An unusual onset of Crohn's disease with oral aphthosis, giant esophageal ulcers and serological markers of cytomegalovirus and herpes virus infection: a case report and review of the literature.

We present the case of a 23-year-old woman with recurrent episodes of oral aphthosis, dysphagia, odynophagia and heartburn. Upper digestive endoscopy revealed an irregular mucosa with multiple ulcerations with irregular margins within the mid-esophagus. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) for cytomegalovirus and herpes virus were both positive. Four years after, she presented with the same symptoms and the involvement of ileo-colonic lesions, with pathological findings helped establish the Crohn's disease diagnosis. Crohn's disease represents an idiopathic chronic inflammatory gut disease, which can affect any part of the digestive tract. The onset by esophageal disease and no intestinal involvement is rare and challenging for a proper diagnosis. PMID: 31658341 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research

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Goal: The goal of this study was to determine the relationship of reflux with gastroparesis (Gp), looking both at symptoms and objective testing. Background: Gp patients often experience gastroesophageal reflux symptoms. How the severity of reflux correlates with the severity of Gp is not known. Study: Patients referred to our academic center with symptoms of Gp completed the Patient Assessment of Upper Gastrointestinal Symptoms, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-15. They underwent 4-hour gastric emptying scintigraphy; and, if indicated, high-resolution esophageal manomet...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ALIMENTARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion: We report a 33.9% positive yield, with 65.8% of patients undergoing further workup as a result of CE and 12.7% requiring therapeutic intervention. We conclude that CE plays an important role in the investigation of IDA and occult gastrointestinal bleeding and has important implications on further management.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ALIMENTARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study was conducted in a tertiary center. PATIENTS: Data of 949 Crohn’s disease-related primary bowel resections and anastomosis from January 2011 to December 2017 were collected. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes were prevalence of intra-abdominal septic complications. RESULTS: Overall prevalence of intra-abdominal septic complications after Crohn’s disease surgery was 11.6%. Predictors included preoperative C-reactive protein level ≥40 mg/L (OR = 3.545), preoperative glucocorticoids (OR = 1.829) and infliximab use (OR = 3.365), upper GI involvement (OR = 2.072), and hypoalbuminemia (albumin level
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Ileoanal pouch abandonment is rare and can be mitigated by initial total abdominal colectomy and weight loss. Male, obese patients are at a higher risk of failure. Intraoperative assessment of ileoanal pouch feasibility should occur before rectal dissection. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B156. PREDICCIÓN MULTIVARIANTE DEL ABANDONO INTRAOPERATORIO DE LA ANASTOMOSIS ANAL CON BOLSA ILEAL ANTECEDENTES: La proctocolectomía total restaurativa con anastomosis de bolsa ileoanal puede no ser posible en algunos pacientes debido a limitaciones técnicas intraoperatorias. OBJETI...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Source Type: research
Conclusion: Seminal fluid from men with HIV from San Francisco contains nucleic acids from three different DNA viral families. A greater number of viruses, particularly CMV, were shed by participants with detectable HIV viremia (18.9 vs. 0%, Pā€Š=ā€Š0.022). Control of viremia through ART may lower shedding of other viruses in semen in addition to HIV.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research
Background: Even with antiretroviral therapy (ART), persons with HIV (PWH) experience increased morbidity and mortality. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein--Barr virus (EBV) co-infections likely exacerbate inflammatory-related diseases. Objective: To determine if presence of detectable CMV or EBV DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is associated with non-AIDS events among PWH receiving modern ART. Design: We performed a case--control study of PWH starting ART and HIV-suppressed at year 1 and thereafter, 140 cases who experienced non-AIDS events and 305 matched controls. Events included myocardial infarc...
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCE Source Type: research
Condition:   Intestinal Diseases Intervention:   Behavioral: squatting on the toilet Sponsor:   The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University Enrolling by invitation
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion: We describe previously unreported novel fundus finding, MHCL in typical VZV-kerato-uveitis cases. We presume MHCL are due to loss of melanin from choroidal melanocytes secondary to the VZV infection and propose a term "choroidal vitiligo" to describe these novel fundus findings. PMID: 32255709 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Authors: Sengul Samanci N, Poturoglu S, Samanci C, Ustabasioglu FE, Koldas M, Duman AE, Ormeci AC Abstract Background: We evaluated ocular hemodynamic changes, malondialdehyde(MDA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in patients with IBD.Methods: We used ocular color Doppler ultrasonography to analyze 56 eyes with Crohn's disease (CD), 62 eyes with ulcerative colitis (UC), 68 eyes of healthy volunteers. We measured peak systolic velocity (PSV),end-diastolic velocity (EDV),and the resistivity index (RI) of ophthalmic artery (OA) and central retinal artery (CRA). MDA and VEGF levels were measured in ...
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Conclusions: This survey found a substantial increase in CSP use during recent years. CSP has become the predominant polypectomy approach for 4ā€’10 mm colorectal polyps, while HSP remained the predominant approach for larger (10ā€’20 mm) polyps. Clinical practice patterns are well aligned with recently issued guideline recommendations. PMID: 32267187 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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