Many Youth With ADHD Fail to Take Stimulants as Prescribed, Study Suggests

More than half of children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may not be taking stimulant medications as prescribed, according to areport inPsychiatric Services in Advance.“These findings [underscore] the need for active efforts to better understand the problem and develop approaches to help mitigate it, especially in primary care settings,” wrote lead author Joseph Biederman, M.D., chief of the Clinical and Research Programs in Pediatric Psychopharmacology and Ad ult ADHD at Massachusetts General Hospital, and colleagues.The researchers analyzed prescription and sociodemographic data from the Partners Health Care Research Patient Data Registry of Massachusetts General Hospital for 2,206 patients aged 4 to 17 years who had been prescribed any of the following stimulants between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2016: amphetamine/dextroamphetamine, dextroamphetamine, dexmethylphenidate, lisdexamfetamine, or methylphenidate. The researchers included medications prescribed as a single prescription (30-day supply) and medications with prescriptions postdated by up to three months (60- or 90-day supply).The researchers defined a patient as being “adherent” if a single index prescription was followed by a second prescription within 90 days.In cases in which index prescriptions were postdated by two months (that is, two prescriptions written the same date), a patient was deemed adherent if a third prescription was filled 31 t...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD Joseph Biederman medication adherence prescription refills Psychiatric Services stimulant medication Source Type: research

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Omega-3 fish oil supplements improve attention and vigilance in young people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, who have low levels of omega-3, a study in  Translational Psychiatry suggests.
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
It doesn ’t take long for a kid to check out. Or to decide you’re just another useless therapist they’re forced to see. Especially if they have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and have been treated like they’re a bad kid often enough to begin to believe it.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Book forum Source Type: research
Omega-3 fish oil supplements can improve attention in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) just as much as drug treatments, but only in those whose blood levels of omega-3 are low, trial results showed on Wednesday.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
AbstractPrevalence rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) differ with geographical areas varying in sunlight intensity. Sun- or daylight reaching the retina establishes entrainment of the circadian clock to daylight. Changes herein, hence, alterations in clock alignment, could be reflected indirectly in inattention via sleep duration. We here studied (1) annual variation in inattention at treatment initiation; (2) annual variation in response to ADHD treatment [methylphenidate (MPH)] by day of treatment initiation; and (3) dose dependence. We predicted least baseline inattention during a period of high su...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 20 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41398-019-0633-0High-dose eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) improves attention and vigilance in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and low endogenous EPA levels
Source: Translational Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Asking this question on behalf of a pediatric colleague. " I've been using the original Quotient ADHD test in my office for the last ten years Quotient ADHD Test The Quotient ADHD Test objectively measures hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention to aid assessment of ADHD. The test reports micro-motion and analyzes shifts in attention state, helping to engage patients and guardians in the treatment planning process. Unfortunately, the original Quo...
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Psychiatry Source Type: forums
CONCLUSION: We found no evidence that binge drinking or low alcohol intake in early pregnancy was associated with the risk of ADHD in the children. PMID: 31742728 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
This study aims to advance understanding of motor coordination difficulties in children with ND-CNVs and establish relationships between intelligence quotient (IQ) and psychopathology. METHODS: 169 children with an ND-CNV (67% male, median age = 8.88 years, range 6.02-14.81) and 72 closest-in-age unaffected siblings (controls; 55% male, median age = 10.41 years, s.d. = 3.04, range 5.89-14.75) were assessed with the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire, alongside psychiatric interviews and standardised assessments of IQ. RESULTS: The children with ND-CNVs had poorer coordination ability (b = 28.98, p
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Journal of Chemical NeuroanatomyAuthor(s): Amir Raoofi, Abass Aliaghaei, Mohammad-Amin Abdollahifar, Mahdi Eskandarian Boroujeni, Sara Sadat javadinia, Hadi Atabati, Beheshteh AbouhamzehAbstractBackground and AimStated in previous studies, physicians are typically prescribing methylphenidate (MPH), commonly known as Ritalin, for children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nevertheless, researchers have not still understood mechanisms of this stimulant medication. Research has also found an association between apoptosis signaling pathway...
Source: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
While recreational marijuana is legal in 11 states as of November 2019, more states gravitating toward legalizing the recreational use of the substance, and 33 states allowing medical marijuana, there’s apparently no stopping this trend. Cannabis, in the form of marijuana, hemp, and cannabidiol (CBD)  is being used for pain relief, to alleviate stress, cope with anxiety, and a number of other mental health disorders and addictions. Yet, there’s a dearth of clinical studies that have been conducted on the overall effects on a user’s health. Clearly, as Crain’s Detroit Business points out, more ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Medications Substance Abuse Cannabis Marijuana Source Type: blogs
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