Ethnic Identity, Self-Esteem, Resilience and Mental Health Among Immigrant and Canadian-Born Pakistani Youth
This study presents select findings from the quantitative arm of a mixed-method community-based study. The study   examines ethnic identity, self-esteem, resilience, and mental health in immigrant and Canadian-born Pakistani youth from a systems perspective. Sixty-one youth aged 18–24 years participated in a survey; among these, 28 completed the survey online and 33 completed the paper-based version. Youth reported on demographics, physical health, mental, and social health, and completed the 4-item Current Self-Esteem Scale (CSE), the 15-item Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM), and the Child and You...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exploring Residential Models of Care for Treatment of Infectious Complications Among People Who Inject Drugs: a Systematic Review
This article identifies, compares, and assesses residential models of care to treat infectious complications among people who inject drugs (PWID) through intravenous antibiotic (IV) therapy. Database searches in Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature Studies were performed. A Google web search was also performed. Studies published in English between 2000 and May 2017 that presented data on an out-of-hospital residential program for IV antibiotic treatment of infectious complications among PWID were included. Of the 2355 unique articles screened, 218 were reviewed in...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Development of the Turkish Craving for Internet Gaming Scale (CIGS): A Validation Study
AbstractAs the use of digital technology has increased, abuse and addiction to technology have been identified among a minority of users. In the mid-1990s, the concept of internet addiction was first used. Today, almost every digital technology use has been claimed to have a minority of disordered users. One key aspect of addictive substance behaviors is craving. Craving is also an important component of behavioral addictions including digital technology disorders such as Internet Gaming Disorder. The aim of the present study was to develop the Turkish version of the Craving for Internet Gaming Scale (CIGS) via an adaptati...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gender and Gambling Behaviors: a Comprehensive Analysis of (Dis)Similarities
The objective of this article is to tease out the characteristics that discriminate the subtypes of gambling behavior by gender based on a representative sample of a population. In 2013–2014, 9523 Mas sachusetts adults completed a survey examining their past year gambling behavior based on the Problem and Pathological Gambling Measure (PPGM). Unlike male at-risk gamblers, female at-risk gamblers are likely to play bingo and have anxiety and/or depression. Unlike female at-risk gamblers, male at-r isk gamblers gamble to “feel good” about themselves. Unlike males, female problem/pathological gamblers are mo...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 31, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Testing the Mediating Role of Phubbing in the Relationship Between the Big Five Personality Traits and Satisfaction with Life
AbstractPhubbing refers to an individual giving more attention to their mobile phone when in face-to-face communication with another individual. Research in the area of phubbing is relatively new and is often related to habitual mobile phone use. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationships between phubbing, the Big Five personality traits, and life satisfaction. The mediating role of phubbing in the relationship between personality traits and life satisfaction was also investigated. The sample comprised 292 university students (192 females [65.8%] and 100 males [34.2%]). The age of the university students...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 31, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Difficulties in Emotion Regulation, Coping, and Dysfunctional Psychological Symptoms in Family Members of People with Gambling Disorder
AbstractGambling disorder not only affects those who suffer from it but also has consequences for their families. Considering such repercussions are often understudied, and the aim of the present study was to evaluate the main differences between family members of people with gambling disorder (GDFMs) and those with no relatives diagnosed with gambling disorder (non-GDFMs). The variables examined in the present study included emotion regulation, coping strategies, depression, and anxiety. The sample (N = 203) was divided into two groups. This comprised a clinical group (n = 89 participants, 43.8...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 23, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Role of Personality Characteristics and Sexual Orientation in the Risk for Sexual Addiction Among Israeli Men: Validation of a Hebrew Sex Addiction Scale
AbstractMen having sex with men are known to exhibit heightened sexual activity. This raises the conjecture that different sexual orientations exhibit different levels of sex addiction risk, which is also affected by personality. The present study examined the prevalence of the sex addiction risk within the context of sexual orientation and personality in Israeli men while also validating the Hebrew Bergen-Yale Sex Addiction Scale (HBYSAS). Results based on 177 participants showed that the HBYSAS is appropriate for assessing the risk for sex addiction in Israeli men. Furthermore, results showed that sex addiction risk vari...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Future of Gaming Disorder Research and Player Protection: What Role Should the Video Gaming Industry and Researchers Play?
