Association Between Age at Smoking Onset and Binge Drinking Among Adults in the Republic of Korea
AbstractWe aimed at investigating the association between age at smoking onset and adult binge drinking among Korean adults. We cross-sectionally analyzed nationally representative secondary data obtained from 11,296 adults in 2013. We conducted survey data analyses to incorporate a complex sampling design in our analyses. Specifically, we conducted a multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate the relationship of age at smoking onset with binge drinking. In our study, about 28% of adults were past 30-day binge drinkers. We found the greatest risks of past 30-day binge drinking among those who started smoking ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Gambling in the Midst of COVID-19: A Nexus of Mental Health Concerns, Substance Use and Financial Stress
This study examined the emerging impact of COVID-19 on gambling during the first 6  weeks of emergency measures in Ontario, Canada. A cross-sectional online survey of 2005 gamblers, including a sub-sample of 1081 online gamblers (age 18 years and older), was administered to assess risky gambling behaviours and motivations, financial impacts from COVID-19, the influence of COVID- 19 on online gambling, mental health concerns and substance use. A series of odds ratio comparisons and measures of association were carried out. Results show significant likelihood of online gambling among those classified as high-risk g...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Validation and Psychometric Properties of the Japanese Version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale Among Adolescents
AbstractIn the context of the global outbreak of COVID-19, there is an urgent need to explore the effects of this pandemic on the mental health of adolescents. The present study aims to adapt and validate a Japanese-version Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) with a sample of adolescent students from Japan. To this end, the Japanese-version FCV-19S, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents (PHQ-A), and Perceived Vulnerability to Disease Scale (PVDS) were administered to a sample of Japanese adolescents in schools. The results of statistical analyses revealed that the Japa...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Substance Use Treatment Programme for Mentally Ill Forensic Patients in an Australian Setting: A Pilot Study of Feasibility, Acceptability and Preliminary Efficacy
This study aims to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of an Australian-adapted Substance Use Treatment Programme (SUTP) among mentally ill offenders in an Australian secure forensic setting. A single-group non-controlled pilot trial was conducted. Four SUTP treatment groups were run simultaneously (n = 39) with sessions held weekly over 12 weeks. Feasibility was assessed by examining attrition, study retention and motivation for treatment, and measures of therapeutic alliance, client satisfaction and qualitative interviews were used to determine acceptability. Preliminary ef...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Conceptualising the Loot Box Transaction as a Gamble Between the Purchasing Player and the Video Game Company
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Psychometric Validation of FCV19S in Urdu and Socio-Demographic Association with Fear in the People of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Province in Pakistan
This study rests on two important considerations: the rapid increase of COVID-19 cases in Pakistan and also the marginalization of the people of the KPK province, which would make them more vulnerable in fearing COVID-19. We aim to translate and validate FCV-19S into the Urdu language and to identify the socio-demographic associations with fear in the people of the KPK. Using an online Google survey, we were able to sample 501 respondents from the KPK. The Cronbach alpha α value for the Urdu FCV-19S displayed good internal reliability at .846. The unidimensional structure of the FCV-19S in Urdu was confirmed, and all...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Testing of Three COVID-19-Related Scales Among People with Mental Illness
AbstractFear of novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) may result in psychological health problems among different populations. Moreover, believing COVID-19 information and preventive COVID-19 infection behaviors are relevant constructs associated with fear of COVID-19. Therefore, the present study validated three instruments assessing fear, beliefs, and preventive behaviors related to COVID-19 among individuals with mental illness. Moreover, relationships between the three constructs were examined. Individuals with mental illness (N = 400; 178 females; mean age = 46.91 years) completed the Fear...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Gaming During the COVID-19 Pandemic in India: Strategies for Work-Life Balance
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Mental Health Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic Across Different Cohorts
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Factorial Support and Measurement Invariance of the College Eating and Drinking Behavior Scale
