Liver Stiffness Assessed by Ultrasound Shear Wave Elastography from General Electric Accurately Predicts Clinically Significant Portal Hypertension in Patients with Advanced Chronic Liver Disease.

Liver Stiffness Assessed by Ultrasound Shear Wave Elastography from General Electric Accurately Predicts Clinically Significant Portal Hypertension in Patients with Advanced Chronic Liver Disease. Ultraschall Med. 2019 Sep 02;: Authors: Stefanescu H, Rusu C, Lupsor-Platon M, Nicoara Farcau O, Fischer P, Grigoras C, Horhat A, Stancu O, Ardelean A, Tantau M, Badea R, Procopet B Abstract PURPOSE:  Clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH) is responsible for most of the complications in patients with cirrhosis. Liver stiffness (LS) measurement by vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE) is currently used to evaluate CSPH. Bi-dimensional shear wave elastography from General Electric (2D-SWE.GE) has not yet been validated for the diagnosis of PHT. Our aims were to test whether 2D-SWE.GE-LS is able to evaluate CSPH, to determine the reliability criteria of the method and to compare its accuracy with that of VCTE-LS in this clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Patients with chronic liver disease referred to hepatic catheterization (HVPG) were consecutively enrolled. HVPG and LS by both VCTE and 2D-SWE.GE were performed on the same day. The diagnostic performance of each LS method was compared against HVPG and between each other. RESULTS:  2D-SWE.GE-LS was possible in 123/127 (96.90 %) patients. The ability to record at least 5 LS measurements by 2D-SWE.GE and IQR 
Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultraschall Med Source Type: research

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Authors: Carrier P, Debette-Gratien M, Jacques J, Loustaud-Ratti V Abstract The global population is aging, and so the number of older cirrhotic patients is increasing. Older patients are characterised by a risk of frailty and comorbidities, and age is a risk factor for mortality in cirrhotic patients. The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease as an aetiology of cirrhosis is increasing, while that of chronic viral hepatitis is decreasing. Also, cirrhosis is frequently idiopathic. The management of portal hypertension in older cirrhotic patients is similar to that in younger patients, despite the greater ri...
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Fibroscan is an accurate non-invasive method for the diagnosis of fibrosis in alcoholic patients. TE values below 11 and 30 kPa likely rule out significant fibrosis and varices, respectively.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER, PANCREAS & BILIARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a growing challenge to global public health. It is defined as the increased accumulation of hepatic triglyceride (>5%) in the absence of excessive alcohol consumption or other causes of liver disease. The NAFLD spectrum encompasses steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver, NAFL) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), an inflammatory form of the condition marked by the presence of hepatocyte damage and progressive fibrosis that may lead to cirrhosis.[1,2] Although NAFLD may occur in patients with normal weight, it is closely associated with the presence of the metabolic syndrom...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Portal hypertension, liver fibrosis, and angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL) have been reported among workers exposed to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) since the 1970s. In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer established the association of VCM with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), though only on the basis of the few cases available. Thereafter, recent reports from the United States cohort and a European sub-cohort of vinyl chloride workers provided compelling evidence of a strong association between cumulative VCM exposure and HCC risk. Further areas of research include the risk of liver cancer ...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Abstract The intimate connection and the strict mutual cooperation between the gut and the liver realizes a functional entity called gut-liver axis. The integrity of intestinal barrier is crucial for the maintenance of liver homeostasis. In this mutual relationship, the liver acts as a second firewall towards potentially harmful substances translocated from the gut, and is, in turn, is implicated in the regulation of the barrier. Increasing evidence has highlighted the relevance of increased intestinal permeability and consequent bacterial translocation in the development of liver damage. In particular, in patient...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
In conclusion, with study of the frailty syndrome still in its infancy, frailty analysis remains a major challenge. It is a challenge that needs to be overcome in order to shed light on the multiple mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of this syndrome. Although several mechanisms contribute to frailty, immune system alteration seems to play a central role: this syndrome is characterized by increased levels of pro-inflammatory markers and the resulting pro-inflammatory status can have negative effects on various organs. Future studies should aim to better clarify the immune system alteration in frailty, and seek to esta...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract BACKGROUND: Clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH) and severe portal hypertension (SPH) increase the risk for decompensation and life-threatening complications in liver cirrhosis. Pathologic angiogenesis might contribute to the formation of these conditions. Placental growth factor (PlGF) and Nogo-A protein are biomarkers of pathological angiogenesis, but data on their role in liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension is scarce. AIM: To determine plasma levels of PlGF and Nogo-A in patients with liver cirrhosis, CSPH, SPH and potential to predict portal hypertension. METHODS: A cohort o...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
This study aims to determine the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus and insulin therapy on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the patients with morbid obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical, anthropometric and laboratory data were analyzed together with intraoperative liver biopsies from morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. RESULTS: 219 patients with morbid obesity were evaluated. Systemic arterial hypertension (55.9% vs. 33.8%, p = 0.004) and dyslipidemia (67.1% vs. 39.0%, p
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Liver disease constitutes the third most common cause of premature death in the UK, and its prevalence is substantially higher compared to other countries in Western Europe.[1 –3] Excess liver iron is associated with increased severity and progression of liver diseases including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), [4–6] and is the direct cause of liver disease in those with hereditary haemochromatosis a nd thalassaemia.[7,8] Observational associations have been described between excess liver iron content and several metabolic diseases such as hig...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThere are scanty data from India on the prevalence and clinical profile of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM).AimTo identify the prevalence and clinical presentation of CCM in patients with liver cirrhosis.MethodsFive hundred and eighty-six patients with liver cirrhosis were recruited based on inclusion criteria and evaluated for cardiac parameters using electrocardiography, 2-dimensional echocardiography, dobutamine stress test and coronary angiography as needed. Baseline demographic data, liver biochemistry, endoscopic and radiological findings were recorded in all the patients. Appropriate statistical anal...
Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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