AbstractIn May 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) officially included gaming disorder (GD) in the eleventh revised edition of the International Classification of Diseases. Although the video game industry does not accept the WHO ’s decision to class GD as a genuine mental disorder, there is now arguably an onus on the video game industry to develop and undertake responsible gaming initiatives aimed at player protection and harm minimization. The present paper argues that the gaming industry does not have to “reinvent th e wheel” as there are many responsible gaming tools and initiatives used by the...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Externalizing Problems and Mental Health Symptoms Mediate the Relationship Between Bullying Victimization and Addictive Behaviors
AbstractVictims of bullying are more likely to engage in addictive behaviors and experience mental health problems. However, the pathway by which bullying victimization and mental health problems predict engagement in multiple addictive behaviors remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to compare two mediation models in their prediction of engagement in multiple addictive behaviors. Survey responses were collected from 6641 high-school students aged 12 to 19. Measures include frequency of bullying victimization, past month use of alcohol, marijuana, cigarettes, past year gambling, and the presence of anxiety, depress...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Response to Commentary: the Future of Gaming Disorder Research and Player Protection: What Role Should the Video Gaming Industry and Researchers Play
AbstractIn their commentary, Griffiths and Pontes (2019) argue that with theInternational Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) (2019) recognizing gaming disorder (GD) as a mental disorder there is an acute need for the gaming industry to develop and undertake responsible gaming initiatives. Rather than ‘reinventing the wheel’, they make a compelling argument that the gambling industry has incorporated a number of evidence-based initiatives to minimize gambling-related harms associated with disordered gambling which may be applicable to minimizing GD. Griffiths and Pontes, both renowned researc hers in the field,...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“I Started to Feel Better now”: Qualitative Findings from Client Narratives on Early Recovery in Inpatient Substance Use Treatment
AbstractWhile a plethora of studies indicating substance use treatment reduced measurable, pathological symptoms, research is still needed to explore treatment-related recovery (i.e., therapeutic changes) derived from a lived experience from clients. The current study used semistructured interviews to query clients ’ narratives on the process of early recovery in inpatient substance use treatment. The analysis of qualitative data revealed five themes: positive therapeutic changes pertaining to substance use (including substance-related problem recognition, a desire for drug cessation, and a continual need fo r treatm...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Development and Initial Evaluation of a Multifaceted Intervention to Improve Mental Health and Quality of Life Among Prostate Cancer Survivors
AbstractMental health issues affect a third of prostate cancer (PCa) survivors. Here, we describe the development and preliminary evaluation of a unique multifaceted intervention, the Prostate Cancer –Patient Empowerment Program (PC-PEP), designed to improve mental health and quality of life among survivors. The 28-day pilot PC-PEP Intervention was developed following the engagement of patients, survivors, caregivers and health care professionals In identifying survivorship needs and well-bein g resources for improved mental health. The pilot intervention was implemented with a group of 30 PCa survivors in Halifax, C...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fear of Missing Out and Procrastination as Mediators Between Sensation Seeking and Adolescent Smartphone Addiction
This study highlights the underlying mechanisms between sensation seeking and adolescent smartphone addiction, which has important implications for the preventions and interventions of adolescent problematic smartphone use in this digital era. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Internet-Based Behavioral Activation Program for Depression and Problem Gambling: Lessons Learned from Stakeholder Interviews
AbstractBehavioral activation (BA) is a well-established treatment for depression, often used as an adjuvant for gambling disorder. Internet-based BA programs exist and are easily accessible. However, many neglect to report program evaluations. DoNamic is an Internet-based BA program for individuals aged 14 –40 years with depression and those with comorbid depression and problem gambling. We evaluated DoNamic in a pre-implementation context through interviews with 15 care providers and health care decision-makers (“stakeholders”) to guide improvements to enhance uptake. Stakeholders were intervie wed rega...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Post-Secondary Student Mental Health and Well-being: a Systems and Intersectionality-Informed Approach
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 19, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Anonymous Women? A Scoping Review of the Experiences of Women in Gamblers Anonymous (GA)
