Effect of rutin on anxiety-like behavior and activity of acetylcholinesterase isoforms in specific brain regions of pentylenetetrazol-treated mice

Publication date: January 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 102Author(s): Maria Anesti, Natalia Stavropoulou, Korina Atsopardi, Fotini N. Lamari, Nikolaos T. Panagopoulos, Marigoula MargarityAbstractThe aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of rutin administration (100 mg/kg/day) to pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-treated Balb-c mice (60 mg/kg/day), with respect to anxiety-like behavior using both open-field and elevated plus-maze (EPM) tests, and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in salt-soluble (SS) fraction and detergent-soluble (DS) fraction of the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, striatum, midbrain, and diencephalon. Our results demonstrated that the administration of PTZ in 3 doses and the induction of seizures increased significantly anxiety behavior of mice and reduced significantly DS-AChE activity in all brain regions examined, while the reduction in the SS fraction was brain region-specific. Rutin administration to normal mice did not affect their behavior, while it induced a brain region-specific reduction in SS-AChE and a significant decrease in DS-AChE in all brain regions. We demonstrated for the first time that pretreatment of PTZ-mice with rutin (PTZ + Rutin group) prevented the manifestation of anxiety and induced interestingly a further significant reduction on the SS- and DS-AChE activities only in the cerebral cortex and striatum, in comparison with PTZ group. Our results show that rutin exhibits an important anxiolytic effect an...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Our data are in accordance with previous findings outlining that N + insomniacs have higher PSQI scores than N-. Our results do not confirm the suggested association between napping and depressive or obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Conversely, we found a statistically significant difference (p = 0.0014) in EAT scores in N + and N-. Hyperarousal and REM sleep instability in insomniac patients may create an unbalance of the neuroendocrine hypothalamic regulation leading to an appetite alteration. PMID: 31790624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: Insomnia symptoms and obesity were related to overall aggressive behavior in PWE independent of depressive symptoms. The individual subscales of the AQ were correlated differently with the various factors including male sex, obesity, depressive symptoms, anxiety, insomnia symptoms, epilepsy severity, polytherapy, and the use of perampanel.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsObsessive–compulsive symptoms are common in persons with epilepsy and are associated with severe epilepsy, temporal lobe seizures, and the use of topiramate and lamotrigine. Specifically, the use of lamotrigine may aggravate OCS, whereas the use of topiramate may have beneficial effects on OCS.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
__________ Just a heads-up about a great event later this week in Dublin, Ireland, for those working on virtual and augmented reality and healthcare innovation. When: Thu Dec 5, 2019 8:00 am — Fri Dec 6, 2019 5:00 pm. Where: Davenport Hotel Featured sessions include: Day 1 – Thursday, December 5th, 2019 9:00am‑9:30am Introductions, Welcome and Setting The Stage Robert Fine, Executive Director, International Virtual Reality and Healthcare Association (IVRHA) 9:30am-10:30am Keynote Presentation:  Virtual Reality and Healthcare: The Past, The Present and The Future Dr. Walter Gree...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness Technology augmented reality Dublin healthcare healthcare innovation virtual-reality Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Obsessive-compulsive symptoms are common in persons with epilepsy and are associated with severe epilepsy, temporal lobe seizures, and the use of topiramate and lamotrigine. Specifically, the use of lamotrigine may aggravate OCS, whereas the use of topiramate may have beneficial effects on OCS. PMID: 31805509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Abstract One of the most common neurological disorder occurs among 1% of population worldwide is epilepsy. Therapeutic failure is common with epilepsy and nearly about 30% of patient fall in this category. Seizure suppression should not be the only goal while treating epilepsy but associated comorbidities which can further worsen the condition should also be considered. Treatment of such comorbidities like depression, anxiety, cognition, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and, various other disorder which co-exist with epilepsy or are caused due to epilepsy should also be treated. Novel targets or the existi...
Source: Epilepsy Curr - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Mol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Abstract Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological conditions. Recent findings suggest that one of the mechanisms promoting its existence is calcium influx. The transient receptor potential melastatin type 2 channel (TRPM2) is a Ca2+-permeable cation channel that contributes to cell apoptosis; its possible signaling pathway is the PARP1/BNIP3/AIF/Endo G pathway that may be related to epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate the TRPM2 channel's involvement in epilepsy and how it works. We also explored the possible role of the TRPM2 channel on cognitive ability and emotion in epilepsy. To accomplish...
Source: Brain Research Bulletin - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Bull Source Type: research
Authors: Andrade C Abstract Clobazam is a 1,5-benzodiazepine that has been approved for use, in various parts of the world, as an add-on treatment for seizure disorders and as a treatment for anxiety. Pharmacoepidemiological data from different countries show that a small percentage of women with epilepsy (WWE) receive clobazam during pregnancy. Surprisingly, there has been little to no discussion in literature on the teratogenicity of clobazam. A network meta-analysis published in 2017 found a markedly elevated rate of overall and specific major congenital malformations (MCMs) with clobazam; whereas statistical si...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 102Author(s): Ciarán Campbell, Gianpiero L. Cavalleri, Norman DelantyAbstractThere is a long-documented epidemiological link between epilepsy and psychiatric disorders. People with epilepsy are at an increased risk for a variety of psychiatric illnesses, as are their family members, and people with epilepsy may experience psychiatric side effects because of their antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). In recent years, large-scale, collaborative international studies have begun to shed light on the role of genetic variation in both epilepsy and psychiatric ill...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionScreening for psychological distress in patients with epilepsy is of high importance in clinical practice as somatic, depression, and anxiety symptoms and overall psychological distress are more severe in patients with epilepsy than in healthy controls. The symptoms of psychological distress are strongly associated with the adverse effects of AEDs. The epilepsy characteristics, the AEDs, and the psychological distress could determine a large part of illness perception in epilepsy, with the adverse effects of AEDs being the strongest predictor.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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