In zebrafish, a way to find new cancer therapies, targeting tumor modulators
This study tested>3,800 drugs in high-throughput fashion and found that retinoic acid, best known as an acne treatment, may be effective for adenoid cystic carcinoma. A clinical trial is now being planned at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 21, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Risks and effects of adenoid removal
Adenoids are glands at the back of the throat that can become swollen and sometimes infected in children. If enlarged adenoids are causing problems, such as breathing or sleeping difficulties, removal may be necessary. The surgery is generally safe and effective, and recovery takes 1 to 2 weeks. Learn more here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - September 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics / Children's Health Source Type: news

Tonsils and Adenoids, Parent's Perspective
Title: Tonsils and Adenoids, Parent's PerspectiveCategory: Doctor's& Expert's views on SymptomsCreated: 12/31/1997 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 6/13/2018 2:55:09 PM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - June 13, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

Tonsillectomy May Worsen Long-term Health Outcomes Tonsillectomy May Worsen Long-term Health Outcomes
Removal of tonsils, adenoids before age 9 years may have long-term health consequences, including increased risk for upper respiratory tract diseases and infections, a population-based study showed.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - June 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News Source Type: news

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks
FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 -- Adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy in children are associated with increased long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, and allergic diseases, according to a study published online June 7 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head& Neck... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - June 8, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Think Twice About Tonsil, Adenoid Removal
Title: Think Twice About Tonsil, Adenoid RemovalCategory: Health NewsCreated: 6/7/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 6/8/2018 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - June 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

Tonsillectomy in childhood raises risk of respiratory diseases
Removal of tonsils or adenoids linked to two to threefold higher risk of diseases of the upper respiratory tract Related items fromOnMedica Antibiotic fails to improve lung function in children with CF Texting can improve flu jab uptake Recurrent viral RTIs in first 6 months linked to type 1 diabetes risk Paracetamol unlikely to increase child ’s asthma risk Pregnancy raises risk of critical illness with swine flu (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - June 8, 2018 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Think Twice About Tonsil, Adenoid Removal
For the study, the researchers examined Danish health records, following more than 60,000 children who had tonsils removed, adenoids removed or both ("adenotonsillectomy") before age 10. The investigators compared the medical records with data on 1.2 million peers born between 1979 and 1999. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - June 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Think Twice About Tonsil, Adenoid Removal
(Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge)
Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - June 7, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: ENT, Pediatrics, Pulmonology, Asthma, Surgery, News, Source Type: news

Think Twice About Tonsil, Adenoid Removal
THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 -- Having tonsils removed in childhood is supposed to end chronic earaches and breathing problems. But what if it also increases risk of respiratory infections? " We found that long-term risks of diseases -- in particular... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - June 7, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Preterm infants have narrowed upper airways, which may explain higher obstructive sleep apnea risk
(Children's National Health System) A multidisciplinary team used MRI to determine that the risk factors that lead to obstructive sleep apena are confined to the uppermost airway and do not appear to be explained by enlarged adenoids and tonsils. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Surgical Instructions
Title: Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Surgical InstructionsCategory: Procedures and TestsCreated: 12/31/1997 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 11/20/2017 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - November 20, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

Doctors Are Still Prescribing Codeine For Kids After Tonsillectomies, Despite FDA Warning
Despite a warning by the FDA regarding the significant safety risks of opioids, a new study published in Pediatrics finds that 1 in 20 children were still prescribed codeine after having a tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy, according to data through 2015. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - November 16, 2017 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Robert Glatter, MD, Contributor Source Type: news

Kids Having Tonsillectomy, Adenoidectomy Still Get Codeine Despite Decreasing Prescriptions
Clinicians have eased off prescribing codeine to children undergoing tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy, but 1 in 20 patients still receives codeine, a Pediatrics study finds. In... (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - November 16, 2017 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Children still being prescribed codeine, despite warnings
Codeine prescriptions for children who have had their tonsils and adenoids removed have decreased since the Food and Drug Administration began requiring a black box warning on the products four years ago, according to a new report from the American Academy of Pediatrics. However, some children continue to be prescribed codeine, and other opioid prescriptions for children have continued to rise since then. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - November 16, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study shows codeine prescribed to children despite FDA warning against it
(University of Chicago Medical Center) A new study shows as many as one in 20 children were still receiving codeine to treat pain after tonsil and adenoid surgery, two years after federal regulators warned doctors that prescribing the opioid to kids after the routine surgeries could be fatal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Welsh woman has eye removed after a trip to the dentist
Ceri Jones, 22, from Cwm, near Dyserth, north Wales, needed facial reconstructive surgery after doctors discovered she had an adenoid cystic carcinoma. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - June 19, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What are Indications for Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)?
DiscussionObstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is defined as a “disorder of breathing during sleep characterized by prolonged partial upper airway obstruction and/or intermittent complete obstruction (obstructive apnea) that disrupts normal ventilation during sleep and normal sleep patterns.” It is different than primary snoring which is snoring without apnea, sleep arousals, or problems with gas exchange. OSAS symptoms include snoring (often with snorts, gasps or pauses), disturbed sleep (often frequent arousals) and daytime neurobehavioral problems. Sleepiness during the day can occur but is less common in...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - June 12, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

