Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment Demonstrates Effectiveness in Reducing Drinking in a Midwest American Service Sample
AbstractHealthcare settings frequently rank among the lowest for referring clients to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) was employed to improve SUD outcomes; yet, effectiveness evidence is still needed. We used secondary data from patients screened in federally qualified health centers in Iowa (N = 29,121) to investigate alcohol prescreening and hazardous drinking for patients presenting on multiple visits. We found that patients demonstrated reductions in positive prescreens (73.49 percentage points, 95% CI = 72.09–74....
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 18, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Smoking Prevalence, Nicotine Dependence, and Impulsivity in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
This study compared obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and control participants in terms of smoking prevalence, nicotine dependence, and impulsivity. Data derived from 314 OCD patients and 319 control participants revealed that smoking prevalence did not differ between the two groups yet the severity of nicotine dependence was higher among OCD patients. OCD group also exhibited greater total, cognitive, and non-planning impulsivity than controls, and this pattern of differences was also evidenced in OCD and control current and never smokers. In both OCD and control group, modest positive associations were found between im...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 11, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Using the Syndrome Model of Addiction: a Preliminary Consideration of Psychological States and Traits
This article describes a collaborative research project between the Division on Addiction, Cambridge Health Alliance, a Harvard Medical School Teaching Hospital, and the Integrated Centre on Addiction Prevention and Treatment (ICAPT) of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals (TWGHs) in Hong Kong. The goal of this research is to better understand the syndrome model of addiction by establishing an epidemiology of addiction treatment seekers across various expressions of addiction (e.g., alcohol and other psychoactive drugs, gambling, sexual behaviors, online gaming). This paper presents initial findings about the demographic and ps...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 11, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Narrative Review of Pharmacotherapy Treatment for Opioid Addiction and Application in a Community-Based Model in Victoria, Australia
AbstractTo review the literature regarding the value and consumer focus of research on opioid replacement therapy (ORT) programs, relevant to the Australian rural context and community pharmacy. We conducted a narrative review of literature published between 1995 and 2015, searching EBSCOhost, PubMed and Google Scholar. Three authors collaborated to screen and synthesise studies. Effectiveness, cost affordability, diversion and retention benefits were reported from pharmacological or prescribers ’ or dispensers’ standpoint. Research was fragmented and evaluated contributions of these individual types of stakeho...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 5, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Evaluation of “Colorful Life”: A Multi-Addiction Expressive Arts Intervention Program for Adolescents of Addicted Parents and Parents with Addiction
This study evaluated an expressive arts intervention program ( “Colorful Life”) for adolescents with addicted parents and parents with addiction in Hong Kong. Different evaluation strategies were employed. Objective outcome evaluation adopting a one group pretest-posttest design showed positive changes in adolescents’ (N = 43) beliefs about addiction. Both adolescents’ and parents’ (N = 21) psychosocial competencies were enhanced post-intervention. Subjective outcome evaluation from both adolescent (N = 47) and parent (N = 22) groups showed posit...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 5, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Social Anxiety May Modify the Relationship Between Internet Addiction and Its Determining Factors in Chinese Adolescents
AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore Internet addiction (IA) and its associated factors among Chinese adolescents. Ten thousand one hundred fifty-eight Chinese adolescents were selected in this study by using random cluster sampling. The prevalence rate of IA among Chinese adolescents was 10.4%. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed gender, the only child, father-adolescent relationship, annual family income, academic performance, physical exercise, Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES) score, and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) score were significantly associated with IA among adolescents in social a...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Impulsivity and Problem Gambling: Can the Anticipated Emotional Rewards Explain the Relationship?