AbstractWomen are participating in gambling at levels approaching those of men, and although levels of disordered gambling remain lower in women than in men, significant numbers are affected. Gamblers Anonymous (GA) is a mainstay of help to problem gamblers in many countries. A scoping review was conducted which specifically addressed the experiences of women who attend GA. Within the 25 identified relevant studies, only two reported empirical data on the specific numbers of women attending. A range of barriers still remain to the participation of women in these communities. These include ‘external’ barriers su...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Interview Between a Professor and a Nursing Graduate Student on the Current State of Post-secondary Student Mental Health in Ontario, Canada
AbstractA number of recent suicides by post-secondary students have drawn public attention to unmet mental health needs in post-secondary institutions. The dialog narrated below is between a post-secondary professor (NK) and graduate student (BS), who is also a registered nurse, completing a thesis study (Shanmuganandapala2019) on youth mental health. The narrative explores possible reasons for the increased demand for mental health services, contributing systemic factors, and  reasons why the issue is especially concerning for this age group. The dialog concludes with current government action, and recommendations. (...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Measurement and Conceptualization of Gaming Disorder According to the World Health Organization Framework: the Development of the Gaming Disorder Test
AbstractPrevious research on gaming disorder (GD) has highlighted key methodological and conceptual hindrances stemming from the heterogeneity of nomenclature and the use of non-standardized psychometric tools to assess this phenomenon. The recent recognition of GD as an official mental health disorder and behavioral addiction by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the 11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) opens up new possibilities to investigate further the psychosocial and mental health implications due to excessive and disordered gaming. However, before further research on GD can be ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

High Stakes: Children ’s Exposure to Gambling and Gambling Marketing Using Wearable Cameras
This study sought to determine the nature and extent of children’s everyday exposure to gambling and its marketing. New Zealand children (11–13 years;n = 167) wore wearable cameras, capturing images of their day every seven seconds for four days, June 2014–July 2015. Images (n = 380,000) were assessed for their exposure to gambling and its marketing. On average, children were exposed to gambling products or activities 0.6 (95% CI 0.4, 1.0) times/day and marketing 6.9 (95% CI 4.6, 10.3) times/day. Marketing exposures occurred most frequently in book stores (1.7 (95% C ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 31, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Analysis of Problematic Smartphone Use Across Different Age Groups within the ‘Components Model of Addiction’
AbstractSmartphones have rapidly become indispensable in modern life. The wide spectrum of activities and virtual interaction possibilities with the mobile device render some individuals prone to exaggerated use exhibiting core symptoms akin to substance addiction. The core common symptoms of addictions can be framed within the ‘components model of addiction.’ Based on the different pattern of smartphone use in various age groups, the symptoms and the risk of smartphone addiction may differ during various life stages. Some age groups may be more at risk of smartphone addiction than others. This hypothesis was t...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 23, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Differential Effects of Cognitive Reserve on the Neurocognitive Functioning of Polysubstance Users: an Exploratory Analysis Using Mixture Regression
AbstractWe aimed to identify latent classes based on differential effects of cognitive reserve on neurocognitive variables, and to determine which variables of polysubstance use predict class membership. One hundred sixty-six male participants in residential treatment were recruited in Mexico City and evaluated with Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Tower of Hanoi, Cognitive Reserve Index Questionnaire, and a structured interview for substance use. We performed three independent mixture regression models with cognitive reserve as predictor and neurocognitive variables as outcomes, and we estimated covariate effects of age of ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 23, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Test-Retest Measurement Invariance of the Nine-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale in Two Countries: A Preliminary Longitudinal Study
AbstractThe reliable longitudinal assessment of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) behaviors is viewed by many as a pivotal clinical and research priority. The present study is the first to examine the test-retest measurement invariance of IGD ratings, as assessed using the short-form nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale (IGDS9-SF) over an approximate period of 3  months, across two normative national samples. Differences referring to the mode of the data collection (face-to-face [FtF] vs. online) were also considered. Two sequences of successive multiple group confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) were calculated to lo...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Critical and Intersectional Perspectives on Immigrant Youth Cultural Identity
