Dysfunctional neurocognition in individuals with clinically significant psychopathic traits 

Dysfunctional neurocognition in individuals with clinically significant psychopathic traits
. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2019 Sep;21(3):291-299 Authors: Blair RJR Abstract The main goal of this review is to consider the main forms of dysfunctional neurocognition seen in individuals with clinically significant psychopathic traits (ie, reduced guilt/empathy and increased impulsive/antisocial behavior). A secondary goal is to examine the extent to which these forms of dysfunction are seen in both adults with psychopathic traits and adolescents with clinically significant antisocial behavior that may also involve callous-unemotional traits (reduced guilt/empathy). The two main forms of neurocognition considered are emotional responding (to distress/pain cues and emotional stimuli more generally) and reward-related processing. Highly related forms of neurocognition, the response to drug cues and moral judgments, are also discussed. It is concluded that dysfunction in emotional responsiveness and moral judgments confers risk for aggression across adolescence and into adulthood. However, reduced reward-related processing, including to drug cues, is only consistently found in adolescents with clinically significant antisocial behavior, not adults with psychopathy.
. PMID: 31749653 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Dialogues Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Related Links:

Jeffrey A. SingerOn January 20th, theCincinnati Enquirer ran a story on the recentreport from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that showed a 30.1 percent drop in prescription opioid volume from 2010  – 2011 to 2016 – 2017. While the CDC report was non‐​judgmental, it was greeted by hospital administrators and emergency physicians in the Cincinnati area as good news.The article quotes one physician/ ​hospital spokesperson as saying:“The patient can know, ‘My encounter with the ED will … lead to a good outcome. I will not be ex...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto de um protocolo de manejo da dor e redu ção do consumo de opioides no consumo geral de opioides e nos desfechos clínicos. Métodos: Estudo em centro único, quasi-experimental, retrospectivo, de coortes antes e depois. Utilizamos uma série temporal interrompida para analisar as alterações no nível e na tendência de utilização d e diferentes analgésicos. Foram usadas comparações bivariadas nas coortes antes e depois, regressão logística e regressão quantílica pa...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Conclusion: Ambas as escalas são adequadas para a avaliação da dor em pacientes intubados orotraquealmente, internados em unidade de terapia intensiva, contudo, apresentam limitações em populações específicas como doentes vítimas de trauma, queimados e do f oro neurocirurgico. É sugerida a realização de mais estudos sobre o tema e em populações específicas.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
In this study we evaluated the influence of pain as a risk factor for recurrent falls (two or more in 1  year) in the older (65-79 years) and oldest-old (80 or more years) non-insti...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma is considered to be a risk factor for developing anxiety as well as chronic pain. The aim of this study was to assess the association between childhood trauma and reporting anxiety and long-term pain conditions in the general a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Discussion IF YOU ARE IN A CRISIS SITUATION AND NEED HELP, call 1(800) 273-TALK(8255) there IS someone there who can help you, En Espanol 1-888-628-9454, or Text “HOME” to 741-741. Other resources are available at http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is defined as the intentional, self-inflicted damage to the surface of the body without suicidal intention, which is not socially sanctioned[,]” such as piercing or tattooing. Examples of NSSI include self-cutting (70-97%), hitting (21-44%), burning (15-35%), scratching, banging, scraping or carving. The prevalence is in...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
The autonomic nervous system interacts with the pain system. Knowledge on the effects of high velocity low amplitude spinal manipulations (SM) on autonomic activity and experimentally induced pain is limited. ...
Source: Chiropractic and Osteopathy - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Pain Research - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsBased on a moderate level of certainty, orthodontic patients treated with Invisalign appear to feel lower levels of pain than those treated with fixed appliances during the first few days of treatment. Thereafter (up to 3  months), differences were not noted. Malocclusion complexity level among included studies was mild. Pain is one of many considerations and predictability and technical outcome are more important, mainly considering that the difference does not seem to occur after the first months of the orthodont ic treatment.
Source: Progress in Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Practitioners will require licences under new plan Related items fromOnMedica Surgeons exiting early due to pension tax issues Poor pain management - a major cause of opioid crisis Huge surge in rejection of requests for knee and hip surgery Surgical league tables could mislead patients over death rates Rising number of operations cancelled for non-clinical reasons
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
More News: Brain | Neurology | Neuroscience | Pain