Occupational therapy interventions for multiple sclerosis: A scoping review.
CONCLUSION: The quality of evidence that exists for occupational therapy with people with multiple sclerosis is mixed but there are studies that show that occupational therapy can improve occupational and other outcomes in this population. It is essential to build on the evidence that exists in the area. Implications for rehabilitation Occupational therapists are well-placed to intervene with multiple sclerosis symptoms. Evidence for the effectiveness of occupational therapy for people with multiple sclerosis is yet to be established. Fatigue management programmes delivered by occupational therapists are effective in reduc...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 10, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Activity repertoires and time use in people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Authors: Helle T, Joho T, Kaptain RJ, Kottorp A Abstract Background: Understanding the dynamics and aspects of how activity choices impact health and well-being in people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is important to inform rehabilitation.Aim: To describe, firstly, how much time people living with COPD spend on work, daily living tasks, recreation and rest; secondly, how this population perceived competence, importance and enjoyment related to these activities; thirdly, if differences in such perceptions and time use were associated with the living situation and COPD severity.Material and...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 9, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Assessment Tool for Perceived Agency (ATPA-22) - utility for the rehabilitation of young adults not in education, employment or training (NEETs).
Conclusions: ATPA-22 shows promise as a tool to assess young adults' perceived agency. Anyhow, as the individual life situation affects strongly to perceived agency, research on the stability of the ATPA-22 among different populations is needed.Significance: The purpose of the ATPA-22 is to measure perceived agency of individuals, and to identify aspects of agency in need for support. ATPA-22 can be used as a tool for promoting self-awareness of occupational challenges. PMID: 32589859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 27, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

A concept analysis of creative activities as intervention in occupational therapy.
Conclusions and significance: The results led to a description of CaI that could facilitate future research communication and common definition in occupational therapy practice. PMID: 32552240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Internet opportunities and risks for adolescents with intellectual disabilities: a comparative study of parents' perceptions.
Conclusion and Significance: The results provide new knowledge for occupational therapists to support positive risk-taking in internet-use for adolescents with ID, in collaboration with their parents, to enable the development of digital competencies and digital participation in everyday life in a digitalised society. PMID: 32538241 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 17, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Assessing environmental barriers by means of the swedish craig hospital inventory of environmental factors among people post-stroke.
Conclusion: In this study, the frequency-magnitude of environmental barriers encountered by people post-stroke are reported at a group level and adds information to the cumulative knowledge generation on perceived environmental barriers in the society. However, to inform which interventions are needed at a more detailed level, other data collection methods have to be added. PMID: 32544352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 17, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Can strengthening older adults' problem-solving skills through occupational therapy improve their occupational performance? A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Discussion: The findings can inform and inspire clinical practice and will help to identify the need for further research. PMID: 32544358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 17, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Experiences of sensory input in daily occupations for people with serious mental illness.
Discussion: Specific sensory inputs were difficult to process, which was experienced as stressful and affected occupations negatively. The results imply a need for further research exploring the management of sensory input and the use of sensory modulation approaches to enable engagement in daily activities. PMID: 32544360 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 17, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

'Choice' in occupational therapy theory: A critique from the situation of patriarchy in India.
Conclusions: The examples provided in this paper challenge those occupational therapy theories that portray occupational engagement as the product of individual volition and unconstrained choice.Significance: Dominant occupational therapy theories are informed by specific Western assumptions that may have little relevance to people in other contexts. Critical approaches to professional assumptions are essential to avoid the imperialistic imposition of irrelevant theories, and the development and delivery of services that may be oppressive for clients who have few opportunities to make occupational choices. PMID: 324930...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 6, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Client-centred practice in Scandinavian contexts: A critical discourse analysis.
Conclusions and significance: Occupational therapists (OTs) in the Scandinavian countries have conceptual understandings of client-centred practice that potentially provide the basis for knowledge sharing and collaboration between OT communities. However, the study also found that client-centred practice may not yet be firmly established in all OT practices in Scandinavia. PMID: 32493178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 6, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

A systematic review of occupational therapy interventions in the transition from homelessness.
Conclusions: Research evaluating occupational therapy interventions aimed at supporting homeless individuals as they transition to housing is in an early stage of development.Significance: Implications for research and practice are discussed. PMID: 32476575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 3, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational patterns of families living with a health condition: A scoping review.
Conclusion: To better understand the complexity and interdependence of families' occupational patterns, future studies should examine multiple perspectives (parents and children) when studying occupations in a family setting. This can be enabled by the use of a variety of data collection methodologies. PMID: 32449442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 27, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational therapy and physiotherapy students' communicative and collaborative learning in an interprofessional virtual setting.
