Fantasy Football (Soccer) Playing and Internet Addiction Among Online Fantasy Football Participants: A Descriptive Survey Study
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to ascertain the levels of possible internet addiction within fantasy football (FF) (soccer) participants and the characteristics of the participants within this group. An online survey of questions regarding characteristics of regular FF participants and consumption of FF-related content was posted on FF internet forums (Reddit andBoards.ie). Self-selecting participants (N = 684) completed the survey containing questions on FF (time spent during weekdays/weekend on FF, gambling on FF, devices used to access FF), internet use (time spent on internet on weekdays/weekend...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“I’d Probably Be Dead Now”: Evaluating the Impact of Theatre Practitioners Working on a Recovery-Based Community Drama Project
AbstractAside from the often-fatal consequences of substance abuse, people recovering from addiction suffer greater adverse childhood experiences, trauma in adulthood, and inequalities than non-addicts. As a result, psychological, emotional, and developmental barriers can prevent effective recovery, leaving people traumatised, vulnerable, and doubly stigmatised. The challenge, therefore, is for recovery practitioners to deliver responses that not only treat biological problems resulting from addiction but also address psychological, social, and cultural needs. One group of professionals providing holistic approaches to peo...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Role of Avoidance Coping and Escape Motives in Problematic Online Gaming: A Systematic Literature Review
AbstractOver the past two decades, research into Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has markedly increased due to worldwide spread of online videogames. The reasons and motivations for playing greatly contribute to its popularity. Escapism and avoidance coping strategies have been studied extensively and conceptualized as motives to play. A growing research base has demonstrated a strong association between these motives to play and negative gaming outcomes. Consequently, the aim of the present systematic review was to provide a comprehensive overview of the role of avoidance coping and escape motives in problematic online gam...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Developing the Cyberostracism Scale and Examining its Psychometric Characteristics
This study aims to develop the Cyberostracism Scale (CS) to assess university students ’ perceptions of virtual social exclusion. Validity and reliability studies were carried out with 3 different groups (N = 692; %69 women). In the developing process of the scale, EFA, CFA, Item Response Theory (IRT), and criterion-related validity and reliability (Cronbach’sα, McDonald ’sω, and test-retest) analyses were used. EFA results indicated that the CS has a 3-dimensional structure (Direct Excluded, Indirect Excluded, Ignored) which explains 55.74% of the total variance. The CFA results...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Videogame Addiction Scale for Children: Psychometric Properties and Gamer Profiles in the Italian Context
AbstractGiven the few studies examining the evaluation of screening tools for videogame addiction among children aged 12  years and under, the present study analyzed (i) the psychometric properties (factorial structure, reliability indices and criterion validity) of the Italian version of the Videogame Addiction Scale for Children (VASC) and (ii) its construct validity using a person-centered approach. Two studies we re carried out. In study 1, 728 participants completed a survey including demographic information, questions concerning the amount of time spent in playing videogames, and the Italian version of the VASC....
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Role of Future Time Perspective, Body Awareness, and Social Connectedness in the Relationship Between Self-efficacy and Resilience
AbstractDefined as the successful adaptation to dynamic environments, resilience is considered a cornerstone of mental health. However, with the underpinnings of resilience not yet fully understood, this manuscript tests the potential contribution of self-efficacy and embeddedness on resilience (explored through validated measures of future time perspective, body awareness, and social connectedness). The convenience sample of 18-to-77-year-old adults included 297 individuals, of which 36 were men and 171 were female. Participants completed online surveys composed of fifty-two questions in total, measuring self-efficacy, re...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adaptation and Validation of the Brazilian Version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale
AbstractThe pandemic caused by COVID-19 has generated psychological impacts, such as fear of this disease. The authors developed the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), which aims to assess the fear of COVID-19 in the general population. Adapt and validate the FCV-19S for the Portuguese language in the Brazilian context. Four main initial steps were performed: translation, back-translation, semantic validation, and experimental application. Snowball sampling corresponded to 354 Brazilian participants. Psychometric tests were performed to investigate the validity and reliability of the test, such as confirmatory factor analys...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Evidence of the 7-Item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire in Brazil
