Effects of Shinrin-Yoku Retreat on Mental Health: a Pilot Study in Fukushima, Japan
AbstractShinrin-yoku (forest bathing) is a cost-effective healing practice that has recently attracted the interest of social scientists who have attributed it, in part, to mental health benefits. Japanese university students suffer from high rates of mental health problems, and the number of suicides remains high despite the total number of suicides in Japan decreasing. Effective mental health approaches which increase mental wellbeing and self-compassion, and reduce associated deficits, such as loneliness, are sought after for Japanese students; however, healthful treatment has not been identified to date. Accordingly, t...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mental Health and Addiction: New Times and Challenges
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Parents ’ Phubbing and Cyberbullying Perpetration Among Adolescents: the Mediation of Anxiety and the Moderation of Zhong-Yong Thinking
AbstractExtant research has indicated that parents ’ phubbing negatively affects adolescent development. However, no research to date has examined the association between parents’ phubbing and adolescent cyberbullying perpetration. Based on the model of hot/cool system, the present study constructed a moderated mediating model to test the associ ations among parents’ phubbing, anxiety, Zhong-yong thinking, and adolescent cyberbullying perpetration. Adolescents (n = 874,Mage = 14.07,SDage = 1.64) were recruited from one middle school and one high school in a city i...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 30, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Testing the Influence of Social Axioms on Internet Gaming Disorder Tendency with a Cross-Lagged Panel Model: a One-Year Longitudinal Study
AbstractGaming-specific beliefs on the functions and/or consequences of gaming have consistently been shown to be risk factors for Internet gaming disorder (IGD). However, there is a scarcity of research on the effects of generalized beliefs about the world (i.e., social axioms) on IGD tendency. This 1-year longitudinal study was designed to test whether and which social axioms would have a prospective influence on IGD tendency. One hundred ninety-five Chinese university students (Mage = 19.86, female = 72.3%) voluntarily participated in both the baseline and 1-year follow-up surveys. Social cyn...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 27, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fear of COVID-19 and Mental Health: The Role of Mindfulness in During Times of Crisis
AbstractThe novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has had a significant impact on all aspects of individuals ’ lives, particularly their mental health due to the fear associated with the pandemic. Thus, the current study explored the relationship between the fear of COVID-19 and aspects of mental health, namely anxiety and depression, and will consider whether this relationship can be mediated by mindful ness. Data were collected from a student sample of 355 participants (71.5% female and 28.5% male) ranging between 18 and 41 years of age (M = 22.41 ± 3.27), with participants co...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Convergent Validity Analysis between the Profile of Emotional Competences Full-Form and the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Full-Form
AbstractEmotional dispositions have been found to influence outcomes and have applications in many areas, such as in the clinical, health, social, educational, and organizational domains. Specifically, they may influence individuals ’ addictive behaviour tendencies. The aim of this study was to investigate the convergent validity between two questionnaires measuring individual differences linked to emotional dispositions, the Profile of Emotional Competences (PEC) full-form, and the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue) full-form. Examining the convergent validity will identify the similarities and the ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gaming-Gambling Convergence: Trends, Emerging Risks, and Legislative Responses
AbstractA convergence of gaming and gambling products, services, and platforms is presently drawing considerable policy debate. This convergence may be giving rise to a critical area of consumer vulnerability given the addictive potential of gaming and gambling. While some convergence aspects are gaining research attention, the broader contexts of the phenomenon have not been adequately examined. In light of this, the present study aimed to inform four key enquiry areas pertaining to gaming-gambling convergence —contexts and drivers, definitions and framings, risk and harm, and legislative response. Using a narrative...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exercise Addiction in Amateur Runners
AbstractRunning has gained many devotees over recent decades, thanks to its capacity to maintain and improve health; however, the accessibility and certain characteristics of this pursuit facilitate the appearance of some kind of negative health consequences. Nowadays, running is one of the most popular amateur sports, and it is thought that its excessive practice encourages the appearance of addictive behaviours and other health problems. The aim of this study was to analyse the risk of exercise addiction amongst runners, investigating the effect of variables like age, gender, distance, and performance. The Spanish versio...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Levels and Predictors of Anxiety, Depression, and Burnout Syndrome in Physicians During the COVID-19 Pandemic
