Gambling Behavior Among Hong Kong College and University Students
This study examined gambling behavior and correlates of pathological gambling among college and university students in Hong Kong. A survey questionnaire was administered to 510 Chinese students (302 men, 208 women) recruited from twelve tertiary institutions. The standardized questionnaire included questions on socio-demographic background, preferred lifetime and past-year gambling forms, attitudes towards gambling, perceived life satisfaction, social influence, intention to seek help, and a gambling screen to assess problematic gambling. The response rate is 86%. Results indicate the prevalence rate of lifetime and past-y...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adaptation of the Social Distancing Scale in the Covid-19 Era: Its Association with Depression, Anxiety, Stress, and Resilience in Turkey
This study has two main objectives. The first aim is to adapt the social distancing scale (SDS) into Turkish. The second aim is to test the mediating roles of depression, anxiety, and stress on the relationship between social distance and psychological resilience. The sampling method of the study was revised as the snowball sampling. The study surveyed 843 people (481 female and 362 male) between the ages of 18 and 70 (average age 31.95) living in 51 different cities if Turkey. In the study, back-translation method was used to prepare the SDS-Turkish version. Confirmatory factor analysis results for the study showed that t...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Worry, Severity, Controllability, and Preventive Behaviours of COVID-19 and Their Associations with Mental Health of Turkish Healthcare Workers Working at a Pandemic Hospital
This study aimed to present the prevalence of mental health problems and identify the predictors of mental health and subjective well-being of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants included 245 healthcare workers (Mage = 33.16 ± 7.33; 50.61% females) from a pandemic hospital in Turkey. Healthcare workers reported mild/severe depression, anxiety, and stress. Females tended to be more vulnerable to developing psychiatric symptoms. Worry, severity, and controllability significantly predicted depression, anx iety, stress, and subjective well-being while preventive beha...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Eating Disorder Behaviours and Substance Use in Women Attending Treatment for Substance Use Disorders: a Latent Class Analysis
AbstractWomen with substance use disorders have a greater prevalence of eating disorders which can interfere with long-term recovery. In a sample of women (N = 1099) attending treatment centres for substance use issues, this study identified three distinct classes based on substance type and eating disorder (ED) behaviours using latent class analysis. Class 1 (29.5%) had the highest rates of ED behaviours, methamphetamine and tobacco use. Class 2 (60 .5%) had some weight-related concerns and 100% tobacco use. Class 3 (9.9%) had some weight-related concerns, and 78.0% reported alcohol as the main substance of us...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Succumbing to the COVID-19 Pandemic —Healthcare Workers Not Satisfied and Intend to Leave Their Jobs
A Correction to this paper has been published:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-021-00502-5 (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Conformity Behaviors: a Qualitative Phenomenological Exploration of Binge Drinking Among Female College Students
AbstractThe present study explored binge drinking as a conformity behavior as it related to self-esteem and social acceptance in young adults. The researcher gathered information regarding the lived experience of young adults ’ engagement in binge drinking to increase self-esteem and social acceptance using a qualitative interpretative phenomenological approach (IPA). A purposive sample of five female college students aged 22–24 meeting the inclusion criteria via researcher-developed screening was recruited. Data was collected via face-to-face, semi-structured interviews that were then transcribed, member-check...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Personal and Social Resources in Coping with Coronavirus Crisis Among Israeli-Palestinian Adults: Explanatory Study
AbstractThe present study aims to explore the personal and social resources that Israeli-Palestinian adults use while coping with stress in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The participant sample consisted of 985 Israeli-Palestinian adults, 58% of whom were females. Participants ’ ages ranged from 18 to 50 years old (M = 35.8, SD = 14.48), and they were recruited using a convenience sampling from the Israeli-Palestinian community living in Israel. Participants were asked to answer 16 questions about the coping resources they are adopting to deal with the coronavirus crisis. The findings of the study indicate that s...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fear of COVID-19 and Depression: A Comparative Study Among the General Population and Healthcare Professionals During COVID-19 Pandemic Crisis in Bangladesh
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic affects individuals ’ mental health that can result in fear of getting COVID-19 infection and depression. As there is no prior study available, we evaluated these mental health outcomes and associated factors among the general population and healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Bangladesh. This nationwide cross-section al study comprised 3388 individuals including 834 HCPs. The measures included socio-demographics, healthcare, and patient-care related information, the Bangla Patient Health Questionnaire, and the Bangla Fear of COVID-19 Scale. Multiple linear regression analyses were perfor...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Can South Asian Countries Cope with the Mental Health Crisis Associated with COVID-19?
