Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 1013: The Role of Temperature in Transmission of Zoonotic Arboviruses

Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 1013: The Role of Temperature in Transmission of Zoonotic Arboviruses Viruses doi: 10.3390/v11111013 Authors: Ciota Keyel We reviewed the literature on the role of temperature in transmission of zoonotic arboviruses. Vector competence is affected by both direct and indirect effects of temperature, and generally increases with increasing temperature, but results may vary by vector species, population, and viral strain. Temperature additionally has a significant influence on life history traits of vectors at both immature and adult life stages, and for important behaviors such as blood-feeding and mating. Similar to vector competence, temperature effects on life history traits can vary by species and population. Vector, host, and viral distributions are all affected by temperature, and are generally expected to change with increased temperatures predicted under climate change. Arboviruses are generally expected to shift poleward and to higher elevations under climate change, yet significant variability on fine geographic scales is likely. Temperature effects are generally unimodal, with increases in abundance up to an optimum, and then decreases at high temperatures. Improved vector distribution information could facilitate future distribution modeling. A wide variety of approaches have been used to model viral distributions, although most research has focused on the West Nile virus. Direct temperature effects are frequently observed, as are ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Mosquitoes and midges have got a crucial role in the transmission of arboviruses. The risk of occurrence for the investigated arboviruses will continue depending upon many factors including the presence of these viruses in Turkey and its neighboring countries, uncontrolled livestock movements, global warming and climate changes. PMID: 31803784 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Ahead of Print.
Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, these newly developed cell lines may represent useful tools to study virus-cell interactions and to identify and characterize host cell factors involved in replication of rodent associated viruses. PMID: 31513859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Ilaria Pascucci, Marco Di Domenico, Giulia Capobianco Dondona, Annapia Di Gennaro, Andrea Polci, Andrea Capobianco Dondona, Elisa Mancuso, Cesare Cammà, Giovanni Savini, Jacopo G. Cecere, Fernando Spina, Federica MonacoAbstractThe continuous flow of billions of birds between Africa and Europe creates an “ecological bridge” between physically remote areas. Migratory birds fly south from their breeding grounds during late summer/fall and fly back in spring. These movements regulate the spread of internal and ex...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The precision of our results was proven to be in line with previous study results that identified high-risk areas, where WNV-infected vectors were captured from these same areas. PMID: 31346533 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research
Christine Fast Michael Lierz Rüdiger Korbel Thomas W. Vahlenkamp Martin H. Groschup Ute Ziegler Wild birds play an important role as reservoir hosts and vectors for zoonotic arboviruses and foster their spread. Usutu virus (USUV) has been circulating endemically in Germany since 2011, while West Nile virus (WNV) was first diagnosed in several bird species and horses in 2018. In 2017 and 2018, we screened 1709 live wild and zoo birds with real-time polymerase chain reaction and serological assays. Moreover, organ samples from bird carcasses submitted in 2017 were investigated. Overall, 57 blood samples of...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Contributors : Noah Ashley ; Cassandra S Scalf ; Julia H Chariker ; Eric C RouchkaSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Taeniopygia guttataThe goal of this research is to better understand the transcriptomic response in peripheral and neural tissue of zebra finch to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge using RNASeq. The acute phase response (APR) is the initial reaction of the immune system to infection, and is triggered by pro- ­inflammatory cytokines or exposure to immunogens, such as bacterial LPS. The APR also inhibits reproduction and induces a number of physiological and behavio...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Taeniopygia guttata Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Annapaola Rizzoli, Valentina Tagliapietra, Francesca Cagnacci, Giovanni Marini, Daniele Arnoldi, Fausta Rosso, Roberto RosàAbstractIn the Anthropocene context, changes in climate, land use and biodiversity are considered among the most important anthropogenic factors affecting parasites-host interaction and wildlife zoonotic diseases emergence. Transmission of vector borne pathogens are particularly sensitive to these changes due to the complexity of their cycle, where the transmission of a...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Ahead of Print.
Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Annapaola Rizzoli, Valentina Tagliapietra, Francesca Cagnacci, Giovanni Marini, Daniele Arnoldi, Fausta Rosso, Roberto RosàAbstractIn the great acceleration phase of the Anthropocene, changes in climate, land use and biodiversity are considered among the most important drivers of modifications in parasites-host interaction and wildlife zoonotic disease emergence. In the case of vector-borne diseases, changes in vector-host interaction require a continuous monitoring since this parameter con...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
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