AbstractGeneralized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most prevalent and impairing psychological disorders. GAD is defined as a persistent and excessive worry associated with physical and psychological symptoms. Despite the potentially severe nature of GAD, it has been estimated that nearly half of patients live with the symptoms for about 2  years before being appropriately diagnosed and treated. To allow early identification of this disorder, valid and reliable measures for the screening of GAD are essential. Therefore, the present study aimed to gather psychometric evidence of the 7-Item Generalized Anxiety Diso...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Graduate Student Burnout: Substance Use, Mental Health, and the Moderating Role of Advisor Satisfaction
AbstractSubstance use and mental health problems are associated with academic difficulties among high school and undergraduate students, but little research has been conducted on these relationships among graduate students. The sample consisted of  2683 graduate students attending two large, public universities. Standard measures were used to collect data on demographic and program characteristics, mental health, substance use, advisor satisfaction, and burnout (i.e., exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy). Linear regression models evaluated the relationships between each mental health and substance use variable with b...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Emotional Intelligence in the Face of Terrorism Fear and Employees ’ Mental Health Strain
AbstractRising terrorist attacks around the globe have seriously deteriorated individual quality of life in general and mental well-being in particular. By considering the negative impacts of terrorism and the resulting fear on employees ’ mental health strain, this study has examined the relations among fear of terror (FOT), personal burnout (PB), and emotional intelligence (EI), mainly exploring whether EI moderated the association between FOT and PB. For this purpose, we have collected data from 413 employees’ in the educatio n sector of Pakistan. These employees are working in different cities of the two mo...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fear of COVID-19, Mindfulness, Humor, and Hopelessness: A Multiple Mediation Analysis
AbstractHopelessness is an important vulnerability factor for depressive symptomology and suicidal ideations. It may also play an important role in the fear of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). Therefore, the present study tested the mediating role of mindful awareness and humor (both identified as coping strategies for dealing with stressful situations) in the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and hopelessness. Participants comprised 786 Turkish individuals (562 females and 224 males; aged between 18 and 67  years) from 71 of 81 cities in Turkey. An online convenience sampling method was used to recruit participants. ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problematic Social Media Use and Social Connectedness in Adolescence: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Family Life Satisfaction
AbstractProblematic social media use (PSMU) among adolescents has become an area of increasing research interest in recent years. It is known that PSMU is negatively associated with social connectedness. The present study examined the role of family life satisfaction in this relationship by investigating its mediating and moderating role in the relationship between problematic social use and social connectedness. The present study comprised 549 adolescents (296 girls and 253 boys) who had used social media for at least 1  year and had at least one social media account. The measures used included the Social Media Disor...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Personality, Cognition, and Adaptability to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Associations with Loneliness, Distress, and Positive and Negative Mood States
AbstractThe current research examined personality and individual difference factors associated with the perceived ability to adapt to the significant challenges accompanying the ongoing public health crisis concerning the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study investigated the associations among self-reported adaptability to the pandemic and personality predispositions (dependency, self-criticism, mattering, and self-esteem), cognitive factors (positive, negative, and loneliness automatic thoughts), loneliness, distress, and mood states. A sample of 462 college students from Israel completed an online questionnaire ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Perceived Risk and Mental Health Problems among Healthcare Professionals during COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring the Mediating Effects of Resilience and Coronavirus Fear
This study examined the mediating roles of resilience and coronavirus fear in the relationship between perceived risk and mental health problems among healthcare professionals including doctors and nurses who were actively treating patients confirmed with COVID-19. We recruited 204 healthcare professionals (50% females) with a mean age of 32.92  years (SD = 7.01). Results showed that perceived risk and coronavirus fear positively predicted depression, anxiety, and stress while resilience negatively predicted those mental health problems. Coronavirus fear mediated the relationship between perceived risk a...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mental Health Screening for COVID-19: a Proposed Cutoff Score for the Greek Version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S)
This study, conducted through an online survey, aimed to further explore the validity of the Greek FCV-19S version, as well as to identify appropriate cutoff scores. A total of 538 respondents completed the sociodemographic data sheet, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale, the Short Health Anxiety Inventory, and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder-8 inventory. According to the results, a cutoff point score of 16.5 or higher revealed a significant predictive power for anxiety, health anxiety, and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Altogether, although the cutoff scores of the Greek FCV-19S version were explored to furthe...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Integrating a Co-occurring Disorders Intervention in a Rural Drug Treatment Court: Preliminary 6-Month Outcomes and Policy Implications