AbstractThe task of exploring the process of the cultural identity formation of immigrant youth is a difficult one. Firstly, immigrant youth originate from a variety of nations, cultural backgrounds, and migratory experiences, each with its own unique historical, cultural, political, and socioeconomic context. Secondly, cultural identity formation has traditionally been studied from a number of different theoretical and empirical approaches, a reality which has resulted in a lack of a unified and interdisciplinary theory of identity formation. The leading theories on this topic have arisen predominantly from psychology and...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Psychosocial Impact of Extreme Gaming on Indian PUBG Gamers: the Case of PUBG (PlayerUnknown ’s Battlegrounds)
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problematic Gaming Is Associated with Some Health-Related Behaviors Among Finnish Vocational School Students
The objective of this work was to examine the connections between problematic digital gaming and various health-related behavior characteristics in a population of vocational school students. Data collection was performed (N = 1335) via an online survey in vocational school units in northern Finland. The survey incorporated the Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGD10) as well as self-reported measures including questions on socio-demographics, information on the living arrangements of participants, gaming habits, and health-related behaviors. Eighty-four percent (n = 773) of the respondents (an ave...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Love Addiction Inventory: Preliminary Findings of the Development Process and Psychometric Characteristics
AbstractAlthough the existence of dysfunctional love relationships is well known and the term “love addiction” dates back to the 1970s, empirical studies on this topic are still limited. The biggest problem is arguably is the lack of a clear definition of the love addiction construct and the lack of psychometric instruments for the assessment of its symptoms. The aim of the present study was to develop and examine the psychometric characteristics of a self-report scale assessing love addiction using the components model of behavioral addiction. Two studies based on the splitting of a total sample of 663 partici...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Internet Gaming Disorder: Compensating as a Draenei in World of Warcraft
AbstractThe diagnosis of Gaming Disorder (GD) has been recently proposed in the beta draft of the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) by the World Health Organization (WHO). This follows the inclusion of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD), as a condition requiring additional research in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5), issued by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). Further research has been recommended to enhance understanding of excessive gaming, especially in the context of user-avatar (in-game figure representing the gamer) relationships. The associati...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Prevalence Rates and Correlates of Likely Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Residents of Fort McMurray 6  Months After a Wildfire
AbstractOn May 3, 2016, mandatory evacuation order was declared for Fort McMurray region as wildfire threatened. Over 90,000 residents were evacuated and firefighters from Canada and abroad worked constantly to protect the municipality. Overall, fire consumed about 2400 homes and over 200,000  ha of forest, reaching into Saskatchewan. The evacuation order was lifted with residents returning to the Municipality in phases from June 1, 2016. The aim of this study is to assesslikely prevalence of PTSD in residents of Fort McMurray 6  months after a wildfire and to determine the predictors oflikely PTSD in the respond...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Workaholism Components in Relation to Life and Work Values
AbstractTwo studies were conducted to examine the association of two workaholism components (drive to work and work enjoyment) with life and work values. Study 1 examined whether life values that are lower on the ideal value hierarchy predict the drive to work; and whether life values that are higher on the hierarchy predict work enjoyment. Study 2 tested the hypotheses that extrinsic work values predict the drive to work, whereas intrinsic work values predict work enjoyment. The results of study 1 showed that moral values, which represent higher order life values, were negatively correlated with the drive to work and posi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Assessing Aerobic Fitness Level in Relation to Affective and Behavioral Functioning in Emerging Adult Cannabis Users
AbstractCannabis use is common among emerging adults and increasingly linked to negative mood and neurocognitive performance. Aerobic fitness, however, may be positively linked. Therefore, we assess the potential moderating influence of aerobic fitness on affective and behavioral functioning associated with cannabis. After 3  weeks of abstinence, 83 16–26 year olds (38 cannabis, 45 controls) completed self-report inventories (BDI-II, STAI-state, FrSBe, BIS/BAS), an objective emotion functioning measure (PennCNP), and VO2 max testing. Multiple regressions assessed symptoms from past-year cannabis use, VO2 ma...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Do Drinking Motives and Drinking Contexts Mediate the Relationship Between Social Avoidance and Alcohol Problems? Evidence from Two Studies of Undergraduate Drinkers
