Joint Associations of Maternal Gestational Diabetes and Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy With Overweight in Offspring

Objectives: Either maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP) is associated with an increased risk of obesity in the offspring. However, their joint associations with obesity in offspring remain unclear. We investigated the joint associations of maternal GDM and HDP with childhood overweight in offspring.Methods: We performed a large study in 1967 mother-child pairs. Maternal GDM was diagnosed according to the 1999 World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. HDP was defined as self-reported doctor-diagnosed hypertension or treatment of hypertension (including gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, sever preeclampsia or eclampsia) after 20 weeks of gestation on the questionnaire. Body mass index (BMI) for age Z-score and childhood overweight were evaluated according to WHO growth reference. We used the general linear models to compare children's Z score for BMI and logistic regression models to estimate odds ratios of childhood overweight according to maternal different status of GDM and HDP.Results: Offspring of mothers with both GDM and HDP had a higher BMI for age Z-score (0.63 vs. 0.03, P
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Molecular heterogeneity of endothelial cells underlies their highly specialized functions during changing physiological conditions within diverse vascular beds. For example, placental spiral arteries (SAs) undergo remarkable remodeling to meet the ever-growing demands of the fetus — a process which is deficient in preeclampsia. The extent to which maternal endothelial cells coordinate with immune cells and pregnancy hormones to promote SA remodeling remains largely unknown. Here we found that remodeled SAs expressed the lymphatic markers PROX1, LYVE1, and VEGFR3, mimicking lymphatic identity. Uterine natural killer (...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
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Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Robotic assistance may facilitate completion of minimally invasive hysterectomy, which is the standard of care for the treatment of early-stage endometrial cancer, in patients for whom conventional laparoscopy is challenging. The aim of this systematic review was to assess conversion to laparotomy and perioperative complications after laparoscopic (LH) and robotic hysterectomy (RH) in endometrial cancer patients with obesity.
Source: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Plenary 2: Basic Science/Research/Education (2:00 PM – 3:00 PM) 2:20 PM Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE) and VTE affects 1 in 500 to 1 in 2000 pregnancies. Up to 30-50% of women with pregnancy-associated VTE may have an inherited thrombophilia but this does not completely explain the thrombosis risk. Clinical risk factors for VTE including multiple births, inflammatory bowel disease, sickle cell disease, diabetes, increased maternal age, stillbirth, and smoking have been identified in relatively small cohorts. We conducted this large case-control study to identify patient and pregnancy-associated risk factors for VTE during pregnancy or within 6 weeks p...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 331. Pathophysiology of Thrombosis: Poster III Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to support the use of metformin for women with obesity in pregnancy for improving maternal and infant outcomes. Metformin was, however, associated with increased risk of adverse effects, particularly diarrhoea. The quality of the evidence in this review varied from high to low, with downgrading decisions based on study limitations and inconsistency.There were only a small number of studies included in this review. Furthermore, none of the included studies included women categorised as 'overweight' and no trials looked at metformin in combination with another treatment.Future rese...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
BackgroundThe adoption of the International Association of Diabetes Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Australia has been controversial. Obesity in pregnancy is also a growing concern. AimsTo assess the impact of IADPSG criteria on the incidence of GDM and pregnancy outcomes, and to compare this to the effect of obesity, particularly among women who would not have GDM by the Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society 1998 criteria (ADIPS1998). Material and MethodsA retrospective observational cohort study linking results of 75 g glucose tolerance tests with demographic and pregna...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
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Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Featured Focus News July 2016 Source Type: research
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Source: Diabetic Medicine - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
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