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Indigenous Grassroots and Family-Run Land-Based Healing in Northern Ontario
This study employs a qualitative ideographic approach, consonant with Indigenous research methodology, to interview and analyze the report of one program in Mushkegowuk Territory, in northern Ontario. The participant was invited to an interview during which he was asked open-ended questions regarding his outdoor program. Responses were transcribed and subjected to qualitative analysis. Initial results were then shared with the participant, who was encouraged to edit or expand the interpretations until he was satisfied with the outcome. Results indicated that this grassroots land-based program arose out of one individual &r...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Comparison of Smartphone Addiction Level, Temperament and Character and Parental Attitudes of Adolescents with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
This study aims to compare smartphone addiction level, temperament, and character and parental attitudes of adolescents with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). For this purpose, 143 adolescents with and without ADHD and their parents were included in the study. Participants completed the “Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Form,” “Junior Temperament and Character Inventory,” and “Parental Attitude Research Instrument.” According to the analysis, the smartphone addiction scores of adolescents with ADHD were significantly higher than those in without ADHD group. Bot...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS): Psychometric Properties of the Amharic Version in Ethiopian University Student Sample
AbstractThe Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) assesses the fear and avoidance associated with social anxiety and has been validated in several languages. The present study describes the adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Amharic version of the LSAS in Ethiopian university student samples. Two studies were carried out. In the first study, 429 participants completed a survey, including demographic information, and the Amharic version of the LSAS. In the second study, 32 participants completed a survey comprising demographic information and the Amharic version of the LSAS. The participants were recruited using ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Mediating Effects of Fear of COVID-19 and Depression on the Association Between Intolerance of Uncertainty and Emotional Eating During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has greatly affected the mental health of individuals due to severe changes in their normal life routines. These changes might give rise to stress-induced factors and result in developing maladaptive behaviors. Therefore, the present study tested an explorative sequential mediation model regarding the COVID-19 pandemic as a global natural experiment and hypothesized that fear and depression would be serial mediators of the relationship between intolerance of uncertainty and emotional eating. An online cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling was adopted. A total of 362 participants wer...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effects of Life Stress on Men ’s Alcohol Use: a Reassessment of Data from the 2012 China Family Panel Studies
This study found that in China, stress did not increase male alcohol consumption, but rather, inhibited it. Alcohol consumption is not a preferred strategy for Chinese men dealing with stress. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

First and Second Wave COVID-19 Fear Impact: Israeli and Russian Social Work Student Fear, Mental Health and Substance Use
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic Among Online Casino Gamblers: An Empirical Study Using Behavioral Tracking Data
AbstractGambling, like many other leisure activities, has been greatly affected by the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The present study investigated the behavior of a sample of online casino gamblers before and after the COVID-19 pandemic was announced in March 2020. The authors were given access to behavioral tracking data of a representative sample of 133,286 online casino gamblers by a large European online gambling operator with several online casino Swedish licenses. Online casino gambling activity utilizing daily cross-sectional data was examined over a 5-month period from January 1 to May 31 (20...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predictors of School Violence Perpetration and Victimization: Effects of Drug Use and Sociodemographic Characteristics
AbstractA randomized controlled trial was conducted with 6391 7th- and 8th-grade students in 72 public schools in six Brazilian cities. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed to create a unidimensional model for validity. Linear regression was used to evaluate how baseline past-month drug use, violence, and sociodemographic characteristics affected violence at follow-up. The results showed that previous involvement in violent episodes at school (β = 0.397,p 
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Fear of COVID-19 Scale for Hospital Staff in Regional Hospitals in Mexico: a Brief Report
A Correction to this paper has been published:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-021-00487-1 (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 27, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exploring Factors Associated with Alcohol and/or Substance Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic
