Molecular characterization of the chicken anaemia viruses isolated from broiler farms of west Azerbaijan, Iran.

Molecular characterization of the chicken anaemia viruses isolated from broiler farms of west Azerbaijan, Iran. Avian Pathol. 2013 Apr;42(2):108-13 Authors: Nayabian H, Mardani K Abstract Chicken anaemia virus (CAV) is an economically important pathogen of chickens with worldwide distribution. CAV is the causative agent of chicken anaemia disease, causing severe anaemia, lymphoid atrophy and immunosuppression in young birds. In the present study, the genetic variation of circulating CAVs in west Azerbaijan broiler farms was investigated and compared with CAVs from other countries. Extracted viral DNA from livers of chickens positive for CAV (46 out of 100) was used and a fragment of the VP1 gene 1390 base pairs in size was amplified. The purified products were subjected to restriction fragment-length polymorphism (RFLP) using HinfI endonuclease and nucleotide sequencing. Four different RFLP patterns were identified from all examined CAV DNAs. Sequence analysis of the VP1 gene of isolated CAV viruses revealed a high genetic distance (0.5 to 4.7%) among CAV isolates. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CAVs isolated from Iranian poultry farms clustered with CAVs isolated from different parts of the world. It was concluded that the circulating CAVs in broiler farms of west Azerbaijan had a high genomic variation. PMID: 23581437 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research

Related Links:

unang’andu Tilapia lake virus (TiLV) is a negative-sense single-stranded RNA (-ssRNA) icosahedral virus classified to be the only member in the family Amnoonviridae. Although TiLV segment-1 shares homology with the influenza C virus PB1 and has four conserved motifs similar to influenza A, B, and C polymerases, it is unknown whether there are other properties shared between TiLV and orthomyxovirus. In the present study, we wanted to determine whether TiLV agglutinated avian and piscine erythrocytes, and whether its replication was inhibited by lysosomotropic agents, such as ammonium chloride (NH4Cl), as seen for ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, a rapid and easy-to-use assay based on recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) was developed for MDV detection. Primer-probe sets targeted the highly conserved region of Meq gene were designed and applied to the RPA assay. The assay was carried out on a real-time thermostatic fluorescence detector at 39 °C for 20 min. As revealed by the results, no cross-reactions were founded with the Newcastle disease virus (NDV), avian infectious anemia virus (CAV), infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), avain influenza virus (...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Abstract The great advance in the field of diagnosis of avian viruses is reflecting the highly sophisticated molecular assays of the human and general virology in providing highly sensitive and fast methods of diagnosis. The present review will discuss the biotic factors and the complexities that became evident with the evolution of the novel molecular diagnostic assays with emphasis on 4 avian viruses, chicken anemia, infectious laryngotracheitis, turkey meningoencephalitis, but mainly on Marek's disease virus. To create a biologically meaningful diagnosis, attention should be dedicated to various biotic factors ...
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research
CP Abstract In backyard farms of Lao People's Democratic Republic, mixed-species rearing of poultry is a breeding-ground for cross-species transmission. Here, the epidemiology of viruses circulating among backyard poultry in Vientiane Province was assessed to guide future control strategies. Oral/tracheal and cloacal swabs, collected from 605 poultry (308 ducks, 297 chickens) between 2011 and 2015, were screened by PCR for Newcastle disease virus (NDV), Coronavirus (CoV) and Chicken Anemia Virus (CAV). Chicken sera were screened for anti-NDV antibodies by ELISA. Statistical and phylogenetic analyses revealed tran...
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research
iang Diao Fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4) is the pathogenic agent of hydropericardium hepatitis syndrome (HHS) in chickens and ducks, which has caused huge economic losses for the Chinese poultry industry since 2015. In order to objectively determine the prevalence and co-infection status of the virus in Shandong province in China, we analyzed a total of 679 clinical cases of chickens and ducks from 36 farms in the province. The results showed that the FAdV-4 infection rate was 65.2% (443/679), and the rate in breeder ducks was almost two-fold higher than that in breeder chickens (68.57% vs. 34.30%). Notably, co-in...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Communication Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Overall, 67% of pregnant women took iron-containing compounds, irrespective of whether they were deficient in iron. Physicians were generally responsible for advising them to take them. No standardized procedure is available on which to base the decision whether to take iron during pregnancy, even in guidelines. As most guidelines only recommend taking iron supplements in cases of anemia, the high percentage of women taking them in Austria is incomprehensible. PMID: 31098837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Wien Klin Wochenschr Source Type: research
Reena Goswami1, Gayatri Subramanian2, Liliya Silayeva1, Isabelle Newkirk1, Deborah Doctor1, Karan Chawla2, Saurabh Chattopadhyay2, Dhyan Chandra3, Nageswararao Chilukuri1 and Venkaiah Betapudi1,4* 1Neuroscience Branch, Research Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen, MD, United States 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH, United States 3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States 4Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Clev...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study demonstrated the importance of metabolite identification for the discovery of novel and safe drug candidates for the treatment of FOP and helped medicinal chemists steer away from potential metabolic liabilities. Introduction Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare congenital disorder involving progressive and widespread postnatal ossification of soft tissues (Buyse et al., 1995). The heterotopic ossification occurs independently from normal bone and progresses in a well-defined spatial pattern. It forms ribbons, sheets and plates of bone that may fuse the joints of the individual. The ecto...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Siba K. Samal presents a new book on Avian Virology: Current Research and Future Trends This comprehensive book provides a timely update on all of the most important avian viruses: avian influenza virus, infectious bronchitis virus, Newcastle disease virus, infectious bursal disease virus, chicken anemia virus, infectious laryngotracheitis virus, avian adenovirus, Marek's disease virus, avian reovirus, avian pox virus, avian leukosis virus, avian metapneumovirus, and avian paramyxoviruses. The chapters are written by internationally recognized experts from all over the world who have made seminal contributions to their res...
Source: Microbiology Blog: The weblog for microbiologists. - Category: Microbiology Source Type: blogs
Qiancheng Deng1, Yangyang Luo1,2, Christopher Chang3, Haijing Wu1, Yan Ding4* and Rong Xiao1* 1Hunan Key Laboratory of Medical Epigenetics, Department of Dermatology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China 2Department of Dermatology, Hunan Children's Hospital, Changsha, China 3Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, United States 4Department of Dermatology, Hainan Provincial Dermatology Disease Hospital, Haikou, China Autoimmune diseases are usually complex and multifactorial, characterized by aberrant produc...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
More News: Anemia | Azerbaijan Health | Bird Flu | Genetics | Middle East Health | Pathology | Study