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Health and Social Problems Associated with Recent Novel Psychoactive Substance (NPS) Use Amongst Marginalised, Nightlife and Online Users in Six European Countries
AbstractContinued diversification and use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) across Europe remains a public health challenge. The study describes health and social consequences of recent NPS use as reported in a survey of marginalised, nightlife and online NPS users in the Netherlands, Hungary, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and Poland (n = 3023). Some respondents were unable to categorise NPS they had used. Use of ‘herbal blends’ and ‘synthetic cannabinoids obtained pure’ was most reported in Germany, Poland and Hungary, and use of ‘branded stimulants’ and ‘stimulants/empa...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 7, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Experience and Meaning of Problematic ‘G’ (GHB/GBL) Use in an Irish Context: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
This study supports the interactive role of community, self-identity, personal vulnerability and substance effects in the develop ment, maintenance and recovery from problematic G use. Findings are discussed in the context of gay community health, the role of chemsex in problematic substance use and the need for public health providers to engage with novel psychoactive substance use and the health and well-being effects of che msex. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 7, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Design and Methods of the New Zealand National Gambling Study, a Prospective Cohort Study of Gambling and Health: 2012 –2019
AbstractThis paper describes the design, sampling, recruitment, and data analysis of the prospective, nationally representative New Zealand National Gambling Study. Particular aspects of the study were critical for its success as a longitudinal epidemiologic study, making its methodology beneficial for replication in other jurisdictions. At baseline (2012), 6251 adults were interviewed and followed-up in 2013, 2014, and 2015. An additional cohort of 106 moderate-risk/problem gamblers interviewed at baseline (2014 –2015) and follow-up (2015–2016) increased the number of these groups in the study. Measures includ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Internet Gaming Disorder Treatment: A Case Study Evaluation of Four Different Types of Adolescent Problematic Gamers
AbstractResearch examining Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has grown markedly in recent years. However, research on its psychological treatment is still scarce, especially with respect to efficacy of specific programs. The PIPATIC (Programa Individualizado Psicoterap éutico para la Adicción a las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación) program is a 22-session specialized treatment for adolescents with IGD. The present paper briefly outlines the cases of four treatment-seeking male adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years with different clinical IG D profiles undergoing the tr...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 5, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Negative Experiences of Non-Drinking College Students in Great Britain: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
This study was designed to gain an in-depth understanding of the lived experiences of female, first year UK undergraduates, who do not drink alcohol. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight participants. Narratives were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; by Smith and Osborn (Sage 51-80,2003). Three superordinate themes were identified: “managing the feeling that you don’t belong” highlights the importance of managing social interactions as a non-drinker; “experiencing social exclusion” recognises the impact on social bonding as a result of insufficient s...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 4, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Impact of Animal-Assisted Intervention on Staff in a Seniors Residential Care Facility
AbstractAs with any protocol involving both humans and animals, there were inherent risks with this research. These risks were minimized through the participant screening process which assessed for animal allergies and fears for particular animal species. Participants were selected for their interest in animals which reduced the risk for the participant to experience stress during the intervention. Interaction with animals poses a risk of zoonoses. Zoonoses are diseases that can be transmitted to humans from animals. To minimize this risk, all therapy animals were under veterinary care, were thoroughly groomed, and were re...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 4, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Beyond Reno: a Critical Commentary on Hancock and Smith
This article provides commentary on Hancock and Smith ’s examination of the Reno Model of responsible gambling (RG). Hancock and Smith (2017) contend that the model, intended to provide consumer protection and reduce gambling-related harm, serves as a major impediment to implementation of effective RG policies. This impediment is in large part attributed to the model ’s long domination of the ‘international RG policy landscape’ and its emphasis on individual responsibility and problem gamblers. Hancock and Smith also examine other barriers to the introduction of more effective policies. They propose...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Are Poker Players Aware of the Change in Their Poker Habits? Point of View of the Players and the PGSI
