An Analysis of Consumer Protection for Gamblers Across Different Online Gambling Operators in Ireland: A Descriptive Study
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the responsible gambling tools which are available to online gamblers at Irish online gambling websites. The present study used a similar methodology to a recent study carried out on the world ’s most popular websites (Bonello and GriffithsGaming Law Review and Economics, 21, 278 –285,2017), where 50 of the most advertised online gambling websites were evaluated in relation to their responsible gambling (RG) practices. The present study evaluated 39 gambling websites with either a “.ie” or “.com/ie” domain. Each website was evaluated b...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 18, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exploring Factors Related to Problematic Internet Use in Childhood and Adolescence
This study used data from a Korean national survey to identify the relationships between problematic Internet use (PIU) and Internet use and psychological functioning variables in children (n = 1221) and adolescents (n = 3671). Data analysis revealed that the rate of PIU is higher in adolescents than in children and that compared to children, adolescents with PIU use the Internet for longer periods than do those without PIU. Moreover, compared to adolescents, children with PIU have a higher tendency to use th e Internet for information, entertainment, and communication than do those without PIU....
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

University Students ’ Mental Health and Illness Experiences in Health and Allied Health Programs: A Scoping Review
AbstractAmong Canadians aged 25 –64 years, 32% of those without disabilities have a university degree, while the figure among those with disabilities is only 13%. Mental health is defined as a state of well-being in which an individual realizes their potential, and can cope and work productively. According to Statistics Canada (2016), mental illness is the most dominating disability among Canadians between 15 and 24  years of age. Health professional programs can be an intense experience. While the number of students with mental illness in post-secondary institutions is on the rise, students and faculty are...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 5, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Histories of Social Functioning and Mental Healthcare in Severely Dysfunctional Dual-Diagnosis Psychiatric Patients
AbstractDisengagement from mental health services is a major obstacle to the treatment of homeless dual-diagnosis patients (i.e., those with severe mental illness and substance-use disorder). A subgroup of these patients is considered to be treatment resistant and we aim to explore whether patients ’ reasons for disengagement may stem from negative experiences in their lives and treatment histories. This retrospective, explorative study examined the medical files of 183 severely dysfunctional dual-diagnosis patients who had been admitted involuntarily to a new specialized clinic for long-ter m treatment. Most patient...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Characteristics of Treatment Seeking Problem Gamblers with Adult ADHD
AbstractThe present study investigates characteristics of treatment seeking problem gamblers with adult ADHD (n = 39) and those without ADHD (n = 87). Patients completed self-report questionnaires about gambling behaviors, impulsivity (UPPS-P), substance abuse (AUDIT/DAST), emotional dysregulation (PHQ-4), illegal activities, and gambling consequences. Each patient received a structured diagnostic interview (MINI) to assess for psychop athology, adult ADHD (ACDS), and gambling disorder (NODS). Results revealed that problem gamblers with adult ADHD encounter unique challenges above those common a...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Disorder Treatment Referrals Within the Irish Mental Health Service: A National Survey Using Freedom of Information Requests
AbstractGambling disorder is an increasingly recognised problem amongst healthcare professionals and the general public but there is little information on what services are provided within the Irish healthcare system for the disorder. The aim of the present study (adapted from a study in the UK by Rigbye and Griffiths [International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 9, 276 –281,2011] was to ascertain how referrals for gambling disorder are processed and what services are available for gambling disorder within the Irish healthcare system. Email requests for information on gambling disorder referrals were sent to...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mood Induction Changes Negative Alcohol Expectancies Among Japanese Adults with Problematic Drinking: Negative Mood Regulation Expectancies Moderate the Effect
AbstractOne ’s beliefs about effects of alcohol, known as alcohol expectancies, are important constructs for understanding drinking behavior, but the literature on the influences of mood on alcohol-related negative beliefs and on memory accessibility is limited. The current study examined effects of a mood in duction on alcohol expectancies and alcohol-related autobiographical memories; also, whether negative mood regulation expectancies (NMRE), which are beliefs about one’s ability to control negative affect, moderated these effects. Recruited from the community, 485 Japanese problem drinkers first co mpleted ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Examination of Universal Drug Education Programming in Ontario, Canada ’s Elementary School System
AbstractSchool-based drug education initiatives are designed and marketed to prevent substance use and misuse. Over the past several decades, school-based drug education has evolved from delivering only information about drugs and the negative outcomes of their use to a multi-faceted, interactive approach, with several programs now using a combination of information, decision-making, social competency and to a lesser extent, harm minimization. Our study using a case study of a sample of Ontario, Canada elementary schools, found that the majority of programs that are being offered are selected less by empirically supported ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 28, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Lived Experience of Codependency: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
