The Role of Hepatitis C Virus NS5A Region Mutation and SNP IL-28B of Host to Support Successful Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin Treatment in Patients with HCV-HIV Coinfection: A Prospective Cohort Study.

The Role of Hepatitis C Virus NS5A Region Mutation and SNP IL-28B of Host to Support Successful Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin Treatment in Patients with HCV-HIV Coinfection: A Prospective Cohort Study. Acta Med Indones. 2019 Apr;51(2):128-136 Authors: Kurniawan J, Gani RA, Djauzi S, Ibrahim F, Harimurti K, Nafrialdi N, Imannuel S Abstract BACKGROUND: HIV infection in HCV-infected patients accelerates disease progression and reduces the success rate of Peg-IFN/RBV treatment. HCV mutation in NS5A-ISDR/PKR-BD region improved the outcome in HCV monoinfection treated with Peg-IFN/RBV. SNP-IL28B polymorphism is predicted to have an effect on HCV quasispecies evolution. However, the role of NS5A mutation and SNP IL-28B in HIV-HCV coinfection is still unclear. The aim of the study is to determine the role of HCV NS5A-ISDR/PKR-BD mutation and SNP IL-28 polymorphism on the successfulness of Peg-IFN/RBV therapy in HCV-HIV coinfection. METHODS: prospective cohort was performed in this study. Plasma sample were obtained from 30 and 8 patients with HCV-HIV coinfection and HCV monoinfection, respectively. PCR nucleotide sequencing was performed after RNA virus extraction and cDNA synthesis. Protein secondary structure and prediction of mutation function were analyzed using PredictProtein (PP) program. RESULTS: sixteen HCV-HIV coinfected patients and none from eight HCV patients achieved sustained virological response (SVR). ≥1 non-neutral mutation was fo...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research

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