Current peri-operative imaging concepts surrounding shoulder arthroplasty

This article will review pertinent imaging findings related to the pre- and post-operative management of patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis.
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Authors: Eftekharsadat B, Aghamohammadi D, Dolatkhah N, Hashemian M, Salami H Abstract Background: We aimed to determine dietary intake and serum concentration of α-tocopherol and lycopene in subjects with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in relation to pain intensity and functional status and comparing them with healthy controls. Methods: This case-control study was conducted among 35 patients with primary KOA and 35 matched healthy subjects selected using convenience sampling method. Dietary intakes of alpha-tocopherol and lycopene were estimated from 24-hour dietary records. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Weste...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
AbstractOsteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease that leads to pain and functional incapacity. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of the incorporation of photobiomodulation (PBM) (via cluster) into a physical exercise program on the level of pain, lower limb muscle strength, and physical capacity, in patients with knee OA. Sixty-two female volunteers with a diagnosis of knee OA were distributed in 4 groups: exercise associated with placebo PBM group, exercise associated with active PBM group, active PBM group, and placebo PBM group. Sixteen sessions of lower limb strength exercises and PBM via cluster...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Therapeutic exercises and playing AVGs similarly improved the pain of patients with knee OA; however, playing AVGs improved dynamic balance, physical functional performance, and physical health more than therapeutic exercises did.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
DiscussionTrapeziectomy with LRTI for thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis provided early subjective improvements in outcomes as early as 3 months post-procedure. However, more than 6 months are required to determine objective improvements in outcomes. To obtain early patient-reported satisfactory outcomes, we should focus not on improving hand and finger strength, but on treating postoperative surgical site pain and preventing thumb stiffness.Level of evidenceIV, retrospective therapeutic study.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study would provide rigorous evidence for the effect and safety of CO2 laser moxibustion in treating knee OA (Trial registration No.: ISRCTN15030019).
Source: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Following destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM), mice develop experimental osteoarthritis (OA) and associated pain behaviors that are dependent on the stage of disease. We aimed to describe changes in gene expression in knee-innervating dorsal root ganglia (DRG) after surgery, in order to identify molecular pathways associated with three pre-defined pain phenotypes: “post-surgical pain”, “early-stage OA pain”, and “persistent OA pain”.
Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Source Type: research
The alarmin HMGB1 is an endogenous molecule that is released into the extracellular space upon trauma or cell activation. Extracellular HMGB1 initiates innate immune responses and besides mediating inflammation, has osteoclast-activating features and mediates pain, all important features in OA. The aim of this study was to examine the involvement of HMGB1 in experimental OA and to explore the effect of local anti-HMGB1-therapy on disease progression.
Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Anxiety, pain-related cognitions, and psychological resources predict symptoms in knee osteoarthritis in the long term. PMID: 31965830 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research
This article investigates the clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction patients over 7 years to determine the effects of initial graft tension on outcomes when using patellar tendon (bone–tendon–bone [BTB]) and hamstring tendon (HS) autografts. Ninety patients, reconstructed with BTB or HS, were randomized using two initial graft tension protocols: (1) normal anteroposterior (AP) laxity (“low-tension”; n = 46) and (2) AP laxity overconstrained by 2 mm (“high-tension”; n = 44). Seventy-two patient...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to evaluate recent advancements in regenerative medicine modalities in the treatment of the most common spinal disorders.Recent FindingsImmunomodulatory and trophic effects of the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and growth factors have been studied in the treatment of symptomatic degenerative spine disorders including degenerative disc disease and facet joint arthropathy. Gene therapy and exosomes are investigated as a future generation of biologics with gene therapy most advanced in the treatment of osteoarthritis.SummaryWhile current studie...
Source: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
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