Characteristics and circumstances of heroin and pharmaceutical opioid overdose deaths: comparison across opioids - Roxburgh A, Hall WD, Gisev N, Degenhardt L.

This study aimed to examine correlates of opioid overdose deaths by opioid and compare correlates between opioids. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Context: Prescriptions for nonopioid pharmacological therapies such as gabapentin and baclofen have been increasing. While gabapentin and baclofen are less likely than opioids to result in fatal overdose, they are each associated with dependence, mi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical outcomes of intentional overdoses involving triptans and ergotamines with a retrospective review of the National Poison Data System (NPDS). METHODS: This was a 5-year retrospective cross-sectional study (2014-2018...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Jo Kimber and colleagues have announced a public health crisis in response to the record number of drug-related overdoses in Scotland, England, and Wales. Illicitly manufactured fentanyl emerged in Estonia in 2003, and, within a year, replaced heroin a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Self-reported non-fatal overdose (NFOD) is a predictor of future overdose and is often used to target overdose prevention for people released from prison. However, the level of agreement between self-reported and medically-verified NFOD history...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Publication date: February 2020Source: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology, Volume 32Author(s): Yusuf Ransome, S.V. Subramanian, Dustin T. Duncan, Daivid Vlahov, Joshua WarrenAbstractDrug- and alcohol-poisoning deaths remain current public health problems. Studies to date have typically focused on individual-level predictors of drug overdose deaths, and there remains a limited understanding of the spatiotemporal patterns and predictors of the joint outcomes. We use a hierarchical Bayesian spatiotemporal multivariate Poisson regression model on data from (N = 167) ZIP-codes between 2009 and 2014 in New York City to...
Source: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Adults released from prison are at increased risk of poor health outcomes and preventable mortality, including from overdose. Non-fatal overdose (NFOD) is a strong predictor of future overdose and associated with considerable morbidity. This st...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
This is not new news, but it's strong confirmation of earlier observations that have been somewhat controversial, and also bad news that the trend is continuing.That trend is declining life expectancy in the U.S. I'm not linking to the full report in JAMA because it's incredibly wonky and behind a paywall anyway, but rather to the associated editorial, which tells you what you need to know.Before we get into the substance of this, let me explain the concept of life expectancy. I'll try to put this simply, but some people find it confusing. It's really a fictitious, though useful, construct. It isn't really a prediction of ...
Source: Stayin' Alive - Category: American Health Source Type: blogs
Life expectancy among people living in the United States has fallen in recent years, driven in part by an uptick in deaths among young and middle-aged adults from drug overdose, alcohol consumption, and suicide, according to areport published today inJAMA.“The implications of increasing midlife mortality are broad, affecting working-age adults and thus employers, the economy, health care, and national security. The trends also affect children, whose parents are more likely to die in midlife and whose own health could be at risk when they reach that age, or sooner,” wrote Steven Woolf, M.D., M.P.H., and Heidi Sc...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: alcohol CDC drug overdose Heidi Schoomaker Howard K. Koh JAMA Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 middle-aged adults Steven Woolf suicide U.S. life expectancy young adults Source Type: research
Life expectancy at birth -- the average length of time that you are expected to live -- continues to drop for Americans, a new study finds. Drug overdoses, suicides, alcohol-related illnesses and obesity are largely to blame.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This study assessed the incidence and predictors of non-fatal and fatal drug overdoses among patients with an opioid use, treated for drug use disorders (DUD) at pub...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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