Validation and Performance of the Brief Screener for Substance and Behavioural Addiction (SSBA) Amongst University Students
This study assessed the reliability, validity, and predictive utility of the SSBA in a sample of 656 university students. Participants completed the SSBA and external screening instruments for the target substances and behaviours. The SSBA demonstrated good-to-excellent convergent validity and internal consistency across all substance and behaviours. Selected cut-points also showed good sensitivity and specificity. Overall, the SSBA provides an accurate and reliable measure of addiction risk across a range substances and behaviours in university students. It may be an effective tool for identifying university students at-r...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 17, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Impacts of Psychological Distress on Life Satisfaction and Wellbeing of the Indian General Population During the First and Second Waves of COVID-19: A Comparative Study
AbstractThe current study aims to understand the impact of psychological distress caused by the COVID-19 pandemic on life satisfaction and wellbeing, in the Indian context. The study also analyses the differences in these effects between the first and second waves of the pandemic. For this purpose, a survey was conducted during the two waves of the pandemic. Eight hundred eighty-four and 925 respondents participated in the first and second waves, respectively. The study showed that depression, anxiety, and stress negatively related to life satisfaction and wellbeing during both waves. The study also showed that the effects...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 16, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Does Childhood Trauma Associate with Social Media Addiction? A Cross-sectional Study from Iran
AbstractAdverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with many maladaptive behaviors and adverse outcomes. This cross-sectional study examined the association of ACEs with social media addiction in adulthood. A sample of 1233 Iranian people aged 19 to 65  years old (55.5% females) was surveyed to explore SMA and ACEs. SMA and ACEs were estimated using the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS) and International Adverse Childhood Experiences Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF), respectively. The prevalence of SMA was 22.2% (95% CI: 19.2; 24.6). Physical -emotional abuse and sexual abuse were reported by 59.3% (95% C...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 15, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

US-Mexico Border Stress and Daily Substance Use Among Latino Youth: a Cross-Sectional Study
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 15, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Is the Global Pandemic Driving Me Crazy? The Relationship Between Personality Traits, Fear of Missing Out, and Social Media Fatigue During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria
This study investigates how individual “Big Five” personality traits influence fear of missing out leading to social media fatigue, the impact of social media fatigue on social media fatigue behavior during the COVID-19 lockdown. As a result, this study proposes and develops a model using the structural equation modelling for data obtained from young adults in the South-Western region of Nigeria. Results show the impact of openness, conscientiousness, and extraversion emotional instabil ity was positively significant towards fear of missing out over the use of social media during COVID-19, whereas the effect of...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 15, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale Validity in a Romanian Sample Using Item Response Theory and Network Analysis
AbstractThe validation of the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS) in different cultural contexts is contributory in adding to the extant research body on psychometric qualities of the scale. The main purpose of this study was to examine the validity of the BSMAS, based on classical test theory and advanced psychometric testing, namely item response theory (IRT) and network analysis in a Romanian sample of 705 participants (39% males, aged 18 –54 years,M = 30.24,SD ± 9.15). Composite reliability and McDonald’s omega proved the very good internal consistency of the ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 15, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of an Instrument to Assess the Fear of COVID-19 in a Sample in Argentina: a Mixed Approach
The objective of this study was to evaluate the homogeneity and construct validity of the 5-item version of the FCV19S, using an online questionnaire in 599 people. The participants ’ age ranged from 18 to 65 years. Age, gender, marital status, educational level, employment status, and socioeconomic status were analyzed. In the evaluation process we assessed interitem correlation, item rest-correlation, confirmatory factor analysis: Root Mean Square Error of Approximation, C omparative Fix Index, Tucker-Lewis Index; internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha, McDonald’s omega), and the Rasch model was as...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 14, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Dropout or Early Treatment Response Among Gamblers with Depressive Symptoms
This study examined dropout and early treatment response among those with probable depression in the first six therapy sessions of a gambling problem treatment program. The percentage of individuals who dropped out of treatment was 37%. Dropout was highest after the intake session and decreased at each subsequent session. We identified a group of early treatment responders who showed reduced depressive symptoms and improvement on gambling-related variables. This group made up about 12% of the total sample and about half of those traditionally viewed as in-treatment dropouts. Demographic and gambling history/behavior variab...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 14, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Food Addiction Features Are Related to Worse Academic Performance in Adolescents
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 14, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adolescent Compliance with anti-COVID Measures. Is It Related to Substance Use?
