The Use of Psychoactive Substances in a Conflict Area in the West Bank: Drug Use Risk Factors and Practices in Palestinian Refugee Camps

AbstractDuring a conflict, there is a significant disability related to common mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, and substance misuse. A self-administered questionnaire was used in a cross-sectional study that was conducted in 2016 to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors associated with psychoactive substance (PS) use among 950 teenagers in different conflict zones in the West Bank. Refugee teenagers were particularly vulnerable to PS use for different reasons, including the availability of substances, the ease of accessing them, the need to cope with problems, and social/peer pressure. The combined use of PS warrants attention due to the potential for physical and mental health risks. PS use was associated with greater odds of violence, which was more evident among refugee users than among other users. Given the multiple factors that influence adolescent PS use in refugee camps specifically, early detection and prevention strategies are essential for this target population.
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Related Links:

The dangers of alcohol begin at the first sip of the first drink. Although most responsible drinking habits shouldn’t be cause for major concern, everyone who drinks runs the risk of encountering the negative effects of alcohol. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans defines moderate drinking as up to 1 drink per day for women and up to 2 drinks per day for men.  A single drink is considered as: 12 ounces of beer (5% alcohol content) 8 ounces of malt liquor (7% alcohol content) 5 ounces of wine (12% alcohol content) 1.5 ounces of 80-proof (40% alcohol content) distilled spirits or liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility Alcoholics Anonymous Source Type: blogs
What exactly is psychosis? What happens in the brain of a person with schizophrenia who is hallucinating? Schizophrenic Rachel Star Withers shares her personal hallucinations and delusions and Dr. Joseph Goldberg, who specializes in researching what goes on in the brain when someone is experiencing psychosis, joins to break down how the brain functions during psychotic episodes. Host Rachel Star Withers, a diagnosed schizophrenic, and co-host Gabe Howard delve into these intense subjects in this episode of Inside Schizophrenia.  Highlights from “Psychosis in Schizophrenia” Episode [02:13]  Rachel, do...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Disorders General Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Active psychosis Delusions Delusions Hallucinations Living with Schizoprenia Mental Disorder Mental Illness Psychology psychotic Psychotic Break Source Type: blogs
We all have a friend or family member who just can’t seem to get out from under their accumulation of stuff. Their garage, guest bedroom and basement are packed, and you can’t see the top of the kitchen table. But when does “cluttered” become “hoarded?” We have all seen the sensationalized TV depictions of filthy homes that need to be condemned. But is that what hoarding really looks like?  And why can’t those folks just throw it all out? Today’s guest explains myths surrounding hoarding, treatment strategies and why we all might be at risk. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW Gues...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Disorders General Interview LifeHelper Mental Health and Wellness Podcast Psychiatry Psychology The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
It makes perfect sense to me that employers would be very enthusiastic aboutbehavioral health as a component of their corporate wellness programs. The term is defined in the following way (see:Defining Behavioral Health):Behavioral health is the scientific study of the emotions, behaviors and biology relating to a person ’s mental well-being, their ability to function in every day life and their concept of self.“Behavioral health” is the preferred term to “mental health.” A person struggling with his or her behavioral health may face stress, depression, anxiety, relationship problems, grief, a...
Source: Lab Soft News - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Healthcare Delivery Healthcare Information Technology Healthcare Innovations Medical Consumerism Population Health Preventive Medicine Public Health Telemedicine Source Type: blogs
Discussion: Findings from this study are consistent with previous contributions on rTMS use in subjects with cocaine use disorder. We evidenced a specific action on some psychopathological areas and a consequent indirect effect in terms of relapse prevention and craving reduction. A double-blind, sham-controlled, neuro-navigated rTMS study design is needed, in order to confirm the potential benefits of this technique, opening new scenarios in substance use disorders treatment.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In this episode, our hosts discuss how the amount of money and resources a person has influences their mental health care. Listen now to hear how Gabe and Michelle tackle this difficult social discussion — and have a couple laughs along the way.  SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “It’s so hard to get help with mental illness if you have no money, and that’s not ok.” – Michelle Hammer Highlights from ‘Money and Mental Illness’ Episode [1:00] How does money impact people with mental illness? [3:00] Michelle’s epiphany on the subway. [5:30] The difference between mental h...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Personal Policy and Advocacy Source Type: blogs
Over the last 12 months New Zealanders have entered into the debate about cannabis and cannabinoids for medical use. In the coming year we’ll hear even more about cannabis as we consider legalising cannabis for recreational use. There is so much rhetoric around the issue, and so much misinformation I thought it high time (see what I did there?!) to write about where I see the research is at for cannabis and cannabinoids for persistent pain. For the purposes of this blog, I’m going to use the following definitions: Cannabis = the plant; cannabis-based medication = registered extracts (either synthetic or from...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Chronic pain Coping strategies Research Science in practice cannabinoids cannabis medicinal cannabis neuropathic pain persistent pain recreational cannabis Source Type: blogs
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the effect of opium on clinical and neuropsychological parameters in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with substance dependency. A cross-sectional study was conducted on MS patients in Rafsanjan, Iran. Forty opium-addict MS patients (10 males and 30 females) aged between 18 and 50  years were compared with 40 MS patients with no addiction. Word-Pair Learning, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Wisconsin Card-Sorting Test (WCST), Depression, Anxiety, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), Fatigue, and the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) were measured an...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Ketamine was once used mainly as an anesthetic on battlefields and in operating rooms. Now this medication is gaining ground as a promising treatment for some cases of major depression, which is the leading cause of disability worldwide. In the US, recent estimates show 16 million adults had an episode of major depression in the course of a year. Suicide rates rose substantially between 1999 and 2016, increasing by more than 30% in 25 states. Because of its rapid action, ketamine could have a role to play in helping to prevent suicide. Why is ketamine exciting for treating depression? If a person responds to ketamine, it c...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Health Health trends Mental Health Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: This is the first implementation of SocialMind, which is the first mindfulness-based social cognition training. It is well tolerated by participants with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and a further randomized controlled trial is proposed for people who have suffered their first episode of psychosis within the past 5 years.Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT03434405.IntroductionPeople suffering from psychosis frequently find it difficult to establish or maintain relationships with others or to engage in community activities (1, 2). These deficits are present even in high-risk ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
More News: Addiction | Anxiety | Depression | Disability | Men | Middle East Health | Palestine Health | Study