This article reports on the preliminary outcomes and policy implications of integrating MISSION-Criminal Justice (MISSION-CJ), a co-occurring mental health and substance use hybrid wraparound treatment and linkage intervention, within a rural Massachusetts drug court. In this open pilot, 73 participants completed an intake and 80% completed a 6-month follow-up assessment. The participants were primarily Caucasian (83.6%), male (57.5%), reported substantial criminal justice histories with an average of 13.93 prior arrests, had extensive substance use and mental health histories, with 71% reporting opioid use, 74% had anxiet...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Screening Performance of the Korean Version of the Gambling Problem Severity Subscale of the Canadian Adolescent Gambling Index (CAGI GPSS)
AbstractThe CAGI GPSS is the only instrument that was specifically developed to measure adolescent problem gambling. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the screening performance of the Korean version of the CAGI GPSS. The Korean version of the CAGI GPSS was validated with 1456 adolescents in South Korea. The results indicated that the Korean version of the CAGI GPSS was a unidimensional instrument, like its English version, and that it showed satisfactory internal consistency reliability and convergent validity. The Korean version of the CAGI GPSS demonstrated optimal performances at a cut-off score of 5. The cut-off...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

COVID-19 Impact on Kazakhstan University Student Fear, Mental Health, and Substance Use
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Duties During Lockdown on Police Personnel and Their Perception About the Behavior of the People: an Exploratory Study from India
AbstractTo evaluate the psychosocial issues among the police personnel during the COVID-19 pandemic. In a web-based cross-sectional survey, 623 police personnel were evaluated on Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4) and Perceived stress scale (PSS), and a self-designed questionnaire. 10.6% of the police personnel had significant anxiety and 18% have significant depressive symptoms with overall psychological morbidity of 22.2%. Higher age was significantly associated with higher depressive symptoms, total PHQ-4 score, and higher perceived stress. The present survey suggests that a substantial proportion of the police pers...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 5, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fear of COVID-19 Scale for Hospital Staff in Regional Hospitals in Mexico: a Brief Report
AbstractThe presence of COVID-19 has had psychological consequences among health personnel; these include fear, anxiety, and depression. In the current study, we used the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) to assess the response to fear within health staff in Mexico. This was a cross-sectional survey study in which we administered the Spanish version of the FCV-19S to hospital staff. The FCV-19S is a seven-item questionnaire that assesses the severity of fear caused by COVID-19. A total of 2860 participants —1641 female and 1218 male personnel from three hospitals—were included in the study. The internal reliabil...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Testing Measurement Invariance of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in American and Arab University Students
AbstractAffect describes any feelings, emotions, or moods that a person experiences and is generally divided into two broad dimensions —positive affect and negative affect. The most widely used measure of affect, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), has recently been translated to Arabic (see Appendix), yet the psychometric equivalence of this adapted measure is not fully understood. Using a series of multigroup con firmatory factor analyses, the current study examined measurement invariance of the English and adapted Arabic versions of the PANAS among 979 American and 1470 Arab university students. Alt...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Meaningful Living to Promote Complete Mental Health Among University Students in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic
AbstractMaintaining positive mental health can be challenging during the COVID-19 pandemic which undoubtedly caused devastating consequences on people ’s lives. There is need to determine factors contributing to mental health of people during the pandemic. The current study aims to examine the effect of meaning in life on complete mental health, which represents the presence of positive functioning and the absence of psychopathological symptoms. The participants of the study included 392 (70.9% female) undergraduate students, ranging in age from 18 to 43 years (M = 20.67 years,SD =&thin...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Land-Based Healing: Toward Understanding the Role of Elders
AbstractBuilding on prior research on Indigenous land-based healing from the viewpoints of community members, this qualitative study sought to learn the perspectives of Elders regarding land-based interventions within a Mushkegowuk community in northern Ontario. While previous studies have shown the importance to community members of Elders ’ involvement with land-based initiatives, the current project aimed to understand, via conversations with Elders, their broad view of land-based healing. Employing Indigenous and phenomenological methods, the authors conducted and summarized interviews with three Elders regarding...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predictors of Dropout from an Outpatient Treatment Program for Substance Use Disorders in India: a Retrospective Cohort Study of Patients Registered over a 10-Year Period (2009 –2018)
