Emergency surgery for obstructing and perforated colon cancer: patterns of recurrence and prognostic factors

ConclusionsMale gender, diffuse peritonitis, positive lymph nodes, type of surgeon and postoperative anastomotic dehiscence significantly influence recurrence of  colorectal cancer in this series.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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This study investigated the protein expression profile of STC1 in PCa and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) samples and STC1 signalling during cell proliferation and cell death in vitro using cell lines. We found higher levels of STC1 in PCa when compared to BPH tissue and that STC1 inhibited forskolin stimulation of cAMP in PC-3 cells. A monoclonal antibody against STC1 was effective in reducing cell proliferation, in promoting cell cycle arrest, and in increasing apoptosis in the same cells. Since STC1 acts as a regulator of prostatic tissue signalling, we suggest that this protein is a novel candidate biomarker for p...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Trends in Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Lorenzo GalluzziAlthough somatic KRAS mutations are common in human tumors, no inhibitor of mutant KRAS was clinically available until recently. Canon and colleagues describe the ability of a clinically available KRASG12C inhibitor to drive immunogenic cancer cell death, thus constituting a promising combinatorial partner for immune checkpoint blockers.
Source: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionABCB1 C3435T and ABCG2 C421A might represent a potential risk factor for breast cancer for Turkish women.
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe findings suggest that chitosan, as a prime drug-delivery carrier, significantly alleviates the acute and sub-acute toxic effects of 6-MP.
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionResults of this study demonstrated the potential of MWL oil in the development of natural anticancer therapeutic agents.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Iftikhar Khan, Maria Apostolou, Ruba Bnyan, Chahinez Houacine, Abdelbary Elhissi, Sakib S YousafAbstractA simplistic approach was conducted to manufacture novel paclitaxel (PTX) loaded protransfersome tablet formulations for pulmonary drug delivery. Large surface area presented by pulmonary system offer better target using anti-cancer drug deposition for localized effect in the lungs. Protransfersomes are dry powder formulations, whereas transfersomes are liquid dispersions containing vesicles generated from protransf...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: These results conclude that G.A has the potential to reduce metastatic melanoma through its anti-proliferative and anti-metastatic effects.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Tamara T. Lah, Metka Novak, Barbara BreznikAbstractBrain, the major organ of the central nervous system controls and processes most of body activities. Therefore, the most aggressive brain tumor – glioblastoma and metastases from other organs to the brain are lethal leaving the patients with very short time of survival. The brain tissue landscape is very different from any other tissues and the specific microenvironment, comprising stem cells niches and blood-brain barrier, significantly influences the low rate of glioblast...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic surgery of rectal cancer with transanal method is reliable and acceptable in terms of oncologic and surgical results. This study showed the best results in patients who had protective ostomy. PMID: 29224507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgical Innovation - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Innov Source Type: research
Authors: Lee KH, Kim JY, Sul YH Abstract We experienced 3 cases of manometry-induced colon perforation. A 75-year-old man (case 1) underwent anorectal manometry (ARM) 3 years after radiotherapy for prostate cancer and a laparoscopic intersphincteric resection for rectal cancer. A 70-year-old man (case 2) underwent ARM 3 months after conventional neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and a laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer. A 78-year-old man (case 3) underwent ARM 2 months after a laparoscopic intersphincteric resection for rectal cancer. In all cases, a colon perforation with fecal peritonitis occurred....
Source: Annals of Coloproctology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Coloproctol Source Type: research
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