AbstractPrevalence rates of compliance with anti-COVID measures have been widely studied, but little is known about this issue in early adolescence. Moreover, the relation between substance use and compliance with anti-COVID regulations is still unexplored. Thus, this study aimed to determine the level of compliance with anti-COVID measures by adolescents and the link between substance use and compliance with anti-COVID regulations. This was a cross-sectional study including 909 participants (Mage = 12.57;SD = 0.81). The most complied measure was mask-wearing, followed by avoiding hug/kiss frien...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 13, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Impulsivity and Stressful Life Events Independently Relate to Problematic Substance Use in At-Risk Adolescents
AbstractA primary goal of the current study was to examine impulsivity and stressful life events as predictors of at-risk youth substance use and its consequences. These factors were assessed in a sample of 205 adolescents (82% male, 60% white) in a military-style residential facility. Participants completed self-report measures of lifetime substance use behaviors (YRBSS), personality factors associated with impulsive tendencies (UPPS-P), and experiences of stressful life events (SLES). Results indicated that select impulsivity dimensions predicted substance use and the inclusion of stress as a model predictor outperformed...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 13, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Latent Class Analysis of Mental Health Severity and Alcohol Consumption: Associations with COVID-19-Related Quarantining, Isolation, Suicidal Ideations, and Physical Activity
AbstractThe present study examined latent class cluster group patterns based on measures of depression and anxiety symptom severity and alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic. Hypothesized correlates with latent class cluster groups including quarantining, self-isolation, suicidal ideations, sitting hours per day, and physical activity (vigorous intensity exercise in minutes per week) were examined. The delimited participant sample consisted of 606 university young adults 18 to 25  years of age (M = 21.24 ± 1.62). Latent cluster analysis (LCA) modeled patterns of depression...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 13, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Self-Compassion Moderates the Association Between Body Dissatisfaction and Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractIdentifying risk and protective factors for suicidal ideation during adolescence is essential for suicide prevention. One potential risk factor is body dissatisfaction which appears to peak during adolescence. The present study investigated the self-compassion buffering effects in the relationship between body dissatisfaction and suicidal ideation. A convenience sample comprising 580 adolescents (mean age 16.35  years;SD = .87; range 14–18 years) was recruited from public schools. The results indicated a strong positive association between body dissatisfaction and suicidal ideatio...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 13, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gender and Age in Gambling Participation, Gambling Onset, and Problematic Gambling in a General Population Sample: Empirical Findings from Germany
AbstractVery few general population studies have analyzed the associations of age and gender with several aspects of gambling in Germany. Internationally, conflicting results have been found. Additionally, a decrease in age of onset of gambling was found in the USA but could not yet be demonstrated for Germany. We close these gaps, using data from the 2010/11 German Pathological Gambling and Epidemiology —dataset (n = 15,023; aged 14–64, 49.4% female, weighted data). Logistic regression models were used on nine specific gambling activities, three aggregated variables, the onset of gambling and gam...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 10, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Barriers to Treatment as a Hindrance to Health and Wellbeing of Individuals with Mental Illnesses in Africa: a Systematic Review
AbstractAfrican countries continue to neglect the effects of mental illness on their communities. Identifying barriers to treatment and developing mitigation strategies is essential to address the burden of mental illness within Africa. We searched PubMed, Medline, PSYCHInfo, ERIC, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, and reference lists through June 2020. Studies addressed barriers to mental illness treatment affecting patients and/or their care team. Data was extracted using a standardized data collection form. Three independent, blinded reviewers extrapolated qualitative and quantitative data. Themes were summarized qu...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 10, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adaptation of the European Portuguese Version of the Nomophobia Questionnaire for Adolescents, Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties
This study aimed to test the factor structure and psychometric properties of the European Portuguese version of the Nomophobia Questionnaire for Adolescents (NMP-Q –A). Sample 1 comprised 338 adolescents (58.6% girls), with a mean age of 13.55 (SD = 2.07) years old, and was used to examine the factor structure of the NMP-Q–A, its psychometric properties and the association with other constructs. Sample 2 included 193 adolescents (53.9% boys), with a mean age of 13.61 (SD = 0.80) years old and was used to further test the NMP-Q–A factor structure. One higher-order factor with fo...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 10, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Perceived Gambling Availability and Adolescent Gambling Behavior: the Moderating Role of Self-Efficacy