AbstractSystematic measurement of simultaneous disordered eating patterns and alcohol consumption enables practitioners to identify harmful behaviors and evaluate behavior change. Despite instruments existing which measure these behaviors, few are tested for gender/ethnicity invariance or against measures for disordered eating behaviors and harmful alcohol consumption, rendering limited empirical support for utility. The College Eating and Drinking Behaviors Scale (CEDBS) is a three-factor, self-report measure. The purpose of this study was to conduct a confirmatory factor analysis, invariance testing, and evaluation of pr...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mother and Son Suicide Pact Due to COVID-19-Related Online Learning Issues in Bangladesh: An Unusual Case Report
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

COVID-19 Fear, Mental Health, and Substance Misuse Conditions Among University Social Work Students in Israel and Russia
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Path Analysis of the Relationship Between Optimism, Humor, Affectivity, and Marital Satisfaction Among Infertile Couples
AbstractMarital satisfaction is an important factor for establishing a family relationship, feeling satisfied, and living happily together. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between optimism, humor, positive and negative affect, and marital satisfaction among infertile couples. The sample comprised 80 infertile Iranian couples (n = 160) who visited infertility clinics. Participants completed a series of Persian versions of psychometric scales related to optimism (Attributional Style Questionnaire), humor (Humor Styles Questionnaire), marital satisfaction (Enrich Marital Satisfac...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Malay Version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale: Validity and Reliability
AbstractThe newly developed Persian Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) is a seven-item uni-dimensional scale that assesses the severity of fear of COVID-19. A translation and validation of the FCV-19S in the Malay language was expedited due to the severe psychological sequelae of COVID-19 in Malaysia. Formal WHO forward and backward translation sequences were employed in translating the English version into Malay. Malaysian university participants were recruited via convenience sampling online using snowball methods. The reliability and validity properties of the Malay FCV-19S were rigorously psychometrically evaluated (util...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Substance Use among Women Attending Primary Healthcare Community Centers: a Binational Comparison for the Development of Brief Intervention Programs
This study analyzes and compares the prevalence proportions and characteristics related to the substance use of a total of 3623 women patients ages 18 and older, who attended eight CHCs located in the cities of Tijuana, Mexico and Los Angeles (LA), U.S. A gender-sensitive analysis based on the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations ’ Predisposing, Enabling and Need (PEN) characteristics and use of substances was performed. Risky substance (tobacco, alcohol and any drug) use was higher in LA than in Tijuana. The PEN analysis was useful for identifying care needs associated with substance use. The results are rele...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - July 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Case Report: the Comorbidity of Pregabalin-Use Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Clinical and Pharmacological Issues
AbstractOwing to its anxiolytic effects, pregabalin is used to treat many distressing symptoms, with various clinical observations supporting its potential benefits in cases of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, a decade-long concern has been raised regarding the risk of patient misuse. A 27-year-old immigrant male self-treated with massive doses of pregabalin for at least 6  yr to alleviate his re-experiencing of the past war events he faced in his native country. PTSD and pregabalin-use disorder were diagnosed upon his arrival at our addiction care center. A controlled pregabalin withdrawal failed becau...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Study for Testing the Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Internalized Misogyny Scale
In this study, the chi-square test statistic obtained from Bartlett test analysis was found to be significant (χ2 = 2444.990;p 
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adaptation of the Bangla Version of the COVID-19 Anxiety Scale
AbstractThe Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) is among the first few published screening tools for assessing dysfunctional anxiety induced by the current COVID-19 pandemic. The CAS was translated into the Bangla language following the International Test Commission ’s guidelines for this adaptation study and placed in an online survey (N = 737, with a mean age of 26.55 (SD = 7.166 years) to assess the psychometric properties of the Bangla version of the scale. Results suggested that all items had a good item discrimination index and single-factor structure with good factor loadings. The ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Validation of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale in a US College Sample
