Noninvasive Brain Stimulation to Enhance Cognitive Training in Older Adults

Condition:   Normal Aging Interventions:   Device: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation;   Behavioral: Computer-based cognitive therapy (CBCT) Sponsor:   University of Pennsylvania Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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ConclusionsThe results suggest that MBCT may be a useful adjunct therapy for those suffering from psoriasis and the associated psychological symptoms relating to the condition.
Source: Mindfulness - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study investigates the extent to which classic CBT for anxiety and depression leads to symptom relief versus wellbeing enhancement, analysing routine outcomes in patients receiving CBT in high intensity Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT) Services in the UK. At intake, there were marked symptoms of anxiety and depression (a majority of participants scoring in the severe range) and deficits in wellbeing (a majority of participants classified as languishing, relative to general population normative data). CBT was more effective at reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression than repairing wellbeing. As a re...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Authors: Pelissolo A, Abou Kassm S, Delhay L Abstract Introduction: Classical well-established treatments of social anxiety disorder (SAD) are now complemented by more recent therapeutic strategies. This review aims to summarize available therapies for SAD and discuss recent evidence-based findings on the management of this disorder. Areas covered: Recent guidelines recommend psychotherapy, particularly cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and pharmacotherapy, as first-line treatments of patients with SAD, without a clear superiority of one option over the other. CBT includes classical approaches such as in vivo exposu...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
Mean IBS Symptom Severity Score reduced for telephone - , web - CBT versus treatment as usual
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Gastroenterology, Internal Medicine, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news
Abstract Although impressive progress has been made toward developing empirically-supported psychological treatments, the reality remains that a significant proportion of people with mental health problems do not receive these treatments. Finding ways to reduce this treatment gap is crucial. Since app-supported smartphone interventions are touted as a possible solution, access to up-to-date guidance around the evidence base and clinical utility of these interventions is needed. We conducted a meta-analysis of 66 randomized controlled trials of app-supported smartphone interventions for mental health problems....
Source: World Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is arguably the most common psychiatric disorder to arise after exposure to a traumatic event. Since its formal introduction in the DSM-III in 1980, knowledge has grown significantly regarding its causes, maintaining mechanisms and treatments. Despite this increased understanding, however, the actual definition of the disorder remains controversial. The DSM-5 and ICD-11 define the disorder differently, reflecting disagreements in the field about whether the construct of PTSD should encompass a broad array of psychological manifestations that arise after trauma or...
Source: World Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research
TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 -- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) delivered via telephone and web is effective for relieving the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a study published online Sept. 3 in The Lancet Gastroenterology...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 8 September 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Gerwyn Morris, Basant K. Puri, Adam J. Walker, Michael Maes, Andre F. Carvalho, Ken Walder, Catherine Mazza, Michael BerkAbstractMyalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) or chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a common and disabling condition with a paucity of effective and evidence-based therapies reflecting a major unmet need. Cognitive behavioural therapy and graded exercise are of modest benefit for only some ME/CFS patients, and many sufferers report aggravation of symptoms of fatigue with exercise. The presence of a multiplicity of patho...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study sought to develop and evaluate a measure of CPB relevant to emerging adults (CPBQ-EA), and examine the relationship between anxiety and parenting behaviors, including; CPB, overprotection, rejection, and warmth. A sample of 442 18 –25 year-olds completed self-report measures of anxiety and parenting. Exploratory factor analysis revealed three CPB domains; social, novelty, and competition. Greater social CPB was associated with lower social anxiety scores in emerging adults, but only when exhibited by fathers. Greater rejec tion exhibited by both parents was associated with higher emerging adult&n...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe presence of social support is a major determinant of positive health outcomes among people with cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, little is known about the most effective strategies for enhancing social support among this population. The aim of this scoping review was to describe the effectiveness of interventions seeking to enhance social support among people living with CVD and synthesize the evidence.Recent FindingsA systematic search for articles that (a) reported on interventions which may enhance social support and (b) included a measure of social support revealed 21 studies. Interve...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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