AbstractResearch suggests drinking motives and drinking context mediate the relation between social anxiety and alcohol problems. Study 1 examined coping with anxiety motives (CAM) and coping with depression motives (CDM) as distinct mediators in a self-report cross-sectional study of 263 undergraduate drinkers. CDM mediated the relation between social avoidance and alcohol problems (indirect effect  = 0.07). Study 2 included drinking contexts and motives as mediators in a single model and included an additional coping with social anxiety drinking motive (CSAM) mediator in a self-report cross-sectional study ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Effects of and Remediation Strategies for Students Affected by a University Work Stoppage: Comparing Two Institutions of Higher Learning
AbstractIn 2015, two universities in Toronto, Canada experienced simultaneous labor strikes. As much as possible, one institution proceeded as normal, whereas the other canceled academic activities. A mixed-methods approach (focus group and online survey) was adopted to explore and compare how students were affected at each university and how to better shield students from these effects. Results identified negative effects of the strike at both institutions but indicated that students whose activities were canceled experienced a more negative impact including greater psychological distress, apathy toward their studies, and...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 29, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Empirical Study of the Effect of Voluntary Limit-Setting on Gamblers ’ Loyalty Using Behavioural Tracking Data
AbstractOnline gambling has become increasingly popular over the past decade as has research using behavioural tracking (player account) data. To date, there is no study that has empirically investigated the effects of responsible gambling tools on loyalty. In the present study, the effect of voluntary limit-setting on player loyalty was evaluated over time using tracking data provided by an online gambling operator. More specifically, the authors were given access to an anonymised dataset of 175,818 players who had placed at least one bet or gambled at least once during January 2016 to May 2017 at the online gambling oper...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling in Emerging Adulthood: the Role of Adolescent Depressive Symptoms, Antisocial Behaviors, and Alcohol Use
AbstractEmerging adults (ages 18 –29) display higher prevalence of gambling participation and problem gambling as well as co-occurrence with other risk behaviors compared to other age groups. Consequences of these co-occurring conditions may lead to psychological symptoms, behavioral problems, and socioeconomic and medical costs. Depressive symptoms, antisocial behaviors, and alcohol use are known risk factors for gambling participation and problem gambling. However, scarce research has examined the co-occurrence of those adolescent risk factors and later gambling behaviors in emerging adulthood longitudinally. Using...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 25, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

How to Support Prison Workers ’ Perceived Readiness to Identify and Respond to Possible Gambling Problems: a Pilot Study from Two Finnish Prisons
AbstractProblem gambling is known to be prevalent among prisoners. However, it is not systematically screened and often remains undetected. This pilot study explores prison workers ’ (N = 21) knowledge, views, and opinions about problem gambling in two Finnish prisons with a view to improving training and to developing better guidelines for identifying and responding to gambling problems. Four-fifths (81%) of prison workers considered problem gambling a serious issue in Finlan d. During the past year, more than nine in ten (94.1%) had encountered a prisoner with a gambling problem. Problem gambling was ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 23, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Internet Gaming Disorder and Its Associated Personality Traits: A Systematic Review Using PRISMA Guidelines
AbstractFor most individuals, videogame playing is a fun and enjoyable activity that brings many benefits. However, for a small minority, the activity can be problematic and has led to much research into “gaming disorder.” In explanations concerning the contributory factors to gaming disorder, personality traits have been increasingly studied. The present paper carried out a systematic review of available literature using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA ) guidelines. The inclusion criteria were (i) publication date between 2000 and 2018, (ii) being an empirical study, ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Addiction to Social Media and Attachment Styles: A Systematic Literature Review