AbstractThis was a retrospective cohort study  to determine the predictors of dropout in the first year from an out-patient treatment program for substance use disorders. Study period was from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2018. Patients registered for detailed evaluation in the outpatient treatment program and followed up at least once wer e included. The primary end-point was dropout from treatment, defined as no follow-up at four time-points. We used Cox proportional hazard regression model to determine the predictors of dropout. Dropout rate at the end of 12 months: 80.37%. Dispensing free medicines (hazar...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Needle Pulmonary Embolism in an Intravenous Drug User: a Case Report
We presented a male patient aged 33  years old who presented with a broken needle in the left arm after a trial of self-drug injection. During the trial to retrieve the needle, it embolized to the lung. Chest X-ray and CT scan showed the needle in the right lower lobe. We managed the patient conservatively; then, the patient was disc harged on antiplatelet therapy. After the 6-month follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic with no complication. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problem Gambling in Early Adulthood: a Population-Based Study
AbstractThe aims of this study were to investigate stability of problem gambling between 20 and 24  years of age, and the antecedents and consequences of problem gambling at age 20 years. Young adult participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) completed computer-administered gambling surveys on paper, or online. Responses to the Problem Gambling Severity Index ( PGSI) were complete for 2624 participants at 20 years, and 1921 participants at 24 years. Responses were categorized into ‘non-problem’ (71–78%), ‘low-risk gambling’ (16–21%), ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Prevalence and Predisposing Factors of Suicidal Ideation Among the University Students in Bangladesh: A Single-Site Survey
AbstractRecently, suicide among Bangladeshi university students has become a serious problem. However, to date, there have been no studies assessing suicidal behaviors among Bangladeshi students. Therefore, the present study investigated suicidal ideation (SI) and its risk factors among this population. A classroom-based convenience sampling method was utilized to survey 665 students of a university in Bangladesh (67.5% males; aged 21.16  years: SD ± 1.6). In addition to socio-demographic questions, the survey also included the Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale, Bergen Facebook Addiction Sca...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Nurses ’ Sleep Quality of “Fangcang” Hospital in China during the COVID-19 Pandemic
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Thematic Analysis of Sports Bettors ’ Perceptions of Sports Betting Marketing Strategies in the UK
AbstractIn the UK and other countries in the world, the volume of gambling advertisements is increasing, as is the popularity of online sports betting. While there is increasing research examining the content of such advertising, there is little research examining what gamblers themselves think about such advertising. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to firstly, explore the attitudes and opinions of sports bettors in response to marketing techniques used by the gambling industry and secondly, explore the perceived impact advertising has on their sports betting behavior. Semi-structured interviews were conduct...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Initial Heroin Use Patterns Predict 5-Year Relapse: Results from a Longitudinal Cohort Study in Shanghai, China
This study identified three initial heroin use patterns in a heroin use cohort: No-factor initial pattern (with no factors of initial heroin use), Single-factor initial pattern (with 1 of 3 factors of initial heroin use), and Multiple-factor initial pattern (with 2 or 3 factors of initial heroin use). The cumulative heroin relapse rate was 53.3%, 62.4%, and 72.7% respectively for No-factor, Single-factor, and Multiple-factor initial patterns during the 5-year follow-up. The adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) was 1.401 (95% CI: 1.091 –1.799,p = 0.008) in Single-factor initial pattern and 2.381 (95% CI: 1.546–3.668,p 
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: A Substance Use Treatment Programme for Mentally Ill Forensic Patients in an Australian Setting: a Pilot Study of Feasibility, Acceptability and Preliminary Efficacy
The following corrections were needed to this article following its original publication. All corrections refer to information contained in Table 3. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Discrimination-Based Acculturative Stress, Depression, and Alcohol Use Among Latina Emerging Adults During Initial Months in the USA
AbstractThe present study examined the links between discrimination-based acculturative stress (DAS), depressive symptoms, and alcohol use among recently immigrated Latina young adults and explored potential within-group Latina ethnic differences. Structural equation modeling was used to assess these relations among 530 Latina young adults (age 18 –23) who had immigrated to the USA within approximately 12 months prior to assessment. Women reporting more DAS indicated more depressive symptoms and alcohol use than counterparts reporting less DAS. Women reporting more time in the USA experienced higher levels of DA...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Tobacco Use Among Undergraduates in South-Western Nigeria: a Cross-Sectional Study