AbstractGeographic accessibility has been linked to gambling behavior, but little is known about whether the perception of gambling availability in both offline and online venues is prospectively associated with adolescent gambling behavior. Further, relatively few studies have analyzed the interaction between environmental and individual factors in explaining adolescent gambling and problem gambling. This prospective study examined the association between perceived gambling availability, gambling frequency, and problem gambling among 554 adolescents aged 13 –17 years (mean = 15.1, female 47.4%) an...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 10, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Protective Factors for Decreasing Nicotine, Alcohol, and Cannabis Use Among Adolescents with a History of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
This study examined if individual-, family-, school-, and community-level protective factors were associated with a decreased likelihood of substance use. Data from the Well-Being and Experiences Study (the WE Study) collected from 2017 to 2018 were used. The sample was adolescents aged 14 to 17 years (N = 1002) from Manitoba, Canada. Statistical methods included descriptive statistics and logistic regression models. The prevalence of past 30-day substance use was 20.5% among boys and 29.2% among girls. Substance use was greater among adolescent girls compared to boys. Protective factors associated with an increased likeli...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 9, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Coping with COVID-19 Prolonged and Cumulative Stressors: the Case Example of Egypt
AbstractThe current study aimed to explore how COVID-19-traumatized populations cope using a coping model based on wills to exist, live, and survive (WTELS) that leads to positive coping and posttraumatic growth (PTG). We used data from 11 Arab countries (N = 2732), including Egypt (N = 831), and included measures for COVID-19 stressors (COVID-fear, economic, lockdown, and grief stressors), WTELS, resilience, religiosity, spirituality, social support, and PTG. We conducted ANOVA on the main sample to explore the differences between Arab countries, hierarchical regressions, a nd path analysis on ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 8, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Assessing the Psychometric Properties of the Smartphone Addiction Inventory and Development of a New Short-Form Among Young Adults in Malaysia
AbstractThe 26-item Smartphone Addiction Inventory with four factors (SPAI; Lin et al.,PLoS One,9(6), e98312,2014) is a useful measurement of smartphone addiction. However, some studies have found cultural differences when using it and therefore, support a five-factor model with 24 items (5F-SPAI) instead. Moreover, it is unclear whether the SPAI is applicable to the Malaysian population. The present study examined the factor structure and the psychometric properties of the SPAI in the Malaysian context. Confirmatory factor analyses on the responses provided by 308 undergraduate students favored the five-factor model over ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 7, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Is There a Relationship Between Youth Bullying and Internet Addiction? An Integrative Review
AbstractYouth bullying is a global public health problem; Internet addiction is on the rise globally among youths. Because the linkage between these behaviors has not been clearly explicated, this integrative review evaluated the relevant empirical evidence. A search of five electronic databases identified 2,761 original citations published between January 2000 and May 2019. After further abstract screening and detailed evaluation of 262 full-text articles, the final sample consisted of 14 prospective descriptive studies representing 10 countries. Review results clearly established that the relationship between bullying an...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 6, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

People Who Used Illicit Drugs Had Higher Rates of Road Traffic Accidents: a Population-Based Study in Taiwan, 2007 –2016
AbstractRoad traffic under the influence of drugs is an important issue of public health and social safety. We aimed to investigate the temporal trends of road traffic accidents (RTAs) involving people who used illicit drugs. A population-based retrospective study was conducted using data from the Taiwan Illicit Drug Issue Database (TIDID) and traffic accident data. We divided road users involved in RTAs during 2007 –2016 into people who used nonillicit drugs and people who used illicit drugs and then calculated the rates of RTAs and fatalities. Age, sex, and driving under the influence of alcohol were considered. Po...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - January 6, 2022 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“I don’t want to take buprenorphine for the rest of my life”: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for a Client Struggling to Reduce Low-Dose Buprenorphine (a Hermeneutic Single-Case Efficacy Design)
AbstractThe misuse of substances is often maintained by both physical and psychological factors. Opioid-substitution medications manage physical aspects of addiction; however, difficulties with emotional regulation and avoidance perpetuate continued substance misuse. In the UK, individuals who misuse substances are often excluded from mental health services, meaning these underlying difficulties are not addressed. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) seeks to reduce emotional avoidance. A hermeneutic single-case efficacy design was used to evaluate the effects of ACT within drugs and alcohol service. Quantitative and qu...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Psychometric Validation of the Spanish Gaming Disorder Test (GDT): Item Response Theory and Measurement Invariance Analysis
The objective of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Spanish Gaming Disorder Test (GDT) by assessing its dimensionality, reliability, convergent validity, and associations with other variables of importance through polytomous Item Response Theory (IRT) and Measurement Invariance (MI) analysis across genders. To achieve this,  a sample of 538 gamers (42.94% female, meanage = 23.29 years, SD = 7.24) was recruited. The results obtained supported a one-factor structure for the Spanish GDT with adequate reliability and convergent validity. Furthermore, satisfact...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Work Addiction and Work Engagement: a Network Approach to Cross-Cultural Data
