK and the USA was conducted to explore the perceptions, experiences, and needs of culturally and linguistically diverse families of children with autism. Overall, 32 articles met the inclusion criteria, 25 studies were conducted in the USA and 7 studies in the UK. Four themes emerged including (a) knowledge and beliefs about autism and their impact on the family; (b) autism and family life; (c) family experiences of accessing services and support, and parents ’ needs; and (d) multilanguage. Findings highlighted that family perceptions of autism are influenced by...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 16, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Emergence of Untrained Relations in Individuals with Autism and Other Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: a Systematic Review of the Recent Literature
AbstractAn increasing number of investigations have described various interventions to promote the emergence of derived responding within the relation of sameness for individuals with autism and other intellectual and developmental disabilities. Systematic searches identified 53 studies published since 2013 that met inclusion criteria. These studies were analyzed according to their participants, assessment methods, experimental design, content taught, setting, teaching procedures, emergent responses, outcomes, and reliability measures. The quality of the studies was measured using the single-case analysis and research fram...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Meta-Analysis of Sibling-Mediated Intervention for Brothers and Sisters Who Have Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractWe conducted a meta-analysis which included 16 sibling-mediated intervention studies that aims to utilize siblings to teach their brothers and sisters with autism spectrum disorder play skills, functional skills, or to decrease unwanted behaviors. In general, results across the studies show that sibling-mediated intervention has medium effect size and can be used as a method to improve many skills which include social and communication skills. Sibling-mediated intervention also facilitated maintenance and generalization of the targeted skills. The researchers discuss the findings and make suggestions for future inv...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 4, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Improving Service Access in ASD: A Systematic Review of Family Empowerment Interventions for Children with Special Healthcare Needs
AbstractWe systematically reviewed research on interventions designed to increase service access for children with special healthcare needs through family empowerment, defined as caregiver ’s knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors to meet their family’s needs. The purpose was to describe these interventions, evaluate the evidence, and understand their relevance for increasing service access for children with autism spectrum disorder. Identified studies (n = 25) showed consistent improvements in knowledge and attitudes, limited assessment of behavior, and mixed outcomes for service access, suggesting ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 20, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Quality Review of School-Based Challenging Behavior Interventions for Adolescents with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractThere is a growing population of adolescent students with developmental disabilities (DD) in school settings. Educators are in need of evidence-based practices (EBP) to address the challenging behaviors of students with DD. A key consideration in determining whether practices should be considered as an EBP is whether these practices have been implemented with fidelity. Yet, previous research has shown that many studies fail to report treatment fidelity data, which may compromise the outcomes of studies examining interventions to reduce challenging behaviors for adolescents with DD. Reported fidelity is essential fo...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 19, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Making Autism Research Inclusive by Attending to Intersectionality: a Review of the Research Ethics Literature
AbstractGrowth in autism research necessitates corresponding attention to autism research ethics, including ethical and meaningful inclusion of diverse participants. This paper presents the results of a review of research ethics literature, strengthened by consultation with a task force involving autism professionals, family members, and self-advocates on the spectrum. It reviews research ethics concerns around sex and gender; level of support needs; communication modes; race, ethnicity, geography, and language; socioeconomic status; and age. The exclusion of marginalized subgroups of people with autism is a major ethical ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 14, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Approaches to Inclusion and Social Participation in School for Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC) —a Systematic Research Review
AbstractThis systematic research review identifies approaches of inclusive education concerning adolescents with autism spectrum (ASC) without intellectual disability (ID). The definitions of inclusion, whose perspectives are taken into account, approaches, and the implications suggested for best practices are reviewed in the articles included in this study. The results show how inclusion is defined as a sense of social acceptance and an approach that physical placement in a regular class can lead to social participation. Taking into account students ’ perspectives is seen as important. Implications for best practice...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 4, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Behaviour-Related Outcome Assessments for Children on the Autism Spectrum with Intellectual Disabilities in Education Settings
AbstractA systematic review was completed to identify assessments used with children with intellectual disabilities to assess adaptive behaviour, challenging behaviour and autism-related behaviour and consider their appropriateness for use by special education teachers with autistic pupils. The findings of this review led to the recommendation that the Pervasive Development Disorder Behavior Inventory, Aberrant Behavior Checklist, Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist and the Teacher Autism Progress Scale are currently the most appropriate assessments for these purposes, although some limitations of these assessments exist...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 29, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Criminal Justice System
