Researchers Link Painkillers After Wisdom Teeth Removal To Opioid Crisis

BOSTON (CBS) – Some good news when it comes to the opioid crisis. The Massachusetts Department of Public Health says opioid-related overdose deaths fell nearly 11-percent in the first six months of this year compared to the first half of last year. One way that people are first introduced to opioids is after dental procedures and researchers in Michigan say thousands of kids a year could become new chronic opioid users after something as simple as having their wisdom teeth removed. Despite the fact that a combination of ibuprofen and Tylenol can effectively treat pain after a tooth extraction, many dentists still offer opioids like Vicodin or Codeine to their patients. Researchers say just filling those prescriptions could more than double the odds they would continue to misuse opioids even if they have never used these drugs before. The American Dental Association now recommends the use of alternative pain relievers and only prescribing a 7-day supply when opioids are necessary.
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Syndicated Local Dr. Mallika Marshall opioid crisis Source Type: news

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Chronic opioid therapies (COT) are widely prescribed for the treatment of chronic pain related to palliative care, active cancer, and end-of-life care.43, 189 However, the use of COT to alleviate and manage chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) remains controversial due to the risk for development of opioid use disorder, overdose, and opioid-related deaths.43 Despite the increased use of opioids to manage a wide range of chronic pain conditions, there is limited data regarding the effectiveness of long-term opioid treatment for CNCP particularly when considering COT as a primary treatment option.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: To estimate all-cause and overdose crude mortality rates and standardized mortality ratios among people prescribed opioids for chronic noncancer pain and risk of overdose death in this population relative to people with similar clinical profiles...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Background Chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) among patients with substance use disorder (SUD) poses a risk for worse treatment outcomes. Understanding the association of CNCP with SUD is important for informing the need and potential benefits of pain assessm...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices t...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices t...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
AbstractObjectiveThe SUNBURST study was a prospective, multicenter, randomized crossover trial of a single device delivering burst and tonic spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for chronic trunk and/or limb pain. We performed apost hoc analysis of opioid consumption at baseline and after device implantation.Materials and MethodsAfter implantation, 100 patients were randomized to one mode (tonic or burst) for 12  weeks, and the other mode for the subsequent 12 weeks. After the crossover period (24 weeks), patients chose their preferred mode and were assessed for one year. We analyzed 69 patients who took opio...
Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research
AbstractIn 2015, the United States of America (USA) Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released an issue brief that addressed opioid addiction, opioid overdoses, and opioid-related deaths as a public health concern within the country. After collaboration with state and stakeholder organizations, the HHS identified three target initiatives aimed to mitigate the negative consequences of opioid use within the USA. One initiative included implementation of guidelines to help reduce inappropriate opioid prescribing with a goal to reduce morbidity and mortality. The aim of this commentary is to discuss the misapplicat...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe following review will highlight recent studies reporting associations between alcohol and tobacco use with non-medical opioid use in the post-operative period, as well as patients with chronic non-malignant and cancer pain.Recent FindingsThe use of alcohol, tobacco, and other illegal substances are associated with an increased risk of opioid use disorder in the post-operative setting and in patients with chronic non-malignant and cancer pain.SummaryOpioid overdoses are at a national epidemic afflicting the general population. A comprehensive assessment of the risk for opioid use disorder is adv...
Source: Current Anesthesiology Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
AbstractOpioid-related death and overdose have now reached epidemic proportions. In response to this public health crisis, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) launched the Helping to End Addiction Long-term InitiativeSM, or NIH HEAL InitiativeSM, an aggressive, trans-agency effort to speed scientific solutions to stem the national opioid public health crisis. Herein, we describe two NIH HEAL Initiative programs to accelerate development of non-opioid, non-addictive pain treatments: The Preclinical Screening Platform for Pain (PSPP) and Early Phase Pain Investigation Clinical Network (EPPIC-Net). These resources are pro...
Source: Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Antiepileptics include various groups of drugs that have different mechanisms of actions and adverse effects. They are often also used to treat other disorders such as psychosis, chronic pain, and migraine. The most common drugs implicated in overdose incl...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news
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