AbstractCodependency is a complex and debatable concept, which has been used over the years by mental health professionals to inform their practices. Researchers have attempted to identify the main problems associated with codependency; however, their evidence is still inconclusive. This is the first time that interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) has been used to explore the lived experience of codependency from the perspective of self-identified codependents. Eight participants recruited from local support groups for codependency in the UK, offered in-depth information about their subjective experiences, and emb...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Among Adolescents and Emerging Adults: A Cross-Cultural Study Between Portuguese and English Youth
AbstractIn spite of age prohibitions, most research suggests that a large proportion of adolescents engage in gambling, with problem gambling prevalence rates significantly higher than in adults. There is some evidence suggesting that there are cultural variables that might explain the development of gambling behaviours in this age group. However, cross-cultural studies on this field are generally lacking. The present study tested a model in which individual and family variables are integrated into a single perspective as predictors of youth gambling behaviour in two different contexts (i.e. Portugal and England). A total ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“There Are Things I Want to Say But You Do Not Ask”: a Comparison Between Standardised and Individualised Evaluations in Substance Use Treatment
AbstractThere has been an increasing call for service users to be more actively involved with the evaluation of treatment outcomes. One strategy to impove such involvement is to ask service users to contribute with their own criteria for evaluation by sharing their personal story and perspective about their clinical situation. In this cross-sectional study, we contrasted the contents elicited by service users completing two individualised measures against the contents of three widely used standardised measures. We also compared two methods to generate individualised data using self-report and interview-based instruments (P...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problematic Gaming and Subjective Well-Being: How Does Mindfulness Play a Role?
AbstractVideo game use becomes problematic when it disrupts the ability to fulfill social and personal responsibilities. It has also been associated with poorer subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive and negative affectivity). Research suggests that dispositional (or trait) mindfulness (e.g., general tendency to have focused awareness of the present moment, with acceptance) is associated with greater subjective well-being. Building on research on dispositional mindfulness ’ protective role against other problematic behaviours (e.g., pathological gambling), this study assessed its influence on the re...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 14, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Psychometric Properties of the Online Gambling Symptom Assessment Scale (OGSAS)
AbstractOver the last decade, many psychometric instruments have been developed that assess various online problematic behaviors. Despite the many scales assessing gambling disorder (and its equivalents), no instrument assessing the consequences of problematic online gambling currently exists. In order to assess the symptoms and consequences of online gambling disorder, the Gambling Symptom Assessment Scale (G-SAS) was modified and its psychometric properties were assessed using exploratory factor analysis. The data were collected from 326 undergraduate and graduate students from a large public Midwestern university in the...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 13, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Collective Play Versus Excessive Use: an Insight into Family-Focused Design Intervention for Mobile Phone Overuse
AbstractThe rapid growth in the usage of mobile and screen-based products and the corresponding addiction of adolescents to such devices continue to cause great concerns among different stakeholders. Family, as a potential psychosocial support for reducing the likelihood of addiction development, can be weakened as a result of the deterioration of parent-adolescent relationships associated with mobile devices overuse. Based on the family functioning and gamification-enhanced concepts, positive and fun interactions between family members can be a vital component in fostering a supportive relationship. An innovative and alte...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 10, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Measurement Invariance of the Spanish Gamblers ’ Beliefs Questionnaire Between Gamblers in the United States and Argentina
AbstractStudies have been conducted in both the United States (US) and Argentina to validate the Spanish version of the Gamblers ’ Beliefs Questionnaire (GBQ-S). While similar factor structures of the GBQ-S were found in these studies, more detailed measurement invariance has not been explored. Determining measurement invariance across cultural groups would aid researchers in understanding what types of comparisons on laten t constructs can be validly made between cultures using the GBQ-S. A secondary analysis was completed with data from two prior studies in Spanish-speaking samples from the US and Argentina. A modi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 8, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Synthetic Cannabinoids (SCs) in Metaphors: a Metaphorical Analysis of User Experiences of Synthetic Cannabinoids in Two Countries
This study provides clinicians with an insight into the experiences of SC motivations, effec ts and consequences and can be used to inform and guide clinical and therapeutic responses in the support of those recovering from SC dependence. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Diagnostic Prevalence of Common Psychiatric Comorbidities of Alcohol Use Disorders in India: a Systematic Review
AbstractThe diagnostic prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in Indian individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) has important implications for clinical decision making and for cross-cultural psychiatry research. Here, we present a systematic review of comorbid mood and anxiety disorders in Indian patients with AUDs. We find rates of comorbid mood disorders ranging from 6 to 65% (estimated overall effect from a linear random effects model of 18.0%, 95% CI [5.6, 45.1]) and rates of comorbid anxiety disorders ranging from 0 to 30% (estimated overall effect of 2.4%, 95% CI [0.9, 5.8]) in Indian populations. These findi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

How Does High-Functioning Autism (HFA) Relate to Addictive Behaviors? A Case Illustration of Two Chinese Adults in Hong Kong