This study intended to observe mental symptoms among physicians in Turkey during the COVID-19 pandemic and to investigate the factors leading to such symptoms. The study participants were contacted via their smartphones between April 23 and 27, 2020, and invited to fill out an online questionnaire which included questions from the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The mean age of the 406 physicians who participated in the study was 42.9  ± 10.1 years, and 53.4% were men (n: 217). During the pandemic, 66.7% had decreased working hours. Lack of COVID...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Rates of Occurrence and Influence of Trauma Exposure on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms Among Survivors of Terrorist Attacks in Northeast Nigeria
AbstractResearch has shown that trauma exposure is associated with increased symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, knowledge is sparse on whether there are differential predictions of specific clusters of PTSD symptoms by trauma exposure. We investigated the rate of trauma exposure and prevalence of PTSD as well as the contributions of trauma exposure to severity of four PTSD symptoms clusters among persons who were displaced due to terrorist attacks. Participants were Nigerian internally displaced persons (IDPs,N = 1059, 54.8% males; mean age = 34.30 years,SD =&...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Persian Version of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (Persian-C19P-S) and the Differences in COVID-19-Related Phobic Reactions in Patients with Anxiety Disorders
This study indicates that the Persian version of the C19P-S is a valid scale to be used in Iranian patients with anxiety disorders to evaluate COVID-19-related phobia. Moreover, COVID-19-related phobic reactions are higher in some specific types of anxiety disorders. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Fear of COVID-19 and Flourishing: Assessing the Mediating Role of Sense of Control in International Students
AbstractThe present study investigates the mediating role of sense of control in the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and flourishing. A cross-sectional study design was employed and a total of 368 international students studying in Turkey consented to voluntarily take part in the study. The participants who were identified using convenience sampling completed the Fear of COVID-19 Scale, Flourishing Scale, and Sense of Control Scale after providing written informed consent. Results indicated that sense of control was positively correlated with fear of COVID-19 and flourishing. It was also observed that a negative corr...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“The Bad Things that Happened Are Kind of Good Things”: Exploring Gambling Among Residents of a Transitional Housing Service
We describe the experiences of 17 residents of a transitional housing service who had experienced gambling harm as people who gamble and/or affected others, using a descriptive qualitative approach. Four themes, each with subthemes, were identified in the data. Participants describe d their histories, strong links between methamphetamine use and gambling and the importance of connectedness and family to recovery. Gambling was seldom an issue raised by professional services or divulged by the participants, nor was it described as a key factor in becoming homeless. General self-h elp strategies (such as distraction) were ada...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 31, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Development of the Turkish Craving for Online Shopping Scale: A Validation Study
AbstractIn the present study, the Turkish version of the Craving for Online Shopping Scale (TCOSS) was developed by modifying items on the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS). The sample comprised 475 adult volunteers (233 women and 242 men) from three different non-clinical samples recruited online. The structure validity of the TCOSS was examined utilizing exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and criterion validity testing. The EFA showed that the TCOSS had a unidimensional structure that explained 80% of the total variance. The five-item unidimensional structure of the TCOSS then underwen...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Association Between Problematic Internet Use, Quality of Parent-Adolescents Relationship, Conflicts, and Mental Health Problems
This study examined the associations between the PIU, mental health problems, quality of parent-adolescent relationship, and adolescent-parent conflicts among adolescents. Participants were 318 adolescents (56.9% girls and 43.1% boys), whose ages ranged between 14 and 18  years, with a mean age of 15.79 (SD =0.87), enrolled in various high school programs in Ankara. Participants completed the Problematic Internet Use Scale-Adolescent, the Quality of the Parent-Adolescent Relationship, the Adolescent-Parent Conflict Scale, and the Strength and Difficulties Questionn aire. Significant relationships were found between th...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

School Bullying and Youth Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors: Do School Belonging and School Achievement Matter?