AbstractWeb-based communication via social networking sites (SNSs) is growing fast among adolescents and adults and some research suggests that excessive SNS use can become an addiction among a small minority of individuals. There is a growing body of research that has examined the impact of attachment styles and its influence on internet addiction (more generally) and social media addiction (more specifically). Consequently, the present study systematically reviewed the evidence concerning internet/social media addiction and attachment style. A total of 32 papers published between 2000 and 2018 met the inclusion criteria ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gender Characteristics in Methods of Chinese Rural Young Suicides
AbstractSuicidal men and women tend to use different means for suicide, but there has been a lack of studies on how Chinese male and female suicides are distributed on the various lethal methods. We studied 392 suicides (214 males and 178 females) consecutively sampled from selected rural areas of China, with the psychological autopsy (PA) design. It was found that majority of the Chinese rural young suicides died of swallowing pesticides or other farming chemicals (73.5%), and there was not much difference between men and women in all the suicide means as expected. Contrary to the findings in the USA, firearm was not avai...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Psychometric Evaluation of User-Generated Cannabis Use Motives in German University Students
AbstractMotives for cannabis use are hardly generated by users themselves nor are they validated for German users. We therefore aimed to replicate the motive structure of established questionnaires (e.g., MMM and CMMQ) in young German adults. In a cross-sectional internet survey,N = 1782 cannabis-using university students rated the importance of 18 cannabis use motives derived from at-risk cannabis user interviews. We used exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, and tested associations with use and possible DSM-IV Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) in a regression framewo rk. The three-factor model (factors: S...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Unfabulous Four: Maladaptive Personality Functioning, Insecure Attachment, Dissociative Experiences, and Problematic Internet Use Among Young Adults
AbstractEven though positive associations among problematic Internet use (PIU), maladaptive personality traits, insecure attachment styles, and dissociation have been frequently observed in research, a need exists to examine the interrelationships among these factors in young adults. Two hundred fifty-three young adults (52% females) aged between 18 and 25  years old completed a sociodemographic form and measures on PIU, maladaptive personality traits, dissociative experiences, and adult attachment styles. They also reported how much time they usually spent online. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed th...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Brief Interventions for Cannabis Problems in the Postsecondary Setting: a Systematic Review
AbstractCannabis use is common among postsecondary students. With increasing numbers of jurisdictions legalizing recreational cannabis for those who reach a legal age that is likely to occur during postsecondary years, it is important to identify effective ways to ameliorate cannabis-related problems in this group. A systematic review of brief interventions (BI) for cannabis use and problems among postsecondary students was conducted. We included randomized trials of BIs involving postsecondary students between the ages of 18 and 25  years. Seven articles, representing five unique randomized trials from four electroni...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Internet Addiction (IA) Among National Primary School Children in Malaysia
This study determined the prevalence of IA among primary school students and its associated factors. A total of 178 school-children aged 11  years old and their parents consented to fill the validated Malay version of the Internet Addiction Test (MVIAT). The prevalence of IA among school-children and parents was 23.0% and 15.7%, respectively. In children, Internet usage was higher during school holidays (120 min/day) than during schoo ling day (60 min/day). There is a positive and significant correlation of MVIAT scores between children and their parents (r = 0.28,p 
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Palestinian Children ’s Experiences of Drug Abuse in the Home in the Occupied Territories of Palestine: a Scoping Review of Extant Literature
AbstractThe Occupied Territories of Palestine (OtP) consists of the non-contiguous West Bank including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. Its dense population with political and economic tensions is affected by a rise in drug trafficking, abuse and addiction. A scoping review mapped what is known about Palestinian children ’s experiences of drug abuse in the home. Following application of exclusion measures, six records remained. Charting and analysis resulted in three themes:the consequences of being a child with a drug-using parent,causal factors of drug use in Palestinian families andprevalence rates of parental ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 12, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Comparing Two Alcohol Screening Measures on Rates of Risky Alcohol Use in a University Health Clinic