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has impacted college students ’ coursework, stress levels, and perceived health. Various estimates indicate that high proportions of college students have experienced increased amounts of stress (Dziech,Inside Higher Education,2020; Hartocollis,New York Times,2020), yet other sources indicate that many college students respond to these changes with resilience (Kelley,Cornell Chronicle,2020). A method for assessing student anxiety regarding the pandemic is thus needed. The Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) (Ahorsu et al.,International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction,2020) is a seven...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Impact of Problem Gambling on the Female Spouses of Male Chinese Gamblers in Hong Kong: Emergence of a Multiple-Self Model
AbstractAlthough problematic gambling is a widespread problem among Chinese populations across the globe, there is limited research on how it affects the female spouses of male Chinese problem gamblers. This paper contains findings from a wider grounded theory study which explored the experiences and coping strategies of Chinese spouses of problem gamblers in Hong Kong. Analysis of narratives from 23 female spouses of male gamblers revealed nine categories of impact. Based on these impacts and taking a constructivist perspective, we propose a culturally informed multiple-self model for understanding participants ’ pe...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychosocial Interventions for Third-Generation Palestinian Refugee Children: Current Challenges and Hope for the Future
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore mental health workers ’ perceptions and concerns about the psychosocial interventions provided to third-generation Palestinian refugee children. Our sample comprised 30 mental health practitioners aged 26–35 years, who were purposively selected at five Palestinian refugee camps in the West Bank of Palestine. Themati c content analysis was applied to transcripts of interviews with the practitioners, with a view to identifying key themes. It emerged that psychosocial service providers typically deliver consultation, group, and individual counselling, debriefin...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of a Spanish Version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale in General Population of Lima, Peru
AbstractThe current pandemic of the novel coronavirus COVID-19 has increased the anxiety and fear experienced by many. The main objective of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish-translated version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) using a sample of population in Peru. This is a cross-sectional instrumental study. Data were collected by a convenience sampling method, resulting in a total of 832 participants, and the collection took place over 1  week, April 17–23, 2020. The original version of the FCV-19S was translated from English into Spanish. The results support a bifacto...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Personality Traits, Risk Perception, and Protective Behaviors of Arab Residents of Qatar During the COVID-19 Pandemic
AbstractDuring the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, people in Qatar —similar to most countries globally—were instructed by health authorities to adopt protective behaviors to avoid infection. One of these behaviors is social distancing, which is influenced by diverse variables. Using data from an online survey with 405 responses, this study performed multiple re gression analysis to explore effects of personality, risk perception, and personal hygiene practices on social distancing among residents of Qatar. The results showed that 87.3% of participants reported that they preferred to stay at home and not go outside unle...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Examining Subgroups of Depression and Alcohol Misuse in Emerging Adults During University: a Replication and Extension Study
AbstractAlcohol misuse and depression are highly comorbid. Self-medication theory posits that depressed individuals use alcohol to reduce negative emotions. Research suggests that the co-pattern of depression and alcohol misuse is not uniform, and that emerging adults transitioning out of university can be differentiated into subgroups based on their co-patterns. We aimed to replicate and extend this study with emerging adults during university by examining whether baseline individual differences predicted subgroup membership. Undergraduates (N = 300) completed four waves of self-reports at 6-month intervals ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Analysis and Validation of the Italian Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale
AbstractSocial media use, and specifically Facebook use, has become increasingly popular over the past decade. Despite the many benefits of social networking, a small minority of individuals appear to develop issues surrounding social media use, and more specifically Facebook use. It has, therefore, led some scholars to describe such problematic activity as a behavioral addiction. Such problematic behaviors have been reported in many countries including Italy. The present study validated and examined the reliability and validity of the Italian version of the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) by conducting a psychometr...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Practical Challenges of Addressing Suicidal Behaviors for a Clinician in Bangladesh
