Effect of drying on oxidation of membrane lipids and expression of genes encoded by the Shiga toxin prophage in Escherichia coli.

This study investigated the effect of drying on membrane lipid oxidation and stx expression in E. coli. Lipid peroxidation was probed with C11-BODIPY581/591; and stx expression was assayed by quantification of GFP in E. coli O104:H4 Δstx2a:gfp:ampr. Treatment of E. coli with H2O2 oxidized the probe; probe oxidation was also observed after drying and rehydration. Lipid oxidation and the lethality of drying were reduced when cells were dried with trehalose under anaerobic condition; in addition, viability and probe oxidation differed between E. coli AW1.7 and E. coli AW1.7Δcfa. Desiccation tolerance thus relates to membrane lipid oxidation. Drying also resulted in expression of GFP in 5% of the population. Overexpression of gfp and recA after drying and rehydration suggested that the expression of Stx prophage was regulated by the SOS response. Overall, C11-BODIPY581/591 allowed investigation of lipid peroxidation in bacteria. Drying causes lipid oxidation, DNA damage and induction of genes encoded by the Stx prophage in E. coli. PMID: 31703888 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research

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