This study highlights how difficult it is for gamblers to be aware of the changes in their gambling and the importance to develop tools for responsible gambling. These tools would allow gamblers to become aware of their current gambling habits and their evolution. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Concurrent Tobacco Use and Binge Drinking Among University Students in 30 Countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate concurrent tobacco use and binge drinking and the co-occurrence risks of each substance among university students in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean. A cross-sectional survey of 24,753 university students, 58.6% women and 41.4% men, mean age of 20.8  years (SD = 2.6) from 30 countries, was conducted in 2013–2015. Five percent of the university students had engaged in concurrent tobacco use and binge drinking, 17.7% in binge drinking only, and 8.0% in current tobacco use only. Overall, among past month tobacco users, 32.1% were frequent...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Computer Gaming Disorder and ADHD in Young Children —a Population-Based Study
AbstractAs new mass media has become a common activity already in nursery school, this study aimed to analyze computer game playing, addiction, and ADHD in a representative population-based sample of young children. Parents filled out a standardized questionnaire including items for ADHD, media use, and computer gaming disorder. The response rate was 83.2% (N = 1271). The mean age was 5.8 years (SD 0.38). Boys play computer games more often and longer than girls. In consequence, boys were rated more often to be at risk or to have a computer gaming disorder than girls. Children with elevated ADHD scores s...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 30, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Replacing the Reno Model with a Robust Public Health Approach to “Responsible Gambling”: Hancock and Smith’s Response to Commentaries on Our Original Reno Model Critique
AbstractThis paper responds to commentaries from the Reno Model authors and other international researchers who reviewed our earlier paper in this volume. We take a considered view of the Reno Model and find it to be wanting as a responsible gambling (RG) tool because it fails to address the depth and diversity of harms so evident in today ’s gambling environment. We propose a new consumer protection paradigm that prioritizes operator duty of care, integrity of operations, and consumer protection, along with independent regulation and research. We discuss the rebuttal of our Reno critique by Shaffer et al. along with...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Comparison of Online Versus Offline Gambling Harm in Portuguese Pathological Gamblers: An Empirical Study
AbstractOver the past decade, gambling has become a very popular activity across Europe including the growth of Internet gambling. Portugal is one of the few European countries where little research has been carried out. Given the lack of studies, a Portuguese sample (N = 1,599) was surveyed concerning their online and offline gambling habits. More specifically, the aim of this study was to identify and compare from the total sample, online pathological gamblers (PGON) (n = 171) and offline pathological gamblers’ (PGOF) (n = 171) characteristics, and eventual risk factors for...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Exploratory Study of “Selfitis” and the Development of the Selfitis Behavior Scale
AbstractIn 2014, stories appeared in national and international media claiming that the condition of “selfitis” (the obsessive taking of selfies) was to be classed as a mental disorder by the American Psychiatric Association and that the condition could be borderline, acute, or chronic. However, the stories were a hoax but this did not stop empirical research being carried out into the concept. The present study empirically explored the concept and collected data on the existence of selfitis with respect to the three alleged levels (borderline, acute, and chronic) and developed the Selfitis Behavior Scale (SBS)...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Inspiration or Thinspiration: the Association Among Problematic Internet Use, Exercise Dependence, and Eating Disorder Risk
AbstractProblematic Internet use (PIU) has been associated with eating disorder (ED) risk factors and pathological patterns of exercise (e.g., exercise dependence (EXD)). Few studies have empirically examined the co-occurrence and relationship among PIU, EXD, and EDs simultaneously. Thus, the primary purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and co-occurrence of PIU, EXD, and ED in a population-based sample of women. The secondary purpose was to categorically examine the relationship of negative affect with PIU, EXD, and ED symptom scores while controlling for negative affect. A sample of 898 women (M age &thinsp...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alcohol Text Messages: A Developmental Study
This study developed 30 SMS text messages about alcohol for fathers who drink at risky levels. The text messages were developed using two motivational styles: messages presented in a second person voice and the same messages presented in a child ’s voice. Fifty-one fathers were recruited through social media to complete an online survey rating the SMS text messages for message importance and likelihood of seeking further information and measuring risky alcohol use and psychosocial distress. Seventeen participants then participated in a se mi-structured qualitative interview. Fathers rated the text messages presented ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Persistence in Crime in Young Adults with a History of Juvenile Delinquency: the Role of Mental Health and Psychosocial Problems
This study examined the role of mental health and psychosocial problems in criminal indicators among young adults with a history of juvenile delinquency. The protocol was administered in 2014/2015 to young adults with records of juvenile delinquency in 2010/2011, evaluating a set of mental health, psychosocial, and criminal indicators. The results showed that their current psychological distress and drug consumption are related to criminal indicators. Our findings suggest that mental health might play a major role in criminal behavior. Recommendations for the juvenile justice system and social welfare policies are provided...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Patient and Caregiver Perspectives on Ethical Issues in Mental Health Care: an Exploratory Study from India