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

COVID-19 Fear, Mental Health, and Substance Use Among Israeli University Students
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Evaluation of the English Version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale and Its Relationship with Behavior Change and Political Beliefs
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has many individuals around the world fearing for their lives. The constant news coverage, rapid transmission, and relatively high mortality rate, make fearfulness a natural response. To assess the fear of COVID-19, the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) was developed. The primary aim of the present study was to conduct the first psychometric assessment and validation of the English version of the FCV-19S. Two samples were collected in New Zealand. Sample 1 comprised 1624 participants of which 1397 completed all questions and were used in the analyses. Sample 2 comprised 1111 participants of whi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alcohol and Placebo: The Role of Expectations and Social Influence
In this study, we successfully demonstrate the expectation-induced classical placebo effe ct in the misinformed participants who were, in fact, consuming non-alcoholic drinks. The “social” alcohol consumption further enhances the true or believed effects of the alcohol, and thus the participants reported their subjective feelings in lines with their manipulated expectations. As regar ds the effect of the alcohol, therefore, many other factors contribute in addition to the alcohol itself, the most important of which seem to be group effect, suggestions and expectations. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Aging and Feeling Valued Versus Expendable During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond: a Review and Commentary of Why Mattering Is Fundamental to the Health and Well-Being of Older Adults
This article concludes with a discussion of initiatives and interventions that can be modified and enhanced to instill a sense of mattering among older adults. Key directions for future research are also highlighted along with ways to expand the mattering concept to more fully understand and appreciate the relevance of mattering among older adults. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Investigation of the Effect of COVID-19 on OCD in Youth in the Context of Emotional Reactivity, Experiential Avoidance, Depression and Anxiety
AbstractIn addition to the serious physical and medical effects on individuals, the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to have short- and long-term psycho-social consequences, especially for young people. Nowadays, with psychological problems becoming more widely recognized in adolescents, it is possible that the fear and anxiety caused by the pandemic will trigger various anxiety disorders, OCD and similar negative outcomes. Considering that psychological qualities such as emotional reactivity and experiential avoidance observed in adolescents may increase the risk of such psycho-social disorders, in this study the relationship ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gender and Fear of COVID-19 in a Cuban Population Sample
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic is a global health emergency that could potentially have a serious impact on public health. Fear has been one of the most frequent psychological reaction in the population during the current pandemic. The aim of this study was to compare fear of COVID-19 between genders and to examine whether the differences between genders may be predictors of fear of COVID-19 scores. A cross-sectional web-based survey design was adopted. The sample comprised 772 Cuban participants. The Fear of COVID-19 Scale was used to explore fear reactions in the sample. An independent-samplest test was conducted to compa...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Associations Between Fear of COVID-19, Mental Health, and Preventive Behaviours Across Pregnant Women and Husbands: An Actor-Partner Interdependence Modelling
AbstractThe present cross-sectional study examined the actor-partner interdependence effect of fear of COVID-19 among Iranian pregnant women and their husbands and its association with their mental health and preventive behaviours during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. A total of 290 pregnant women and their husbands (N = 580) were randomly selected from a list of pregnant women in the Iranian Integrated Health System and were invited to respond to psychometric scales assessing fear of COVID-19, depression, anxiety, suicidal intention, mental quality of life, and COVID-19 preventive behaviour...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Dating and Problematic Use: A Systematic Review
AbstractDespite the constant growth in the use of online dating sites and mobile dating applications, research examining potential problematic use of online dating has remained scarce. Previous research has obviated problematic use of online dating in favour of users ’ personality correlates and scams through online dating services. A systematic review was carried out usingPsycINFO andWeb of Science databases to gather previous findings that address potential problematic use of online dating by (i) identifying use and motivations, (ii) assessing users ’ personality correlates, (iii) outlining negative correlate...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Risk and Protective Factors of Tramadol Abuse in the Gaza Strip: The Perspective of Tramadol Abusers and Psychiatrists