AbstractImpulsivity is one of the individual level dispositional characteristics that have shown a robust association with problem gambling. However, the way in which impulsivity shapes gambling behaviour is less well understood. The current study examined the explanatory role of gambling outcome expectancies of escape and excitement to further explore the relationship between impulsivity and problem gambling. A total of 491 community members completed an online questionnaire that assessed impulsivity, the anticipated emotional benefits of gambling (escape and excitement outcome expectancies), gambling frequency and proble...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problematic Instagram Use: The Role of Perceived Feeling of Presence and Escapism
AbstractThe use of social networking sites is becoming increasingly popular. Although there are many studies investigating the problematic use of social networking sites such as Facebook, little is known about problematic Instagram use (PIU) and factors related to it. The present study developed a complex model in order to examine the mediating role of perceived feeling of presence (i.e., social, spatial, and co-presence) and escapism between using different Instagram features and PIU. A total of 333 Instagram users from a high school and a state university, aged between 14 and 23  years (Mage = 17.74&nb...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Cannabis Use in Israel: a Cross Sectional Overview of Multiple Study Groups
Figures  1 and 2 were each missing the x-axis in this article as originally published. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

‘I’ll Just Pay the Rent Next Month’: an Exploratory Study Examining Facilitatory Cognitions Among EGM Problem Gamblers
AbstractClinical studies of problem gamblers (PGs) highlight the role of erroneous cognitions during problematic gambling, yet little is known about the role of cognitions in the maintenance of gambling problems. Twenty-nine electronic gaming machine (EGM) PGs engaged in focus groups and in-depth interviews, with a focus on understanding the relapse process in EGM gambling. Three themes and nine subthemes related to facilitatory cognitions were described; (i) creating available money (paying only essential bills, pokies money is not real money), (ii) minimising gambling as a problem (pseudo-control, ignoring harms), and (i...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Neighborhood Psychiatric Admissions: the Role of Open Data
This study employs publicly available census and psychiatric inpatient admission data for a large North American city to explore the association between sociodemographic characteristics and admissions, with an emphasis on housing-related factors. A regression model demonstrates that adult neighborhood inpatient admissions are significantly associated with the proportions of residents in collective dwellings (including homeless shelters and group homes) and in deteriorated housing. Other significant predictors are the population proportions of those married or co-habiting and of visible minorities, as well as neighborhood c...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problematic Online Behaviors among Adolescents and Emerging Adults: Associations between Cyberbullying Perpetration, Problematic Social Media Use, and Psychosocial Factors
AbstractOver the past two decades, young people ’s engagement in online activities has grown markedly. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between two specific online behaviors (i.e., cyberbullying perpetration, problematic social media use) and their relationships with social connectedness, belongingness, depression, a nd self-esteem among high school and university students. Data were collected from two different study groups via two questionnaires that included the Cyberbullying Offending Scale, Social Media Use Questionnaire, Social Connectedness Scale, General Belongingness Scale, Short ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Problematic Gaming Questionnaire Used to Assess Finnish Adolescents
In conclusion, these results demonstrated the suitability of the POGQ, in its Finnish version, for the assessment of problematic gaming behavior among adolescents. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

How Compulsive Buying Is Influenced by Time Perspective —Cross-Cultural Evidence from Germany, Ukraine, and China
AbstractCompulsive buying is an intensively studied phenomenon with different potential causes having been identified: materialistic values, personality deficiencies, factors of socialization, and the role of consumption culture. However, we challenge that these are the appropriate mechanisms for the underlying the responsible factors. Any new efficient approaches for therapeutic remedies will depend on identifying the most powerful psychological causes of compulsive buying. In the current study, time perspectives, measured by Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory —ZTPI (Zimbardo and Boyd1999) —are tested to asce...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 29, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Childhood Emotional Trauma and Cyberbullying Perpetration Among Emerging Adults: A Multiple Mediation Model of the Role of Problematic Social Media Use and Psychopathology
AbstractResearch suggests that a small minority of social media users experience problems as a result of their online use. The purpose of the present study was to examine the association of cyberbullying perpetration and problematic social media use with childhood emotional trauma, Cluster B (narcissistic, histrionic, antisocial, and borderline) personality traits, dissociative experiences (DEs), depression, and self-esteem in a nonclinical undergraduate sample. A total of 344 university students volunteered to complete a questionnaire that included measures on the aforementioned dimensions. Thirty-eight percent of the par...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 23, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Health Implications of Marijuana Use: the Colorado Experience for Informed Decision-making in Israel
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 23, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Methamphetamine-Associated Psychosis Spectrum: a Clinically Focused Review