This study aimed to ascertain the perspectives of patients and caregivers on ethical issues in mental health care. This vignette-based study included patients with psychiatric disorders and their caregivers. Patients were included if they were in clinical remission determined by psychiatric rating scales. Caregivers were included if they resided with the patient for the last 1  year. Both patients and caregivers were in the adult age group. The vignettes pertained to confidentiality and coercive care and elicited a yes or no type of responses. Ten short vignettes were presented to the patient caregiver dyad. The types...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Educational Services for Youth with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Caregivers ’ Perspectives
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to identify services that caregivers of youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder believe would help youth with FASD succeed in school. Sixteen caregivers participated in telephone interviews that included the question: “What services would help youth be successful in school?” A concept mapping technique was employed, in which responses were grouped together by participants and the grouping data was analyzed using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. Six concepts emerged from the question about servic es, including the following: (1) being heard by educators, (2)...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Do Addictive Behaviors Matter for College Students ’ Depression and Suicidal Ideation?
This study examined (1) the association between depression and suicidal ideation using Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and five selected items from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), and (2) the moderating roles of alcohol use and problem gambling using Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) and Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI). We collected data from full-time students (n = 870) enrolled at 14 universities throughout South Korea using a self-reported paper-pencil survey conducted on college campuses. More than half of the total sample (52.3%,n = ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Re: The Ottawa Self-injury Inventory Version 3.1: Suggestions for Revision to the Addictive Features Section
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Reflections on a Service User Perspective in Supporting Persons with Dual Diagnosis: the Case of Villa Voortman
AbstractInclusive citizenship is an important concept in today ’s mental health care. Still, persons with co-occurring substance use problems and psychiatric problems seem to fall through the cracks of existing (community) treatment services. At the same time, they are the persons least asked for their opinions as service users. This commentary sheds light on Villa Voortman, an innovative community-based outpatient treatment service for persons with dual diagnosis in Ghent (Belgium) that gives a central position to user perspectives in its daily practice. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alienation as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship Between Virtues and Smartphone Addiction Among Chinese University Students
This study examined the relationship among virtues (i.e. interpersonal, vitality, and conscientiousness), alienation and smartphone addiction. Seven hundred sixteen Chinese university students (385 males, 331 females) aged 18 –24 years completed the 96-item Chinese Virtues Questionnaire, General Alienation Scale, and Mobile Phone Addiction Index. Results indicated that both interpersonal and conscientiousness virtues negatively predicted smartphone addiction. Alienation mediated the relationship between interpersonal and smartphone addiction, whereas conscientiousness directly affected smartphone addiction regar...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Sensitivity of the ASAM Criteria ™ to Psychiatric Need
AbstractPlease note that anywhere “ASAM” is mentioned in the text, it should be read as “The ASAM Criteria™”. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Multifaceted Analysis of Oxycodone Addiction
The objective of this review is to discuss the prevalence, clinical utility, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, and addictive properties of oxycodone. Oxycodone has an abuse liability that is similar to other opioids, and in some cases, even greater. The introduction to oxycodone use can come from peers at school, during the treatment of pain, or from the black market. Implementing approaches that increase training of doctors in conjunction with more information for patients, as well as employing harm reduction strategies, diversion resistant products, and drug monitoring programs, may help to reduce the risk...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 17, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Prevalence and Correlates of Probable Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Among Female Sex Workers in Lilongwe, Malawi
AbstractGlobally, female sex workers (FSW) experience a high prevalence of mental health disorders, but in sub-Saharan Africa, these are rarely identified. If left untreated, mental health disorders may place FSW and their partners at risk for HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We assessed the prevalence and correlates of probable depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidal ideation (SI) in a cohort of 200 FSW in Lilongwe, Malawi. FSW completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the PTSD Check List —Civilian Version. The prevalence of depression was 8%, as was the prevalence of PTSD. ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Treatment of Internet Gaming Disorder: a Brief Overview of the PIPATIC Program
