Predictive Power of a Radiomic Signature Based on 18F-FDG PET/CT Images for EGFR Mutational Status in NSCLC

In conclusion, tumor imaging phenotypes that are driven by somatic mutations may be predicted by radiomics based on PET/CT images.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Lung cancer has been identified as the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide and one of the most common malignancies in China [1]. More and more non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients have been observed in the screening projects for detection of early stage lung cancer with the use of low dose computed tomography (CT) [2]. Accurate imaging for evaluation of the Lymph Node Metastases (LNM) could affect the treatment of these patients [3]. Many imaging modalities such as CT, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Positron Emission Tomography-CT (PET-CT), as well as other diagnostic techniques like ultrasound-guide...
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractIn 1995, Ginsberg et al. compared lobectomy with limited resection including segmentectomy and wide-wedge resection for stage I lung cancer in a randomized controlled trial and found that limited resection should not be applied to otherwise healthy patients with clinical stage IA lung cancer who can tolerate lobectomy. However, recent advances in diagnostic technology have improved the precision of detecting early-stage and small lung cancers. Therefore, whether radical segmentectomy, anatomical segmentectomy with hilar and mediastinal lymph node dissection (that is more valuable than wedge resection in terms of on...
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThis pilot study showed that MSAF could be another good indicator of therapeutic response, and clonal analysis could be clinically useful in monitoring clonal dynamics and detecting remote metastasis and early relapse.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Muscle wasting occurred frequently and early during primary anti-neoplastic treatment. Protein intake seems important for maintaining skeletal muscle. Validated dietary methods in cancer patients must be identified and the optimal protein quantity and intake pattern to support muscle maintenance should be explored in future trials. PMID: 31677719 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Nutr ESPEN Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A history of asthma may be associated with a higher grade of pneumonitis if it develops, and a history of smoking may augment this relationship. PMID: 31665718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: MRS/CD45 dual IF staining showed good diagnostic performance and may be a good tool complementing conventional cytology test for determining LN metastasis of NSCLC. PMID: 31637881 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveMetabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) are imaging parameters derived from 18F-FDG PET/CT that have been proposed for risk stratification of cancer patients. The aim of our study was to test whether these whole-body volumetric imaging parameters may predict outcome in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).MethodsSixty-five patients (45 men, 20 women; mean age  ± SD, 65 ± 12 years), with histologically proven NSCLC who had undergone 18F-FDG PET/CT scan before any therapy, were included in the study. Imaging parameters includin...
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractPositron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET –CT) is the non-invasive gold standard method for determining the oncological stage of patient with diagnosis of lung cancer. A correct preoperative staging is significant because only patients who do not have a history of regional or distant disease are those who will benefit from a surgical trea tment. However, due to the different values of the PET–CT in terms of sensitivity and specificity to evaluate the mediastinal lymph node involvement, it is often necessary to perform a surgical mediastinal sampling through a cervical video mediastinosco...
Source: Updates in Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Elderly patients with multiple primary or oligometastases (
Source: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: J Appl Clin Med Phys Source Type: research
In a patient who had been diagnosed of located squamous cell lung carcinoma, pneumonectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy were performed. Brain recurrence and subsequent lung metastatic disease were uncontrolled by neurosurgery, holocranial radiotherapy and first-line chemotherapy. In August 2015, appearance of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis triggered severe clinical deterioration and threatened the patient's life. Anti-PD1 immune checkpoint inhibitor Nivolumab was initiated in an attempt to stop tumour growth, achieving a spectacular brain and pulmonary complete response and clinical improvement, without serious adverse effects...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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