Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 935: Quantitative Microscopy Reveals Stepwise Alteration of Chromatin Structure during Herpesvirus Infection

Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 935: Quantitative Microscopy Reveals Stepwise Alteration of Chromatin Structure during Herpesvirus Infection Viruses doi: 10.3390/v11100935 Authors: Aho Mäntylä Ekman Hakanen Mattola Chen Weinhardt Ruokolainen Sodeik Larabell Vihinen-Ranta During lytic herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) infection, the expansion of the viral replication compartments leads to an enrichment of the host chromatin in the peripheral nucleoplasm. We have shown previously that HSV-1 infection induces the formation of channels through the compacted peripheral chromatin. Here, we used three-dimensional confocal and expansion microscopy, soft X-ray tomography, electron microscopy, and random walk simulations to analyze the kinetics of host chromatin redistribution and capsid localization relative to their egress site at the nuclear envelope. Our data demonstrated a gradual increase in chromatin marginalization, and the kinetics of chromatin smoothening around the viral replication compartments correlated with their expansion. We also observed a gradual transfer of capsids to the nuclear envelope. Later in the infection, random walk modeling indicated a gradually faster transport of capsids to the nuclear envelope that correlated with an increase in the interchromatin channels in the nuclear periphery. Our study reveals a stepwise and time-dependent mechanism of herpesvirus nuclear egress, in which progeny viral capsids approach the egr...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe anti-HSV-2 effect of JZ-1 was superior to that of penciclovir and berberine in vitro, and was mainly mediated by enhancing host cell defense and blocking adhesion and penetration of HSV-2.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Condition:   Herpes Genitalis Interventions:   Biological: HDIT101;   Drug: Valaciclovir;   Biological: HDIT101 placebo;   Drug: Valaciclovir placebo Sponsor:   Heidelberg ImmunoTherapeutics GmbH Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early diagnosis and treatment of herpes simplex encephalitis are crucial to reduce morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to investigate the role of 3D pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling in herpes simplex encephalitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2014 to 2019, seventeen consecutive patients with herpes simplex encephalitis and 15 healthy volunteers were recruited in the study. Conventional MR imaging and 3D pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling were performed in all subjects. According to the disease duration, the lesions were classified into 3 groups, including acute, subacute, and chronic st...
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: FUNCTIONAL Source Type: research
In this study, the results of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for viral agents were evaluated in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples taken from patients with CNS infection. CSF samples taken from 1185 patients between 2010 and 2017 were tested for the presence of Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 and 2, Varicella Zoster virus (VZV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), adenovirus ve enterovirus by PCR in Dokuz Eylul University Hospital. Tests were performed according to the clinicians' orders and results were evaluated retrospectively. The number of tests performed were 1038 for HSV, 882 for adenovirus, 865 for e...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
AbstractMicrobiological diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) infections is challenging due to limited access to CNS samples, overlap between meningitis and encephalitis, and the multiplicity of pathogens potentially involved. We aimed to estimate the impact of a commercial multiplex PCR assay (FilmArray ® meningitis/encephalitis) on the management of patients with suspicion of meningitis or encephalitis, in terms of time to diagnosis, antimicrobial agents use, duration of hospitalization, and costs. This prospective observational study was conducted at Saint Joseph Hospital (Paris, France) from De cember 2016 to D...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated a novel multiplex real-time PCR melting curve assay method for the simultaneous detection of 9 STD pathogens, including Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, and herpes simplex virus.Methods: The analytical performance of the method, including its limit of detection (LOD), specificity, repeatability, and effect on different DNA extraction kits were evaluated. Additionally, we obtained 1,328 clinical specimens from 3 hospitals to detect the 9 STD pathogens using multiplex real-time...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: PCR evidence of infection with herpes group viruses was found in one-third of patients with hypertensive anterior uveitis; CMV being the most common pathogen. The PCR-positive group generally responded well to a combination of antiviral and anti-glaucoma treatment. PMID: 31697590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Conclusion: ICVM can assist in diagnosing endotheliitis. The results demonstrate that changes in the cornea were not different among the various viruses except for owl's eye morphology, the lengths of the subbasal nerves and Langerhans cell densities. PMID: 31697212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
This study evaluated the performance of RealStar® alpha Herpesvirus PCR Kit 1.0 on the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II for detection and differentiation of HSV-1, HSV-2, and VZV in human clinical specimens. We evaluated the analytical sensitivity of the RealStar® and in-house multiplex real-time PCR assays using serial dilutions of nucleic acids extracted from clinical specimens. The analytical sensitivity of the RealStar® assay was 10, 32, and 100 copies/reaction for HSV-1, HSV-2, and VZV, respectively, which was slightly higher than that of the in-house multiplex real-time PCR assay. Reproducibility of the...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
This study analyzes the tumor homing and therapeutic abilities of clinical grade human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in an orthotopic glioblastoma mouse model. Our time course analysis demonstrated that MSCs display a rapid targeted migration to intracerebral U87 glioma xenografts growing in the contralateral hemisphere within the first 48h hours after application as assessed by histology and 7T magnetic resonance imaging. MSCs accumulated predominantly peritumorally but also infiltrated the main tumor mass and targeted distant tumor satellites while no MSCs were found in other regions of the brain. Intratumoral applicatio...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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