A Retrospective Case-Control Study on the Chest Wall and Lung Characteristics in Patients with Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax.

A Retrospective Case-Control Study on the Chest Wall and Lung Characteristics in Patients with Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax. Med Sci Monit. 2019 Nov 11;25:8482-8491 Authors: Huang H, Peng X, Zhang H, Li W, Wang C Abstract BACKGROUND Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is reported to be more common in young men who are thin and tall. This retrospective study aimed to analyze the clinical and chest wall characteristics associated with PSP. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between January 2008 to December 2017, the clinical and imaging data of 99 patients at first presentation with PSP were compared with 82 age-matched healthy controls. Computed tomography (CT) imaging was used to measure the anteroposterior and transverse diameters of the chest at four levels, including the aortic arch, tracheal bifurcation, right inferior pulmonary vein, and lower sternal edge. Chest deformity was calculated as the ratio of the transverse diameter of the hemithorax divided by anteroposterior diameter. Lung volume and average lung density of 32 cases with PSP were measured and compared with 10 patients without PSP. Intrapleural pressure of 43 cases PSP who were treated with a closed chest drain was measured and compared with 39 patients with mediastinal tumor who underwent thoracoscopic surgery. RESULTS Patients with PSP showed a normal age distribution with a median of 17-18 years. The patients with PSP had significantly reduced anteroposterior and transverse diameters of the c...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

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Authors: Kukuljan M, Miletić D, Mršić E, Oštarijaš E, Mršić A, Šoša I PMID: 31749353 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
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Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Thoracic surgery Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung cancer Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Interventional pulmonology Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ILD/DPLD of known origin Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric respiratory epidemiology Source Type: research
Granulomas caused by nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary infections can present as solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) mimicking pulmonary malignancies or other infectious granulomas. However, limited data are available regarding the detailed characteristics and outcomes of surgically resected NTM granulomas. We evaluated the characteristics of 49 surgically resected NTM granulomas presenting as SPNs of 49 patients between January 2007 and December 2016. Twenty-five (51%) were male and 27 (55%) were never-smokers. Seven (14%) patients had histories of tuberculosis and 14 (29%) histories of solid tumors. More than ha...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Interventional pulmonology Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Imaging Source Type: research
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