AbstractHigh-functioning autism (HFA) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by normal intellectual functioning but significant social communication impairments as well as rigid thoughts and behaviors. On the surface, HFA seems to bear no relation to addiction, but studies have increasingly shown that the two conditions share similarities. The present study explored the commonalities between HFA and addiction in Chinese adults in Hong Kong in a neurobiological and psychosocial framework. A case study design was used to study two clinical cases of Chinese adult males in Hong Kong (aged 33 and 41). Both had a formal ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 3, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correlates of Substance Use Among American Indian/Alaska Native Adolescents
AbstractSubstance use is a significant problem among American Indian/Alaska Native adolescents, but the risk and protective factors specific to this population are less well understood. We analyzed risk and protective factors for 30-day and lifetime use of smokeless tobacco, cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana/hashish, and inhalants in a sample of 5912 AI/AN adolescents (43.85% female; mean age  = 13.95 years). Results indicated that peer and family substance use, more favorable attitudes toward substance use, greater sensation-seeking, easier access to substances, and poor school performance were associated ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 2, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Relationship Between Maladaptive Cognition and Internet Addiction in Chinese Adolescents: Moderated Mediation Analysis of Online Motivation and Effortful Control
This study explored the effect of online motivation and maladaptive cognition on adolescent Internet addiction and examined whether this process was moderated by effortful control. Cluster sampling was used to recruit 1221 middle school students as subjects (mean age  = 13.45 years; 49.5% girls). The subjects completed an Internet addiction questionnaire, a maladaptive cognition questionnaire, an online motivation questionnaire, and an effortful control questionnaire anonymously. Results indicated that (1) maladaptive cognition exerted an indirect effect on Internet addiction via the complete mediating e...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alcohol Use and Associated Environmental Factors Among Middle and High School Students in Sfax (Tunisia)
AbstractOur objective was to investigate the prevalence and the environmental determinants of alcohol use among students in the region of Sfax in Tunisia. We carried out a cross-sectional study among 315 middle and high school students. We used the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to identify risky alcohol consumption, and we used the Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) to assess the students ’ perceptions of their parents’ parenting styles. The results show that 19.7% reported drinking alcohol at least once in their lifetime. Among them, 21% scored as dependent alcohol users, ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 24, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Experiences of Sustainable Abstinence-Based Recovery: an Exploratory Study of Three Recovery Communities (RC) in England
AbstractContemporary recovery-models of treatment for substance misuse prioritise community-based support systems that focus on developing individuals ’ strengths and quality of life. The research project aimed to explore the perceived mechanisms and processes that underpinned support in three abstinence-based recovery communities (RCs) across England. Focus groups and telephone interviews were conducted with 44 individuals. This was to identify self-prioritised outcomes for members and other key factors contributing to the delivery of an effective recovery community. Data were thematically analysed. Along with a num...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 24, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Female Gamers ’ Experience of Online Harassment and Social Support in Online Gaming: A Qualitative Study
AbstractFemale gaming is a relatively under-researched area, and female gamers often report experiencing harassment whilst playing online. The present study explored female experiences of social support while playing online video games, because of the previous research suggesting that females often experience harassment and negative interactions during game play. Data were collected from an online discussion forum, and comprised posts drawn from 271 female gamers. Thematic analysis of the discussions suggested that a lack of social support and harassment frequently led to female gamers playing alone, playing anonymously, a...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 23, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of Three Measures of “Facebook Engagement and/or Addiction” Among a Sample of English-Speaking Pakistani University Students
AbstractFor researchers interested in measuring the construct of “Facebook engagement and/or addiction,” there are a number of existing measures including the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale, the Facebook Intensity Scale, and the Addictive Tendencies Scale. Currently, there is limited data on the psychometric properties of these three scales, especially among South Asian samples. The present aim was to address this shortfall. A sample of 308 English-speaking Pakistani university students completed the scales, in their original English versions, on two occasions separated by four weeks. Results demonstrated...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Exploration of the Relational Autonomy of People with Substance Use Disorders: Constraints and Limitations
AbstractThe concept of relational autonomy was used to investigate how people with substance use disorders (SUDs) exercise their autonomy when using mental health services, according to stakeholders ’ perspectives. A qualitative study, using a critical approach, was conducted with participants from a mental health service facility. We performed in-depth individual and group interviews with 15 participants, conducted observations, and analyzed patients’ records and service reports. People wi th SUDs’ autonomy were constrained by three relational dimensions: (a) the broader social context of coercion and it...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adolescent Cannabis Use and Conduct Problems: the Mediating Influence of Callous-Unemotional Traits
