Gemtuzumab Chemotherapy MRD Levels; Glasdegib Post-transplant, Adult Untreated, de Novo, Fav Interm Risk AML

Condition:   Acute Myeloid Leukemia Interventions:   Drug: Glasdegib;   Drug: Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin Sponsor:   Gruppo Italiano Malattie EMatologiche dell'Adulto Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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The novel antibody product was superior to chemotherapy for young patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia who had relapsed and allowed more of them to undergo transplant.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
(NIH/National Cancer Institute) New findings from a clinical trial show that treatment with the immunotherapy drug blinatumomab is superior to standard chemotherapy for children and young adults with high- or intermediate-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) that has relapsed. Those treated with blinatumomab had longer survival, experienced fewer severe side effects, had a higher rate of undetectable residual disease, and were more likely to proceed to a stem cell transplant.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
Authors: Olin RL Abstract Intensive therapies are often medically indicated for older adults with hematologic malignancies. These may include induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), as well as autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (autoHCT) and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (alloHCT). However, it is not always clear how to best deliver these therapies, in terms of determining treatment eligibility, as well as adjusting or adding supportive measures to the treatment plan to maximize successful outcomes. Beyond performance status and presence of comorbidities, comprehensive geriatric as...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Fielding AK Abstract The understanding and treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia have changed rapidly in the past 10 years. The outcome is equally as good as for Ph- disease, and with targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapies in addition to chemotherapy, the novel immunotherapy approaches, and the extension of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HCT) to older individuals, there is the potential to exceed this outcome. There is particular interest in reducing chemotherapy exposure and considering for whom allo-HCT can be avoided. However, the pat...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Ruan J Abstract Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a distinct subtype of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation leading to cyclin D1 overexpression and cell cycle dysregulation. Molecular profiling with gene expression and deep sequencing analyses has identified genomic and epigenomic alterations in pathways regulating the cell cycle, DNA damage response, proliferation, and survival, which contribute to disease progression with important prognostic and therapeutic implications. Clinically, the nonnodal MCL subset is notable for leukemic presentation, indolent behavior, ...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Smith CC Abstract Midostaurin and gilteritinib are FLT3 inhibitors that have been recently approved for use in FLT3-mutant acute myeloid leukemia (AML). These approved drugs represent a new standard of care for patients with FLT3 mutations in both the first-line and salvage settings. The success of midostaurin used in combination with induction chemotherapy has prompted exploration of newer, more potent and targeted inhibitors (including gilteritinib) in the first-line setting in combination with chemotherapy. At the same time, the success of gilteritinib and other newer FLT3 inhibitors as monotherapy in t...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
This article reviews the current landscape of antibody-based and cellular immunotherapies under current clinical evaluation with an emphasis on active or soon-to-open phase 1 trials for children with relapsed/refractory AML. PMID: 31808843 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
i Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the most common acute leukemia in adults, is a heterogeneous malignant clonal disorder arising from multipotent hematopoietic progenitor cells characterized by genetic and concerted epigenetic aberrations. Core binding factor-Leukemia (CBFL) is characterized by the recurrent reciprocal translocations t(8;21)(q22;q22) or inv(16)(p13;q22) that, expressing the distinctive RUNX1-RUNX1T1 (also known as Acute myeloid leukemia1-eight twenty-one, AML1-ETO or RUNX1/ETO) or CBFB-MYH11 (also known as CBFβ-ΣMMHX) translocation product respectively, disrupt the essential hematopoie...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionPlerixafor proved effective to mobilize adequate numbers of PBSCs in individual patients with relapsed malignancies after prior single or tandem HDC+PBSCT. These PBSCs could establish sustained multi-lineage hematopoietic engraftment without any sequelae.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, the protein expression of 79 AML blast samples collected from newly diagnosed patients was examined through flow cytometry. Gamma-secretase inhibitors were used in AML mouse xenograft models to evaluate the contribution of Notch pharmacological inhibition to mouse survival. We used univariate analysis for testing the correlation and/or association between protein expression and well-known prognostics markers. All the four receptors (Notch1–4) and some ligands (Jagged2, DLL-3) were highly expressed in less mature subtypes (M0–M1). Notch3, Notch4, and Jagged2 were overexpressed in an advers...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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