The objective of this study is to examine whether school bullying predicts increased internalizing and externalizing behavior through decreased school belonging and achievement in elementary school young people. The sample of this study comprised 389 elementary school students (52.1% girls) from an elementary school in an urban city, Turkey. Young people ranged between 10 and 15  years (M = 12.17,SD = 1.02). Results from the study showed that school bullying had a significant and negative predictive effect on youth internalizing and externalizing behaviors, as well as school achievement. Me...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alcohol Use among Swedish Patients with Stress-Induced Exhaustion Disorder, and Its Relation to Anxiety, Depression, and Health-Related Quality of Life
AbstractHarmful drinking may be a cause and an effect of psychological distress, and compromises the effects of treatment for psychiatric conditions. There is a paucity of studies investigating patterns of alcohol consumption among patients with stress-induced exhaustion disorder (SED). The aims of this investigation were (1) to assess the prevalence of self-rated hazardous drinking in a sample of 808 Swedish patients with SED (mean age 43  ± 9 years, 84% women), and (2) to investigate differences in sociodemographic variables, psychological symptoms, health-related quality of life, and sleep vari...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Associations Between Instagram Addiction, Academic Performance, Social Anxiety, Depression, and Life Satisfaction Among University Students
AbstractThe use of social networking sites (SNSs) has become increasingly popular. Although several studies have been carried out on the addictive use of SNSs such as Twitter and Facebook, there is little research on Instagram addiction and its drivers. The present study investigated the association between students ’ needs and Instagram addiction by incorporating physical activity as a moderator among 364 university students. Additionally, the associations between Instagram addiction, academic performance, depression, social anxiety, and life satisfaction were investigated. The results showed that recognitio n needs...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alcohol Use, Drug Use, and Psychological Distress in University Students: Findings from a Canadian Campus Survey
AbstractMental health problems, alcohol misuse, and drug misuse are prevalent in postsecondary students. However, the links between mental health, alcohol, and drug use are tangled. The present study examined alcohol use and drug use as predictors of psychological distress in postsecondary students at a large metropolitan Canadian university. An online survey was used to collect data from 3288 undergraduate students using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), the Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST), and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10). There was a significant correlation between high-risk leve...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Prevalence of Problem Gambling Among Women Using Shelter and Drop-in Services
This study examined prevalence of problematic gambling among women using shelter and drop-in services in Ontario, Canada. The NORC Diagnostic Screen for Disorders was administered to women during visits to 15 sites using time/location methodology. Within a sample of 162 women, the prevalence of at-risk (6.2%), problem (9.3%), and pathological gambling (19.1%) was higher than the general population. Among women who scored at-risk or higher, 55.4% met criteria for pathological gambling. The findings suggest that women seeking shelter and drop-in services are vulnerable to problematic gambling. Creating awareness of this vuln...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Newspaper Coverage of Substance Misuse and Other Drug-Related Behaviors in Ghana: A Content Analysis of Health Communication
AbstractSix Ghanaian newspapers with the widest readership and distributions were selected for analysis to examine health communication themes and strategies related to alcohol and/or substance misuse and other drug-related behaviors in Ghana. Newspapers were manually searched using relevant keywords. We used thematic analysis to examine 90 articles that were identified. Content themes included (1) legal consequences, (2) adverse effects, (3) change motivation, and (4) help and support. Communication strategies included (1) articles about high-profile individuals or events, (2) narratives, (3) use of rhetoric, and (4) sens...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Effects of a Group-Based Aerobic Exercise Program on the Cognitive Functions and Emotions of Substance Use Disorder Patients: a Randomized Controlled Trial
AbstractTo examine, from behavioral perspectives, the feasibility of applying group-based aerobic exercise as an adjunct to treatment aimed at improving the cognitive functions and emotions of substance use disorder (SUD) patients. Eighty-three male methamphetamine use disorder patients recruited through an isolated detoxification centers (IDCs) were assigned into either an exercise group or control group. The exercise group participated in a group-based aerobic exercise intervention involving moderate-intensity exercises for 3  months. The cognitive functions, emotions, drug cravings, and physical fitness of the pati...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 12, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Comparing Attitudes Toward Stigmatized Deaths: Suicide and Opioid Overdose Deaths
