The epidemic of major sexually transmitted diseases in Shanghai, China, 2009-2018.
The epidemic of major sexually transmitted diseases in Shanghai, China, 2009-2018. Biosci Trends. 2019;13(3):273-275 Authors: Tang Q, Zhang X, Lu H Abstract Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), gonorrhea and syphilis are the major sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the world, which are the focus of epidemic prevention and control in China. The epidemiological trend analysis of STDs in Shanghai could reflect the epidemic situation of these diseases in high-income areas of China, providing a reference for how to control their epidemic. Although the overall incidence rate of infectious diseases levelled off after 2009, Shanghai still faces many new obstacles in the fight against STDs. Without effective prevention and control strategies for high-risk behaviors, such as active sexual activity without protection, for key susceptible populations, there may be a more serious epidemic of STDs in the future. Given these situations, strategies for controlling STDs in Shanghai should be more targeted with the development of epidemics, focusing on the following key areas for future work: i) attaching importance to health education; ii) strengthening epidemic surveillance; and iii) developing Community Health Service Centers (CHSC) as intervention subjects. PMID: 31327795 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Babor TF, Ferreira-Borges C PMID: 31603745 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the first to suggest the presence of PFAPA syndrome in the Chinese adult population. Clinicians should take into account PFAPA syndrome when diagnosing patients suffering from recurrent fevers of unknown origin, especially those with pharyngitis, cervical adenopathy and aphthous stomatitis. PMID: 31603071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Syphilitic meningomyelitis can occur at early or late stage of syphilis, the onset may be acute, subacute or chronic. The imaging findings suggested focal inflammation of the spinal cord. Prognosis is relatively good after proper treatment. PMID: 31603731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Qiqi Xin, Rong Yuan, Weili Shi, Zhengchuan Zhu, Yan Wang, Weihong CongAbstractInflammatory disorders result from abnormal immune response and their incidence has increased recently. Thus, there is an urgent need to discover new treatments for inflammatory disorders. In recent years, the natural products contained in Chinese herbs have attracted much attention worldwide owing to their anti-inflammatory effects. Paeoniflorin (PF) is a bioactive compound purified from the Chinese herb Paeonia lactiflora and reports have recently emerged suggesti...
Conclusion: The high prevalence of MYD88 L265P identified by ddPCR suggests that this method of evaluating the frequency of MYD88 L265P is a promising tool for accurate diagnosis of VRL. PMID: 31603365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study made a comparative analysis of the international occupational safety and health governance models and their development paths and learnt from the models adopted in the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, and other countries. We then put forward a government-led and multi-subject collaborative governance model under the condition of ”low-trust cost“ suitable for China's national conditions in order to promote the improvement of China's occupational safety and health governance.
ConclusionsOur results support a slight but significant association between gestational hypertension or preeclampsia and decreased likelihood of male delivery.
This article aimed to synthesize the ethical issue according to the principle of autonomy, justice, beneficence, and non-maleficence. Given that nursing workforce was limited and work burden among psychiatric nurses was heavy, seclusion was one of coercive interventions managing aggressive behavior. In relation to cope with ethical dilemma, it was proposed to improve therapeutic environment, and to apply de-escalation technique. Additionally, reducing clinical use and adverse effects of seclusion was also important, this goal would be achieved by building appropriate patient-nurse relationship, increasing staff engagement,...
ConclusionMLL remains to be underdiagnosed. Due to the obesity epidemic, clinicians must be aware of this once rare disease. The role of concurrent bariatric surgery with surgical resection of MLL warrants further studies.
Authors: Hu JH, Chang ML, Liu NJ, Yeh CT, Huang TJ Abstract Sustained virological response (SVR) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients treated with pegylated interferon α-2a and ribavirin is associated with reduced insulin resistance (IR), measured as a reduction of homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) scores after 24 weeks of therapy, and reduced fasting serum insulin and serum glucose levels. The present meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effect of HCV treatment response on IR in HCV patients who achieved SVR and those who did not (non-SVR) after receiving interferon (IFN)-based therapy. The PubMed, Cochrane ...