AbstractWe sought to identify the perceptions of users and medical providers regarding the recreational use of tramadol in the Gaza Strip, a society that is affected by severe political and military violence. We conducted qualitative interviews with psychiatrists and tramadol users to identify their perceptions of the individual, community, and socio-political determinants of tramadol use, its effect on quality of life, and the challenges experienced in the recovery process. Thematic analysis was applied to the narratives of 26 interviewees; 13 psychiatrists (12 males, one female; age range  = 32–58, me...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Moderating Effects of the Facets of Mindfulness on the Relationship between Daily Life Stress and Suicidal Ideation among Korean College Students
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the moderating role of mindfulness on the relationship between daily life stress and suicidality among Korean college students. Accordingly, 355 college students (Mage = 21.59, SD = 2.07; men: 157, women: 198) participated in this study. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that mindfulness moderated the effect of daily life stress on suicidal ideation. Three facets of mindfulness, namely, nonreactivity to experience, nonjudging of inner exp erience, and acting with awareness, were found to moderate the relationship between daily lif...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Validation of the Persian Version of the Problem Gambling Severity Index
The objective of the present study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Persian version of the PGSI. The original version of the PGSI was translated and back-translated into Persian, followed by a pilot study. A sample of Iranian online gamblers (n = 858) was recruited utilizing social media platforms. Results showed that the Persian PGSI had excellent internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient = 0.90; composite reliability = 0.91) and moderate test-retest reliability after 4–6 weeks using intraclass coefficient (0.41 with 95% CI [.34, .49])...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Utilization of Teleconsultation: Mitigation in Handling Mental Disorders in the COVID-19 Era
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has caused many undesirable effects, including death. The COVID-19 outbreak occurred suddenly, and many countries were ill prepared to face it. Community behaviour has been altered due to the pandemic. Uncertainty surrounding the disease triggered panic buying; public panic caused additional worry about limited food supplies, and thus demand increased. World economies have also felt the impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak. Owing to the measures put in place to address the spread of COVID-19, many service providers and industries were closed, resulting in financial losses, and the risk of unemploy...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Perspectives of Frontline Professionals on Palestinian Children Living with Sibling and Parental Drug Use in the UNRWA Camps, Jordan
AbstractThe occupied Palestinian territories (oPt) consist of the non-contiguous West Bank including East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip. It is densely populated within these confines and has a unique socio-economic context characterized by political and economic tensions. Around 2.2 million Palestinians are displaced and living in the ten UNRWA refugee camps in Jordan. Palestinian communities are exposed to a double burden of disease caused by the severe economic, social and health consequences of Israeli occupation and resultant displacement. Exposure to political violence, economic hardship, fragmentation of Palestinian f...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Addictive Behaviors in Adolescence: the Moderating Effect of Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Prevalence of Mental Disorders from Adolescence Through Early Adulthood in American Indian and First Nations Communities
AbstractIndigenous communities lack representation in psychiatric epidemiology despite disproportionate exposure to risk factors. We document the cumulative and 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders across the early life course among a sample of Indigenous young adults and compare prospective and retrospective reporting of lifetime mental disorders. This community-based participatory research includes data from 735 Indigenous people from 8 reservations/reserves. Personal interviews were conducted between 2002 –2010 and 2017–2018 totaling 9 waves; diagnostic assessments of DSM-IV-TR alcohol abuse/dependen...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychotic and Still Tripping —Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder and First Break Psychosis in an Adolescent
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mandatory Junior School Certificate Exams and Young Teenage Suicides in Bangladesh: A Response to Arafat (2020)
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 5, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Coronavirus Stress, Optimism-Pessimism, Psychological Inflexibility, and Psychological Health: Psychometric Properties of the Coronavirus Stress Measure