AbstractMethamphetamine use is a global concern, and methamphetamine-associated psychosis (MAP) is a particular harm resulting from regular use of the drug that causes significant distress and burden on health and social services. This paper aims to provide a clinically focussed and up-to-date overview of the prevalence, risk factors, and clinical and cognitive features of MAP. The prevalence of MAP ranges between 15 and 30% in recreational settings and up to 60% in some inpatient treatment settings, with up to a third of people with MAP later diagnosed with persistent psychotic disorders. The frequency of methamphetamine ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Life on the Western Front of Israel Stressful Living Conditions and Adolescent Cannabis Use
This study is aimed at the implications of exposure to such conditions on youth in the town of Ofakim in the Negev. A focus group was conducted with youth following the Israeli Defense Forces ’ “Protective Edge” response to continued attacks from Gaza (July–Aug. 2014). Focus group participants reported high stress levels during the operation that resulted in an increase of substance use including alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, synthetic cannabis-like substances (e.g., “Nice Guy,” “Spice” and “Black Mamba”) and changes in eating and sleeping behavior. The Ofakim resil...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 18, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Marijuana Use and Related Health Care Encounters in Colorado Before and After Retail Legalization
AbstractWith legalization of retail marijuana in Colorado, and the opening of dispensaries in January 2014, two key questions were how legalization would impact marijuana use and whether there would be an increase in adverse health events. Legalization did not noticeably impact marijuana use rates among adolescents or young adults. Past-30-day use among adolescents remained steady for more than ten years, pre- and post-legalization. Use among 18 –25-year-olds has gradually increased for over ten years, with no change in the trend around legalization. However, healthcare encounters with mention of marijuana have incre...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 18, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Personality Factors in Exercise Addiction: A Pilot Study Exploring the Role of Narcissism, Extraversion, and Agreeableness
AbstractDespite the increased evidence and acceptance of exercise being classed as a behavioral addiction, there is limited research examining personality characteristics within exercise addicts. The purpose of this study was to examine three personality traits (narcissism, extraversion, and agreeableness) and to examine their role in exercise addiction. The sample comprised 114 voluntary participants (74 females and 40 males) who completed the (i) Exercise Addiction Inventory, (ii) Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and (iii) Ten-Item Personality Inventory, as well as demographic questions and questions concerning their ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 17, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Uses and Gratifications of Problematic Social Media Use Among University Students: a Simultaneous Examination of the Big Five of Personality Traits, Social Media Platforms, and Social Media Use Motives
The objectives of the present study were to investigate the influences of (i) demographics and Big F ive personality dimensions on social media use motives; (ii) demographics and use motives on social media site preferences; and (iii) demographics, personality, popular social media sites, and social media use motives on PSMU. The sample comprised 1008 undergraduate students, aged between 17 and 32  years (M = 20.49, SD = 1.73; 60.5% women). The participants completed a questionnaire comprising the Social Media Use Questionnaire, Social Media Usage Aims Scale, and Ten-Item Personality Invent...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 15, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Internet Addiction, Fatigue, and Sleep Problems Among Adolescent Students: a Large-Scale Study
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to examine the association between Internet addiction (IA), fatigue, and sleep problems among university students. A total of 3000 Turkish students aged 18 to 25  years were approached and 2350 students (78.3%) participated in this cross-sectional study from April 2017 to September 2017 in public and private universities in Istanbul. Data were collected via a structured questionnaire including socio-demographic details, lifestyle and dietary habits, Interne t Addiction Test (IAT), Fatigue Scale, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Descriptive statistics, multivariate, and facto...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 14, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Mediating Role of Self/Everyday Creativity and Depression on the Relationship Between Creative Personality Traits and Problematic Social Media Use Among Emerging Adults
AbstractPersonality is one of the important contributory factors in the development of problematic technology use. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the direct and indirect associations of creative personality traits with problematic social media use via self/everyday creativity, depression, and loneliness. A total of 460 Turkish emerging adults aged between 18 and 26  years (61% female) were surveyed. Findings indicated that (i) task-orientedness was indirectly associated with problematic social media use via self/everyday creativity, (ii) self-confidence was directly and indirectly associated with ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 14, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Evaluation Study of the “RESTART” Program—Short-Term Residential Treatment for Addiction
AbstractThe syndrome model of addiction argues that addiction should be conceptualized as a syndrome with multiple opportunistic expressions. The model is built on the observation that despite the various manifestations of addictive behaviors, they share many commonalities in terms of the etiology and the associated consequences. This model proliferates the understanding of the high relapse rate in addiction after receiving solely symptom-focused treatment. For clinicians, this conceptual model emphasizes the importance of in-depth multidimensional assessment and treatment modality for the interacting underpinnings of addi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gender, Rumination, and Awareness of the Perpetrator ’s Identity as Predictors of Help-Seeking Among Cyberbullying Victims
