Content validity and usefulness of Picture My Participation for measuring participation in children with and without intellectual disability in South Africa and Sweden.
Conclusion: The 20 selected activities of PmP were especially relevant for children with ID in South Africa. The usefulness of the scales was higher for the children with ID in both countries. PmP is promising for assessing participation across different settings but psychometrical properties and clinical utility need further exploration. PMID: 31402722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Interprofessional education placements in allied health: A scoping review.
Conclusions and Significance: This review provides insights into the features and outcomes of IPE placement models in Allied Health programs. The review expands the body of knowledge which previously focused on nursing and medicine and can inform educators about IPE placement implementation. PMID: 31402739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Characteristics of research with older people (over 65 years) in occupational therapy journals, 2013-2017.
Conclusion: The findings suggest that both qualitative and quantitative articles use appropriate sample sizes. However, descriptions of the studied populations are frequently unclear, which may affect the transferability and generalization of the results. Significance: In order to support practice, efforts are needed to develop research aims and questions that develop knowledge to embrace more than just basic research. PMID: 31361178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Uncovering the lived experiences of Filipino drug recoverees towards occupational participation and justice through an interpretative phenomenological analysis.
Conclusion and Significance: Understanding the participants' lived experiences raised consciousness of the injustices that exist before and during rehabilitation which uncovered pointers to improve local substance addiction rehabilitation programs: use of occupation-based social participation interventions, limitation of occupational therapy services due to lack of human resources reinforcing interprofessional collaboration, a participatory approach is essential in discussing and addressing injustices, and deliberate use of political activities of daily living. PMID: 31322976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Ageing in the right place - a prototype of a web-based housing counselling intervention for later life.
Conclusion and Significance: A user-centred design process can result in services that are aligned with older adults' preferences for obtaining housing information. Services for planning and preparing future housing needs have the potential to increase older adults´ well-being at home as well as reduce costs for care and housing provision by the municipalities. PMID: 31305191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 17, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Work identity development in young adults with mental health problems.
Conclusions: There is therapeutic potential in supporting work identity development, and this support can empower the personal recovery process for young adults. PMID: 31298964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The "Managing Fatigue" programme for people with multiple sclerosis - acceptance and feasibility with Swedish occupational therapists.
Conclusion: The MF programme is feasible in Sweden, and its client-centred and occupation focus is consistent with therapists' scope of practice. In the future, acceptability and satisfaction from the perspectives of MS participants should be examined. Larger, more robust intervention studies evaluating effectiveness are also warranted. PMID: 31282796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Clinical utility of the Danish version of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure.
Conclusion: Given the benefits and the perceived utility of the COPM-DK, a more routinely use, to place OTs and CCP in the center of Danish healthcare system, is recommended. Key Messages The utility of the Danish version of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure is supported, according to Danish occupational therapists in various rehabilitation settings and hospitals. Using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure seems to enhance a client-centred practice with collaborative goals and helps to establish partnership, being of value to the interdisciplinary team, too. The utility and acceptability of the Canadia...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The lived experience of supporting people with mild stroke.
Conclusions and Significance: Whilst spouses generally return to their daily routines after a family members' mild stroke, some will experience increased time pressures and occupational disruptions. Health providers should prepare spouses for behavioral and emotional changes in people with mild stroke. PMID: 31264497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 4, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Intra- and interpersonal agency: Resuming occupational participation among persons with spinal cord injury after discharge from in-patient rehabilitation.
Conclusions and significance: Each of participants' transitions unfolded in unique, complex patterns. The processes directions of the transitions were understood as waning and waxing of agency. This agency could be individual, and shared with or dedicated by others, when participants and other persons combined their skills or when participants were supported by others. PMID: 31230503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

'I know what I am doing': A grounded theory investigation into the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions.
Conclusions: The findings present a complex, dynamic and multifaceted understanding of the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions. Significance: This study demonstrates the value of exploring the experiences of actual or potential occupational therapy clients to refine the concept of human occupation. An in-depth knowledge of what people do is an essential foundation for person-centred, occupation-based practice. PMID: 31177892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Perceived occupational balance and well-being among people with mental illness living in two types of supported housing.
Conclusion: Both groups generally perceived occupational balance. Control over one's life situation and possibilities for regularly participating in occupations outside the home environment should receive high priority in housing support. PMID: 31170857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the German Version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI-G): A factor analysis.
Conclusion: The results of this study support the use of the PEDI-G for research and practice in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. PMID: 31155987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Everyday occupations prioritised by older adults participating in reablement. A cross-sectional study.