AbstractCannabis use has been linked to an increased risk of engaging in conduct problem behaviors. However, little existing research has considered intervening processes and shared risk factors that may contribute to this association. The current investigation examines whether callous-unemotional traits, which have shown associations with adolescent cannabis use and conduct problem development, may exhibit a mediating influence on this relationship. Using a longitudinal cohort of youth (n = 390) at increased risk for escalating in their use of cannabis, we found that baseline cannabis use (age ~ 15) w...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Study of the Domains and Facets of the Five-Factor Model of Personality in Problematic Internet Use in Adolescents
This study analyzes data collected from 910 adolescents who were administered the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the JS-NEO-S questionnaire to measure the domains and facets of the FFM. The results show that high levels of Neuroticism and Extraversion and low levels of Agreeableness, Openness, and Conscientiousness predict PIU. This study allows for the determination of the specific facets of the Big Five that are associated with an increased risk of PIU. Furthermore, it suggests that different traits are associated with each of the PIU components: low Agreeableness predict Emotional Investment in Internet use, while hi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Neuroticism, Trait Fear of Missing Out, and Phubbing: The Mediating Role of State Fear of Missing Out and Problematic Instagram Use
AbstractOne of the relatively new negative consequences of smartphone use is “phubbing” (snubbing someone while an individual checks their smartphone in the middle of a real-life conversation). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the direct and indirect associations of neuroticism, trait anxiety, and trait fear of missing out with phubbing via state fear of missing out and problematic Instagram use. A total of 423 adolescents and emerging adults aged between 14 and 21 years (53% female) participated in the study. Findings indicated that females had significantly higher scores of phubbing, f...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Exploration of Problematic Smartphone Use among Chinese University Students: Associations with Academic Anxiety, Academic Procrastination, Self-Regulation and Subjective Wellbeing
AbstractOver the past decade, there have been an increasing number of studies that have investigated problematic and/or ‘addictive’ smartphone use. The present study explored the prevalence and correlates of problematic smartphone use (PSU) among Chinese university students. Few studies have investigated relationships between PSU and factors such as academic anxiety, academic procrastination, self-regulation, and subjective wellbeing. The present study proposed and tested a hypothetical model of relationships between PSU and these factors. A total of 475 Chinese university students completed a paper-based surve...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Resilience, Distress, and Dependence Influence Injection Related Risk among People Who Inject Drugs
This study examines how resilience (measured by the Conner Davidson Resilience Scale) might contribute to reducing risk, specifically in relation to psychological distress (measured by the Kessler 6 scale) and substance dependence (measured by the severity of dependence scale). The aim of this study was to examine the intersection between resilience, psychological distress, and severity of dependence, and how these psychosocial mechanisms might influence injection-related risk behaviors including sharing syringes and other injection equipment. A total of 622 people who inject drugs who live in New Orleans were recruited us...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

How to Measure Addiction Recovery? Incorporating Perspectives of Individuals with Lived Experience
This study identified measurable recovery-oriented outcomes and methodological considerations to inform future recovery monitoring systems. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 25, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Synthetic Cannabinoid Intoxication Presenting as Malignant Catatonia: a Case Report
AbstractThe use of synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) has been steadily increasing in recent years and represents a new class of substances of abuse. Despite they elicit cannabimimetic effects similar to Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they have stronger affinities to the endocannabinoid system and cause greater psychiatric and medical effects. Case reports of catatonia following SC use have been sporadically described in the literature, but the underlying mechanisms behind these symptoms are unclea r. In this article, we present a case of a patient who presented in a state of malignant catatonia following SC use, and we di...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 25, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Model University/Community-Based Intervention Strategy to Prevent Harmful Substance Use
AbstractThe Ben-Gurion University, Department of Community Action, addresses social, cultural inequities. The Department, with participating students, serves as a model intervention to prevent harmful substance use including cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Empirical Analysis of Non-problematic Video Gaming and Cognitive Skills: A Systematic Review
AbstractVideogames have become one of the most popular leisure activities worldwide, including multiple game genres with different characteristics and levels of involvement required. Although a small minority of excessive players suffer detrimental consequences including impairment of several cognitive skills (e.g., inhibition, decision-making), it has also been demonstrated that playing videogames can improve different cognitive skills. Therefore, the current paper systematically reviewed the empirical studies experimentally investigating the positive impact of videogames on cognitive skills. Following a number of inclusi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment Demonstrates Effectiveness in Reducing Drinking in a Midwest American Service Sample
AbstractHealthcare settings frequently rank among the lowest for referring clients to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) was employed to improve SUD outcomes; yet, effectiveness evidence is still needed. We used secondary data from patients screened in federally qualified health centers in Iowa (N = 29,121) to investigate alcohol prescreening and hazardous drinking for patients presenting on multiple visits. We found that patients demonstrated reductions in positive prescreens (73.49 percentage points, 95% CI = 72.09–74....
