Validity and reliability of the Turkish Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-T).
Validity and reliability of the Turkish Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-T). Scand J Occup Ther. 2019 Oct 13;:1-7 Authors: Günal A, Pekçetin S, Demirtürk F, Şenol H, Håkansson C, Wagman P Abstract Background: Occupational balance (OB) is an important concept in occupational therapy and is considered as an essential component of health and well-being. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire-11 (OBQ11-T). Materials and methods: The OBQ11-T was administered to 116 individuals for construct validity analysis and to 58 individuals for reliability analysis. Validity was determined using explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis. In confirmatory factor analysis, RMSEA (root mean square error of approximation) value, comparative fit index (CFI), and Chi-square to degrees of freedom ratio (CMIN/DF) were analysed. The test-retest method and Cronbach's alpha coefficient were used to assess the reliability and internal consistency of the OBQ11-T, respectively. Results: The model fit the data according to the indices of relative fit (RMSEA = 0.076, CMIN/DF = 1.661, and CFI = 0.875). The correlation coefficient between test and retest OBQ11-T total scores was 0.922. Total scores showed a significant statistical relationship (p
Conclusion: Pain, fatigue and dyspnoea did not seem to highly correlate with occupational performance or impact occupational performance over time of people with advanced cancer. PMID: 31729272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: This review provides an overview of measurement properties of performance-based instruments and contributes to such methodological considerations before choosing an instrument. Though, the results reveal a lack of high-quality evidence for any of the measurement properties, it is recommended to use tools with the highest possible evidence for positive ratings.Significance: This review contributes with psychometric evidence on instruments to use in occupational therapy practice and research. PMID: 31725339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Homeless persons in high-income countries face multiple challenges to engaging in meaningful activity, which we argue is a disabling experience. Simultaneously, homeless persons demonstrate resilience by finding ways to engage in activities of meaning, and opportunities to connect with others in the face of multiple barriers.Significance: Implications for research and practice are discussed. PMID: 31718356 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: A group process with clearly progressing steps revealed that lonely older people are capable of empowerment and self-direction - despite their frailty and cognitive impairment. Facilitators should be familiar with group processes to enable them to progress effectively. PMID: 31714861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion and significance: This study's capabilities lens could inform professions such as occupational therapy to support families of children with disabilities from culturally diverse communities to advocate for play opportunities across settings. PMID: 31703170 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Fried A Abstract The treatment of a sick person is an invasive act of a professional and humane nature. It is based on both acquired and proven knowledge, as well as accrued clinical experience. When invading the patient's life during treatment in order to bring about beneficial results, we must rely on these two sources of knowledge. Knowledge based on clinical findings achieve validity in an empiric process of research. Knowledge based on clinical experience, by its very nature, cannot be validated empirically and depends on intuition, analogies, common sense and courage. Courage, among other things, is ...
Conclusions: Although Zimbabwean occupational therapists require similar competencies for work practice as those required in other countries, additional competencies that fall outside traditional health care contexts are essential in order to promote contextually relevant practice. PMID: 31686563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Brown T, Thyer L Abstract Background: Children's play and leisure participation is often assessed by occupational therapists. As such, it is essential that therapists utilize play and leisure scales that are valid, reliable and responsive. Aim: To examine the convergent validity between the Children's Leisure Assessment Scale (CLASS) and Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Preferences for Activities of Children (CAPE/PAC). Methods: Forty healthy Australian children (60% female; mean age 9.2 ± 2.01 years) completed the CLASS and CAPE/PAC. Spearman's rho corre...
Conclusions: Different combinations of aspects facilitated and hindered whether or not participation changed. To support people with stroke in their endeavour to retain or recapture participation, social support is important to consider in relation to transportation, activities and places outside the home. PMID: 31564178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions/Significance: Finding meaningful activities, testing actual work ability, and focusing on the best possible outcome seemed important to remain in work after cancer. It may be helpful to identify available resources and utilize them to resolve tensions resulting from cancer and cancer treatment. PMID: 31558078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]