This study explored the relationship between alcohol and substance use in the general population during the early stages of COVID-19 as related to individual, family, and community stressors. A convenience sample of adults who resided in the USA and Canada was utilized. An online survey was conducted. Over one-third of the sample reported utilizing alcohol and substances as a means to cope during the pandemic. A linear regression revealed that use of social media as a source of information, being personally affected by COVID-19, experiencing child care challenges, and not being associated with a religious community were re...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fear of COVID-19 in High School Personnel: a Survey Study in Western Mexico
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Coronavirus Anxiety and Psychological Adjustment in College Students: Exploring the Role of College Belongingness and Social Media Addiction
This study examined a moderated mediation model in which college belongingness mediated the relationship between coronavirus anxiety and psychological adjustment, and this mediation effect was moderated by social media addiction. A total of 315 undergraduate students (M = 21.65 ±3.68 years and 67% females) participated in this study. The results demonstrated that college belongingness partially mediated the association between coronavirus anxiety and psychological adjustment. The mediating part from coronavirus anxiety to college belongingness was moderated by social medi a addiction. In comparison with the high lev...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Coping with Stress During the Coronavirus Outbreak: the Contribution of Big Five Personality Traits and Social Support
This study investigated the relationships between active, problem-focused, and maladaptive coping with stress during the Coronavirus outbreak, the Big Five personality traits, and social support among Israeli-Palestinian college students (n = 625). Emotion-focused coping negatively correlated with social support, openness, extraversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness, while it positively correlated with neuroticism. On the other hand, problem-focused coping was found to positively correlate with social support, openness, ext raversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness, but negatively correlate with ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Link Between Battle Royale Games and Aggressive Feelings, Addiction, and Sense of Underachievement: Exploring eSports-Related Genres
AbstractThe extremely violent and competitive new game genre battle royale is becoming increasingly popular, as exemplified by Fortnite and PUBG. However, previous research has infrequently extended to the exploration of its detrimental psychosocial effects. Our study conducted an online questionnaire survey recruiting Japanese students (n = 874) who currently play online games on a frequent basis. The findings of path analysis demonstrated that, among the game usage time by genre associated with esports, battle royale (β = 0.09) was the only variable associated with aggressive feelings. Ba...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Among People from the Banking Sector in Bangladesh: a Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractDespite the pandemic, the Government of Bangladesh decided to keep the banks open to a limited extent to keep the country ’s economy afloat. The aim of this study is to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 among the bankers who are usually more exposed to random people that put them at great risk to be affected. A total of 248 bankers willingly answered our questionnaire consisting of DASS-21 and relevant ques tions. Cronbach’s reliability coefficient for the DASS-21 scale ranges from 0.84 to 0.90 which advocates that DASS-21 scales are highly reliable measures for this study. Results show that a...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Validity, Reliability, and Optimal Cut-off Scores of the WHO-5, PHQ-9, and PHQ-2 to Screen Depression Among University Students in Iran
This study aimed to investigate the validity, reliability, and optimal cut-off points for the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and Well-being Index (WHO-5) to screen mild depression among 400 Iranian students who completed these tools and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13). Further, a psychiatrist diagnosed the depression by using the “Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.” The validity and internal consistency of tools assessed and the accuracy were computed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and ar...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Norwegian Version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale
AbstractTo examine the psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), randomly selected individuals from a larger registry study were invited. We assessed the reliability and validity of the instrument in a sample of 1089 adults in Norway (response rate 73%). Internal consistency measured by Cronbach ’s alpha (0.88) was acceptable. Omega alphaHierarchical (ωt = 0.69) was lower indicating that the general factor is less reliable, explaining 69% of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the FCV-19S is not strictly unidimensional. Ex...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Year 2020: How Will It Impact Identities of Children and Youth over Time?