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 18, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Smoking Prevalence, Nicotine Dependence, and Impulsivity in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
This study compared obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and control participants in terms of smoking prevalence, nicotine dependence, and impulsivity. Data derived from 314 OCD patients and 319 control participants revealed that smoking prevalence did not differ between the two groups yet the severity of nicotine dependence was higher among OCD patients. OCD group also exhibited greater total, cognitive, and non-planning impulsivity than controls, and this pattern of differences was also evidenced in OCD and control current and never smokers. In both OCD and control group, modest positive associations were found between im...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 11, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Using the Syndrome Model of Addiction: a Preliminary Consideration of Psychological States and Traits
This article describes a collaborative research project between the Division on Addiction, Cambridge Health Alliance, a Harvard Medical School Teaching Hospital, and the Integrated Centre on Addiction Prevention and Treatment (ICAPT) of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals (TWGHs) in Hong Kong. The goal of this research is to better understand the syndrome model of addiction by establishing an epidemiology of addiction treatment seekers across various expressions of addiction (e.g., alcohol and other psychoactive drugs, gambling, sexual behaviors, online gaming). This paper presents initial findings about the demographic and ps...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 11, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Narrative Review of Pharmacotherapy Treatment for Opioid Addiction and Application in a Community-Based Model in Victoria, Australia
AbstractTo review the literature regarding the value and consumer focus of research on opioid replacement therapy (ORT) programs, relevant to the Australian rural context and community pharmacy. We conducted a narrative review of literature published between 1995 and 2015, searching EBSCOhost, PubMed and Google Scholar. Three authors collaborated to screen and synthesise studies. Effectiveness, cost affordability, diversion and retention benefits were reported from pharmacological or prescribers ’ or dispensers’ standpoint. Research was fragmented and evaluated contributions of these individual types of stakeho...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 5, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Evaluation of “Colorful Life”: A Multi-Addiction Expressive Arts Intervention Program for Adolescents of Addicted Parents and Parents with Addiction
This study evaluated an expressive arts intervention program ( “Colorful Life”) for adolescents with addicted parents and parents with addiction in Hong Kong. Different evaluation strategies were employed. Objective outcome evaluation adopting a one group pretest-posttest design showed positive changes in adolescents’ (N = 43) beliefs about addiction. Both adolescents’ and parents’ (N = 21) psychosocial competencies were enhanced post-intervention. Subjective outcome evaluation from both adolescent (N = 47) and parent (N = 22) groups showed posit...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 5, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Social Anxiety May Modify the Relationship Between Internet Addiction and Its Determining Factors in Chinese Adolescents
AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore Internet addiction (IA) and its associated factors among Chinese adolescents. Ten thousand one hundred fifty-eight Chinese adolescents were selected in this study by using random cluster sampling. The prevalence rate of IA among Chinese adolescents was 10.4%. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed gender, the only child, father-adolescent relationship, annual family income, academic performance, physical exercise, Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES) score, and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) score were significantly associated with IA among adolescents in social a...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Impulsivity and Problem Gambling: Can the Anticipated Emotional Rewards Explain the Relationship?