AbstractOver the last decade, there has been an increase in children and adolescents accessing psychology services regarding problematic use of online videogames. Consequently, providing effective treatment is essential. The present paper describes the design process of a manualized PIPATIC (Programa Individualizado Psicoterap éutico para la Adicción a las Tecnologías de la información y la comunicación) intervention program for 12- to 18-year-old adolescents with Internet Gaming Disorder. The design and application of the PIPATIC program integrates several areas of intervention structure...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Body Disapproval as a Mediator of the Relationship Between Risk Factors and Eating Disordered Behaviors Among American Adjudicated Male Youth
This study explores the complex relationships between risk factors (i.e., body disapproval, substance abuse, childhood sexual abuse, and exposure to pornography) and eating disordered behaviors (EDB) among male youth adjudicated for sexual and nonsexual crimes in the USA. This study used cross-sectional design. Survey data were collected from 800 adjudicated male youth. EDB and risk factors were measured using the Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Path analysis within a structural equation model (SEM) was used to investigate the mediated effects of body disapproval on relationship...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Pilot Evaluation of a Tutorial to Teach Clients and Clinicians About Gambling Game Design
This study evaluated the tutorial using assessment tools, such as rating scales and test of knowledge about EGMs and random chance. The study results are based on a number of samples, including problem gambling counselors (n = 25) and problem gamblers (n = 26). The interactive tutorial was positively rated by both clients and counselors. In addition, we found a significant improvement in scores on a content test about EGM games for both clients and counselors. An analysis of the specific items suggests that the effects of the tutorial were mainly on those items that were most directly related to the con...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 9, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alcohol Use and Related Problem Behavior: a Survey Among Russian Federation and Israeli Female University Students
AbstractAlcohol use is a significant public health concern among university students who tend to have a high level of consumption. There is a dearth of information about female university student alcohol use especially on a cross-national basis. The survey sample consisted of female students from universities located in the cities of Smolensk, Russian Federation (n = 450), and Beer Sheva, Israel (n = 562). The valid and reliable data self-administered collection instrument used, the Substance Use Survey Instrument (SUSI), was translated to Hebrew and Russian and back translated. Binary logistic regressi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Why Do You Drink Caffeine? The Development of the Motives for Caffeine Consumption Questionnaire (MCCQ) and Its Relationship with Gender, Age and the Types of Caffeinated Beverages
AbstractCaffeine is the most popular psychoactive substance that is consumed worldwide. As motives influence behavior, investigation of the motivational background of caffeine consumption should help provide a better understanding of the popularity of caffeinated products. The present study aimed (i) to explore and operationalize the motives of caffeine consumption and (ii) to reveal possible differences in the motives regarding gender, age and the type of caffeinated products consumed. Motives for caffeine consumption were collected from regular caffeine consumers (N = 26) and were informed by a review of the re...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 31, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Serious Mental Illness in Heavy Drinkers Is Associated with Poor Treatment Outcomes in Outpatients with Co-occurring Disorders
The objective of this study was to determine whether the interaction between type of serious mental illness (SMI) and pre-treatment drinking severity, assessed by ethyl glucuronide (EtG), predicts EtG-positive urine samples submitted during treatment in outpatients with co-occurring alcohol dependence and SMI. Seventy-nine participants were randomized to treatment-as-usual or treatment-as-usual and contingency management (CM) targeting alcohol abstinence. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess the interaction of pre-treatment drinking (heavy drinking or light drinking) and SMI diagnosis (major depression, bip...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 31, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Assessment of the Italian Version of the Internet Disorder Scale (IDS-15)
This study aimed at investigating the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the IDS-15 by examining the construct and the concurrent and the criterion-related validity and by identifying the taxonomy and the patterns of Internet users. A sample of 471 participants (Mage = 24.72 years, SD = 8.66; 256 males) was recruited from secondary schools, universities, and gaming halls. Confirmatory factor analyses supported the four-dimensional second-order structure and the three levels of the measurement invariance across gender. The reliability and the validity of th e scale were confirmed, and...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 30, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Lessons Learned From a Web-Based Study of Mental Health and Alcohol and Other Drug Problems Among Social Workers in the USA