FDA Drug Safety Communication: Safety review update of codeine use in children; new Boxed Warning and Contraindication on use after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is updating the public about new actions being taken to address a known safety concern with codeine use in certain children after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy (surgery to remove the tonsils and/or adenoids). (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - May 25, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

FDA Drug Safety Communication: Codeine use in certain children after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy may lead to rare, but life-threatening adverse events or death
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is reviewing reports of children who developed serious adverse effects or died after taking codeine for pain relief after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - May 25, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Should More Kids Have Their Tonsils Out?
Research suggests looser surgical guidelines might be warranted for sore throat, sleep problems Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Children's Health, Tonsils and Adenoids (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - January 17, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Phase I trial shows that a drug that inhibits the Notch signalling process is active in a range of advanced cancers
A new anti-cancer drug that inhibits a key cell signalling process involved in many different cancers has shown that it is capable of stopping the progression of cancer and shrinking tumors. Importantly, it has been able to do this in rare cancers that are less well-studied such as adenoid cystic carcinoma. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - December 2, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

A drug that inhibits the Notch signalling process is active in a range of advanced cancers
(ECCO-the European CanCer Organisation) A new anti-cancer drug that inhibits a key cell signalling process involved in many different cancers has shown that it is capable of stopping the progression of cancer and shrinking tumors; importantly, in rare, less well-studied cancers such as adenoid cystic carcinoma. Dr. Christophe Massard told the 28th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics that the drug LY3039478 was successful in inhibiting the Notch signalling pathway in patients with alterations in the Notch protein. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - December 1, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Pediatricians Say Codeine Is Not Safe For Children
Codeine is not safe to give to kids. The American Academy of Pediatrics issued a statement this week urging parents and doctors to stop giving children under the age of 18 both prescription and over-the-counter medications that include codeine, such as cough syrup and pain relievers.  “People have this very false misconception about codeine, thinking that it’s safer than other opioids,” Dr. Joseph Tobias, one of the study’s lead authors, told The Huffington Post. “Our whole push for writing this manuscript was to educate clinicians and push regulatory boards to pull codeine off the m...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - September 21, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Pediatricians Say Codeine Is Not Safe For Children
Codeine is not safe to give to kids. The American Academy of Pediatrics issued a statement this week urging parents and doctors to stop giving children under the age of 18 both prescription and over-the-counter medications that include codeine, such as cough syrup and pain relievers.  “People have this very false misconception about codeine, thinking that it’s safer than other opioids,” Dr. Joseph Tobias, one of the study’s lead authors, told The Huffington Post. “Our whole push for writing this manuscript was to educate clinicians and push regulatory boards to pull codeine off the m...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - September 21, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

FDA releases July 2016 510(k) clearances
510(K) SUMMARIES OR 510(K) STATEMENTS FOR FINAL DECISIONS RENDERED DURING THE PERIOD July 2016 TOTAL 510(k)s THIS PERIOD 236 TOTAL WITH SUMMARIES 220 TOTAL WITH STATEMENTS 16 DEVICE: Dakin's Skin and Wound Cleanser CENTURY PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. 510(k) NO: K150208(Traditional) ATTN: Stephen Deardorff PHONE NO : 1 317 8494210 10377 HAGUE RD. SE DECISION MADE: 21-JUL-16 INDIANAPOLIS IN 46256 510(k) SUMMARY AVAILABLE FROM FDA DEVICE: Sheath Introducer BIOTEQUE CORP. 510(k) NO: K150932(Traditional) ATTN: Simon Lin PHONE NO : 886 2 25710269 5 F-6, NO. 2...
Source: Mass Device - August 31, 2016 Category: Medical Equipment Authors: Brad Perriello Tags: Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Regulatory/Compliance Source Type: news

