Associations among sleep symptoms, physical examination, and polysomnographic findings in children with obstructive sleep apnea

ConclusionAs PSG stays the golden standard for diagnoses of pediatric OSA, physical examinations and quality-of-life assessments are needed to fully assess the impact of OSA on children.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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ConclusionPreschool children with mild OSA present the following: skeletal Class II pattern with a more retrognathic mandible, increased overjet size, and more pronounced symptoms in the domains of sleep and emotion. Dental arch constriction is not a typical feature in our sample of Asian preschool children with mild OSA.
Source: Journal of Dental Sciences - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A significant independent correlation between aortic knob width and OSA severity was observed. Our findings suggest that an increase in the aortic knob width suggests atherosclerotic changes in the aorta and may be associated with OSA and increased arterial stiffness. PMID: 31564711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
ConclusionsOSCS is a rare disorder. Diagnosis can often be challenging because other diseases, such as osteopetrosis, pyknodysostosis, Paget disease of bone, and other sclerosing bone dysplasias, make this difficult to diagnose. Radiologists should be aware of the specific radiographic appearance of this condition to aid in the proper diagnosis and management of these patients.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsPreliminary evidence is substantiated for the benefits of 1-year PMFT using an oral device with a built-in tongue bead, including improvements in nasal breathing during sleep, mandible linear growth (Co-Gn and N-Me), airway morphology (OPha-Ophp), and patients ’ quality of life.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary evidence is substantiated for the benefits of 1-year PMFT using an oral device with a built-in tongue bead, including improvements in nasal breathing during sleep, mandible linear growth (Co-Gn and N-Me), airway morphology (OPha-Ophp), and patients' quality of life. PMID: 31478126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
ConclusionPredicting pharyngeal airway space (PAS) development after mandibular advancement by analysing lateral cephalometric radiographs (LCR) may be useful in the screening and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients. Our mathematical approach is a simple and sustainable prediction tool based on LTR data for patients with Class II malocclusions.
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Introduction: A choristoma formed by heterotopic tissue rarely occurs in the throat, especially one accompanied with cleft palate in a new-born baby. Patient concerns: An 18-month-old female patient was admitted to the hospital for apparent snoring symptoms accompanied by mouth breathing and sleep apnea. In addition, the patient presented with weak aspiration and nasal leakage during fluid intake. Diagnosis: The patient received routine physical examination and endoscopy showing that there was a wide fissure which split from the palate vertical anterior cleft to 1/3 of the hard palate. Meanwhile, we found an unclea...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: The mentum-hyoid distance of patients with severe OSA was longer compared to the other OSA groups. These patients might have more benefit from the surgeries that have an impact on the position of the hyoid bone compared to other patients with OSA.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Our aim was to radiographically and histologically characterize the tongue base tissues removed after robotic surgery and to analyze their relationship with polysomnographic measurements in obstructive sleep apnea.
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
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