This study compares two alcohol screens (NIAAA 5/4 binge drinking question or Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)) in a college student health clinic waiting room and two modes of administration (self-administered either on a computer kiosk or on a tablet computer). Participants were 259 undergraduates from the University of Miami. Most (78 –98%) students completed screening. More students were identified with risky alcohol use with the 5/4 (49%) than AUDIT (14%). On the 5/4, administration method was not linked to completion, 93% kiosk vs. 95% tablet,p = .554, but was related to identific...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 12, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychopathological Consequences Related to Problematic Instagram Use Among Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Body Image Dissatisfaction and Moderating Role of Gender
AbstractIn a minority of cases, problematic use of technology can negatively impact on adolescents and impair some aspects of their social, emotional, and psychological development. The purpose of the present study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of problematic Instagram use (PIU) on different psychopathological outcomes including loneliness, depression, anxiety, and social anxiety via body image dissatisfaction (BID). Additionally, moderating role of gender on the relationships among variables was investigated. A total of 491 adolescents (Mage = 15.92 years, SDage = 1.07; ra...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 11, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Masked Depression: Profile and Severity of Symptoms and Impulsivity in Patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder
AbstractMajor depressive disorder may remain underdiagnosed as it can be hidden behind somatic complaints or behavioral problems such as impulsivity, making other symptoms difficult to be recognized. The aim of the study was to determine the presence of depression in a sample of patients first-time diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder that do not refer symptoms related to depression and to compare anxiety symptoms profile and impulsivity features between depressed and non-depressed patients. A total of 86 patients with DSM-IV diagnosis of GAD were recruited from the outpatient psychiatric services of the General Hos...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 11, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problem-Gambling Severity, Suicidality, and DSM-IV Axis I Psychiatric Disorders
AbstractStudies have examined relationships between suicidality and problem gambling and suicidality and Axis I psychiatric disorders. However, questions remain regarding how suicidality may influence relationships between problem-gambling severity and Axis I disorders. Using a sample of 13,543 participants with mood symptomatology from Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions study (NESARC), we examined the relationship between different levels of problem-gambling severity and DSM-IV Axis I psychiatric disorders according to suicidality level. Bivariate analyses were conducted to exami...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 9, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mattering and Psychological Well-being in College and University Students: Review and Recommendations for Campus-Based Initiatives
AbstractThe current paper examines the unique protective role of feelings of mattering in psychological well-being. Mattering is the feeling of being significant and important to other people. We provide an overview of research on individual differences in mattering as described initially by Rosenberg and McCullough (1981). Mattering is central to psychological well-being and health, but the concept of mattering itself has been severely neglected by researchers, counselors, and clinicians. Research on mattering in post-secondary school students is summarized and various ways of assessing and understanding individual differ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 9, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Near Miss in a Video Game: an Experimental Study
AbstractModels to explain persistent and excessive gaming behavior have proposed that reward characteristics in video games influence gaming behavior, yet these characteristics have received minimal empirical attention to date. The present study employed an experimental approach to examine how a near miss and other different outcomes (a win or loss with small and large margin, respectively) influence gaming behavior and subjective experiences and evaluations of the game. A total of 40 participants competed against four avatars in a counterbalanced repeated measure design with four scenarios: (a) losing by a large margin, (...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 29, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Sequential Indirect Effect of Negative Urgency on Drinking Consequences Through Distress Intolerance and Drinking Motives: Initial Examination in College Students Reporting Past Month Alcohol Use
AbstractIdentification of cognitive and affective vulnerabilities among college drinkers may aid in developing focused interventions that promote a reduction in the prevalence of alcohol use. Negative urgency (NU) and distress intolerance (DI) evidence concurrent, unique, and synergistic relations with drinking motives and negative consequences of alcohol use. Utilizing a sequential multiple mediation framework to investigate a comprehensive model of these variables, we examined NU as a behavioral risk factor that potentiates the development of DI, thereby contributing to drinking motives that increase the risk of problema...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - March 27, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research