AbstractThe authors conducted a scoping review of peer-reviewed, empirical studies to summarize literature examining the interface between individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the criminal justice system (CJS). The authors searched 13 professional databases and 28 journals using key terms related to ASD and the CJS. From a total of 678 articles, 55 met inclusion criteria and the authors organized studies into five thematic categories: (a) prevalence of ASD in CJS settings, (b) characteristics of individuals with ASD in CJS settings, (c) ASD experiences and perceptions of the CJS, (d) interviewing individuals...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 17, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Training Pediatricians to Implement Autism Screening Tools: a Review of the Literature
AbstractThe American Academy of Pediatrics recommends using an autism-specific screening tool for all young children at primary care well visits. Screening can detect risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children whose parents and pediatrician may not otherwise have developmental concerns. The identification of children with or at-risk for ASD increases their access to early intervention services, which helps ameliorate skill deficits associated with ASD. Recent studies indicate pediatricians use autism-specific screening and diagnostic tools infrequently. Some research has been conducted to determine whether pr...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 17, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Synthesis of Lag Schedule Research in Individuals with Autism and Other Populations
AbstractLag schedules increase operant variability. Several researchers have explored their clinical and educational applications, especially to address repetitive behavior or limited repertoires in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. In the current study, we provide the first comprehensive synthesis and appraisal of lag schedule research in humans. A multistep search strategy was employed to identify all experimental studies of lag schedules in humans published in peer-reviewed journals. We identified 38 studies that met inclusion criteria, summarized the study and participant characteristics, and evaluated evident...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Reading Comprehension and Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review of Interventions Involving Single-Case Experimental Designs
AbstractResearch was reviewed that focussed on the reading comprehension abilities of students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Although single-case experimental design (SCD) is an accepted and widely used way in which to evaluate an evidence-based practice, very few studies met the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) standards for evidence-based SCD research. These studies were then grouped into six non-exclusionary intervention categories (a) visually-cued instruction, (b) collaborative strategies, (c) metacognitive strategy instruction, (d) technology-assisted instruction, (e) adapted text, and (f) behavioural strategie...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 3, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Systematic Review of Peer-Mediated Intervention for Children with Autism Who Are Minimally Verbal
AbstractIn peer-mediated intervention (PMI), peers act as agents of intervention. Previous reviews in this area have not addressed the effectiveness of using PMI with children with autism who are minimally verbal. Following a systematic search, we reviewed 25 studies where PMI was used to increase communication in minimally verbal participants. The majority of these (n = 23) were single-case experimental design studies in settings that included preschools, elementary schools, and high schools. PMIs varied in the amounts of training offered to peers and the types of activities in which children engaged. Social...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 28, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Scoping Review of Social, Educational, and Psychological Research on Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and their Family Members in Arab Countries and Cultures
AbstractCultural dimensions of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are relatively unexplored in the research literature. The current study is a systematic scoping review describing social, educational, and psychological research focused on individuals with ASD and their family members in Arab countries and cultures. Seventy studies met eligibility criteria. Most of the studies were from Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Lebanon. Most of the identified research addressed three major domains: the prevalence of ASD and diagnosis issues, the experiences and outcomes for Arab caregivers of individuals with ASD, and social and communication ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 24, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Challenges in the Diagnosis and Management of Pain in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with many systemic comorbidities, including sensory dysfunctions. A growing body of literature explored patients ’ unusually intense reactions to innocuous sensory stimuli but very little is known about ASD patients’ response to noxious stimuli such as pain. Patients with ASD are thought to have low sensitivity to pain, but currently, there is no clear consensus on pain responsivity/sensitivity/expression in patients with ASD. Pain is likely a significant source of suffering for patients with ASD, but limited literature suggest t...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Applied Behavior Analytic Interventions for Children with Autism in Mainland China
AbstractApplied behavior analysis (ABA)-based intervention  is typically utilized to support children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), which has been widely used across the world. However, little is known about the current extent of the utilization of applied behavior analysis for children with autism in China. This paper provides a systematic revie w on the ABA-based intervention studies conducted in Mainland China. Studies published in Chinese and English journals were included, and 35 empirical studies qualified for the selection criteria were analyzed. The results suggest that the&nbs...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 29, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Verbal Mand Interventions for Young Children with Autism: a Review of the Literature
