Repetitive behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Associations with depression and anxiety symptoms

Publication date: December 2019Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 68Author(s): A. Muskett, N.N. Capriola-Hall, S. Ryan Radtke, R. Factor, A. ScarpaAbstractYouth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience depression and anxiety at higher rates than typically developing (TD) youth. The current study examined how restricted and repetitive behaviors or interests (RRBs) may be related to symptoms of depression and anxiety. Participants included 35 children with ASD (29 male, 6 female) between 3 and 14 years. Youth who met clinical cut-off for depression and anxiety demonstrated increased self-injurious behavior compared to peers with ASD who did not meet clinical cut-off. These findings might suggest that self-injurious behaviors may serve as behavioral indicators of heightened negative affect. This could have important implications for assessment of symptoms of anxiety and depression in this population, which is especially critical given that children with ASD often experience language delays and difficulties.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Related Links:

Background: Opioids are commonly used after posterior spinal instrumented fusion (PSIF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Prescription opioids use can potentially lead to misuse, abuse, dependence, and overdose death. Prolonged opioid use has not been extensively studied in the postoperative AIS population. The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors associated with prolonged opioid use after PSIF for AIS. Methods: A large insurance database was queried for AIS patients undergoing PSIF. Patients with prolonged postoperative opioid use were defined as those receiving new prescriptions for an opioid m...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Scoliosis Source Type: research
Authors: Reinhard MA, Dewald-Kaufmann J, Wüstenberg T, Musil R, Barton BB, Jobst A, Padberg F Abstract Social exclusion (ostracism) is a major psychosocial factor contributing to the development and persistence of psychiatric disorders and is also related to their social stigma. However, its specific role in different disorders is not evident, and comprehensive social psychology research on ostracism has rather focused on healthy individuals and less on psychiatric patients. Here, we systematically review experimental studies investigating psychological and physiological reactions to ostracism in different res...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
AbstractSocial exclusion (ostracism) is a major psychosocial factor contributing to the development and persistence of psychiatric disorders and is also related to their social stigma. However, its specific role in different disorders is not evident, and comprehensive social psychology research on ostracism has rather focused on healthy individuals and less on psychiatric patients. Here, we systematically review experimental studies investigating psychological and physiological reactions to ostracism in different responses of psychiatric disorders. Moreover, we propose a theoretical model of the interplay between psychiatr...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) results in a decrease of dystrophin with potential implications for cognitive and psychiatric complications. To better understand these concerns, we conducted a retrospective study of the neuropsychological symptoms and respective pharmacotherapies of 74 BMD patients. Eight (10.8%) patients exhibited autistic features, 26 (35.1%) exhibited inattention/hyperactivity, 23 (31.1%) had learning difficulties, 27 (36.5%) had language delays, 9 (12.2%) had global intellectual delays, 4 (5.4%) had features of tics or Tourette's, 27 (36.5%) had emotion dysregulation, 14 (18.9%) had obsessive-compulsiv...
Source: Neuromuscular Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive neuromuscular disorder associated with significant neuropsychological symptoms. A retrospective case series study of 700 patients with DMD was conducted to study the prevalence of cognitive difficulties, neuropsychiatric conditions, and behavioral problems. Learning difficulties were seen in 19.6% of patients; autistic features in 7.6%; inattention/hyperactive features in 31.4%; language/speech delays in 24.4%; global intellectual delays in 3.7%; chronic tics in 2.4%; emotional/behavioral dysregulation in 38.7%; obsessive and compulsive features in 25.0%; anxiety features ...
Source: Neuromuscular Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion , patients with NS showed higher levels of introversion, which may predispose them to internalizing problems. These problems were indeed more frequent in patients with NS, especially higher levels of demoralization. Patients may benefit from psychological interventions aimed to decrease internalizin g problems, introversion and alexithymia.
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Whether you agree or disagree with her message, Greta Thunberg has suffered from the typical stigmatizing comments from those who disagree with her because of her Asperger’s syndrome diagnosis. This is the kind of ignorance most people have left behind in the last century. But some critics, instead of focusing and replying to her message about the threats of climate change, chose to focus on the messenger, Thunberg herself. Calling her “mentally ill,” one critic even went so far as to suggest she was some sort of parentally-controlled pawn in a vast global conspiracy. It shows a stunning amount of discrim...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mental Health and Wellness Motivation and Inspiration Policy and Advocacy Stigma Climate Change Greta Thunberg Mental Health Stigma Source Type: blogs
 Chrisa Hickey’s journey into mental health advocacy started when her son, Tim, was diagnosed with very early onset schizophrenia after being admitted to a psychiatric hospital for the first time at the age of 11.  He had been showing symptoms for years and had received a half dozen different diagnoses. His family was desperately looking for answers. Tim’s illness took a toll on the entire family, which was only exacerbated by the lack of information and resources available to them.  In America, fewer than 100 children per year are diagnosed with very early onset schizophrenia. Chrisa had to find ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Bipolar Children and Teens Depression Family General Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Podcast Psychiatry Psychology Schizophrenia The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
Everyone complains about work. Having to go to work every day, working too much, not getting paid enough- working can be challenging for so many reasons. Today’s episode focuses on working while having schizophrenia.  Host Rachel Star Withers, a diagnosed schizophrenic, and co-host Gabe Howard share antidotes from their own work lives and speak with fellow schizophrenic Michelle Hammer. Michelle, an award-winning graphic designer and entrepreneur, discusses her struggles working full time and transitioning to working for herself. Cheryl Wallace the Vice President of Programs at Rose Hill Center, a psychiatric tr...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Self-Help Employment life with schizophrenia Living With Schizophrenia mental illness at work Psychology working working and schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
We describe the fundamental principles and basic techniques used in microbiome-gut-brain axis research in an accessible way for a clinician audience. We summarize the current evidence in relation to microbiome-based strategies for various psychiatric disorders and provide some practical advice that can be given to patients seeking to try a probiotic for mental health benefit. PMID: 31530002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research
More News: Anxiety | Autism | Children | Depression | Psychiatry | Study