AbstractPrevious studies have highlighted the importance of help-seeking as a strategy that has a potential to reduce incidents of cyberbullying. Although several intervention programs incorporated help-seeking strategies as a key element of education, relatively little is known about the individual factors that may influence help-seeking propensity among victims. The present study investigated cyberbullying-specific factors, dysfunctional emotion regulatory strategies, and psychological resources as possible predictors of help-seeking. A total of 447 cyberbullying victims (49.9% male;Mage = 28.9 years, ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 7, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Disclosure, Stigma, and Social Support Among Young People Receiving Treatment for Substance Use Disorders and Their Caregivers: a Qualitative Analysis
AbstractRelational processes (i.e., disclosure, stigma, social support) experienced by youth with substance use disorders (SUDs) and their caregivers may act as barriers to, or facilitators of, recovery but are understudied. Single-session qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 patients and 15 caregivers recruited by clinicians from a SUD program. There was variability in disclosure experiences, including how many people knew about patients ’ SUD diagnosis and treatment, whether patients or caregivers primarily disclosed to others, and feelings about others knowing about one’s or one&rsqu...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 7, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Addressing the Health Impacts of Cannabis Through Interprofessional Education —Institutional and Curricular Considerations
This article discusses the critical institutional and curricular considerations that academic medical centers and other institutions that teach and train health professions will need to address as they plan their response to cannabis. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 7, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Allergic Reactions to Legalized Marijuana Use in Colorado
AbstractThe state of Colorado decriminalized marijuana use in 1975, legalized its use for medical purposes in 2000, and voters approved recreational use in 2016. During this period, there has been a dearth of information about respiratory and skin reactions to marijuana use and/or exposure to the substance from working in the industry or home growing conditions. This brief report, based on patient complaints, evidences Cannabis sativa as a mild allergen. However, significant exposure can elicit marked respiratory and dermatologic allergic reactions requiring proper diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, contaminants such a...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - May 2, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Measurement Invariance of the Nine-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale (IGDS9-SF) Across Albania, USA, UK, and Italy
AbstractThe IGDS9-SF, which assesses Internet Gaming Disorder behaviors, has been validated in a number of countries (Portugal, Italy, Iran, Slovenia), although the psychometric equivalence of the instrument has been assessed only across Australia, the USA, the UK, and India. This research aimed at providing further cross-cultural insights into IGD by assessing the factorial structure of the IGDS9-SF in Albania and investigating its measurement invariance across Albanian, Italian, American, and British gamers. Multi-Group Confirmatory Factor Analyses were performed on a sample of 1411 participants from Albania (n =&...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Demographic Variables  and Substance Use in Undergraduates
AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore the relationships between demographic variables and substance use during the last month among undergraduates. A self-administered questionnaire “Students 2004” was distributed among a convenience sample of undergraduates (n = 983; between the ages of 21 and 36) at a large, public university in the south of Poland. The data were analyzed statistically, using chi-squared test, logistic regression, and cluster analysis. The results indicated that excessive alcohol drinking and substance use among students are related to being male, studying social sciences, ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cannabis Use and Treatment Challenges in Israel: Overview and Personal Perspective
AbstractWidespread cannabis use is a concern in Israel, and its popularity continues to grow despite government and non-government prevention, education, and treatment efforts. The National Service for Treatment of Addiction (Service), Israel Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services maintains a fundamental position that cannabis is an illegal, harmful, and addictive substance. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of cannabis use in the country and provide insight of the challenges being faced resulting from use of the substance. Particular attention is given to the Negev region of the country, Israel &...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 27, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Loneliness, Depression, Social Support Levels, and Other Factors Involving the Internet Use of High School Students in Turkey