AbstractDeath by suicide and opioid overdose has been associated with negative stigmatization. It is important to investigate whether a suicide death and a fatal opioid overdose share similar stigmatized reactions and how attitudes shape the public willingness to intervene in prevention and treatment efforts. Respondents were recruited for an online survey through convenience sampling and were randomly assigned to either respond to questions about suicide or opioid overdose death. Measurements included respondents ’ attitudes toward suicide and opioid overdose decedents and their willingness to intervene. Results rev...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Irrational Happiness Beliefs Scale: Development and Initial Validation
This study sought to develop a new scale of irrational happiness beliefs (IHB) and test its reliability and validity across two British samples. The participants were subjected to a series of happiness, rationality, irrationality, and subjective and psychological well-being measures. The exploratory (n = 207) and confirmatory factor analyses (n = 157) suggested that the IHB scale was unidimensional with three items demonstrating a good internal consistency reliability estimate. The IHB also showed significant positive correlations with measures of valuing happiness, negative affect, perceived stress...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

From Stress to Psychopathology: Relationship with Self-Reassurance and Self-Criticism in Czech University Students
AbstractPsychological stress has become a major concern, potentially leading to diverse health problems including psychopathology such as depression and anxiety. Transactional Model of Stress and Coping is an established model, conceptualizing stressful experiences via person –environment relationship. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the pathway from stress to depression/anxiety, with a focus on self-criticism (inadequate-self and hated-self) and self-reassurance (reassured-self) in Czech students who suffered from high prevalence of mental health problems. Convenience sample of 119 undergraduates complet...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Military Veterans ’ Psychological Distress Associated with Problematic Pornography Viewing
AbstractProblematic pornography use represents a common feature reported by those with compulsive sexual behavior disorder. While prior research suggests US military veterans may experience disproportional rates of problematic pornography use, few comparative studies exist. Moreover, no measurement invariance analyses between veterans and non-veterans exist on measures designed to assess problematic pornography use. The purposes of the present report were to explore whether differences exist between veteran and non-veteran men on indices of problematic pornography use, determine whether veteran status is associated with an...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 9, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Social Exclusion, Self-Forgiveness, Mindfulness, and Internet Addiction in College Students: a Moderated Mediation Approach
AbstractInternet addiction is a growingly prevalent behavioral addiction that causes numerous psychosocial problems. Investigating the causes and consequences of Internet addiction is fundamental to comprehend and prevent it. Therefore, the current study provided protective and promotive factors for undesired effects of social exclusion on Internet addiction. The study examined a moderated mediation model to test whether mindfulness moderated the mediating role of self-forgiveness in the association between social exclusion and Internet addiction among young adults. The participants of the present study included 358 underg...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Identity Process Theory Account of the Impact of Boarding School on Sense of Self and Mental Health: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
This study undertook an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of semi-structured interviews conducted with five adults who boarded as children. The focus was on expl oring participants’ beliefs in terms of how the boarding experience affected their sense of self. Emerging themes relate to the (i) coping strategies used by participants during childhood, such as amnesia, compartmentalising, compliance and acceptance, and (ii) long-term effects of boarding on ide ntity, self-concept and intimate relationships. Findings also highlight the interplay of factors such as privilege and social class, which were reported as ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Factors Increasing Suicidal Risk in Young Argentinean College Students With and Without Suicide Attempt History
AbstractPredicting suicidal behavior is one of the most challenging tasks in mental health-related disciplines. We addressed this noteworthy issue in young Argentinean people, since suicidal behavior is an increasing albeit meagerly studied phenomenon throughout this country. We aimed to compare mental health-related variables, impulsivity-related traits, and main demographic variables between groups with and without suicide attempt history and to assess potentially affecting factors related to increasing suicidal risk in each group. A cross-sectional sample of 451 young college students (Mage = 21.74) answer...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

When “Good Enough” Isn’t Good Enough: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Caring for Adults Using Substances at the End of Life
AbstractThis paper draws on data from one strand of a six-strand, exploratory study on end of life care for adults using substances (AUS). It presents data from the key informant (KI) strand of the study that aimed to identify models of practice in the UK. Participant recruitment was purposive and used snowball sampling to recruit KIs from a range of health and social care, policy and practice backgrounds. Data were collected in 2016 –2017 from 20 KIs using a semi-structured interview approach. The data were analysed using template analysis as discussed by King (2012). This paper focusses on two of seven resulting th...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Video Games: Restricted Interests or Addiction?