This study aimed to investigate direct relationships of work addiction symptoms with dimensions of work engagement. We used three samples in which work addiction was measured with the Bergen Work Addiction Scale and work engagement was measured with the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. One sample comprised responses from working Norwegians (n1 = 776), and two samples comprised responses from working Poles (n2 = 719;n3 = 715). We jointly estimated three networks using the fused graphic lasso method. Additionally, we estimated the stability of each network, node centrality, and node pr...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Impacts of the COVID-19 Lockdown on the Mental Health and Life Satisfaction of the Japanese Population
AbstractCOVID-19 has been a global challenge ever since its emergence, with reports suggesting negative effects on the mental health and well-being of people. We investigated the associations of the socioeconomic changes driven by the pandemic, illness, well-being, and fear of COVID-19 in Japan. Totally, 565 Japanese individuals completed an online survey, including questions on their self-restraint and changing incomes, and the Fear of COVID-19 Scale; Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale; and present, past, and future life satisfaction scale. Analysis using structural equation models revealed that refraining from going out w...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problematic Social Network Use: Structure and Assessment
The objective of this study was to develop a new measuring instrument of problematic use of SNs. The sample comprised 1003 participants over 18 years old (M = 42.33;SD = 14.32). Exploratory factor analysis was performed with a randomly selected 30% of the sample, and confirmatory factor analysis with the remaining 70%. The reliability of the instrument was estimated, and evidence of validity in relation to the variables —anxiety, depression and satisfaction with life—was obtained. The new scale demonstrated a two-dimensional structure (GFI =0.99; RMSEA= 0.06), with one factor of negative social comparison (&alp...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fear of COVID-19 and Positivity: Mediating Role of Intolerance of Uncertainty, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress
This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of intolerance of uncertainty, depression, anxiety, and stress in the relationship between the fear of COVID-19 and positivity. The participants consisted of 960 individuals, including 663 females (69.1%) and 297 males (30.9%). The age of the participants ranged between 18 and 76 (29.74  ± 9.64). As a result of the correlation analysis, a positive relationship was found between fear of COVID-19 and intolerance of uncertainty, depression, anxiety, and stress, and a negative relationship was determined between the fear of COVID-19 and positivity. The res...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problem Gambling and Problem Gaming in Elite Athletes: a Literature Review
AbstractResearchers have raised concerns about mental health in elite athletes, including problem gambling, where research hitherto is scarce. While gambling has been assessed in the younger student-athlete population, neither gambling nor the recently recognized behavioral addiction of gaming disorder has been sufficiently addressed in the elite athlete population. The present systematic literature review aimed to summarize research knowledge on the prevalence and correlates of problem gambling and problem gaming in elite athletes. Research papers were searched systematically using the Scopus, PsycINFO, and PubMed/MEDLINE...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Impact of Treatment Orders for Residential Treatment of Comorbid Severe Substance Use Disorders for Youth Suffering from Early Psychosis: a Case Series
AbstractImpacts of comorbid severe substance use disorders (SUD) on first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients can, in some cases, be extremely serious (dangerousness, suicidality, homelessness). Traditional treatment approaches for SUD may unfortunately fail or not be acceptable to them. Impacts of mandatory residential SUD treatment (RT) are sometimes integrated to community treatment orders (CTO) but have not been studied. This is a retrospective longitudinal study by medical file review of 16 FEP patients with serious consequences of severe comorbid FEP and substance use disorders, who attended mandatory RT prescribed with...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Assessing Psychological Response to the COVID-19: The Fear of COVID-19 Scale and the COVID Stress Scales
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - December 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use: a Randomized Trial
AbstractAlcohol misuse is related to various issues in the workplace context, such as workplace accidents, absenteeism, conflicts, and stress. This work aims to assess the effects of brief intervention (BI) on alcohol-related issues use in the university workplace environment. The method consisted of a controlled, randomized clinical trial with an experimental design, quantitative. Initially, 1011 workers answered the instruments, 143 individuals who were classified as risk users participated in the final sample of the randomized clinical trial. Individuals were randomized to receive feedback and brochures (feedback,n&thin...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 30, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Validation of the Chinese Version of the Exercise Dependence Scale-Revised (EDS-R)