This study was a cross-sectional study that used interviewer-assisted questionnaires to obtain information from 1200 undergraduates via a multistage sampling technique. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23. The analysis included descriptive as well as chi-square statistics andp 
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Psychometric Validation of the Bangla Fear of COVID-19 Scale: Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Rasch Analysis
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Classic Psychedelics as a Psychotherapeutic Aid in the Treatment of Stimulant Use Disorder: a Case Report
AbstractDespite nascent research supporting the efficacy of classic psychedelics as a psychotherapeutic aid for the treatment of substance abuse, to date, there is limited published research exploring their use in the treatment of stimulant use disorder and dual diagnosis. A 22-year-old male with a history of mood disorder and polysubstance use presented to a private Australian mental health clinic. While undergoing psychological treatment for mood and stimulant use disorder, this patient reported significant benefit from his use of classic psychedelics. Following consumption of 3.5 grams of psilocybin-containing mushrooms...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Seeking Psychiatric Attention Among University Students with Mental Health Problems: the Influence of Disease Perception
This study sought to analyse the components of the Model of Beliefs in Health and its relationship with the search for specialised care in a group of university students with mental health problems. This research was a qualitative study in which focused interviews were conducted with twenty-four university students. Among participants, mental illness was defined as a severe condition that they did not identify in themselves. Perceptions of mental illness were important in seeking attention; however, it was not enough for participants to have a theoretical knowledge of psychopathology. Added to theory, they needed be able t...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Personalising Outcome Measurement in Substance Misuse Treatment: the Feasibility and Psychometrics of Two Individualised Outcome Measures
In this study, we analysed the psychometrics and feasibility of two individualised outcome measures (PQ and PSYCHLOPS). We followed a cross-sectional methodology, administering the individualised measures and three additional standardised measures (TOP, a measure of psychological health within addiction services; PHQ-9; CORE-OM) to a sample of 93 patients entering substance misuse treatment in four clinical services. The results showed high levels of patient acceptability of the two individualised measures (response rates>  95%). The internal reliability was good for both PQ and PSYCHLOPS (Cronbach’s alpha,...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Assessing Risk for Smartphone Addiction: Validation of an Arabic Version of the Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale
This study aimed to test the construct validity an Arabic language version of the SABAS using a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and maximum likelihood estimation. A sample of 453 Emirati (citizens of the United Arab Emirates) young adults (Mage = 20.32, SD = 1.53; 117 males [25.8%]) completed the SABAS measure, which was translated using recommended back-translation procedures, measures of depression, anxiety, and stress, and self-reported their daily duration of smartphone use, as well as demographic information. CFA results supp orted the unidimensional structure of the Arabic SABAS and the...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Which Implementations of Loot Boxes Constitute Gambling? A UK Legal Perspective on the Potential Harms of Random Reward Mechanisms
AbstractLoot boxes are virtual items in video games that offer the player randomised in-game rewards of uncertain in-game and real-world value. Paid loot boxes represent a lucrative and prevalent contemporary monetisation method that encourages repeat purchase through randomisation. The psychology literature has consistently reported a relationship between loot boxes and problem gambling. However, various implementations of loot boxes have not been sufficiently differentiated and separately examined. The literature and gambling regulators have generally argued that only loot boxes that cost real-world money to buy, and off...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Barriers and Facilitators of Addiction Treatment: a Qualitative Study
This study aimed to understand the barriers and facilitators of addiction treatment of patients reaching an addiction treatment facility in India. This qualitative interview –based study included 49 adult patients with at least alcohol or opioid dependence. Interviews were transcribed, and thematic analysis was conducted using grounded theory approach. The common barriers of treatment were treatment-related, apprehension of the treatment of the setting, travel-related problems, work commitments, and inability to get leave and not feeling the need for treatment. The common facilitators of treatment were family-related...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Sleep Disturbances Are Mediators Between Socioeconomic Status and Health: a Scoping Review