AbstractIn this Editorial, as the Guest Editor to the Special Issue on Youth Identity, I reflect on the year 2020. The year was a challenging one in relation to the global impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the continued inequities and systemic injustices faced by racialized populations. As an intersectionality-informed identity researcher, I argue that because of the complexity of our individual and collective identities, identity scholarship is not limited to a particular discipline, or theory, or methodology. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Substance Addiction Consequences: Outpatients Severity Indicators in a Medication-Based Program
AbstractThe severity of the substance addiction consequences (SAC) is often the reason for seeking help and joining medication-based programs. However, little has been explored about the nature and extent of the consequences, the outcomes of these programs and of nursing consultations. This cross-sectional study with a nursing-assisted sample, enrolled on a methadone or an alcohol aversion therapy program, aims to find out the most severe indicators of SAC and identify factors to effective self-management of this consequences. The most severe indicators were “anxiety,” “maintaining employment,” &ldq...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Positive Psychology for Mental Wellbeing of UK Therapeutic Students: Relationships with Engagement, Motivation, Resilience and Self-Compassion
This study aimed to examine the relationships between mental wellbeing and positive psychological constructs in therapeutic students (psychotherapy and occupational therapy students). The number of therapeutic students has increased recently; however, they suffer from poor mental health, which may be improved by potentiating their positive psychological constructs, bypassing mental health shame. Therapeutic students (n = 145) completed measures regarding positive psychological constructs, namely mental wellbeing, engagement, motivation, resilience, and self-compassion. Resilience and self-compassion predicted mental wellbe...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 12, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale Among Chinese Population
AbstractFear is a negative emotional reaction to or persistent worry over an imminent public health event like COVID-19. The COVID-Fear Scale was developed in many countries, but not in China. The current study aims to examine the psychometric properties of Chinese version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale. Translation into Chinese and back-translation into English were conducted firstly. Item analysis and exploratory factor analysis were conducted in Sample 1, followed by validity tests in Sample 2. Likely, test-retest reliability was conducted in sample 3. A bifactor structure of Chinese version of FCV-19S with a general fea...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effect of COVID-19 Anxiety on General Health: the Role of COVID-19 Coping
This study examined the mediating effect of COVID-19 coping strategies on the relationship between COVID-19 anxiety and general health. Participants (70% females) included 4624 adults (Mage = 30.29 ± 10.97 years) collected through an online survey using a convenience sampling approach. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded a one-factor structure for the COVID-19 Anxiety Scale (CFI = .98, TLI = .96, SRMR = .02, RMSEA = .09), COVID-19 Coping Scal e (CFI = .97, TLI = .97, SRMR =&thi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Size Estimation of People Who Inject Drugs and Their Geographical Distribution in Dogonbadan, Iran, During 2018: a Mapping Method
AbstractThe aim of this cross-sectional study was investigation of geographical distribution and size estimation of people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in Dogonbadan, Iran, in 2018 using geographical mapping method. Data was obtained through interviewing primary and secondary key informants as well as field team observations. Population size was estimated by median in Stata software (version 14). GIS software (version 10.6.1) was used to prepare the density and distribution maps of the hotspots. We identified 52 hotspots of drug users; injection of drugs occurred in 31 of the hotspots. The prevalence of injecting drugs was 232...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Succumbing to the COVID-19 Pandemic —Healthcare Workers Not Satisfied and Intend to Leave Their Jobs
This study aims to examine the predictors of job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and turnover intention of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Between 10 and 30 April 2020, 240 healthcare workers in Bolivia completed a cross-sectional online survey, which assessed their job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and turnover intention in the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The results revealed that their number of office days predicted job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and turnover intention, but the relationships varied by their age. For example, healthcare workers ’ office days negatively predicted job satisf...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Family Characteristics and Mental Health Status of Secondary School Students in a Rural Community in Southwest Nigeria
This study was conducted to determine the relationship between family characteristics and the mental health status of adolescents in secondary schools in a rural community in South west Nigeria. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. Family functionality was assessed using family APGAR standardised instrument. Mental health was assessed using the strength and difficulty questionnaire. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics, chi-square test and binary logistics regression model atp 
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Exploratory Examination of the Relationship Between Symptoms of Depression and Exercise Addiction Among Undergraduate Recreational Exercisers