One mom ’s insights: Navigating care for children with behavior differences
Diba Jalalzadeh, now 12, paces energetically around the waiting room. She has been coming to Boston Children’s Hospital since she was a baby. She sees plastic surgeon Dr. John Mulliken for her craniofacial condition, known as Crouzon syndrome. But he’s just one of her many doctors. Diba is followed by Dr. Linda Dagi (Ophthalmology), Dr. Bonnie Padwa (Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery), Dr. Mark Proctor (Neurosurgery), Dr. David Coulter (Neurology), Dr. Laurie Ohlms (Otolaryngology) Dr. John Emans (Orthopedic Surgery), Dr. Carolyn Bridgemohan (Developmental Medicine), Dr. Dascha Weir (Gastroenterology and Nutrition...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - August 17, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nancy Fliesler Tags: Parenting autism Autism Spectrum Center child life Crouzon syndrome Dr. Bonnie Padwa Dr. Carolyn Bridgemohan Dr. Dascha Weir Dr. David Coulter Dr. John Emans Dr. Laurie Ohlms Dr. Linda Dagi Dr. Mark Proctor Dr. Roger Breitbart Source Type: news

Adenoidectomy
Title: AdenoidectomyCategory: Procedures and TestsCreated: 12/31/1997 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 8/16/2016 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - August 16, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

Health Tip: Spot Signs of Summer Allergies
-- Think you've had a summer cold? Summer allergies might actually be to blame. Here are some warning signs of allergy, courtesy of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology: Dark circles below the eyes. Swollen adenoids that cause... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - June 6, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: news

Drug target found in rare, lethal glandular cancer
Using a novel cell culture approach, researchers have discovered critical vulnerabilities in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), a rare and lethal glandular cancer with a high recurrence rate and few treatment options. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - April 20, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Some Kids Having Tonsil, Adenoid Surgery Should Be InpatientsSome Kids Having Tonsil, Adenoid Surgery Should Be Inpatients
A large proportion of pediatric patients undergo tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in ambulatory settings, including some who should be treated in the hospital, according to researchers from Stanford University in California. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - March 1, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics News Source Type: news

Kaleb’s journey: Treating C-diff with fecal microbiota transplantation
Bath time and bubbles, snuggling with Mom and playing hockey with his big brother are just a few of Kaleb’s favorite things. But for the bright-eyed three-year-old from Massachusetts, things weren’t always so carefree. Kaleb’s health changes: Battling ear infections and diarrhea As an infant, Kaleb was a healthy baby boy. He was eating well and growing by leaps and bounds. At six months, his health began to change. Multiple ear infections followed by numerous antibiotic treatments became a painful part of Kaleb’s young life. As his first birthday approached, a second, unrelated condition emerged. Bo...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - October 27, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Maureen McCarthy Tags: All posts Diseases & conditions Center for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) fecal transplant gastroenterology George Russell Mark Volk Poop pill Source Type: news

What is a Tonsillolith?
Discussion Tonsillolith or tonsil stones are calcified structures that form in the palantine tonsillar crypts. The calculi are made up of calcium and other salts, along with microorganisms and other unidentified material (oral debris), that are likely caused by chronic irritation of the tonsil. Tonsilloliths often cause no problems and are an incidental finding on physical examination, but they can cause irritation, local pain, referred pain (to the ear), foreign body sensation, abscess and halitosis. Bacterial metabolism can cause volatile sulfur compounds and gases to be produced, thus causing oral halitosis. Tonsillolit...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - October 26, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Tonsillectomy for Sleep Apnea Carries Risks for Some Kids
Though the surgery is a primary treatment for sleep disorder, breathing problems can occur afterwards Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Children's Health, Sleep Apnea, Tonsils and Adenoids (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - September 21, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Jannine McHaffie has half her face removed to try and beat adenoids cystic carcinoma
Jannine McHaffie, 25, from Essex, was diagnosed with adenoids cystic carcinoma after finding a small tumour in her nose - having suffered nosebleeds for five months. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - July 1, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The lymphatic system - How it works and why cleansing it matters
(NaturalNews) The lymphatic system is made up of glands, lymph nodes, and a network of vessels. The tonsils, spleen, thymus, and adenoids are the glands of the lymphatic system. This system plays three major roles in the body: Immunological defense, fat absorption, and fluid balance... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - June 24, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Solving Addison’s puzzle: Uncovering a congenital heart defect
Addison is a smart, sweet and caring child who brings a smile to everyone she meets. She is known for her hugs and frequently doles them out to anyone and everyone. She loves elephants—and her heart is elephant-sized! However, until last fall, Addison’s heart was causing mysterious and persistent medical issues that prevented her from doing all the things she loves. Unbeknownst to my husband and me, Addison was born with a congenital heart defect. As a baby, Addison thrived but always seemed to have something going on. She had issues with reflux and did not enjoy tummy time or sleeping on her back. Waking sever...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - May 21, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kristine Hogan Tags: Heart conditions Our patients’ stories cardiac surgery congenital heart defect congenital heart disease Heart Center Source Type: news

