Chemical behaviors and toxic effects of ametryn during the UV/chlorine process.
This study systematically investigated the fate of AMT during the UV/chlorine process. It was observed that the combination of UV irradiation and chlorination degraded AMT synergistically. The results of the radical quenching experiments suggested that AMT degradation by the UV/chlorine process involved the participation of UV photolysis, hydroxyl radical (OH) reactions, and reactive chlorine species (RCS) reactions, which accounted for 45.4%, 36.4%, and 14.5% of the degradation, respectively. Moreover, we found that Cl- 2 was an important reactive radical for AMT degradation. The chlorine dose, pH, coexisting anions (Cl- and HCO3-), and natural organic matter (NOM) were found to affect AMT degradation during the UV/chlorine process. Nineteen predominant intermediates/products of AMT degradation during UV/chlorine process were identified, including atrazine. Moreover, the corresponding transformation pathways were proposed, including electron transfer, bond cleavage (C-S, C-N), radical (OH, Cl and Cl- 2) reactions, and subsequent hydroxylation. The toxicity tests with Vibrio fischeri on AMT degradation suggested that more DBPs were generated by UV/chlorine-treated AMT, which possessed higher acute toxicity than AMT did. Although the UV/chlorine process evidently promoted the AMT degradation, optimization of process parameters may reduce the DBP production and merits further investigation. PMID: 31726615 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p
In this study we explored the use of a natural compound rubusoside (RUB) as a solubilizer to enhance the solubility of a fluorescence-labeled C6-Ceramide (NBD C6-Ceramide) and to characterize its pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in an animal model. RUB significantly enhanced the solubility of NBD C6-Ceramide by forming nanomicelles, and efficiently delivered NBD C6-Ceramide in rats by oral and intravenous administration. RUB loaded 1.96% of NBD C6-Ceramide in the nanomicelles and solubilized it to a concentration of 3.6 mg/mL in water. NBD C6-Ceramide in nanomicelles remained stable in aqueous solutions, all...
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Prostaglandins &Other Lipid MediatorsAuthor(s): Giorgio Mottola, Evan Werlin, Bian Wu, Mian Chen, Anuran Chatterjee, Melinda Schaller, Michael S. ConteAbstractInflammation ensuing from vascular injury promotes intimal hyperplasia (IH) and restenosis. Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a lipid mediator that attenuates IH in vivo when delivered locally to the vessel wall in animal models. We tested the hypothesis that peri-procedural oral administration of RvD1 could blunt the local inflammatory response to angioplasty, and attenuate downstream IH. Carotid angioplasty was per...
First-of-its-kind trial evaluates decision aid’s efficacy
Authors: Glauser W PMID: 31818934 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Owens B PMID: 31818933 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Dermer M, Martel J, Greenhill A PMID: 31818932 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Robson R PMID: 31818931 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Lamb S PMID: 31818930 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Zimmer V, Glanemann M, Lammert F PMID: 31818929 [PubMed - in process]