Antibiotics: past, present and future.

Antibiotics: past, present and future. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2019 Nov 13;51:72-80 Authors: Hutchings M, Truman A, Wilkinson B Abstract The first antibiotic, salvarsan, was deployed in 1910. In just over 100 years antibiotics have drastically changed modern medicine and extended the average human lifespan by 23 years. The discovery of penicillin in 1928 started the golden age of natural product antibiotic discovery that peaked in the mid-1950s. Since then, a gradual decline in antibiotic discovery and development and the evolution of drug resistance in many human pathogens has led to the current antimicrobial resistance crisis. Here we give an overview of the history of antibiotic discovery, the major classes of antibiotics and where they come from. We argue that the future of antibiotic discovery looks bright as new technologies such as genome mining and editing are deployed to discover new natural products with diverse bioactivities. We also report on the current state of antibiotic development, with 45 drugs currently going through the clinical trials pipeline, including several new classes with novel modes of action that are in phase 3 clinical trials. Overall, there are promising signs for antibiotic discovery, but changes in financial models are required to translate scientific advances into clinically approved antibiotics. PMID: 31733401 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Opinion in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Microbiol Source Type: research

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ConclusionOur findings argue against a co-selection mechanism of antimicrobial drug-resistance and zinc tolerance after dietary zinc supplementation in weaning piglets. An explanation for an increase in multi-drug resistant isolates from piglets with high zinc dietary feeding could be that resistant bacteria to antimicrobial agents are more persistent to stresses such as zinc or copper exposure.
Source: Gut Pathogens - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study sheds light on the virulence and AMR potential of E. coli ST302 strains and informs AMR genomic surveillance.
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Lab Chip, 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D0LC00055H, PaperVasileios Anagnostidis, Benjamin Sherlock, Jeremy Metz, Philip Mair, Florian Hollfelder, Fabrice Gielen Uncovering the heterogeneity of cellular and multicellular constructs is a long-standing goal in fields ranging from antimicrobial resistance to cancer research. Emerging technology platforms such as droplet microfluidics hold the... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Lab Chip latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
A. Vesty et al.
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study provides strong evidence that following a healthy lifestyle can substantially extend the years a person lives disease-free." Commentary on Recent Evidence for Cognitive Decline to Precede Amyloid Aggregation in Alzheimer's Disease I can't say that I think the data presented in the research noted here merits quite the degree of the attention that it has been given in the popular science press. It is interesting, but not compelling if its role...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsST10 is considered as a high-risk clone worldwide. This type of mcr-1-harbouring clone is a major concern for human and animal health and must be under close surveillance. This study detected the presence of mcr-1 for the first time in Uruguay, albeit in an allodemic manner, associated with different antibiotic-resistance genes and from diverse clinical contexts. Considering that colistin is often the last therapeutic option available for multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli infections, it is important to maximise precautions to avoid dissemination of isolates carrying mcr-1.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings raise potential public health concerns for environmental contamination of MRSA and MRSE in school environments. Surfaces of school environments may potentially provide a source for cross-contamination with these bacteria into the wider community.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We describe Four Core Elements of Enhancing AMS Health Literacy in the Outpatient Setting, utilizing the Centers for Disease Control and Preve ntion’s framework: (1) leadership commitment, (2) intervention/action, (3) tracking/reporting, and (4) education/expertise. We call upon leaders in outpatient settings to embrace this approach to curb inappropriate antimicrobial use.
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
DiscussionThis trial is expected to reveal whether SCT is non-inferior to conventional LCT or not, and may provide evidence that one can shorten the treatment duration for acute cholangitis for the benefit of patients.Trial registrationUniversity Hospital Medical Information Network,UMIN000028382. Registered on 30 August 2017.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In this study, we aimed to identify the beta-lactam resistance phenotypes and genotypes of multidrug-resistant (MDR) non-repetitive GNP from 3 tertiary hospitals in Egypt. WZe studied 495 non-repetitive MDR Gram-negative isolates from patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI), complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI), and lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), collected as part of the “Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends” (SMART) conducted in 3 tertiary hospitals in Cairo, Egypt, from 2015 to 2016. Identification and susceptibility testing of GNP to antimicrobials were te...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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