AbstractHigh rates of video game use in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have often been reported. This might suggest more prevalent video gaming addiction in this population, but elevated video game use could also be explained by restricted interest in video games. We thus reviewed the literature on video game use in ASD to examine the role of vulnerability for video game addiction and the role of restricted interest in video gaming. We conducted a search following PRISMA guidelines. From 511 papers, 15 were included. This review demonstrates that the high rates of video game use in boys and young males with ASD without int...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Is There a Continuum of Behavioural Dependence in Problem Gambling? Evidence from 15  Years of Australian Prevalence Research
AbstractA common assumption in many public frameworks is that the harms and behavioural risk factors associated with gambling disorder lie on a continuum. At one end is lower risk or recreational gambling, and at the other, problem or disordered gambling. Movements along this continuum are associated with gradual increases or decreases in the level of behaviour and associated harm. This perspective is often advanced in opposition to more clinical or categorical frameworks that view problem gambling as a distinct clinical category from the other groups. In this paper, we investigate these competing perspectives with referen...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Self-control or Flourishing? A Thematic Analysis of Experiences of Alcohol Users of the Rediscovery Process
This study helps bridge the gap between the more traditional focus of addressing the psychopathology and approaches developing flourishing in AUD and the wider implications are discussed. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Behavior Among Hong Kong College and University Students
This study examined gambling behavior and correlates of pathological gambling among college and university students in Hong Kong. A survey questionnaire was administered to 510 Chinese students (302 men, 208 women) recruited from twelve tertiary institutions. The standardized questionnaire included questions on socio-demographic background, preferred lifetime and past-year gambling forms, attitudes towards gambling, perceived life satisfaction, social influence, intention to seek help, and a gambling screen to assess problematic gambling. The response rate is 86%. Results indicate the prevalence rate of lifetime and past-y...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adaptation of the Social Distancing Scale in the Covid-19 Era: Its Association with Depression, Anxiety, Stress, and Resilience in Turkey
This study has two main objectives. The first aim is to adapt the social distancing scale (SDS) into Turkish. The second aim is to test the mediating roles of depression, anxiety, and stress on the relationship between social distance and psychological resilience. The sampling method of the study was revised as the snowball sampling. The study surveyed 843 people (481 female and 362 male) between the ages of 18 and 70 (average age 31.95) living in 51 different cities if Turkey. In the study, back-translation method was used to prepare the SDS-Turkish version. Confirmatory factor analysis results for the study showed that t...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Worry, Severity, Controllability, and Preventive Behaviours of COVID-19 and Their Associations with Mental Health of Turkish Healthcare Workers Working at a Pandemic Hospital
This study aimed to present the prevalence of mental health problems and identify the predictors of mental health and subjective well-being of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants included 245 healthcare workers (Mage = 33.16 ± 7.33; 50.61% females) from a pandemic hospital in Turkey. Healthcare workers reported mild/severe depression, anxiety, and stress. Females tended to be more vulnerable to developing psychiatric symptoms. Worry, severity, and controllability significantly predicted depression, anx iety, stress, and subjective well-being while preventive beha...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Eating Disorder Behaviours and Substance Use in Women Attending Treatment for Substance Use Disorders: a Latent Class Analysis
AbstractWomen with substance use disorders have a greater prevalence of eating disorders which can interfere with long-term recovery. In a sample of women (N = 1099) attending treatment centres for substance use issues, this study identified three distinct classes based on substance type and eating disorder (ED) behaviours using latent class analysis. Class 1 (29.5%) had the highest rates of ED behaviours, methamphetamine and tobacco use. Class 2 (60 .5%) had some weight-related concerns and 100% tobacco use. Class 3 (9.9%) had some weight-related concerns, and 78.0% reported alcohol as the main substance of us...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Succumbing to the COVID-19 Pandemic —Healthcare Workers Not Satisfied and Intend to Leave Their Jobs
A Correction to this paper has been published:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-021-00502-5 (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Conformity Behaviors: a Qualitative Phenomenological Exploration of Binge Drinking Among Female College Students
AbstractThe present study explored binge drinking as a conformity behavior as it related to self-esteem and social acceptance in young adults. The researcher gathered information regarding the lived experience of young adults ’ engagement in binge drinking to increase self-esteem and social acceptance using a qualitative interpretative phenomenological approach (IPA). A purposive sample of five female college students aged 22–24 meeting the inclusion criteria via researcher-developed screening was recruited. Data was collected via face-to-face, semi-structured interviews that were then transcribed, member-check...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Personal and Social Resources in Coping with Coronavirus Crisis Among Israeli-Palestinian Adults: Explanatory Study
AbstractThe present study aims to explore the personal and social resources that Israeli-Palestinian adults use while coping with stress in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The participant sample consisted of 985 Israeli-Palestinian adults, 58% of whom were females. Participants ’ ages ranged from 18 to 50 years old (M = 35.8, SD = 14.48), and they were recruited using a convenience sampling from the Israeli-Palestinian community living in Israel. Participants were asked to answer 16 questions about the coping resources they are adopting to deal with the coronavirus crisis. The findings of the study indicate that s...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fear of COVID-19 and Depression: A Comparative Study Among the General Population and Healthcare Professionals During COVID-19 Pandemic Crisis in Bangladesh
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic affects individuals ’ mental health that can result in fear of getting COVID-19 infection and depression. As there is no prior study available, we evaluated these mental health outcomes and associated factors among the general population and healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Bangladesh. This nationwide cross-section al study comprised 3388 individuals including 834 HCPs. The measures included socio-demographics, healthcare, and patient-care related information, the Bangla Patient Health Questionnaire, and the Bangla Fear of COVID-19 Scale. Multiple linear regression analyses were perfor...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Can South Asian Countries Cope with the Mental Health Crisis Associated with COVID-19?