Conclusions: This study found both abundance and diversity in the occupational problems and prioritized goals of older adults, with mobility being a key priority regardless of health condition. Significance: It is important that reablement continues to be a person-centered intervention embracing the possibility to choose meaningful occupations. Occupational Therapists and other health professionals should address mobility when improving occupational performance in older adults. PMID: 31136214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The occupation-based intervention REDO ™-10: Long-term impact on work ability for women at risk for or on sick leave.
CONCLUSION: The intervention increased perceived health and perceived health predicted work ability. However, the occupational aspects in the intervention did not predict work ability. For the intervention to predict work ability, the work placement might be necessary. SIGNIFICANCE: The results of the present study add to earlier evidence that a work focus is of importance both in prevention of sick leave and in return to work interventions. PMID: 31099284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Cognitive prerequisites for fitness to drive: Norm values for the TMT, UFOV and NorSDSA tests.
CONCLUSIONS: Off-road cognitive test scores are necessary and valuable for occupational therapists in their contribution to the final decision on continued driving. In clinical practice, it can be difficult to interpret cognitive test results when working with driving assessments. Age-based norm values are suggested to be a way to provide clinicians with a benchmark against which scores can be compared. SIGNIFICANCE: Age-based norms can guide occupational therapists working with fitness to drive. PMID: 31088186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The factors associated with community participation: Employment and education of people with disabilities in Turkey.
This study investigated the factors that are associated with community participation of people with disabilities. METHODS: A sample of 270 people with disabilities (aged range 18-55 years) recruited randomly through the "Turkish People with Disabilities Association". This study, followed a survey design, took place in 15 cities in Turkey and a city of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ), Functional Independence Measure, Measure of Quality of the Environment, Leisure Satisfaction Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Short-Form-12 were used. A stepwise multiple re...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Characteristics of community-based occupational therapy: Results of a norwegian survey.
CONCLUSION: This study established some basic information regarding Norwegian community-based occupational therapy and the municipalities where occupational therapists work. SIGNIFICANCE: With this study serving as a baseline, we may be able to track how changes will affect community-based occupational therapy practice in the near future. PMID: 31032684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Relationships between occupational therapy students' understandings of disability and disability attitudes.
CONCLUSIONS: OT students have established beliefs of disability as individualized or more socially constructed and these influence disability biases. SIGNIFICANCE: Students' education has considerable influence in shaping attitudes and ways of interacting with people with disability. Understanding students' assumptions as they enter a program is a first step to evaluate how curriculum design may influence development of student clinical reasoning strategies. PMID: 30946612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - April 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational therapists' perceptions of implementing a client-centered intervention in close collaboration with researchers: A mixed methods study.
CONCLUSION: The workshop context with facilitation and access to evidence, supportive organizations and teams, sufficient interaction with researchers and satisfying self-image were successful key factors when involved in research. PMID: 30905233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 26, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Attitudes is the most important environmental factor for use of powered mobility devices - users' perspectives.
CONCLUSION: The findings show that societal attitudes influence all other factors, directly by others people's attitudes, or indirectly by how legislation and guidelines are formulated, interpreted and applied. Therefore, a change of societal attitudes seems necessary to increase accessibility and participation for PMD users. PMID: 30856033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Road vehicle transportation of children with physical and behavioral disabilities: A literature review.
CONCLUSION: The literature reflected little change across the six major themes since the previous review. Children with disabilities continue to be inappropriately restrained in vehicles, constituting an ongoing road safety problem. There is a strong need to increase parent knowledge, upskill health professionals and provide families with financial assistance to enable them to ensure the safe transportation of children with disabilities to minimize the risk of injury and fatalities on the road, and enhance their participation in the community. PMID: 30856035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Jou...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Volitional questionnaire: Psychometric evaluation of the finnish translation.
CONCLUSIONS: The study provides preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of the VQ-FI. SIGNIFICANCE: The VQ-FI is an observational measure that can be used to evaluate clients' volitional behaviors. The VQ-FI offers practitioners and researchers a valid approach to evaluate volition that is theoretically grounded in the Model of Human Occupation. PMID: 30856040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Measurement properties of instruments to assess mental function during activity and participation in individuals surviving traumatic brain injury: A systematic review protocol.
Conclusion will be drawn up-on the overall evidence Significance: It is expected that the findings of the review will provide evidence to guide clinicians in the selection of instruments to use in occupational therapy practice and research. PMID: 30757936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Interest of children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy in bimanual daily activities.
CONCLUSIONS: A model that illustrates the impact of a child's interest on the performance of daily bimanual activities is presented, grounded in our results and in the literature. PMID: 30734615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Older women's engagement in community occupations: Considerations of lifespan and place.
CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Findings enhance understandings of transition, continuity and the transactions between person and place that shape leisure and social engagement over time. Occupational therapists can consider community occupations from a transactional lens within services and policy to better support older women's participation and inclusion in neighbourhoods. PMID: 30706745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Group leader and participant perceptions of Balancing Everyday Life, a group-based lifestyle intervention for mental health service users.