AbstractA validated Chinese version of Exercise Dependence Scale-Revised (EDS-R) is currently lacking. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of this translated scale in a Chinese sample. Following a forward –backward translation of the EDS-R, the Chinese version (EDS-C) and validated scales assessing associated constructs were administered to a large sample of habitual exercisers (N = 1447, 54.4% male) in several universities and communities in China. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), gender-based invariance test, internal consistency and test–retest reliability, and ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Dichotomous and Weighted Scoring of the Problem Gambling Severity Index Converge on Predictors of Problem Gambling
AbstractIn its original development, the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) compared frequency weighted and dichotomous scoring of items. Although dichotomous scoring yielded a higher correlation with clinical assessments, it also yielded higher estimates of problem gambling prevalence. The aim of the present study was to compare the two scoring methods as potential moderators in the identification of important psychological predictors of problem gambling. Sports (n = 581) and non-sports gamblers (n = 670) completed an online survey containing the PGSI and standardized measures of impulsivity, gambling motivation, and ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Pandemic-Related Changes in Alcohol and Cannabis Use: Comparing Retrospective Reports and Prospective Data
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

COVID-19 Fear Among Pakistanis: Psychometric Evaluation of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale Using Item Response Theory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis
AbstractThe Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) assesses the fear of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and has been translated and validated into over 20 languages. The present study conducted confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and item response theory (IRT) analyses on the FCV-19S among a sample of 937 Pakistani adults (mean [SD] age of 25.83 [11.80] years; 537 [57.3%] females). The CFA and IRT confirmed the unidimensionality of the FCV-19S. The Likert-type scale used in the FCV-19S was supported by the proper threshold orderings. Additionally, no DIF contrast had an absolute value larger than 0.5 regarding the p...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Disgust and Emotion Dysregulation in Misophonia: a Case for Mental Contamination?
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to investigate whether dispositional disgust sensitivity and affective styles are associated with features of misophonia and whether emotion dysregulation plays a role in this relationship. We anticipated disgust sensitivity and emotion dysregulation to be vulnerability factors for the emotional distress and behavioral reactions seen in misophonia. A sample of 334 adults (223 females, 104 males, and 7 non-binary individuals) ranging in age from 18 to 65  years were recruited through online social media websites and completed an online battery of scales that consisted of the Dis...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Understanding and Responding to Substance Use and Abuse in the Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon Prior to and During COVID-19 Times
This study highlights the complexities in tackling drug dealing and related criminal activity within refugee camps and humanitarian settings, and the vulnerabilities of those living within to harmful drug use. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japan: Applying Topic Modeling in Daily Life Descriptions
This study highlighted that monitoring the mental health of individuals with economic impacts and physical symptoms may reduce the damage of COVID-19. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Examining the Mediating Effect of Believability on the Relationship between Social Influences and Smoking Behavior for Smoking Cessation among Korean Youths
This study aimed to examine the mediating effect of believability of pictorial cigarette pack warnings on the relationship between social influences and the number of cigarettes smoked per month by Korean youth. Data from the 14th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey conducted in 2018 was studied. The survey collected data on the health and health behaviors of Korean youths aged between 12 and 18  years. The study sample consisted of 3151 adolescent smokers, about 70% of whom were male. The age of the study sample ranged from 13 to 18 (SD = 1.412). The number of cigarettes smoked per month was 16 (SD ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predicting the Number of GHB-Related Toxicologic Admissions Using Google Trends Data
AbstractIn the era of novel psychoactive substances (NPS), the internet became a relevant source of information and purchase for those who consume psychoactive drugs. Parallelly, a growing body of research aim to utilize web search metrics (most commonly by relying on Google Trends data) in the prediction of substance use-related trends, including epidemiological forecasting. The main goal of the current study was to assess the utility of web search queries in the prediction of Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB)-related toxicologic admissions in Hungary by performing additive decomposition of time series to identify trend and sea...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Exploration of Intra-individual Mechanisms for the Association Between Childhood Conduct Problems and Early Adolescent Substance Use
AbstractBehavioural disinhibition and depression symptoms have both been suggested as potential mechanisms linking conduct problems (CP) to adolescent substance use; however, their roles have yet to be conclusively identified. The current project examines whether these mental health characteristics mediate the association between CP and early adolescent substance use. Participants (N = 744) were drawn from an ongoing longitudinal study on children with and without early CP. Structural equation models showed significant associations between CP at T1 (6.3 to 10.6 years old) and both depression symptoms and...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 24, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Work-Life Balance and Mental Health Needs of Health Professionals During COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey
AbstractHealth professionals constitute a group that is at a high risk of COVID-19. They have been found to experience difficulties in many issues, one of which is that they face the risk of infecting themselves and others due to interaction with high-risk patients. The present study investigates how demographical and individual factors and work addiction affected work-life balance and mental health needs of health professionals. The data of the present study were collected in the first wave of pandemic. The hypothesized structural equation model was rejected based on the fit indices. The second analysis of modified model ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 24, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Perceived Stress During the COVID-19 Pandemic Mediates the Association Between Self-quarantine Factors and Psychological Characteristics and Elevated Maladaptive Daydreaming
In this study, we explored a set of lockdown measures (e.g., self-quarantine) and personal factors (e.g., education, history of depression, and personality traits) that might potentially exacerbate MD experienced during the lockdown period. We also examined whether perceived stress acted as a mediator in the relationship between these factors and MD. During the first lockdown from April to June, we analyzed data provided by 1083 individuals from the USA, the UK, Italy, and Turkey. A path analysis revealed that perceived stress mediated the effects on MD of self-quarantine, previous episodes of depression, low education lev...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Illness Perception and Explanatory Models Involved in Health Services for Addictive Disorders and Dual Disorders in Mexico
AbstractAn increased prevalence in mental disorders, addictive disorders, and dual disorders is one of the most relevant public health problems worldwide. The understanding of these disorders in the Mexican population must improve in order to adjust public strategies and policies focused on prevention and treatment. The aim of this article is to delve into elements of illness perception guided by the proposed explanatory models of Kleinman and their impact on health care services for these disorders. A study of illness perception in our population could contribute significantly toward a comprehensive understanding of the d...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mental Health Concerns, Insomnia, and Loneliness Among Intern Doctors Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from a Large Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh
AbstractPrecisely how intern doctors (or trainee physicians) have been impacted during the COVID-19 pandemic is currently poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the mental health consequences (i.e., depression, anxiety, and stress), insomnia, and loneliness among intern doctors in Bangladesh amidst the pandemic. A cross-sectional offline survey of 108 intern doctors (53.7  % female; mean age = 24.80 ± 1.08; age range = 23–29 years) in a large tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh was conducted. The participants were surveyed randomly from respective wards during their duties with an an...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Italian Version of Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI-I) for Adolescents: Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Relation with Self-Control and Internalized-Externalized Symptoms
AbstractThe increased smartphone use in adolescence has led clinicians and researchers to carry out in-depth studies on the matter. Adolescents seem to be at risk of smartphone addiction because they are yet to develop self-control in smartphone use. This psychometric study aimed at examining the levels of validity evidence for the Smartphone Addiction Inventory-Italian (SPAI-I) version for adults, among adolescents. Confirmatory Factor Analysis confirmed the factor structure of the SPAI-I version for adults among adolescents but not the exploratory factor structure for adults of the original Smartphone Addiction Inventory...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 18, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Screening Tool for Exercise Addiction: The Psychometric Properties of the Italian Exercise Addiction Inventory
AbstractExercise addiction is characterized by morbid pattern of behavior which may have negative psychological consequences, seriously compromising the lives of those affected. The Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI) is one of the most used psychometric instruments for assessing the risk of exercise addiction and has been translated into a number of languages. However, it has never been psychometrically validated in Italian. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to test the psychometric properties of the EAI among Italian-speaking exercisers. The back-translation process was utilized to develop an Italian version...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Validation of the Spanish Version of  Fear of COVID-19 Scale: its Association with Acute Stress and Coping
(Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predictors of Inpatient Care in a 10-Year Retrospective Cohort Registered in an Outpatient Substance Use Disorder Treatment Program
AbstractThe intensity of the treatment need for substance use disorders (SUD) varies across individuals and time. Under-treatment leads to poor outcome, and over-treatment increases the cost of care. The present study aimed to determine the predictors for inpatient treatment within the first 6  months of registration in an outpatient treatment program. This was a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients registered in a multi-disciplinary outpatient treatment program between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2018, and followed-up at least for 6 months. In the initial 6 months, 407 (15.67%) out of 25...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - November 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research