My Conversation With Sleep Apnea Expert Richard Schwab
Dr. Richard Schwab is a professor of medicine at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. His groundbreaking research has used innovative imaging techniques to study the development of sleep apnea (when tissues in the mouth close during sleep, resulting in repeated airway obstructions and associated oxygen drops). In our conversation, he shared his insights on the most important facts in sleep apnea research: the high prevalence of the disorder, how obesity and alcohol can cause sleep apnea, the resulting cardiovascular problems, and the importance and ease of treatments. Here is a lightly edited transcript of our c...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - April 28, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Morphine After Tonsillectomy Tied to Breathing Problems in Study
Motrin, Advil a safe option for children, researchers saySource: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Children's Health, Sleep Apnea, Tonsils and Adenoids (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - January 26, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What's in a Dream?
Not all dreaming is the same. Dreaming runs the gamut of human experience (and sometimes beyond), incorporating a dizzying range of emotions and events, often with elements of the bizarre. Dreams can be funny, frightening, sad and strange. Flying dreams can be euphoric; chasing dreams can be terrifying; forgot-to-study-for-my-exam dreams can be stressful. There are several different types of dream classifications, including nightmares, recurring dreams and lucid dreams. Let's look briefly in detail at some distinct forms of dreaming. Nightmares are broadly defined as frightening dreams that result in some degree of awa...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - January 24, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Tonsils and Adenoids, Parent's Perspective
Title: Tonsils and Adenoids, Parent's PerspectiveCategory: Doctor's ViewsCreated: 12/31/1997 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 12/1/2014 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - December 1, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks
Surgeries by age 9 associated with higher long - term risks of respiratory, infectious, allergic diseases (Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge)
Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - November 11, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Infections, ENT, Pathology, Pediatrics, Pulmonology, Surgery, Allergy, Journal, Source Type: news

Tonsillectomy Complications May Be More Likely in Poor, Minority Kids
Access to care might play a role, researcher says Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: After Surgery, Health Disparities, Tonsils and Adenoids (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - October 17, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Post-tonsillectomy complications more likely in children from lower-income families
Removing a child’s tonsils is one of the most common surgeries performed in the United States, with approximately 500,000 children undergoing the procedure each year. New research by doctors at UCLA finds that children from lower-income families are more likely to have complications following the surgery. In the first study of its kind to analyze post-operative complications requiring a doctor’s visit within the first 14 days after tonsillectomy, researchers saw a significant disparity based on income status, race and ethnicity. “Surprisingly, despite all children having a relatively uniform health s...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - October 15, 2014 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Tonsillectomy for Sleep Apnea May Trigger Weight Gain
Study found overweight kids who had surgery were more likely to become obese within seven monthsSource: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Obesity in Children, Sleep Apnea, Tonsils and Adenoids (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - July 28, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Summer's a Great Time for Tonsil Removal
Surgery won't disrupt school schedule, kids can relax during recovery, doctor says Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Page: Tonsils and Adenoids (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - June 27, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Tonsillectomy May Spur Weight Gain in Kids, but Won't Cause Obesity
Post-op rise in weight occurs mostly in younger, thinner children, research shows Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Body Weight, Children's Health, Tonsils and Adenoids (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - April 17, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Advanced Tonsil Cancer May Respond Well to Targeted Radiation
Early study sought to reduce patients' exposure to radiation's side effects Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Cancer, Radiation Therapy, Tonsils and Adenoids (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - February 21, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study Finds Tonsillectomy Just as Safe for Adults as Kids
Researchers found low complication rates, similar to those seen in children Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: After Surgery, Tonsils and Adenoids (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - January 30, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Adenoidectomy
Title: AdenoidectomyCategory: Procedures and TestsCreated: 12/31/1997 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 1/28/2014 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - January 28, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news