Conclusions and significance: A reciprocal learning situation was created when students worked together in a virtual setting. Communicating and making shared decisions about a patient can facilitate learning how to communicate interprofessionally and improve students' understanding of their own profession. PMID: 32412813 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 17, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Tailoring to support digital technology-mediated occupational engagement for older adults - a multiple case study.
Conclusion and significance: The proposed scheme for tailoring could contribute to occupational therapists' knowledge on how to support older adults' engagement in contemporary occupations. Testing the model in various practice settings is recommended in order to enhance occupational therapy practice. PMID: 32396419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 14, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Lack of time and dependence on significant others: Occupational therapists ┬┤ experiences of prescribing time assistive technology for persons with dementia.
Conclusions and significance: High demands are made on SO's participation during the prescription process. PwDs with no support from SOs are at risk not receiving or fully benefitting from time AT. To avoid inequalities, specific forms of support need to be developed and targeted at PwDs without SOs to ensure that they have sufficient opportunities to access and use time AT. PMID: 32356475 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 3, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Contemporary occupational therapy philosophy and practice in hospital settings.
Conclusion and Significance: Findings highlighted therapists value occupation as an important aspect of practice, however they experience many environmental and personal challenges in acute settings. Strategies to overcome these challenges related to individual's changing their practice to be more occupation-focussed and changes within the practice context including adapting environments, documentation and intervention protocols to focus on occupation. These strategies may support therapists to align practice with their professional values. PMID: 32356478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journa...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 3, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Women's experiences of being in the sick leave process.
Conclusions: The sick leave process could be better understood through multiple dimensions, working at the individual, organizational and societal levels. Using occupation based models underlining the importance of the interaction between person, occupation (work activity) and the environment may contribute to elucidating the complexity in supporting options for the return to work. PMID: 32297821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - April 18, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Evaluation of an interactive showroom to increase general knowledge about welfare technology and its potential in municipal care settings.
Authors: Gustafsson S, Sandsjö L Abstract Background: Welfare Technology (WT) can promote participation in activity. Thus, initiatives to support the implementation of WT products and services in municipality care settings needs to be developed and evaluated to benefit end-users.Objective: To evaluate an interactive showroom of WT.Material and method: Municipal employees (n = 217) filled in a questionnaire before and after they visited an interactive showroom of WT.Findings: The number of participants confirming WT's potential to contribute to municipal operation areas increased in seven out of e...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - April 15, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The development of the 'cancer Home-Life intervention': An occupational therapy-based intervention programme for people with advanced cancer living at home.
Conclusion: An occupational therapy-based intervention programme for people with advanced cancer living at home has been developed. The study generates knowledge and insights relevant to improving the treatment of this patient group. PMID: 32255714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - April 8, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability of the short version of the everyday technology use questionnaire (S-ETUQ).
Conclusions: S- ETUQ can be used with older people with cognitive impairments of varying degree to gather reliable and precise information regarding their use of ET. PMID: 32242449 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - April 4, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Identity, civic engagement, and altruism: a phenomenological exploration of activity engagement in older adults.
Conclusions and significance: These themes provide a basis for programming to increase activity engagement with older adults in the community. PMID: 32178556 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 19, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

"I don't want to be a patient": Peer mentoring partnership fosters communication for autistic university students.
Conclusions: These results indicated that the mentor-mentee partnership was a crucial active ingredient of SPM. This partnership appeared to modify social cognition and motivation for autistic university students through modelling and practising communication.Significance: These results demonstrate that SPM can support participation at university for autistic university students. PMID: 32180486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 19, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Burnout and its relationship with work-related factors among occupational therapists working in public sector in Turkey.
Conclusions and significance: Identifying work-related factors that may affect burnout, including working conditions, job satisfaction, and work engagement, and developing intervention strategies are important for occupational therapists. PMID: 32180493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 19, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational balance and sleep among women.
Authors: Magnusson L, Håkansson C, Brandt S, Öberg M, Orban K Abstract Background: In occupational therapy, while several studies have focussed on occupational balance, few have investigated it in the context of sleep.Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between sleep and occupational balance among women.Material and methods: In total, 157 women responded to the Occupational Balance Questionnaire and Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire. Linear regression was used to analyse data.Results: The median score for occupational balance was 12 (interquartile range [IQR] 9), while that for s...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 19, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The perceived challenge of everyday technologies in Sweden, the United States and England: Exploring differential item functioning in the everyday technology use questionnaire.
Conclusions and significance: The utility of the ETUQ in occupational therapy practice and research internationally is highlighted through the stability of the challenge hierarchy and lack of impact on person measures. PMID: 32150507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 11, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Are the American normative standard scores applicable to the German version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI-G)?