AbstractResearch has consistently demonstrated an association between depressive disorders and behavioral addictions. However, the relationship between depression and exercise addiction has rarely been investigated. The present study examined the relationship between self-reported depression and exercise addiction symptoms. A sample of 691 Spanish undergraduate leisure exercisers (59% males;Mage = 21.25 years;SDage = 2.94) completed a self-report survey. Two regression analyses employing a maximum likelihood robust estimation method were conducted controlling for the effects of age, gender,...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Coping with Shame Mediates the Association Between Depression and Gambling Severity and Frequency
AbstractRecent research suggests that shame plays a key role in the pathway between depression and problem gambling. Little research has explored how methods of coping with shame may increase risk for depression and problem gambling. The present study examined how the four facets of coping with shame from the Compass of Shame Scale (Elison et al., [2006] Social Behaviour and Personality; an international journal, 34[3], 221-238) mediated the relationship between depression and gambling severity and frequency. Undergraduate students (N = 484; age range 20 to 69,Mage = 23.34, SDage = 23.84) completed self-reports of depressi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychosocial Risk Factors for Depression Among Married Muslim Mothers in Malaysia
AbstractAlthough many previous studies have examined factors associated with depression, there has been a lack of studies examining the role of external shame and lack of emotion regulation. Therefore, the present study examined these potential risk factors alongside other risk factors in a group that may be more prone to depression (i.e., married Muslim mothers). Married Muslim mothers (n = 971) residing in the urban area of Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) were surveyed. Using various psychometric instruments, the survey assessed psychiatric problems (including depression), insecure attachment styles, external shame...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Stressors of Suicide Among the Residents of Ilam, Eastern Nepal: an Investigation Into a Neglected Burden
AbstractSuicide is increasingly being recognized as a global public health concern, but it is still treated as a neglected burden in Nepal. Case-control study on suicide from Nepal is very rare. Thus, a community-based matched case-control study was conducted at Ilam District to identify different stressors associated with Nepalese suicidal victims with appropriate samples of 64 cases which were matched for age group ( ± 2 years) and area of residence with 128 controls (1:2 ratio). Data was collected through suicide survivors and close neighbors of suicide victims. Intimate partner violence was an indepe...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Should I Stay or Should I Go? A Comparative Exploratory Analysis of Individuals Electing to Continue or Discontinue Self-Exclusion from Land-Based Gambling Venues
AbstractThere is a dearth of research on gamblers ’ experiences toward the end of a self-exclusion period when significant decisions are required as to renew or discontinue agreements. An exploratory study was conducted to (1) understand user perspectives of processes involved at the termination of their self-exclusion agreement and (2) identify factors differentiating individuals renewing or discontinuing self-exclusion. Such information is important to ensure self-exclusion programs meet individual needs at this critical timepoint. Eighty-five participants (43.5% renewed) completed an online survey at least 6 ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predicting the Contribution of Age at First Substance Use and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder to Later Addiction Severity in a Clinical Sample from Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for Prevention and Treatment
This study sought to examine the extent to which age at first substance use contributes to later addiction severity and how PTSD affects their relationships. The study enrolled 315 patients from tertiary addiction services in Rwanda. The participants ’ mean age at first substance use was 18.64 years (SD = 6.1) old. Age at first substance use had a significant effect (β = − 0.130,p = .013) on later addiction severity. PTSD showed significant association with later addiction severity (β = 0.363;p = 
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Relationship Between Fear of COVID-19, Psychopathology and Sociodemographic Variables in Malaysian Population
This study performed in Borneo, Malaysia, was conducted using principles of snowballing, and by invitation through university students and staffs mailing list to participate. The survey collected data on sociodemographic, along with measuring psychological impact by using the newly validated Malay version Fear of COVID-19 Scale and DASS-21 scale. There were a total of 255 respondents. The majority of the respondents ’ age was 25 years and below, with a female male ratio of 2:1 and around 70% respondents were students. Below 25-year-old age group, and females are having significantly higher levels of fear of COVI...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Assessment of Fear of COVID-19 in Older Adults: Validation of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale
AbstractThere is no information in Peru on the prevalence of mental health problems associated with COVID-19 in older adults. In this sense, the aim of the study was to gather evidence on the factor structure, criterion-related validity, and reliability of the Spanish version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) in this population. The participants were 400 older adults (mean age  = 68.04, SD = 6.41), who were administered the Fear of COVID-19 Scale, Revised Mental Health Inventory-5, Patient Health Questionnaire-2 items, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale 2 items. Structural equation mod...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fear of COVID-19 in Romania: Validation of the Romanian Version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale Using Graded Response Model Analysis