CONCLUSION: Group leaders and participants experienced BEL as a useful tool to instigate meaningful change and connection in the participants' lives. The combination of a positive person-focused approach and group support was appreciated. These results could inform future research, evaluation, and development of occupation-focused lifestyle interventions for mental health service users. PMID: 30706746 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Being a co-worker or a manager of a colleague returning to work after stroke: A challenge facilitated by cooperation and flexibility.
CONCLUSIONS: The participants placed value on having support from the coordinator for handling different challenges, but despite this they experienced difficulties in being a valuable support. The limited time of work trial and occasional lack of support from the employer were aggravating aspects. SIGNIFICANCE: This study highlights the importance of establishing a commitment between the employer and all involved actors in the initial phase in order to create the best possibilities for a fruitful return to work process, including work trial. PMID: 30696320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian J...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 31, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Everyday life when growing up with a mother with an intellectual or developmental disability: Four retrospective life-stories.
DISCUSSION: The findings can hopefully stimulate occupational therapists and other professionals to more effectively identify the situation of these children and provide support to prevent adverse future health conditions and poor well-being. PMID: 30661438 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Changes in participation patterns of youth with physical disabilities following the Pathways and Resources for Engagement and Participation intervention: A time-geography approach.
CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Findings provide preliminary support for the effectiveness of the PREP, extending beyond the accomplishment of specific targeted activities towards a change in the overall daily patterns of youth. Such knowledge can redirect occupational therapists' attention to environment-focused interventions involving real-life experiences. PMID: 30661444 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Lessons learned about occupation-focused and occupation-based interventions: A synthesis using group concept mapping methodology.
CONCLUSION: Synthesis of participants' experiences indicates that 'doing' as agent of change is a core element of OT interventions. Moreover, a multi-level perspective is needed to reach sustainable changes in doing. Group- and peer-support can work as amplifier for change, and flexibility is important during intervention. Such complex interventions need special design and mixed methods in the development, and evaluation of outcome needs to address occupation. PMID: 30661484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Encounters between older adults and occupational therapists during the assistive technology application process.
CONCLUSION: Older adults express their needs in different ways. When the older adults' expression of needs does not correspond with the service provision system's conditions of eligibility, the occupational therapists act as mediators, by translating experienced needs so that they are expressed in a way that corresponds to the expression of the eligibility criteria. PMID: 30663465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Begging abroad in Sweden: An interview study.
CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: EU citizens who beg face occupational injustice, spending many hours in non-preferred activity of begging and with few leisure activities, although no generalizations can be drawn based on this study. The importance of a friendly attitude and environmental support when abroad was also shown. Since occupational justice is within the scope of occupational therapy, occupational therapists have the skills to contribute in collaboration with others. PMID: 30663470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Rett syndrome: Teenagers' and young adults' activities, usage of time and responses during an ordinary week - a diary study.
CONCLUSIONS: Daily and medical health care activities were time consuming. Improved communication between all parties may increase participation and well-being and provide solutions for handling unpleasant activities and sedentary time. SIGNIFICANCE: A more varied range of activities may improve the everyday life for individuals with Rett syndrome. PMID: 30663472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Impact of a person-centred group intervention on life satisfaction and engagement in activities among persons aging in the context of migration ‡.
CONCLUSION: Person-centred interventions can support older person's capability to maintain their health in daily life when aging in migration. Further research is needed with a larger sample and longer intervention period to determine the effectiveness of the intervention. PMID: 30663474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational challenges in a digital society: A discussion inspiring occupational therapy to cross thresholds and embrace possibilities.
In conclusion, occupational therapy needs to advance its position and become pro-active to cross the threshold and to embrace the possibilities that digitalisation holds for peoples' everyday lives to support occupational justice and health. PMID: 30663477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Participatory research: A promising approach to promote meaningful engagement.
Authors: Asaba E, Suarez-Balcazar Y PMID: 30646791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Community-based occupational therapy in Norway: Content, dilemmas, and priorities.
CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Community-based occupational therapists positioned themselves in different ways, and some of these positions were considered to be more favourable than others. The therapists struggled between 'traditional' occupational therapy tasks and new ways of delivering occupational therapy services. The study reveals similarities and differences between rural and urban occupational therapy practice. The ideal types can help community-based therapists to reflect on their own practice and empower them to be more in keeping with the OT's objectives and preferences. PMID: 30632858 [PubMed - as supplied...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The unsustainability of occupational based model diagrams.