AbstractThe coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is currently a global health threat attributed to negatively affecting the mental health and well-being of people globally. The purpose of the present study is to examine the mediating role of optimism-pessimism and psychological inflexibility in the relationship of coronavirus stress with psychological problems among Turkish adults. The sample of the study included 451 adults (55% women). Participants mainly consisted of young adults with a mean age of 23.30  years, ranging from 18 to 65 years (SD = 6.97). A mediation model indicated that coronavirus stre...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Social Self-Compassion Scale (SSCS): Development, Validity, and Associations with Indices of Well-Being, Distress, and Social Anxiety
AbstractSelf-compassion refers to being kind and understanding towards oneself following adverse life experiences. Although it is valuable to focus on self-compassion in general, there is merit in also considering specific types of self-compassion. Accordingly, the current research describes a domain-specific measure of being self-compassionate in response to interpersonal adversities and challenges. The Social Self-Compassion Scale (SSCS) assesses self-compassion in the context of social stress (e.g., being criticized, excluded, committing a social blunder). The psychometric properties and factor structure of this domain-...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Suicidal Behaviors Among Ukrainian College Students: the Role of Substance Use, Religion, and Depression
AbstractEarly adulthood is a critical life period associated with increased suicide risk. The present study used a sample of students from ten Ukrainian public universities (N = 1005). Participants were 17 to 24 years of age (M = 19.19, SD = 1.99). The prevalence of lifetime suicidal ideation was 26.13% and 5.45% of participants reported a lifetime suicide attempt. Participants were more likely to report higher lifetime suicidal ideation if they had higher rates of alcohol and marijuana use, have met a clinical cu toff point for depression and were older, females, and not affi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Patients ’ Perceptions of Opioid Replacement Therapy: a Comparison of Diamorphine and Methadone/Levomethadone
AbstractDiamorphine was first legalized as a novel treatment option for heroin dependence in Germany in 2009. Today, specialized clinics in ten German cities provide diamorphine to heavily addicted patients. As the medical and societal context of diamorphine-assisted therapy is evolving, continued research into patients ’ perceptions of opioid replacement therapy remains important. From February 2018 to June 2018, we conducted a survey study of outpatients on maintenance treatment with either diamorphine (n = 85) or methadone/levomethadone (n = 126). Patients were asked to complete a self-...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Changes of Students ’ Attitude towards Patients with Chronic Conditions during Medical Education: Comparing Addiction, Dementia, and Diabetes
This study evaluated medical students’ attitudes towards patients with addiction, dementia, and diabetes, an d how such attitudes change during training. This is an observational prospective cohort study. Participants (N = 100) were students who recruited from Primary and Community Care training, which consisted of theoretical courses and a clinical rotation. The Medical Condition Regard Scale was used to measure the attitudes and a repeated-measures analysis was performed to compare them. Before training, stud ents’ attitudes towards patients with addiction were more negative than towards dementi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Demographic Insights into the Decline in Electronic Gaming Machine Participation in South Australia
AbstractParticipation in electronic gaming machine (EGM) gambling has declined sharply in Australia over the last two decades. At the same time, there has been a gradual slowing and decline in revenue from this form of gambling. In this paper, we use data drawn from a series of population surveys in a single jurisdiction (South Australia) to gain insights into these changes. In particular, we examine whether changes in EGM participation have been reflected similarly in different demographic groups. The results indicate that there have been declines in every age group, in both men and women, and at different levels of house...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problematic Mukbang Watching and Its Relationship to Disordered Eating and Internet Addiction: A  Pilot Study Among Emerging Adult Mukbang Watchers
AbstractInternet technology has facilitated the use of a wide variety of different activities and applications in online contexts. One such activity is watching mukbang (i.e., watching videos of “eating broadcasts” where someone eats a large amount of food while interacting with viewers). In the present study, the relationship of problematic mukbang watching with disordered eating and internet addiction was examined. Participants were 140 emerging adults who watched mukbang at least onc e in the past 30 days (66% female;Mage = 21.66,SD = 1.88, range = 19–29&n...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research