Different Features of Tumor-Associated NK Cells in Patients With Low-Grade or High-Grade Peritoneal Carcinomatosis

Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is a rare disease defined as diffused implantation of neoplastic cells in the peritoneal cavity. This clinical picture occurs during the evolution of peritoneal tumors, and it is the main cause of morbidity and mortality of patients affected by these pathologies, though cytoreductive surgery with heated intra-peritoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is yielding promising results. In the present study, we evaluated whether the tumor microenvironment of low-grade and high-grade PC could affect the phenotypic and functional features and thus the anti-tumor potential of NK cells. We show that while in the peritoneal fluid (PF) of low-grade PC most CD56dim NK cells show a relatively immature phenotype (NKG2A+KIR-CD57-CD16dim), in the PF of high-grade PC NK cells are, in large majority, mature (CD56dimKIR+CD57+CD16bright). Furthermore, in low-grade PC, PF-NK cells are characterized by a sharp down-regulation of some activating receptors, primarily NKp30 and DNAM-1, while, in high-grade PC, PF-NK cells display a higher expression of the PD-1 inhibitory checkpoint. The compromised phenotype observed in low-grade PC patients corresponds to a functional impairment. On the other hand, in the high-grade PC patients PF-NK cells show much more important defects that only partially reflect the compromised phenotype detected. These data suggest that the PC microenvironment may contribute to tumor escape from immune surveillance by inducing different NK cell impair...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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ConclusionCytoreduction and HIPEC offer low recurrence rate and prolonged mean RFS for patients with MCPM. The combined procedure can be offered with acceptable morbidity in specialized centers.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundAngioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma is a rare malignancy, accounting for only 2% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas, first described in the 1970s and subsequently accepted as a distinct entity in the current World Health Organization classification. Due to the paucity of this disease, there is still no identifiable etiology, no consistent risk factors, and the pathogenesis remains unclear.Case presentationAn 83-year-old Caucasian man presented to an emergency department with palpitations and was found to have atrial fibrillation. During his hospitalization, he was found to have asymptomatic hypercalcemia with co...
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion Cytoreduction and HIPEC offer low recurrence rate and prolonged mean RFS for patients with MCPM. The combined procedure can be offered with acceptable morbidity in specialized centers.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion For patients with rare tumors, CRS and HIPEC is feasible with an acceptable perioperative morbidity and mortality. To improve knowledge in patient selection and outcome, rare tumors treated with CRS and HIPEC should be documented in central databases (as for example BIG RENAPE, Pierre-Benite, France).
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Palliative debulking is a safe procedure with an acceptable morbidity and mortality offering immediate disease control.
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Peritoneal lymphomatosis is a very rare disease of extranodal involvement of malignant lymphoma that is occasionally confounded with other peritoneal diseases. Herein, we reported the case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with massive ascites with prior history of stomach perforation during endoscopic procedure to treat early gastric cancer. Imaging studies showed massive ascites and tumor infiltration in the omentum and peritoneal wall. Initially, relapsed gastric cancer with peritoneal seeding was suspected based on the patient’s history and imaging findings.
Source: Clinical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: The search resulted in retrieval of 29 studies, of which 10 addressed the outcome of LA versus open adrenalectomy (OA) and included 844 patients eligible for this review. Among these, 206 patients had undergone LA approaches, and 638 patients had undergone OA. Among the 10 studies that compared the outcomes obtained with LA and OA for ACC, 5 noted no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in the oncological outcomes of recurrence and disease-free survival, whereas the remaining 5 reported inferior outcomes in the LA group. Using a paired t test for statistical analysis, except for tumor size,...
Source: JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons - Category: Surgery Tags: JSLS Source Type: research
Abstract Metastatic mucinous adenocarcinoma in an inguinal hernia is a rare disease and the image findings of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) are little known. Here, we introduce a 57-year-old man with metastatic mucinous adenocarcinoma in an inguinal hernia. On initial 18F-FDG PET/CT, hypermetabolism was observed in mucinous adenocarcinoma of the cecum, and adenocarcinomas of the transverse and ascending colon, respectively. Follow-up 18F-FDG PET/CT revealed newly developed multiple hypermetabolism in peritoneal seeding masses and nodules in the pelvic ...
Source: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Actinomycosis should be considered in patients with pelvic mass or abdominal wall mass that mimicked a malignancy. Antibiotic therapy is the first treatment choice and made unnecessary a more invasive surgical management. PMID: 25986979 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cirugia y Cirujanos - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Cir Cir Source Type: research
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