AbstractImpulsivity is one of the individual level dispositional characteristics that have shown a robust association with problem gambling. However, the way in which impulsivity shapes gambling behaviour is less well understood. The current study examined the explanatory role of gambling outcome expectancies of escape and excitement to further explore the relationship between impulsivity and problem gambling. A total of 491 community members completed an online questionnaire that assessed impulsivity, the anticipated emotional benefits of gambling (escape and excitement outcome expectancies), gambling frequency and proble...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problematic Instagram Use: The Role of Perceived Feeling of Presence and Escapism
AbstractThe use of social networking sites is becoming increasingly popular. Although there are many studies investigating the problematic use of social networking sites such as Facebook, little is known about problematic Instagram use (PIU) and factors related to it. The present study developed a complex model in order to examine the mediating role of perceived feeling of presence (i.e., social, spatial, and co-presence) and escapism between using different Instagram features and PIU. A total of 333 Instagram users from a high school and a state university, aged between 14 and 23  years (Mage = 17.74&nb...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Cannabis Use in Israel: a Cross Sectional Overview of Multiple Study Groups
Figures  1 and 2 were each missing the x-axis in this article as originally published. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

‘I’ll Just Pay the Rent Next Month’: an Exploratory Study Examining Facilitatory Cognitions Among EGM Problem Gamblers
AbstractClinical studies of problem gamblers (PGs) highlight the role of erroneous cognitions during problematic gambling, yet little is known about the role of cognitions in the maintenance of gambling problems. Twenty-nine electronic gaming machine (EGM) PGs engaged in focus groups and in-depth interviews, with a focus on understanding the relapse process in EGM gambling. Three themes and nine subthemes related to facilitatory cognitions were described; (i) creating available money (paying only essential bills, pokies money is not real money), (ii) minimising gambling as a problem (pseudo-control, ignoring harms), and (i...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Neighborhood Psychiatric Admissions: the Role of Open Data
This study employs publicly available census and psychiatric inpatient admission data for a large North American city to explore the association between sociodemographic characteristics and admissions, with an emphasis on housing-related factors. A regression model demonstrates that adult neighborhood inpatient admissions are significantly associated with the proportions of residents in collective dwellings (including homeless shelters and group homes) and in deteriorated housing. Other significant predictors are the population proportions of those married or co-habiting and of visible minorities, as well as neighborhood c...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problematic Online Behaviors among Adolescents and Emerging Adults: Associations between Cyberbullying Perpetration, Problematic Social Media Use, and Psychosocial Factors
AbstractOver the past two decades, young people ’s engagement in online activities has grown markedly. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between two specific online behaviors (i.e., cyberbullying perpetration, problematic social media use) and their relationships with social connectedness, belongingness, depression, a nd self-esteem among high school and university students. Data were collected from two different study groups via two questionnaires that included the Cyberbullying Offending Scale, Social Media Use Questionnaire, Social Connectedness Scale, General Belongingness Scale, Short ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Problematic Gaming Questionnaire Used to Assess Finnish Adolescents
In conclusion, these results demonstrated the suitability of the POGQ, in its Finnish version, for the assessment of problematic gaming behavior among adolescents. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

How Compulsive Buying Is Influenced by Time Perspective —Cross-Cultural Evidence from Germany, Ukraine, and China
AbstractCompulsive buying is an intensively studied phenomenon with different potential causes having been identified: materialistic values, personality deficiencies, factors of socialization, and the role of consumption culture. However, we challenge that these are the appropriate mechanisms for the underlying the responsible factors. Any new efficient approaches for therapeutic remedies will depend on identifying the most powerful psychological causes of compulsive buying. In the current study, time perspectives, measured by Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory —ZTPI (Zimbardo and Boyd1999) —are tested to asce...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 29, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Childhood Emotional Trauma and Cyberbullying Perpetration Among Emerging Adults: A Multiple Mediation Model of the Role of Problematic Social Media Use and Psychopathology
AbstractResearch suggests that a small minority of social media users experience problems as a result of their online use. The purpose of the present study was to examine the association of cyberbullying perpetration and problematic social media use with childhood emotional trauma, Cluster B (narcissistic, histrionic, antisocial, and borderline) personality traits, dissociative experiences (DEs), depression, and self-esteem in a nonclinical undergraduate sample. A total of 344 university students volunteered to complete a questionnaire that included measures on the aforementioned dimensions. Thirty-eight percent of the par...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 23, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Health Implications of Marijuana Use: the Colorado Experience for Informed Decision-making in Israel
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 23, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research