Effect of word accent on the difficulty of transition from core vowels in first syllables to the following segments in Japanese children who stutter.

Effect of word accent on the difficulty of transition from core vowels in first syllables to the following segments in Japanese children who stutter. Clin Linguist Phon. 2013 Jul 2; Authors: Matsumoto-Shimamori S, Ito T Abstract Abstract Matsumoto-Shimamori, Ito, Fukuda, and Fukuda (2011) proposed the hypothesis that the transition from the core vowel (i.e. syllable nucleus) in the first syllable of a word to the following segment significantly affects the occurrence of stuttering in Japanese. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether word accent (i.e. an abrupt pitch fall in Japanese) affects the production difficulty of the transition from the core vowel in the first syllable of a word to the following segment in Japanese. The participants were 25 Japanese children who stuttered, ranging in age from 6;4 to 12;5. A two- and three-syllable word naming task was used. The frequency of stuttering was not significantly different between the words with and without an abrupt pitch fall, and among those whose positions of an abrupt pitch fall were different. These results suggest that word accent does not have a significant effect on the difficulty of the transition from the core vowel in the first syllable of a word in Japanese. PMID: 23819676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

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In conclusion, with massively parallel sequencing technology and our sequence simplification strategy, sequence variations within alleles and stutter products were identified, which was useful to determine the origin of stutters, identify more stutter variants, and explore the relationships among motifs. These findings may be helpful for allele designation, a deeper understanding of the mechanism of stutter, and improving resolution in forensic mixture analyses.
Source: Forensic Science International: Genetics - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionCurrent findings offer a fragmented view of bilingual development and echoes a recurring theme, i.e., the current understanding of bilingualism and stuttering is limited and more research is warranted.
Source: Journal of Fluency Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Authors: Bharadwaj A, Andrade C PMID: 31812095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Conclusion Our findings suggest that preschool CWS may exhibit higher levels of sympathetic arousal during stuttered speech compared to when they are speaking fluently. We discuss the potential impact of increased sympathetic arousal on speech regulatory mechanisms in early childhood stuttering and present questions to guide future research. PMID: 31805242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
Abstract Recent studies indicate functional cerebral hemispheric processing differences between monolinguals and bilinguals who stutter, as well as monolinguals and bilinguals who do not stutter. Eighty native German speakers, half of whom were also proficient speakers of English as a second language (L2), were assessed on a dichotic listening paradigm using CV syllables as stimuli. The participants were organised into four different groups according to speech status and language ability: 20 monolinguals who stutter, 20 bilinguals who stutter, 20 monolinguals who do not stutter, and 20 bilinguals who do not stutte...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research
In this study, cell lines consisting of female cultured B-lymphoblastoid cells and karyocytes from male venous blood were segregated into one, two, three and five cells. Including the references with the bulk cells, all samples were generated by WGA with the multiple displacement amplification (MDA) strategy in triplicate and genotyped on CE and MPS platforms. Allele balance, stutter ratio, accuracy, repeatability and concordance of short tandem repeat (STR) markers were used to evaluate the genotyping performance on both platforms. Additionally, the sequence coverage ratio (SCR) and SNP genotypes were evaluated for sequen...
Source: Forensic Science International: Genetics - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
This week’s Psychology Around the Net addresses how to handle that dreadful job interview anxiety, why stress is necessary for a rich life, dealing with the holiday blues, why depression hits men harder than women in deprived areas, and more.       A Psychologist’s Guide to Managing Your Anxiety Before, During, and Even After a Job Interview: It’s normal to struggle with anxiety right before a job interview or when starting a new job. But how do you turn down the jitters volume so you can give your best performance? Dr. Sherry Benton, founder and chief science officer of Tao Connect, ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Aging Anxiety and Panic Depression Disorders Family General Happiness Holiday Coping LifeHelper Men's Issues Mental Health and Wellness Professional Psychiatry Psychology Psychology Around the Net Research Self-Help Stres Source Type: blogs
ss JS, Samson I Abstract Aim: The purpose of the present project was to translate the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering (OASES) to Swedish, and to compare the results with available international data.Method: The Swedish versions of OASES-A, OASES-T and OASES-S were administered to 80 adults, 27 teenagers and 32 children who stutter, respectively. The overall impact scores and the impact scores for each of the four sections of the instrument were analyzed in relation to other studies involving the OASES.Results: The results revealed that all three Swedish versions of OASES had normally d...
Source: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology. - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Logoped Phoniatr Vocol Source Type: research
If you didn’t make it to ASHA’s 2019 Convention in Orlando—or if you came but couldn’t make it to every session you wanted to attend—find out what you missed. As we scouted for future article ideas, Leader editors asked ASHA members  what they’ll take into their practice, classroom, or health care setting when they get home. Whether you’re a student or experienced clinician, find out what insights from your peers can work for you, too. ► “Right away, I will start stepping back and taking time to appreciate what these children go through,” said Catherine Cotton. T...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Audiology Events Slider Speech-Language Pathology ASHA Convention Autism Spectrum Disorder Health Care Hearing Assistive Technology hearing loss Language Disorders Schools social skills Speech Disorders Source Type: blogs
Condition:   Persistent Developmental Stuttering Intervention:   Drug: Ramipril 2.5 MG Sponsor:   HaEmek Medical Center, Israel Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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