AbstractWhen educating young children with autism, it is imperative to use a teaching practice that is supported by evidence-based research. This review examined and synthesized the results of studies targeting the acquisition of verbal requests (mands) by young children with autism. Results indicated that verbal mand interventions are effective at increasing communication for young children with autism. These interventions were primarily implemented in clinical or private school settings by highly trained professionals. There are also several methodological limitations in the articles reviewed. Given the limitations, the ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 29, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Female Autism Phenotype and Camouflaging: a Narrative Review
AbstractAutism is more commonly diagnosed in males than females. One explanation is the ‘female protective effect’: there is something inherent in being female which reduces the likelihood of developing autism. However, evidence suggests that the condition is underdiagnosed in females, perhaps because females express their autism in ways which do not meet current diagnostic criteri a. This review explores evidence for a female-typical autism presentation, the Female Autism Phenotype (FAP) and the component of camouflaging (compensating for and masking autistic characteristics) in particular. The evidence so far...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 29, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Exploring Interventions Used to Teach Friendship Skills to Children and Adolescents with High-Functioning Autism: a Systematic Review
AbstractSocial skill deficits prevalent in individuals with high-functioning autism (HFA) often lead to challenges in forming friendships with peers. The present study reviews the research base to evaluate interventions which focus on teaching friendship-related social skills to children and adolescents with HFA. Twelve studies were identified for inclusion. Studies were summarized in terms of participant characteristics, study design, target friendship social skills, intervention characteristics, intervention outcomes, generalisation and maintenance outcomes, and social validity. Research quality was also systematically a...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 4, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Review of Sleep Disturbances among Infants and Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders
AbstractSleep problems are common among children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). We review sleep disturbance in three major NDDs: autism spectrum disorder, Down syndrome, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). We review associations with functional impairment, discuss how patterns of sleep disturbance inform understanding of etiology, and theorize about mechanisms of impairment. Sleep disturbance is a transdiagnostic feature of NDDs. Caregivers report high rates of sleep problems, including difficulty falling or staying asleep. Polysomnography data reveal differences in sleep architecture and increased rates...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Interventions to Address Inappropriate Masturbation for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder or Other Developmental Disabilities
AbstractIndividuals with autism spectrum disorder and other developmental disabilities (ASD/DD) may engage in socially inappropriate masturbation that puts them or others at risk for harm. This may lead professionals, parents, and other stakeholders to intervene in ways that suppress safe, socially appropriate, and gratifying masturbation. Single case experimental intervention research may support prevention of inappropriate masturbation as well as increasing access to specialized instruction for safe and socially appropriate masturbation by individuals with ASD/DD. We conducted a systematic literature review of single cas...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Effects of Parent Training Programs on the Quality of Life and Stress Levels of Parents Raising a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review of the Literature
AbstractParents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk higher levels of stress and a lower quality of life compared to parents of typically developing children. Few parent training programs focus on parenting outcomes, and few authors evaluate the implementation fidelity of their program. A systematic review was conducted to target studies assessing the effects of group training programs on the stress levels or quality of life of parents of children with ASD as well as the implementation fidelity. A total of 12 studies were identified. Findings suggest that mindfulness could be a promising parent training too...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Canine-Assisted Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review
Abstract Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been suggested to increase prosocial behavior in children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Out of all the animals used in AAT, dogs have been found to be the most utilized and accessible. This systematic review examines the current state of literatur e on canine-assisted therapy (CAT) for children with ASD based on peer-reviewed articles. Five studies met inclusion and exclusion criteria. All articles found that presence of a therapy dog was correlated with increased frequency and duration of social behavior both throughout treatment and, in the case of one stud...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Primary Care Physicians ’ Knowledge of Autism and Evidence-Based Interventions for Autism: A Systematic Review
This study comprised a systematic review of research assessing PCPs ’ knowledge of autism and evidence-based interventions for individuals with autism. Results indicated that PCPs in a majority of studies had inadequate knowledge of autism and its associated treatments. A variety of variables were associated with PCPs’ knowledge including personal experiences wi th autism, continuing medical education on autism, and years of clinical experience. Results are discussed with regard to their implications for further education in autism for PCPs and future research. (Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Autism Spectrum Disorder Interventions in Mainland China: a Systematic Review
AbstractResearch on effective interventions for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has historically been focused on Western populations and little is known in China. This literature review sought to determine the current state of ASD intervention research in mainland China, with respect to the evidence-based practice (EBP) movement in the treatment of ASD. A methodical search process of refereed articles yielded 33 studies from 2003 through August 2018 meeting the selection criteria for inclusion and analysis. The majority of articles (76%) used either a true EBP or an idiosyncratic behavior intervention package (IBIP) includi...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Potential Determinants of Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbstractGastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction is a common comorbidity of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and is associated with increased severity of characteristic autism-associated symptoms. However, the underlying biological mechanisms for GI dysfunction symptoms in children with ASD are unknown. This review explores potential explanations for these symptoms including altered enteric microbiota, impaired intestinal permeability, changes in immune homeostasis, and genetic factors such as single nucleotide polymorphisms. It was shown that genetic factors not only influence the development of altered enteric microbiota and imp...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Reading Instruction for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review and Quality Analysis