CONCLUSIONS: The continued practice of depicting models with diagrams needs to change, to create space to integrate other theory and perspectives, such as a more fundamentally human, ontological perspective. SIGNIFICANCE: An ontological perspective is important for practice to advance past the dualistic or pluralistic stance the profession has held for decade, to understand how people experience their world rather than how the profession sees a person's world. PMID: 30632860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Child and parent perspectives of life quality of children with physical impairments compared with non-disabled peers.
CONCLUSION: Children with physical impairments experience their life quality similarly to non-disabled children. SIGNIFICANCE: Focus on life quality can help occupational therapists to identify what circumstances positively or negatively influence client well-being and to focus more on contextual factors that contribute to disablement. PMID: 30457392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 22, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Defining sensory modulation: A review of the concept and a contemporary definition for application by occupational therapists.
CONCLUSION: The concept of sensory modulation has evolved in occupational therapy practice. The authors summarise with the following proposed definition of sensory modulation for contemporary occupational therapy practice: 'Sensory modulation is considered a twofold process. It originates in the central nervous system as the neurological ability to regulate and process sensory stimuli; this subsequently offers the individual an opportunity to respond behaviourally to the stimulus'. SIGNIFICANCE: A contemporary definition of 'sensory modulation' has been identified for occupational therapy practice. PMID: 30457401 [...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 22, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Measuring perceived outcomes from participating at a clubhouse for persons with mental illness: Psychometric properties and associated factors.
CONCLUSION: The outcome scale was unidimensional and the items fit well together. Active members were likely to evaluate outcomes of clubhouse participation as more positive, compared to less active members. SIGNIFICANCE: The scale can be useful for exploring clubhouse members' perceptions of the outcomes they relate to their participation at the clubhouse. PMID: 30421626 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 15, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The Norwegian Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N) - development and pilot study.
CONCLUSION: The OBQ11-N was developed according to established translation guidelines and appears to be feasible and have good face validity. SIGNIFICANCE: The OBQ11-N may prove useful for assessing occupational balance and associated factors in Norwegian population groups. However, more research is needed to establish the Norwegian version of the questionnaire as psychometrically valid. PMID: 30422027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 15, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Perceptions of occupational therapy students and clinical tutors on the attributes of a good role model.
CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Perceptions of occupational therapy students and clinical tutors about role models characteristics were similar. Identification of attributes of good role models may inform teacher training and faculty development in occupational therapy. PMID: 30354854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 26, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Vocational support in mental health service delivery in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: This is an excellent result and is comparable to the only randomised control trial, with adult services, in the Australian context, which found a 42.5% employment rate possible under IPS compared with just 23.5% with referral to external employment services. SIGNIFICANCE: More extensive trialling of IPS across clinical services is required, in Australia and internationally, including fidelity protocols, for knowledge translation to be achieved. PMID: 30301392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

What makes playgroups therapeutic? A scoping review to identify the active ingredients of therapeutic and supported playgroups.
CONCLUSION: Therapeutic and supported playgroups are complex interventions, with numerous interacting components that make them beneficial for children and families. This review is the first to identify the "active ingredients" of playgroups with findings informing the design of future playgroups for vulnerable children and families. PMID: 30301394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Everyday activities outside the home are a struggle: Narratives from two persons with acquired brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide an understanding of how problematic situations occurred and were managed in different ways. By observing everyday situations professionals can gain access to how persons with ABI act in and reflect upon problematic situations which can eventually improve the design of individually tailored interventions. PMID: 30301397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Viewpoints on how students with autism can best navigate university.
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted that supports need to be individualized to the barriers and facilitators faced by Australian students with ASD. Supports also need to be contextualized to the built and social environments of universities. SIGNIFICANCE: This study supports the premise that environmental interventions can be effective in facilitating participation in major life areas, such as university education. Peer mentoring for students with ASD may have utility for this group, but should be extended to include social, emotional and psychological support. PMID: 30301402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (So...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Deepening Partnerships through Co-Leadership: Integrating First Voice Perspectives into the Recreation for Mental Health (R4MH) Project.
CONCLUSION: Initial strategies related to the project's overall direction and research activities culminated in shared dissemination activities that fostered co-leadership. This co-leadership created the opportunity to intentionally discuss the challenges and facilitators of partnerships between people with First Voice experience and researchers throughout the project. SIGNIFICANCE: This intentional process of exploring multiple perspectives bridged notions of 'us' and 'them', cultivating a sense of solidarity across shared experiences of exclusion and agency. Key principles related to relationships, multiple identitie...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Development of the Pediatric Disability Inventory-Patient Reported Outcome (PEDI-PRO) measurement conceptual framework and item candidates.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: As a result of our participatory development process, the PEDI-PRO's proposed conceptual framework and item candidates are grounded in the lived experience of youth with DD. PMID: 30280615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research