AbstractUnderstanding the etiology of socioeconomic disparities in health could assist public health authorities in preventing the morbidity of socially disadvantaged individuals. We undertook a scoping review to test the hypothesis that poor sleep is located in the pathway from low socioeconomic status (SES) to poor health. After electronic database searching, we included observational studies with general population participants that presented mediation effects of sleep parameters on the association between SES levels and various health measures. For each comparison across studies, we charted total, direct, and indirect ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Pakistani Youth and Social Media Addiction: the Validation of Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS)
The objective of the present study was to condu ct a psychometric validation in a sample of university students of Pakistan. Responses of 713 respondents were included in the final analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis was run to confirm construct validity, and results showed that the BFAS demonstrates a one-factor solution with high factor load ings for all items. Criterion validation was also performed through structural equation modeling. Results showed that the BFAS primarily measures intensity of usage in context of addiction. Internal consistency was proven through Cronbach’s alpha analysis which was above 0.7...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Risk Perceptions and Cannabis Use in a Sample of Portuguese Adolescents and Young Adults
AbstractCannabis is the most used illicit substance worldwide, which has been associated with substantial adverse consequences. A recent trend toward a harmless vision of cannabis use in the general population has been observed. The present study sought to examine cannabis use frequency, differences according to cannabis use status in cannabis use risk perceptions, and the relation between risk perceptions and cannabis use in a sample of Portuguese adolescents and young adults (N = 721). The results showed that of the total sample 32.3% had ever used cannabis during their lifetime and 24% during the last year...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: A Process Evaluation of a Substance Use Program for Pregnant Women: Lessons Learned from the Field
The middle initial of coauthor Bertranna A. Muruthi was incorrectly given as “M.” in this article as originally published. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Perceived Stress and Sleep Quality among Chinese Drug Users: Analysis of Rumination as a Mediator and Resilience as a Moderator
This study aimed to explore the relationship between perceived stress and sleep quality among Chinese drug users while considering rumination as a mediator and resilience as a moderator. Measuring scales, including the Connor –Davidson Resilience Scale, the Ruminative Response Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index, were used to collect information from 104 Chinese drug users. The mediating analysis documented that the effect of perceived stress on sleep quality was mediated via rumina tion significantly. Resilience acts as a significant moderator on the relationship between perceive...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 5, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

ESRB ’s and PEGI’s Self-Regulatory ‘Includes Random Items’ Labels Fail to Ensure Consumer Protection
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Happiness, Sadness, and Hope for the Future in Narratives of Palestinian Refugee Children
AbstractHope, as the measurable factor of how a young person perceives the future and their ability to be successful within their cultural context over time, is associated with a variety of positive outcomes including increased perceptions of happiness, positive academic achievement, and even lower risk of death. However, for children embedded in long-lasting geo-political conflicts that affect negatively individuals, families, and communities, and over which they have no ability to affect resolution or progress, hope is an illusive concept. The purpose of the current study was to test self-reported measures of happiness, ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Impact of Physical Activity on College Students ’ Mobile Phone Dependence: the Mediating Role of Self-Control
AbstractThe mobile phone dependence of college students has gradually become a common and serious problem in society. Physical activity constitutes an important intervention to ameliorate this phenomenon. Previous studies have found that self-control can effectively reduce dependence on mobile phones. Therefore, it is necessary to consider whether physical activity can improve self-control and reduce college students ’ mobile phone dependence. In total, 418 college students were selected by means of convenience sampling. The Physical Activity Rating Scale (PARS-3), the College Student Phone Dependency Questionnaire, ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Effects of Shinrin-Yoku (Forest Bathing) and Nature Therapy on Mental Health: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
AbstractShinrin-yoku, immersing oneself in nature using one ’s senses, has been receiving increased attention internationally. While most of the existing studies have focused on physical health, this systematic review and meta-analysis examined the mental health impacts of shinrin-yoku, using the PRISMA guidelines (PROSPERO registry: BLINDED). Of 497 artic les retrieved on databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Science Direct and Google Scholar, twenty met the inclusion criteria. All studies were conducted in Asia and Europe, and used a variety of different bathing approaches (e.g. breathing, walking, yoga). W...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Malay Version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale: Validity and Reliability
The first name of co-author Mohammad Saffree Jeffree was incorrectly given as “Mohd” and Dr. Jeffree’s ORCID number (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0373-4451) was missing in this article as originally published. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research