This study reviews the literature on reading instruction consistent with the recommendations of the National Reading Panel (NRP; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development,2000) for children with autism spectrum disorder, using the Evaluative Method for Determining Evidence-Based Practices in Autism to assess research quality (Reichow, Volkmar,& Cicchetti,2008). A search of the literature published between 2009 and 2017 identified 10,779 relevant records, of which 19 met inclusion criteria. Studies reported gains in phonics, reading accuracy, reading fluency, and/or reading comprehension skills; however, ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Caregiver-Implemented Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review of Coaching Components
AbstractCaregiver-implemented intervention, commonly facilitated via coaching, is an increasingly common approach to early intervention for infants and toddlers with or at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present systematic review examines four coaching components across the literature on caregiver-implemented intervention models for children under 36  months with or at risk for ASD. Systematic search procedures resulted in 26 studies for review. Results showed that although most studies addressed building on caregivers’ competence and guided practice, many neglected to address collaborative coaching...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 11, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Naturalistic Interventions to Improve Prelinguistic Communication for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review
AbstractThe current review identified 11 single-case design (SCD) and 14 group-design evaluations of naturalistic behavioral interventions targeting prelinguistic social communication in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Three SCD studies and eight group design studies utilized methodologically rigorous designs and demonstrated a functional relation between the intervention and child prelinguistic social communication. Results of this systematic review provide information about efficacy of specific naturalistic behavioral interventions, details about the intervention, and characteristics of the implementa...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sex Differences in an Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis: Are Restricted Repetitive Behaviors and Interests the Key?
AbstractRestricted and repetitive behaviors and interests (RRBI) have garnered attention for their presenting sex differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Specifically, previous works have claimed that RRBI are less predictive of an ASD diagnosis for females relative to males. Previous reports have demonstrated mixed findings: females present with greater RRBI (e.g., compulsive behaviors), females present with fewer RRBI (e.g., restricted interests), and females are not distinguishable from males based on overall RRBI profiles. The following review details behavioral and neurophysiological RRBI findings to argue that...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Missing Components in Current Management of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Nutrition, Dental Care, and House-Call Programs
AbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder and systemic disease with multiple comorbidities and largely fragmented clinical care. In this article, we discuss three important components frequently missing from the current ASD standard care routine: oral health, nutrition, and house-call programs. Both ASD centers associated with tertiary-care hospitals and community ASD providers do not regularly offer these services. In this review, we address the benefits of and rationale behind incorporating dental care, nutrition, and house-call programs into ASD management. We also explain why these...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Schema Development in Individuals with Autism: A Review of the Literature
AbstractThe purpose of this article was to synthesize the available research regarding the development of complex schemata in individuals with autism across its entire developmental process beginning with prototype formation, followed by categorization, and finally the development of schema. Specific research questions addressed the quality of research across all available studies, characteristics of participants, and whether a difference exists in the ability of individuals with autism to form schema as it relates to all three steps of the developmental process. Through a search of articles published between 1980 and 2018...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Effects of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD): a Systematic Review
ConclusionsPRT may be associated with advantageous effects, but more high-quality research is needed before we can draw firm conclusions. (Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Interventions to Improve Play Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractChildren with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience difficulty with play, and a number of different interventions have been developed and evaluated to address this deficit. This systematic review of randomized controlled trials identified 19 studies reporting on play-based interventions for children with ASD aged 2 –12 years. The components of each study, including elements of the interventions and methodological quality, were examined. A meta-analysis was completed for 11 studies, and a small but significant treatment effect was identified (Hedges’g = 0.439). The current review ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Mental Well-Being of Informal Carers of Adults on the Autism Spectrum: a Systematic Review