AbstractThis paper discusses methodological issues that emerged during the design and implementation of a large-scale survey of licensed social workers in the USA. Benefits and challenges of survey research are identified. The paper provides recommendations for future workforce studies and surveys that assess behavioral health problems. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 23, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Caudate Volumetric Reductions Predicted by Carbohydrate-Deficient Transferrin in Patients with Alcohol Dependence
In this study, caudate volumetric deficits in patients with alcohol dependence and their associations with carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), a biomarker of chronic alcohol consumption, were evaluated in 21 patients with alcohol dependence and age- and sex-matched 21 healthy comparison subjects. Between-group difference in caudate volumes and correlations between CDT and caudate volumes in the patient group were examined after adjusting for age, sex, and intracranial volume. Volumetric analysis results show prominent abnormalities in the left caudate among patients with alcohol dependence (z = − ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 23, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

MDMA (Ecstasy/Molly) Use Among African Americans: Patterns of Initiation
This study aimed to fill this knowledge gap by exploring the initiation experiences of African Americans and their narrative accounts of the circumstances surrounding their MDMA onset. Audiotapes of in-depth interviews were transcribed, coded, and thematically analyzed. Analyses revealed the presence of initiation patterns that contrast somewhat with those found in other groups of MDMA users. This study adds to the limited research on African American MDMA use and sheds light on why some African Americans decide to start using the drug. The findings provide insights to prevention specialists, harm reduction workers, and tr...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 20, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Emotional Processing in Individuals with Substance Use Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
AbstractReaders should note that the URL for Emotional Processing Research Booklet (cited in Baker et al., 2007b) has changed to the following:www.emotionalprocessingscale.org (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 18, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Conceptual Issues Concerning Internet Addiction and Internet Gaming Disorder: Further Critique on Ryding and Kaye (2017)
AbstractThe recent commentary paper by Ryding and KayeJournal of Mental Health and Addiction (doi 10.1007/s11469-017-9811-6, 2017) rightly claimed that “internet addiction” (IA) is a conceptual minefield and raised some important issues for researchers and treatment providers working in the online addiction field. In the present commentary paper, some of the assertions made by Ryding and Kaye are briefly critiqued and extended. More specificall y, the present paper (i) examines IA and Internet-based addictions and argues that IA is now a misnomer, (ii) examines IA and its relationship to Internet Gaming Disorde...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 17, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

EFL Learners ’ Anxiety and their Language Achievement
This study was designed to investigate the relationship between anxiety and language achievement. Subject 20 students were randomly recruited from a population of EFL learners at Islamic Azad University of Semnan, Iran. Findings indicated a relationship between students ’ anxiety and their achievement in language learning. Facilitating anxiety produces positive effects on performance, while too much anxiety may cause a poor performance. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Investigating the Relationship between Emotional and Social Intelligence with Mathematical Performance
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - October 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Sensory Modulation in Treating Sensory Modulation Disorders in Adults with Schizophrenia: a Systematic Literature Review
AbstractSensory modulation, as a treatment for sensory modulation disorders in adults with psychiatric conditions, has been implemented by occupational therapists for more than two decades. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to evaluate published research evidence relating to this intervention. The aim of the study was to determine if there was established evidence for the effectiveness of sensory modulation in treating sensory modulation disorder in adults with schizophrenia and to identify any gaps in knowledge to guide further research. We utilized Australia ’s National Health and Medical Researc...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 29, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Isralowitz, Richard & amp; Findley, Patricia A. ( Eds .): Mental Health and Addiction Care in the Middle East
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 29, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Substance Use and Psychological Disorders Among Art and Non-art University Students: an Empirical Self-Report Survey
AbstractMedia stories often suggest that those working in the creative arts appear to use and abuse psychoactive substances. The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between the use of psychoactive substances and the presence of psychological disorders among art and non-art students. Questionnaires related to these two areas were completed by 182 art students in higher education and a control group of 704 non-art university students. To assess psychoactive substance use, a structured questionnaire including the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 27, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Impact of Comorbid Cannabis and Alcohol Use Disorders on the Functioning of College Students with Psychiatric Disorders