Conclusions and significance: The results support that the normative standard scores of the PEDI are applicable to the PEDI-G and for Austria, Germany and Switzerland, as no significant differences between the countries were identified. However, the generalizability of the results is limited due to sample size and recruitment procedures. PMID: 32116081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 4, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Exploring the contributing factors that influence the volition of adolescents with cerebral palsy: A directed content analysis.
Conclusions: Personal causation in interaction with environmental features is strongly influenced by adolescents' motivation.Significance: Occupational therapists could improve the motivation of adolescents with CP in interaction with the individual's volition with focussing on self-efficacy for promoting personal causation. Adapting to the physical environment and changing the attitudes of others to these adolescents is necessary. PMID: 32089013 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 26, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Doing, being, becoming and belonging at the heart of occupational therapy: An analysis of theoretical ways of knowing.
Conclusions and Significance: The presence of all four dimensions of occupation, regardless of form, terminology or structural arrangement, is proposed as a hallmark of an occupational therapy conceptual practice model. PMID: 32091297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 26, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The motivation and opportunities for weight loss related to the everyday life of people with obesity: A qualitative analysis within the DO:IT study.
Conclusion: People who are overweight or obese are motivated to lose weight because of health issues and feeling more comfortable with their body. The opportunities for weight loss lie in creating habits, routines and structuring everyday life activities to facilitate a healthier lifestyle.Significance: The findings indicate that an occupational therapist should be part of weight-loss interventions. PMID: 32065553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Rasch analysis of the Self-Efficacy for Therapeutic Use of Self questionnaire in Norwegian occupational therapy students.
Conclusion: This study supports the psychometric properties of the Norwegian Self-Efficacy for Therapeutic Use of Self questionnaire in assessing self-efficacy in therapeutic encounters. Further research is needed to address the misfit items and the rating scale issue.Significance: Rasch analysis showed that the Norwegian Self-Efficacy for Therapeutic Use of Self questionnaire is promising to be used as a reliable and valid tool. PMID: 32065554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Experiences of meaning in garden therapy in outpatient psychiatric care in Sweden. A narrative study.
Conclusions: Garden therapy offered the participants possibilities to meet their different needs and thereby perceived meaning. To achieve this, the group leaders need to adapt the gardening individually to each participant.Significance: Various components were perceived as meaningful. The group leaders therefore have to adapt the garden therapy to each participant's needs. PMID: 32027526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 8, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Enacted togetherness - A concept to understand occupation as socio-culturally situated.
Conclusion: The concept of enacted togetherness can contribute to the ongoing discussion of a theoretical reorientation towards understanding socio-cultural dimensions of occupation.Significance: Enacted togetherness is a concept that can contribute to occupational therapy and occupational science as it adds to an understanding of the qualities and potentials inherent in engagement in occupations with others. PMID: 32008401 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 6, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Consumer, health professional and employment specialist experiences of an individual placement and support programme.
Conclusion: Findings suggest IPS processes promoted the enactment of person-centred and recovery-oriented care approaches and positively influenced care planning practices and service culture.Significance: IPS directly tackles the compounding disadvantage resulting from unemployment for people with a SMI. At a service level, IPS can foster positive changes to care practices and service culture. PMID: 31976792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 25, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Obesity treatment: a role for occupational therapists?
Conclusion: The majority of the programmes were neither evidence-based, nor did they follow recommendations from Danish National Board of Health. Few programmes addressed the role of habits or social participation. Occupational therapists appear to be under-utilized as providers of the programmes.Significance: Occupational therapists have a role to play in weight loss programmes, because of their training in activity analysis and their consideration of people, environments, and occupations. These components are included in the recommendations about psychosocial aspects and everyday life from the Danish National Board of He...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 18, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Unpacking the application of Q methodology for use in occupational therapy research.
Authors: Garbellini S, Randall M, Steele M, Elliott C, Imms C Abstract Background: Occupational therapy research has not fully utilized available research methods when exploring occupational therapists' views on specific interventions and service provision nor when exploring consumer priorities and the impact of occupational therapy services. Q methodology, a quantitative method for the systematic assessment of qualitative data, is an approach that can be used to examine viewpoints related to occupational therapy practice.Purpose: This paper adds experiential knowledge to guide researchers new to navigating Q metho...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 12, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational engagement following mild stroke in the Australian context using the occupational gaps questionnaire.
Conclusions and significance: The English version of the OGQ was found to be a feasible instrument for identifying occupational gaps following mild stroke and may be suitable to support research and clinical practice with this population. PMID: 31906780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 8, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Perceived facilitators and barriers for participation in leisure activities in children with disabilities: perspectives of children, parents and professionals.
