Caspofungin Based Combined Anti-fungal Therapy for Proven or Probable Invasive Fungal Infection

Conditions:   Leukemia,;   Allogeneic Stem Cell TransplantationIntervention:   Drug: Caspofugin  based combination therapySponsor:   Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineRecruiting - verified November 2014
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) remains the only curable option for adult patients with hematologic malignancies. According to guidelines published by the American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, allogeneic HCT should be offered to all intermediate ‐ and high‐risk patients with acute leukemia. While matched‐related donor (MRD) grafts continue to be the preferred stem cell source for allogeneic HCT, studies comparing MRD grafts to matched‐unrelated donor (MUD) grafts showed comparable outcomes in patients with acute leukemia. Unfortunat ely, for those without a suitable matched...
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Si On Stem Cell Transplantation Source Type: research
AbstractAllogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) remains the only curable option for adult patients with hematologic malignancies. According to guidelines published by the American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, allogeneic HCT should be offered to all intermediate ‐ and high‐risk patients with acute leukemia. While matched‐related donor (MRD) grafts continue to be the preferred stem cell source for allogeneic HCT, studies comparing MRD grafts to matched‐unrelated donor (MUD) grafts showed comparable outcomes in patients with acute leukemia. Unfortunat ely, for those without a suitable ...
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: SI ON STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION Source Type: research
Abstract Fungi are an important but frequently overlooked cause of morbidity and mortality in humans. Life-threatening fungal infections mainly occur in immunocompromised patients, and are typically caused by environmental opportunists that take advantage of a weakened immune system. The filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus is the most important and well-documented mold pathogen of humans, causing a number of complex respiratory diseases, including invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, an often fatal disease in patients with acute leukemia or in immunosuppressed bone marrow or solid organ transplant recipients. Ho...
Source: Advances in Applied Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Adv Appl Microbiol Source Type: research
Conclusions: ISA is safe in pediatric patients for the treatment of IFI. Prospective, randomized controlled trials are warranted to determine efficacy and safety of ISA in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies and hematopoietic cell transplant.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Hematopoietic cell transplantation is an essential and often the sole treatment strategy for relapsed and refractory hematologic malignancies. Patients and health care professionals expect to achieve long-term survival with intensive chemotherapy, total body irradiation, and allogeneic immune reactions caused by the graft-versus-leukemia effect [1]. Controlling treatment-related mortality is also key to successful hematopoietic cell transplantation. Adverse events after hematopoietic cell transplantation include the immune reaction called graft-versus-host disease (GVHD); bacterial, viral, and fungal infections; and hepati...
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Hematopoietic cell transplantation is an essential and often the sole treatment strategy for relapsed and refractory hematological malignancies. Patients and health care professionals expect to achieve long-term survival with intensive chemotherapy, total body irradiation, and allogeneic immune reactions caused by graft versus leukemia effect [1]. Controlling treatment-related mortality is also a key to successful hematopoietic cell transplantation. Adverse events after hematopoietic cell transplantation include the immune reaction called graft versus host disease (GVHD), bacterial, viral, and fungal infections, and hepati...
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children with cancer. An overview of studies on the frequency and determinants of IFI in pediatric oncology patients in nonallogeneic stem cell transplantation settings is lacking. We performed a literature review in Pubmed and Embase, and included 13 prospective and 23 retrospective studies. The IFI frequency (proven/probable based on EORTC criteria) in nonallogeneic stem cell transplantation pediatric cancer patients ranged between 1.0% and 38.0%, with the highest frequencies reported in hematologic malignancies. The most common fungal...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
This study retrospectively analyzed 126 patients with HR-AML after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCST). RESULTS The disease-free survival (DFS) rates of 1 year and 3 years were 58.83% (95%CI: 50.75-68.20%) and 53.09% (95%CI: 44.59-63.22%) respectively. The cumulative relapse rates of 1 year and 3 years were 21.1% (95%CI: 14.4-28.8%) and 25.9% (95%CI: 18.1-34.5%) respectively. The cumulative incidences of III to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) for 100 days was 8.70% (95%CI: 4.6-14.5%). The cumulative rate of extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) for 1-year was 4.1% (95%CI:...
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
Conclusion: This prospective multicenter study provides information on the current incidence and outcome of IFD in the real life setting. Practice variation between the centers may help to ultimately improve antifungal management in children at highest risk for IFDs. Introduction Available data on the incidence and outcome of invasive fungal diseases (IFD) in children treated for a hematological malignancy or undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are mostly based on single site, retrospective studies or on studies performed prior to the availability of newer compounds such as broad-sp...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study they also showed PTX3 localized in NETs formed after neutrophil activation (5). Proteomics analysis revealed that PTX3 forms complexes with two anti-microbial proteins [azurocidin (AZU1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)] associated to NETs (30). More recently, PTX3 localization in NETs has been confirmed, and the colocalization with AZU1 and MPO has been defined more accurately (31). Further investigation will be needed to understand the involvement of PTX3 interaction with AZU1 and MPO in their antibacterial role during NET formation. Regulation of Complement Activation PTX3 interaction with microorganisms is not...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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