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Indigenous Grassroots and Family-Run Land-Based Healing in Northern Ontario
This study employs a qualitative ideographic approach, consonant with Indigenous research methodology, to interview and analyze the report of one program in Mushkegowuk Territory, in northern Ontario. The participant was invited to an interview during which he was asked open-ended questions regarding his outdoor program. Responses were transcribed and subjected to qualitative analysis. Initial results were then shared with the participant, who was encouraged to edit or expand the interpretations until he was satisfied with the outcome. Results indicated that this grassroots land-based program arose out of one individual &r...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Comparison of Smartphone Addiction Level, Temperament and Character and Parental Attitudes of Adolescents with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
This study aims to compare smartphone addiction level, temperament, and character and parental attitudes of adolescents with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). For this purpose, 143 adolescents with and without ADHD and their parents were included in the study. Participants completed the “Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Form,” “Junior Temperament and Character Inventory,” and “Parental Attitude Research Instrument.” According to the analysis, the smartphone addiction scores of adolescents with ADHD were significantly higher than those in without ADHD group. Bot...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS): Psychometric Properties of the Amharic Version in Ethiopian University Student Sample
AbstractThe Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) assesses the fear and avoidance associated with social anxiety and has been validated in several languages. The present study describes the adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Amharic version of the LSAS in Ethiopian university student samples. Two studies were carried out. In the first study, 429 participants completed a survey, including demographic information, and the Amharic version of the LSAS. In the second study, 32 participants completed a survey comprising demographic information and the Amharic version of the LSAS. The participants were recruited using ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Mediating Effects of Fear of COVID-19 and Depression on the Association Between Intolerance of Uncertainty and Emotional Eating During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has greatly affected the mental health of individuals due to severe changes in their normal life routines. These changes might give rise to stress-induced factors and result in developing maladaptive behaviors. Therefore, the present study tested an explorative sequential mediation model regarding the COVID-19 pandemic as a global natural experiment and hypothesized that fear and depression would be serial mediators of the relationship between intolerance of uncertainty and emotional eating. An online cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling was adopted. A total of 362 participants wer...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effects of Life Stress on Men ’s Alcohol Use: a Reassessment of Data from the 2012 China Family Panel Studies
This study found that in China, stress did not increase male alcohol consumption, but rather, inhibited it. Alcohol consumption is not a preferred strategy for Chinese men dealing with stress. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

First and Second Wave COVID-19 Fear Impact: Israeli and Russian Social Work Student Fear, Mental Health and Substance Use
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic Among Online Casino Gamblers: An Empirical Study Using Behavioral Tracking Data
AbstractGambling, like many other leisure activities, has been greatly affected by the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The present study investigated the behavior of a sample of online casino gamblers before and after the COVID-19 pandemic was announced in March 2020. The authors were given access to behavioral tracking data of a representative sample of 133,286 online casino gamblers by a large European online gambling operator with several online casino Swedish licenses. Online casino gambling activity utilizing daily cross-sectional data was examined over a 5-month period from January 1 to May 31 (20...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predictors of School Violence Perpetration and Victimization: Effects of Drug Use and Sociodemographic Characteristics
AbstractA randomized controlled trial was conducted with 6391 7th- and 8th-grade students in 72 public schools in six Brazilian cities. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed to create a unidimensional model for validity. Linear regression was used to evaluate how baseline past-month drug use, violence, and sociodemographic characteristics affected violence at follow-up. The results showed that previous involvement in violent episodes at school (β = 0.397,p 
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research