Lacunar stroke syndromes as predictors of lacunar and non-lacunar infarcts on neuroimaging: a hospital-based study

AbstractLacunar syndromes are usually caused by small ischemic lesions called lacunar infarcts. However, non-lacunar infarcts account for about 20% of lacunar syndromes. The aim of this study was to identify clinical predictors of lacunar syndromes led by non-lacunar infarcts. The following single centre, observational study was conducted on an analysis of the “Perugia hospital-based Stroke Registry” database enrolling consecutive patients admitted with ischemic stroke during the period 2010–2017. We evaluated patient risk factors and clinical features linked to stroke syndrome (lacunar/non-lacunar) and to cerebral infarction (lacunar/non-lacunar). Lacunar syndromes were diagnosed in 478 (26.6%) out of 1796 patients. In 104 (21.1%) patients, lacunar syndromes were caused by non-lacunar infarcts. Lacunar syndromes with lacunar infarcts were primarily linked to diabetes (27.8% vs 16.3%) and obesity (7.7% vs 0.9%), while lacunar syndromes with no n-lacunar infarcts were linked to a higher risk of atrial fibrillation (22.1% vs 9.4%) and higher National Institute of Health Stroke Scale scores on admission (mean 5.5 ± 3.7 vs 4.7 ± 2.8). On multivariate analysis, atrial fibrillation (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.09–2.31;p = 0.002) and higher NIHSS (OR 1.12 for each point increase, 95% CI 1.09–1.15;p 
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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Objectives: Results of the SPRINT study have influenced recent guidelines on arterial hypertension, in the identification of target SBP, but scarce attention has been paid to the consequences on DBP. However, there is evidence that reducing DBP too much can be harmful. Methods: We analyzed outcome in 4005 treated hypertensive patients (22% obesity, 8% diabetes and 21% current smoking habit) with target attended office SBP less than 140 mmHg, in relation to quintiles of DBP, cardiovascular risk profile and target organ damage (LV hypertrophy, carotid plaque and left atrial dilatation). Composite fatal and nonfatal ca...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research
In conclusion, e-noise is a potential danger in our world, and further studies are needed of its effects on mechanisms of aging, disease, and human health.
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study we aimed to investigate the EFT in patients with MAC.Methods: The study group consisted of 78 patients with MAC. An age, gender and body mass index matched control group consisted of 47 subjects who admitted to echocardiography laboratory due to suspicion of organic heart disease and eventually found to be free of MAC. We measured EFT in patients with MAC and control subjects.Results: EFT was significantly higher in patients with MAC than in control subjects (5.7 ±0.9 vs. 4.4±0.6 mm respectively; P
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study shows that a higher burden of liver steatosis seems to be associated with less severe stroke and better functional outcome after ischemic stroke or TIA. Introduction Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a spectrum of diseases from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis with varying degree of fibrosis, and liver cirrhosis (1, 2). NAFLD is becoming the most common chronic liver disease worldwide including Korea, affecting approximately 25% of the general population (3, 4). NAFLD is closely associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and is even recognized as ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Although lower-complexity cardiac malformations constitute the majority of adult congenital heart disease (ACHD), the long-term risks of adverse cardiovascular events and relationship with conventional risk factors in this population are poorly understood. We aimed to quantify the risk of adverse cardiovascular events associated with lower-complexity ACHD that is unmeasured by conventional risk factors. METHODS: A multi-tiered classification algorithm was used to select individuals with lower-complexity ACHD and individuals without ACHD for comparison amongst>500,000 British adults in ...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
Conclusions: People with RVO are at a significantly greater risk of developing stroke, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke. However, RVO does not significantly increase the risk of all-cause mortality. PMID: 30271630 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Abstract Background -The Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke (IRIS) trial demonstrated that pioglitazone reduced risk for both cardiovascular events and diabetes in insulin resistant patients. However, concern remains that pioglitazone may increase risk for heart failure (HF) in susceptible individuals. Methods -In IRIS, patients with insulin resistance but without diabetes were randomized to pioglitazone or placebo (1:1) within 180 days of an ischemic stroke or TIA and followed for up to 5 years. To identify patients at higher HF risk with pioglitazone we performed a secondary analysis of IRIS participan...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
Obesity is a key factor for cardiovascular diseases and complications. Obesity is associated with hypertension, dyslipidemia and type II diabetes, which are the major predictors of cardiovascular disease in the future. It predisposes for atrial fibrillation, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, renal disease and ischemic stroke that are the main causes of cardiovascular hospitalization and mortality. As obesity and the cardiovascular effects on the vessels and the heart start early in life, even from childhood, it is important for health policies to prevent obesity very early before the disease manifestation emerge. Key ro...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: Consensus Documents Source Type: research
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