AbstractThis descriptive study was carried out to examine problematic Internet use among high school students, and its relationship with the students ’ family characteristics, loneliness, depression, and social support levels. For this study, 881 students were chosen by simple random sampling method from 8346 high school students in 18 secondary institutions of Edirne, Turkey. Data were collected using Online Cognition Scale, Depression Scale f or Children, UCLA Loneliness Scale, and Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale. The study found that younger students, especially males, who used the Internet in the ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 20, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Protection of Privacy of Information Rights among Young Adults with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractProtection of privacy of information for young adults with developmental disabilities and their families is essential to promote quality of life, well-being, empowerment, and inclusion. Despite this, the young adults ’ information privacy rights are increasingly at risk. This paper provides a scoping review, applying Arksey and O’Malley’s (2005) approach, of all published peer-reviewed journal articles and gray literature to examine the barriers and facilitators in utilization of legislation that protects the collection, use, disclosure, and access of personal information in Canada. The scoping re...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 18, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Being There: A Preliminary Study Examining the Role of Presence in Internet Gaming Disorder
AbstractInternet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has been introduced as an emerging mental health condition requiring further study. Associations between IGD and gaming presence (i.e., absorption in the virtual environment) have been implied. The aim of the present study was twofold: (a) to evaluate the extent to which presence contributes to IGD severity and (b) to examine longitudinal differences in IGD according to the initial level of presence experienced. The participants comprising 125 emerging adults aged 18 to 29  years completed either (i) three face-to-face assessments (1 month apart, over 3 months) or (ii) ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 17, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

In-Play Sports Betting: a Scoping Study
AbstractTechnology has changed the nature of gambling practices over the last decade and is continuing to do so. The online sports betting industry has become a rapidly growing sector of the global economy, with online sports betting contributing 37% of the annual online gambling market in Europe. There has been an integration of social and technological processes that has enabled the cultural saliency of contemporary online betting. One of the more newly introduced forms of online sports betting is in-play sports betting behaviour (the betting on events within a sporting event such as football and cricket). In-play sports...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Policy Pitfalls and Challenges in Cannabis Regulation: Lessons from Colorado
AbstractSince legalization of recreational marijuana use in 2012, Colorado has been a site of regulatory experimentation to support commercial sales. The path to legal recreational use began with a series of policy events that expanded the state ’s medical marijuana program to include the creation of dispensaries and significantly increase the number of registered users. Voters convincingly passed a constitutional amendment that permitted commercial sale of recreational marijuana, and the state has created a regulatory model, based on a p rivate business model, to address potential negative impacts. Colorado has used...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cannabis Use in Israel: a Cross Sectional Overview of Multiple Study Groups
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to review cannabis use among a cross section of Israeli high school, school dropouts, university students, hospitality workers, and adults in drug treatment. Based on national statistics, 27.0% last year and 19.1% last month cannabis (i.e., marijuana and hashish) use has been reported among 18 –65 year olds. This is a higher rate than what is reported in the USA and European countries. Findings across the study groups evidence high rates of cannabis among school dropouts and adults in drug treatment. University students tend to have a higher rate of current use than hospitali...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Up the Ladder of Concern: Youth and Young Adult Cannabis Use
AbstractThis paper aims to review patterns of cannabis (i.e., marijuana and hashish) use among high-risk Israeli youth and young adults based on research conducted by the Ben-Gurion University, Regional Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Center. A total of 1074 Israeli youth (67.0% male, 33.0% female) were studied from 2004 to 2016. The youth and young adults included those placed in residential programs for learning and/or behavior problems (youth villages) and were school dropouts referred to a 90-day treatment facility for drug abuse. Country of origin, determined by mother ’s birthplace, revealed 42.4% of the youth ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Synthetic Cannabis Use in Israel: “Nice or Bad Guy—Spice”
AbstractAn alarming increase in the use/abuse of synthetic psychoactive substances known as “designer drugs” or “legal highs” (“Nice Guy” in Israel) has caused the governments of many countries including the USA to pass legislation banning the sale, possession, and use of specific synthetic cathinones and cannabinoids. “New psychoactive substances” (NPS) pose a public healt h risk. Early research on synthetic cannabinoids done in the 1980s and 1990s describes benign outcomes. Research in vivo in animals supported the positive influence of synthetic cannabinoids as an antiemet...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Stress-Coping Model of Problem Online Video Game Use
AbstractIt is argued that problem video game use (PVGU) has similarities with behavioral addictions such as problem gambling. Unlike other addictions, the predictors of online PVGU have not been studied extensively. We applied a stress-coping model, previously developed for electronic gambling addiction, to PVGU. In this model, stressors lead to excessive behavior via maladaptive coping strategies involving the behavior. Video game players (N = 2261) completed an online questionnaire about their gaming habits, and self-report measures of depression, loneliness, social anxiety, and escapism and social interact...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Positive Expectancies for the Future as Potential Protective Factors of Suicide Risk in Adults: Does Optimism and Hope Predict Suicidal Behaviors in Primary Care Patients?
