Three-year Effectiveness and Safety of Vedolizumab for IBD Three-year Effectiveness and Safety of Vedolizumab for IBD

This study examined the effectiveness and safety of long-term vedolizumab maintenance therapy in patients with moderate-to-severe active ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.Alimentary Pharmacology &Therapeutics
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Gastroenterology Journal Article Source Type: news

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Authors: Kim S, Kang Y, Park S, Koh H, Kim S Abstract BACKGROUND: It has been known that vitamin D level (serum 25[OH]D) has correlation with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The purpose of this study is to investigate changes of serum 25[OH]D in pediatric IBD patients according to the disease activity. METHODS: A total of 96 children and adolescent with IBD were enrolled in this retrospective study. Serologic inflammatory markers and clinical disease activity scores of the patients were collected, and their correlations with serum 25[OH]D were analyzed. Seasonal variations of serum 25[OH]D were also investiga...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions: Long diagnostic delay in IBD was mainly due to the longer delay in gastroenterologist consultation. Review of the referral system is needed to focus on measures to reduce long delays in diagnosis. The ileal location as a risk factor in CD and age older than 10 years as protective in UC should help recognition and early referral.
Source: The Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be at higher risk for psychiatric disorders and suicide attempt, according to a large, population-basedstudy published inJAMA Pediatrics.The risk for psychiatric disorders and suicide among children with IBD was greater when compared with siblings without IBD, indicating that the risk is likely related to IBD itself and not to genetic or environmental factors shared with siblings."Particularly concerning is the increased risk of suicide attempt," wrote Agnieszka Butwicka, M.D., Ph.D., of the Karolinska Institute in Sweden and colleagues. "Long-term psycholog...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD anxiety autism Crohn's disease IBD inflammatory bowel disease mood disorders personality disorders suicide ulcerative colitis Source Type: research
Introduction: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) are both chronic inflammatory diseases with a big impact in the quality of life of the patients. It has been described a higher prevalence of HS among patients diagnosed with IBD, especially Crohn disease. Some drugs used in HS, such as antibiotics, can be harmful for IBD patients and they may trigger flare ups. Adalimumab is anti-TNF drug which is approved for the treatment of both diseases, being the doses similar in both disorders.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
AbstractAplastic anemia (AA) has been reported to be associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but mostly with ulcerative colitis (UC). Little is known about the associations between AA and Crohn ’s disease (CD). We aim to determine the portraits of patients with AA-CD. Among a total of 657 patients with CD registered in Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases IBD center from January 2008 to October 2018, the patients diagnosed with concurrent AA were reviewed. Clinical presentation, medical history, endoscopic features, response to treatment, and prognosis in this set of patients were collected. Six male patie...
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Authors: Seyedian SS, Nokhostin F, Malamir MD Abstract Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) are classified as chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) which have similar symptoms and lead to digestive disorders and inflammation in the digestive system. The reason why they occur is still a mystery. A number of factors can be attributed to the prevalence of CD and UC, some of which include geographical location, inappropriate diet, genetics, and inappropriate immune response. Both diseases are more often diagnosed in urban areas compared to rural areas and both have their own challenges and side effects,...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
oor M Abstract Acute and chronic colitis affect a huge proportion of the population world-wide. The etiology of colitis cases can be manifold, and diet can significantly affect onset and outcome of colitis. While many forms of acute colitis are easily treatable, chronic forms of colitis such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease (summarized as inflammatory bowel diseases) are multifactorial with poorly understood pathogenesis. Inflammatory bowel diseases are characterized by exacerbated immune responses causing epithelial dysfunction and bacterial translocation. There is no cure and therapies aim at reducing i...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Abstract Patients with long-standing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involving at least 1/3 of the colon are at increased risk for colorectal cancer (CRC). Advancements in CRC screening and surveillance and improved treatment of IBD has reduced CRC incidence in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's colitis. Most cases of CRC are thought to arise from dysplasia, and recent evidence suggests that the majority of dysplastic lesions in patients with IBD are visible, in part thanks to advancements in high definition colonoscopy and chromoendoscopy. Recent practice guidelines have supported the use of chromoendo...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Abstract Estrogens play important roles in the development and progression of multiple tumor types. Accumulating evidence points to the significance of estrogen action not only in tumors of hormonally regulated tissues such as the breast, endometrium and ovary, but also in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). The effects of estrogens in physiological and pathophysiological conditions are mediated by the nuclear estrogen receptors α and β, as well as the membrane-bound G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER). The roles of GPER in CRC development and progression, however, remain poorly understoo...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Chams S, Badran R, Sayegh SE, Chams N, Shams A, Hajj Hussein I Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic inflammatory condition that encompasses Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Inflammatory bowel disease is not exclusive to the gastrointestinal system, as it has been identified to be associated with extraintestinal manifestations that encompass every other organ system in the human body. This review article will comprehensively review the current knowledge on extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease. In addition, it will discuss the recommendations for screening and surve...
Source: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol Source Type: research
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