AbstractOne of the basic emotions generated by the COVID-19 pandemic is the fear of contacting this disease. The main aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Romanian version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), based on classical test theory and item response theory, namely, graded response model. The FCV-19S was translated into Romanian following a forward-backward translation procedure. The reliability and validity of the instrument were assessed in a sample of 809 adults (34.6%  males;Mage = 32.61; SD  ±11.25; age range from 18 to 68 years). R...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Clarifying Responsible Gambling and its Concept of Responsibility
AbstractDespite its widespread use, the concept of “responsible gambling” lacks a clear definition. Consequently, debate and confusion surround the respective government, regulator, industry operator, individual, and community accountability as these stakeholders attempt to develop strategies, policies, and procedures that will protect consumers by minimizing gambling-related harms. This brief report advances the argument that stakeholders should define responsible gambling as an outcome instead of an activity or process. Responsible gambling exists when individuals gamble within personally affordable limits. T...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Validation of the Spanish Version of the Marijuana Consequences Questionnaire (S-MACQ)
AbstractThe present study aimed to validate the Spanish version of the 50-item Marijuana Consequences Questionnaire (S-MACQ) by analyzing the psychometric properties of internal, convergent, and concurrent validity and estimating internal consistency. We also examined the correlation between the brief (SB-MACQ) and the full S-MACQ and whether they similarly correlate with marijuana outcomes and marijuana-related variables. A sample of 470 college students that reported last year marijuana use completed an online survey. Results from confirmatory factor analyses supported an 8-factor structure. The scores of the S-MACQ show...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Influence of a Single Slow-Paced Breathing Session on Cardiac Vagal Activity in Athletes
DiscussionFindings regarding concomitant effects of SPB on CVA are in line with previous literature. The return to baseline observed immediately after SPB and 60 min after SPB suggests that the effects on CVA are only transitory.Practical ImplicationsGiven higher CVA has been linked to decreased cravings in addictions, future research should investigate to which extent SPB may be an effective technique to help coping with craving attacks on an acute basis. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exercise Addiction and Perfectionism, Joint in the Same Path? A Systematic Review
AbstractIn recent decades, perfectionism has generated growing interest from the scientific community in understanding exercise addiction, due to the explicative contributions offered its characteristics that can make individuals more susceptible to unhealthy and compulsive exercise. There have been limited studies of such constructions in sports contexts. With the purpose of identifying the most relevant evidence on the constructs in sports contexts, the main links between perfectionism and exercise addiction in athletes were described. Taking into account the principles established by the PRISMA and AMSTAR statements for...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mental Health Status, Anxiety, and Depression Levels of Bangladeshi University Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic
This study assessed anxiety, depressive symptoms, and mental health status among university st udents in Bangladesh. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Revised Scale, and Mental Health Inventory-5 were translated into Bangla and administered to university students (N = 874) online. In total, 40% of the participants had moderate to severe anxiety, 72% had depressive symptoms and 53% had moderate to poor mental health status. Moreover, path analysis showed worrying about COVID-19 and knowledge about the virus predicted anxiety and moderate to poor mental heal th st...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“It hurts so much to live for nothing”: Lived Experiences of Substance Use Among Refugee Youth in Displacement
This study aims to explore the role played by substances within the lives of Somali refugee youth who are displaced in low-resource, urban settings. We conducted in-depth individual interviews with twenty Somali refugee youth who are involved in gang activities in urban Kenya. Using a thematic analysis, this study revealed how substances have been used to cope with the negative impacts of trauma and how substances operate as a strategic tool for survival within the lives of displaced Somali refugees. This study discussed the implications for breaking the cycle of substance use. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mapping the Role of Instructors in Canadian Post-Secondary Student Mental Health Support Systems
AbstractUsingRecognize,Render,and Redirect (RRR) (Di Placito-De Rango,International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 16:284 –290,2018) as a framing organizational model, this study engaged in online document analysis to (a) locate the instructor ’s position within student mental health support frameworks across Canadian colleges and universities, and (b) understand how their role is exactly defined and described. The role of instructors within student mental health support systems was detailed in 20 Canadian post-secondary institutions. S trategies torecognize,render, andredirect students were observed in...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research