Systolic, Diastolic HTN Contribute to Adverse CV Events

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 -- Both systolic and diastolic hypertension contribute independently to the risk for adverse cardiovascular events, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Alexander C....
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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Purpose: To compare retinal thickness between patients with chronic hypertension without retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy, Keith–Wagener–Barker Grade IV status, and normal controls using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: In this retrospective study, we analyzed patients who visited our retinal clinic from January 2013 to February 2016. Of those included, 58 eyes of 58 patients were in the healthy control group (Group A), 37 eyes of 37 patients were in the chronic hypertension without retinopathy group (disease duration of at least 10 years; Group B), and 31 eyes of 31 patients wit...
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results support the hypothesis that the process of atherosclerotic plaque calcification presents a number of similarities with the physiological processes that occur in bone, involving both osteoblasts- and osteoclasts-like arterial cells. Finally, the present study suggests that risk factors, such as hypertension, cigarette smoke and diabetes, can cause the destabilization of the atheromatic plaque acting on calcification process as well as inflammation.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
According to this study: Five years after gastric bypass, adolescents and adults had weight loss that was similar in magnitude.Remission of diabetes and hypertension occurred more often in adolescents than adults.
Source: AJN - Category: Nursing Tags: Journal Watch Source Type: research
According to this study: People with white coat hypertension—but not white coat uncontrolled hypertension—are at increased risk for cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality compared with those who have normal blood pressure.Out-of-office blood pressure monitoring is important in the diagnosis and management of hypertension.
Source: AJN - Category: Nursing Tags: Journal Watch Source Type: research
Abstract Introduction: The outcome of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is significantly influenced by the total tissue ischemic time. In spite of efforts for reducing the in-hospital delay by full-time provision of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI) in the 24/7 program, pre-hospital delay still persists. As a first report in Iran, we aimed to assess the duration of pre-hospital delay and its contributing factors in STEMI patients in the P-PCI era. Methods: The present cross-sectional study evaluated 2103 STEMI patients who underwent primary PCI from 2016 to 2018. Demographic, persona...
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Vincenzo De Simone, Paola Guarise, Gabriele Zanotto, Giorgio MorandoAbstractPulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease (PH-LHD) frequently complicates heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Specific therapies for PH have not offered an advantage in patients with PH-LHD. The combined angiotensin receptor blocker–neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI), sacubitril/valsartan, is a novel therapy that can increase levels of natriuretic peptides (NPs). The resulting action on natriuresis and vasodilation may play an impo...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study was planned to assess the differences in the clinical characteristics, angiographic characteristics, and in-hospital outcomes of smokers and nonsmokers after primary percutaneous coronary intervention at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan.MethodsWe included patients between 40 and 80 years of age diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention from July 1, 2017, to March 31, 2018. Clinical and angiographic characteristics and in-hospital outcomes were obtained from the cases submitted to the National Cardiovascular Data Registry's Cath...
Source: Global Heart - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe incidence of CIN was slightly lower in PIS as compared to PPCI; however, this reduction was not statistically significant. The independent predictors of CIN were advanced age, history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, high dose of contrast agent, and cardiogenic shock.
Source: Global Heart - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Mineoka Y, Ishii M, Hashimoto Y, Nakamura N, Fukui M Abstract Diabetes and malnutrition sometimes overlap. Little is known about the relationship between malnutrition and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes. This cross-sectional study investigated this relationship in patients with type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the relationships between malnutrition assessed by controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and subclinical atherosclerosis assessed by carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid plaque scores in 461 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes. Nutritional assessment...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
We examined a group of 65 patients with primary hypertension receiving at least 3 antihypertensive drugs. In all of them plasma level of Ucn2, anthropometric measurements, biochemical tests, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), and echocardiography were performed. There were no differences in Ucn2 level related to beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers or diuretics, but we observed that in patients treated with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) (n = 52) serum Ucn2 levels were significantly higher than in patients treated with angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) (n = 13) (10.93 versus 5.56 ng/mL; P
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
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