Conclusion and significance: Knowledge from this study is important for the improvement of rehabilitation interventions that aim to increase participation in leisure activities for children and youth with disabilities. PMID: 31852318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - December 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Factors associated with higher occupational balance in people with anxiety and/or depression who require occupational therapy treatment.
Conclusion: The results indicate that enhanced satisfaction with life and with performance of everyday occupations are relevant factors for achieving occupational balance in clients diagnosed with anxiety and/or depression.Significance: The results will be valuable for professionals working to support their clients in enhancing their occupational balance. PMID: 31838931 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - December 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational adaptation - analyzing the maturity and understanding of the concept through concept analysis.
Conclusions and significance: Occupational adaptation is a concept applied across many practice and research contexts, yet the concept is not fully mature. Concept refinement is required before further applied research is conducted. A shared understanding of occupational adaptation through refinement and research may consolidate its importance and future utility. PMID: 31786968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - December 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Proof of concept: the TRANSITION program for young adults with autism spectrum disorder and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Conclusions: The TRANSITION-programme is a promising concept that deserves further evaluation. PMID: 31790309 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - December 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Transcending the individual: The promise and potential of collectivist approaches in occupational therapy.
Conclusion: A clear definition of collectivist approaches in occupational therapy practice was not found. What was evident, however, was a focus on experiential accounts of working with groups of people and the methods and processes utilised. It is argued that occupational therapy needs to further develop knowledge and practices aimed at injustices grounded in a collectivist epistemology. PMID: 31774692 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The relationship between cancer survivors' well-being and participation in work, activities of daily living and social engagement: Findings from the European Social Survey (2014).
Conclusion: Participation in paid employment, ADLs and social engagement were associated with cancer survivor's well-being. Research evaluating occupational therapy interventions within oncology rehabilitation should be prioritized. PMID: 31774697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Measurement properties of performance-based instruments to assess mental function during activity and participation in traumatic brain injury: A systematic review.
Conclusions: This review provides an overview of measurement properties of performance-based instruments and contributes to such methodological considerations before choosing an instrument. Though, the results reveal a lack of high-quality evidence for any of the measurement properties, it is recommended to use tools with the highest possible evidence for positive ratings.Significance: This review contributes with psychometric evidence on instruments to use in occupational therapy practice and research. PMID: 31725339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Impact of pain, fatigue and dyspnoea on occupational performance in people with advanced cancer: A longitudinal study.
Conclusion: Pain, fatigue and dyspnoea did not seem to highly correlate with occupational performance or impact occupational performance over time of people with advanced cancer. PMID: 31729272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational experiences of homelessness: A systematic review and meta-aggregation.
Conclusions: Homeless persons in high-income countries face multiple challenges to engaging in meaningful activity, which we argue is a disabling experience. Simultaneously, homeless persons demonstrate resilience by finding ways to engage in activities of meaning, and opportunities to connect with others in the face of multiple barriers.Significance: Implications for research and practice are discussed. PMID: 31718356 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Loneliness in assisted living facilities: An exploration of the group process.
Conclusions: A group process with clearly progressing steps revealed that lonely older people are capable of empowerment and self-direction - despite their frailty and cognitive impairment. Facilitators should be familiar with group processes to enable them to progress effectively. PMID: 31714861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Mothers supporting play as a choice for children with disabilities within a culturally and linguistically diverse community.
Conclusion and significance: This study's capabilities lens could inform professions such as occupational therapy to support families of children with disabilities from culturally diverse communities to advocate for play opportunities across settings. PMID: 31703170 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The courage to treat.
Authors: Fried A Abstract The treatment of a sick person is an invasive act of a professional and humane nature. It is based on both acquired and proven knowledge, as well as accrued clinical experience. When invading the patient's life during treatment in order to bring about beneficial results, we must rely on these two sources of knowledge. Knowledge based on clinical findings achieve validity in an empiric process of research. Knowledge based on clinical experience, by its very nature, cannot be validated empirically and depends on intuition, analogies, common sense and courage. Courage, among other things, is ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 9, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Inter-sectoral work practice in Zimbabwe: professional competencies required by occupational therapists to facilitate work participation of persons with disabilities.
Conclusions: Although Zimbabwean occupational therapists require similar competencies for work practice as those required in other countries, additional competencies that fall outside traditional health care contexts are essential in order to promote contextually relevant practice. PMID: 31686563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of the Turkish Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-T).
Authors: Günal A, Pekçetin S, Demirtürk F, ┼×enol H, Håkansson C, Wagman P Abstract Background: Occupational balance (OB) is an important concept in occupational therapy and is considered as an essential component of health and well-being. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire-11 (OBQ11-T). Materials and methods: The OBQ11-T was administered to 116 individuals for construct validity analysis and to 58 individuals for reliability analysis. Validity was determined using explanatory and confirma...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research