The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence of substance use disorder among college youth receiving treatment for psychiatric illness and the impact of this comorbidity on educational disruption and functional outcomes. 113 college students treated at a hospital-based outpatient psychiatric program in Rhode Island from July 2012 to July 2013. Chart reviews yielded demographic information, psychiatric diagnoses, Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scores at initial evaluation, and occurrence of medical leave. Rates of medical leave and significant impairment (GAF  ≤ 60) in participants with ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 22, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Depression, Internet Gaming Disorder, and the Moderating Effect of the Gamer-Avatar Relationship: an Exploratory Longitudinal Study
AbstractResearch into Internet gaming disorder (IGD) literature largely uses cross-sectional designs and seldom examines gaming context-related factors. Therefore, the present study combined a cross-sectional and longitudinal design to examine depression and the gamer-avatar relationship (GAR) as risk factors in the development of IGD among emerging adults. IGD behaviors of 125 gamers (64 online gamers, Mage = 23.3 years, SD = 3.4; 61 offline gamers, Mage = 23.0 years, SD = 3.4) were assessed using the nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale Short Form (IGDS-SF9; Pontes an...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 21, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cognitive Dissonance, Personalized Feedback, and Online Gambling Behavior: An Exploratory Study Using Objective Tracking Data and Subjective Self-Report
AbstractProviding personalized feedback about the amount of money that gamblers have actually spent may —in some cases—result in cognitive dissonance due to the mismatch between what gamblers actually spent and what they thought they had spent. In the present study, the participant sample (N = 11,829) was drawn from a Norwegian population that had played at least one game for money in the past six months on theNorsk Tipping online gambling website. Players were told that they could retrieve personalized information about the amount of money they had lost over the previous 6-month period. Out of the 11...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 20, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychoactive Substance Use and Problematic Internet Use as Predictors of Bullying and Cyberbullying Victimization
AbstractResearch exploring the relationship between addictions and experiences of bullying suggests that problem behaviors may generally be associated with an increased risk of victimization. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of psychoactive substance use, excessive Internet use, and social support in both traditional offline bullying and online “cyberbullying” victimization in a nationally representative sample of adolescents (N = 6237; 51% male;Mage = 16.62 years, SD = 0.95). Results demonstrated that traditional bullying victimization was associated with ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 19, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exercise Addiction and Psychophysiological Health in Korean Collegiate Students
This study was carried out with collegiate students who took part in an exercise program for 1  year. An exercise addiction (EA) questionnaire was used to classify EA and non-EA (NEA) groups. Exercise dependence (ED), compulsive exercise (CE), and obligatory exercise (OE) questionnaires were used to validate the EA results. A total of 38 male and 37 female college students were selected as t he subjects for this study to investigate the effects of EA on psychophysiological health. The psychophysiological health variables were composed of depression, stress, body composition, and muscular joint health. This study showe...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 19, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alcohol-Dependent Individuals Make Detrimental Decisions under Ambiguous and Perilous Conditions
AbstractThe present study assessed the decision-making abilities of patients with alcohol dependence (AD) under ambiguity or risk conditions. Forty-eight AD patients and 50 healthy controls (HC) were subjected to the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), and Game of Dice Task (GDT) systems for evaluating their decision-making ability. Age, duration of education, and MMSE scores were compared between the AD and HC groups. The communication in each block/choice and the group was evaluated along with the relationship between the trial block and choice. The basic characteristics were similar between b...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 19, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Influence of Purpose in Life on Alcohol Self-Regulation Failure Among Male Inpatients with Alcohol Use Disorder: the Mediation Effects of Self-Control and Abstinence Self-Efficacy
In conclusion, the effects of self-control and alcohol abstinence self-efficacy might not have different mediation effects on the relationship between purpose in life and alcohol self-regulation failure. These results suggest that both to enhance self-efficacy and self-control ability and to find purpose in life are important for AUD treatment. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 19, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“Internet Addiction”: a Conceptual Minefield
AbstractWith Internet connectivity and technological advancement increasing dramatically in recent years, “Internet addiction” (IA) is emerging as a global concern. However, the use of the term ‘addiction’ has been considered controversial, with debate surfacing as to whether IA merits classification as a psychiatric disorder as its own entity, or whether IA occurs in relation to specific online activities through manifestation of other underlying disorders. Additionally, the changing landscape of Internet mobility and the contextual variations Internet access can hold has further implications towar...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - September 19, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: research