Bovine tuberculosis disturbs parasite functional trait composition in African buffalo Ecology

Novel parasites can have wide-ranging impacts, not only on host populations, but also on the resident parasite community. Historically, impacts of novel parasites have been assessed by examining pairwise interactions between parasite species. However, parasite communities are complex networks of interacting species. Here we used multivariate taxonomic and trait-based approaches...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Biological Sciences Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe rate of helminthic co-infection is predominantly high than that of intestinal protozoa. Single parasitic co-infection was more common than double or multiple co-infections. Both body mass index and mid-upper arm circumference anthropometric parameters revealed greater risk of undernutrition in tuberculosis patients. Thus, screening and prompt treatment of parasites in tuberculosis patients and a support of nutritional supplementation for malnourished tuberculosis patients should be further studied which might enhance the disease treatment and minimize the risk of its complexity.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Trends in Elevated Blood Lead Levels Using 5 and 10 µg/dL Levels of Concern Among Refugee Children Resettled in Massachusetts, 1998-2015. Public Health Rep. 2019 Sep 20;:33354919874078 Authors: Geltman PL, Smock L, Cochran J Abstract OBJECTIVES: Refugee children are known to have a high prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (EBLLs). We sought to determine trends in EBLLs among refugee children during an 18-year period and examine relationships between descriptive characteristics and EBLLs by using 10 µg/dL and 5 µg/dL levels of concern. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated ref...
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 3433: Investigation of 5’-Norcarbocyclic Nucleoside Analogues as Antiprotozoal and Antibacterial Agents Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules24193433 Authors: Anastasia L. Khandazhinskaya Elena S. Matyugina Pavel N. Solyev Maggie Wilkinson Karen W. Buckheit Robert W. Buckheit Larisa N. Chernousova Tatiana G. Smirnova Sofya N. Andreevskaya Khalid J. Alzahrani Manal J. Natto Sergey N. Kochetkov Harry P. de Koning Katherine L. Seley-Radtke Carbocyclic nucleosides have long played a role in antiviral, antiparasitic, and antibacterial therapies. Recent results from ou...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Roche has won a nod from FDA for a new diagnostic for individual blood donation testing. The Basel-Switzerland-based company’s cobas Babesia test is for use on the cobas 6800/8800 system. Cobas Babesia detects parasites that live in red blood cells. Roche said this test is an important advancement because the Babesia parasite cannot be detected in traditional plasma or serum samples. The test can detect the four-common species of Babesia and employs the new whole blood collection tube, which simplifies Babesia sample preparation by consolidating steps within the tube itself to provide an efficient solutio...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: IVD Regulatory and Compliance Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Hui Wang, Rani KanthanAbstractAmoebiasis, caused by the intestinal protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, though a relatively common parasitic disease in the tropical and subtropical regions, is uncommon in the developed countries. In these countries, as amoebic colitis shares similar clinical symptoms and endoscopic features with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), these cases can be easily unrecognized and misdiagnosed.In this case report, we discuss the case of an adult patient with invasive intestinal amoebiasis, who was initia...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
In recent years, paediatric research on tuberculosis (TB) has focused on addressing new biomarkers with the potential to be used as immunological non-sputum-based methods for the diagnosis of TB in children. The aim of this study was to characterise a set of cytokines and a series of individual factors (ferritin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], parasite infections, and nutritional status) to assess different patterns for discriminating between active TB and latent TB infection (LTBI) in children. The levels of 13 cytokines in QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) supernatants were analysed in 166 children: 74 with active T...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract In July of 2012, mass infections with Paragonimus species were detected in the Henan province sickening 11 of 51 people. In May 2011, these individuals had participated in an excursion during which freshwater crabs were caught and served after being toasted. Before the group infections with Paraginimus species was confirmed, 5 of the 11 patients had been misdiagnosed as tuberculosis (TB) and treated with an anti-TB drug regimen for six months. The most common and typical manifestations were eosinophilia (11/11, 100%) and pulmonary manifestations including, among others, stethalgia and cough (7/11 63.6%). ...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Of the 8,000 Californians who will contract Valley Fever this year, most will recover without treatment, and those with more serious cases will require an antifungal medication that clears the infection. But a few will experience a life-threatening form of the disease that ravages the body for reasons unknown.Now, an experimental treatment used by physicians atUCLA Mattel Children ’s Hospital that cured a 4-year-old boy may provide an explanation — and a method for manipulating the immune system to combat not just Valley Fever, but a host of infections.In February 2018, the Gonzalez-Martinez family traveled 200...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Five UCLA medical students flew to Peru shortly before graduation to complete a clinical rotation at a hospital in Iquitos. Surrounded by the Amazon jungle, it ’s the world’s largest city that’s unreachable by road.After four years of working with the latest technology and state-of-the-art treatments, the students found their interaction with patients, who sometimes traveled weeks on the Amazon River by boat from remote villages,  a life-changing experience.Organized by theglobal health program in theDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, the three-week training, which was captured byNBC News, imme...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Abstract Paragonimiasis, or lung fluke disease, is a typical food-borne parasitic zoonosis caused by infection with trematodes belonging to the genus Paragonimus. More than 50 species of Paragonimus have been reported throughout the world, of which seven valid species infect humans, an estimated one million people annually worldwide. Among the seven species, P. westermani, P. heterotremus, and P. skrjabini/P. s. miyazakii, distributed in Asia, are the most important species as the cause of paragonimiasis. Humans acquire infection through the ingestion of raw, pickled or undercooked freshwater crustaceans, 2nd inte...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
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