AbstractCarers of autistic adults may experience increased day-to-day stress relating to their caring role. This review aims to (1) summarise the current literature on factors that affect mental well-being in carers of autistic adults and (2) map these results to an existing conceptual model of carer psychological well-being for individuals with developmental disabilities. Twenty-three studies met inclusion criteria. Some factors, such as adaptive skills and the quality of the caring relationship, were consistently associated with carer mental well-being. Conflicting or weak associations were found with several factors, in...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 31, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Editorial: Special Issue on Mental Health Issues in Autism Spectrum Disorder
(Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 22, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Modelling Me, Modelling You: the Autistic Self
AbstractThe stereotype of autism spectrum conditions (ASC or ‘autism’) focuses on the social and communicative elements of the diagnostic criteria. In this review, we step back from autism as a social and communicative disorder and focus on the autisticself. The autistic self is a key component of the condition which has nevertheless received comparatively little attention. We provide a taxonomy for experimental paradigms in the cognitive sciences that aim to address questions related to the self. We articulate reasons based on domain-general cognitive mechanisms, autobiography and historical conceptions for wh...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sensory Processing in Williams Syndrome: a Narrative Review
AbstractTo date, little is known about sensory processing in Williams syndrome (WS) and the similarities of the sensory profile in individuals with WS compared to people with other neurodevelopmental disorders. The current review aims to consolidate available evidence on sensory processing in WS. Eighteen primary studies investigating sensory processing in individuals with WS were identified through systematic searches of electronic databases. Fourteen studies investigated hyperacusis (sound sensitivity) in WS and four papers examined broader sensory processing characteristics. A high prevalence of both hyperacusis and sen...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Abnormal Structural and Functional Connectivity of the Corpus Callosum in Autism Spectrum Disorders: a Review
AbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by difficulties with social communication, interaction, and repetitive and stereotypical patterns of behaviour. Recent studies suggest that abnormalities in the corpus callosum (CC) can produce autistic symptoms, so this cerebral structure is a target for autism research. It is the largest area of white matter fibre that connects the cerebral hemispheres and has been considered an index of interhemispheric connectivity. The poor connectivity that is a characteristic of autism could be due to CC abnormalities. In this review, we describe empirical studies that have use...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Predictors of Burnout, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover in Behavior Technicians Working with Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractFrequent turnover of behavior technicians working with individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have negative impacts on organizations, staff, and patients. The current paper set out to conduct a systematic review of predictors of staff retention in behavior technicians. Two databases were searched to identify studies relating to retention, turnover, burnout, and job satisfaction across samples of behavior technicians working with individuals with ASD. Of the 33 articles identified, 5 studies met inclusion criteria. A number of employee and organizational factors were identified as predictors of burnout,...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Rapid Prompting Method and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Systematic Review Exposes Lack of Evidence
AbstractThis systematic review is aimed at examining the effectiveness of the rapid prompting method (RPM) for enhancing motor, speech, language, and communication and for decreasing problem behaviors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A multi-faceted search strategy was carried out. A range of participant and study variables and risk and bias indicators were identified for data extraction. RPM had to be evaluated as an intervention using a research design capable of empirical demonstration of RPM ’s effects. No studies met the inclusion criteria, resulting in an empty review that documents a meaning...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 8, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Preschool Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Review of Effectiveness Studies
AbstractEarly intervention is widely recommended for young children with autism spectrum disorder, but the effectiveness of interventions when implemented in inclusive preschool settings needs to be considered. To this end, we identified 16 studies that provided early intervention to children with autism spectrum disorder who were attending inclusive preschools. Effectiveness studies, that is, studies evaluating interventions that were implemented under real-world conditions, were targeted, provided they met the pre-determined inclusion criteria. Included studies were summarized in terms of (a) participant characteristics,...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Anxiety in Children with Autism at School: a Systematic Review
AbstractAnxiety in autism is commonly reported by parents, but teacher reports of anxiety in their students with autism have received little attention. This paper presents the results from the first systematic review on anxiety in children with autism at school. Six intervention studies (five of which were based upon cognitive –behavioural therapy) and 26 descriptive/non-experimental studies met inclusion criteria. Sample populations from included studies were frequently drawn from psychiatric clinics, with females and children attending special schools underrepresented, making generalisability of results difficult. ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Mood as a Dependent Variable in Behavioral Interventions for Individuals with ASD: a Systematic Review
AbstractThe current review provides an original examination of the literature involving mood as a dependent variable in behavioral interventions designed for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-nine single-subject experimental design studies were identified through systematic searches and evaluated in relation to the following variables: (a) participant and setting characteristics, (b) experimental design, (c) approach to mood assessment, (d) intervention procedures, and (e) intervention effects on mood. The experimental rigor of the included studies was evaluated on the National Autism Center ’s ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research