AbstractThe present study sought to examine optimism and hope as predictors of suicidal behaviors (viz., suicide ideation and suicide attempt) in a sample of 179 adult primary care patients. Furthermore, we aimed to determine if the combination of hope and optimism would account for additional variance in the prediction model for suicidal behaviors among this population. In this cross-sectional study, participants completed measures of hope (viz., agency and pathways), optimism, and suicidal behaviors, as well as a series of demographics questions. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to test the aforementioned ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Compassionate Utilitarian: Reconciling the Competing Moral Values Behind Efforts to Regulate Cannabis Use
AbstractArguments about whether or not to legalize and regulate the sale, possession, and use of cannabis for recreation can be framed as ethical debates. Typically, for example, an argument based on the four principles of biomedical ethics might note that this policy debate pits individual autonomy rights against the harms associated with increasing social acceptance of using cannabis. But these debates tend to rapidly devolve to arguments about data; what exactly are the benefits and harms associated with legalization? This makes it seem that people on either side of the legalization debate are mostly concerned about tan...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Negev of Israel: People in Social and Cultural Transition
This article highlights key points of these regional stresses and implications for policy development. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cannabis and the Lung
AbstractWhile most cannabis use involves inhalation of the fumes from combustion, other routes of administration are also common but the consequences of these routes of exposure are less well known than from that of smoking. It is clear that prolonged use of cannabis causes chronic bronchitis and airflow obstruction in heavy users. However, there is a need to further understand the lung biology influenced by cannabis use, the potential for lung carcinogenesis, the effects of high THC products, and the health effects of different routes of administration. This review summarizes the present state of knowledge with regard to ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Bedouin-Arab People of the Negev: Conditions and Responses
AbstractAbout one-third of the Israel ’s Negev region population is Bedouin-Arab. During the past two decades or so, the Bedouin society has undergone rapid social and cultural change with positive and negative consequences including living conditions that are triggers for drug use—smoking, alcohol use even if forbidden by Islamic r eligious tenets, cannabis, synthetic cannabis, and other harmful substances. This paper reviews multiple factors that are related to emergency conditions including a war with drugs. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Life on the Western Front of Israel Stressful Living Conditions and Adolescent Cannabis Use
This study is aimed at the implications of exposure to such conditions on youth in the town of Ofakim in the Negev. A focus group was conducted with youth following the Israeli Defense Forces ’ “Protective Edge” response to continued attacks from Gaza (July–August 2014). Focus group participants reported high stress levels during the operation that resulted in an increase of substance use including alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, and synthetic cannabis-like substances (e.g., “Nice Guy,” “Spice,” and “Black Mamba”) and changes in eating and sleeping behavior. The Ofaki...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Case for a Regulatory Cannabis Enclave in the Resort City of Eilat
AbstractThis commentary advocates a city-based regulation, in which the private growing, commercial sale and personal use of cannabis will be legalized in the resort city of Eilat. Specifically, we argue that due to unique geo-cultural characteristics, this resort city is a suitable place to extend the decriminalization process started in Israel in 2017. Based on the Colorado experience, this commentary highlights the rationale and some guiding principles that can serve as the pivot around which the discussion on Eilat as the first cannabis enclave in Israel should revolve. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 12, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Analyzing the Links Between Problematic Social Media Use, Dark Triad Traits, and Self-esteem
AbstractSocial media use, which is regarded as a popular leisure activity around the world, brings about the risk of becoming problematic in its wake, and personality differences have been shown to relate with different levels of engagement in risky social media use. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of problematic social media use (PSMU) with Dark Triad (DT) traits (i.e., Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism) and self-esteem. A total of 827 university students [495 (60%) women and 332 (40%) men,Mage = 20.36, SD = 1.47] filled out a questionnaire that included the...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 11, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

College Student Drinkers Have Higher Self-Compassion Scores than Nondrinkers
AbstractForgiveness, particularly forgiveness of oneself, has been associated with lower alcohol use in several samples. We aimed to confirm this finding in college students and expand it by exploring the relationship of self-compassion to alcohol use. Surprisingly, we found that students who drank (n = 54) scored higher than nondrinkers (n = 30) on the self-kindness and mindfulness aspects of the Self-Compassion Scale, as well as the self-forgiveness aspect of the Heartland Forgiveness Scale. There was no statistical difference between social drinkers and binge drinkers. The relationships of se...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Gender Differences in the Association between Cyberbullying Victimization and Perpetration: The Role of Anger Rumination and Traditional Bullying Experiences
AbstractReaders should note the following corrected passages in this article: Page 2: “According to a recent meta-analysis by Modecki et al. (2014), 36% of adolescents have been victimized in TB (ranging from 9% to 97.9%) and 15% in CB (ranging from 2.2% to 56.2%).” (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - April 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Source Type: research