Surveillance Report: Communicable Disease Threats to Public Health in the European Union; Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018

Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 7/2019. This 18-page report covers the events and threats detected by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) epidemic intelligence (EI) team in 2018 and the actions taken related to these findings. In 2018, 377 events were monitored and discussed at the daily round table meetings. Of the 377 events, 71 led to the opening and monitoring of a new threat. Threats of particular interest in 2018 included dengue, West Nile virus infection, monkeypox, and the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Harry Amuguni Chanzu, John Mmari Onyari, Paul Mwanza ShiunduAbstractSorption of Congo Red (CR) and Malachite Green (MG) dyes currently used in pigments and clothing industries were investigated using brewers’ spent grain (BSG) from a local brewery. Adsorption increased with a higher adsorbent weight and lower colorant concentrations. Accumulation of CR and MG was optimal at acidic pH and neutral pH respectively. Sorption decreased with an increase in temperature signifying an exothermic process. Batch adsorption data fitte...
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: EpidemicsAuthor(s): Julian Chantrey, Timothy Dale, David Jones, Michael Begon, Andy FentonAbstractMany pathogens of conservation concern circulate endemically within natural wildlife reservoir hosts and it is imperative to understand the individual and ecological drivers of natural transmission dynamics, if any threat to a related endangered species is to be assessed. Our study highlights the key drivers of infection and shedding dynamics of squirrelpox virus (SQPV) in its reservoir grey squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) population. To clarify SQPV dynamics in this popul...
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Deaths attributed to the disease have outpaced those from Ebola this year.
Source: The Scientist - Category: Science Tags: News Source Type: news
We describe demographic characteristics, sexual behaviors, and self-reported STD diagnoses of sexually active women and men, separately, by whether they had ever engaged in injection-related behaviors (age 15–44; N = 9006 women, N = 7210 men). Results indicate that in 2011–15, 1.4% of women and 2.6% of men reported ever engaging in injection-related behaviors. Examining the full logistic regression models indicate that for women, sex with a PWID in the past 12 months (AOR = 5.8, 95% CI: 2.9, 11.7), exchanging money/drugs for sex in the past 12 months (AOR = 3.6, 95% CI: 1.2, 10.9), chlamydia...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This article is a call to action for the scientific community to ensure that scientific evidence is guiding patient care, funding for treatment, and policy decisions that address the opioid epidemic.
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, Volume 51Author(s): Lin Zhao, Zhi-Cheng Wang, Shigui RuanAbstractCoinfection of hosts with multiple strains or serotypes of the same agent, such as different influenza virus strains, different human papilloma virus strains, and different dengue virus serotypes, is not only a very serious public health issue but also a very challenging mathematical modeling problem. In this paper, we study a time-periodic two-strain SIS epidemic model with diffusion and latent period. We first define the basic reproduction number R0i and introduce the invasi...
Source: Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications - Category: Research Source Type: research
Conditions:   Brucelloses;   Epidemic Hemorrhagic Fever;   Kala-Azar Intervention:   Drug: Antibiotics Sponsors:   Huashan Hospital;   First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University;   First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University;   The ninth Hospital of NanChang city;   Luoyang Central Hospital;   Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University;   The Fifth Affiliate d Hospital Xinjiang Medical University;   LanZhou University;   Huzhou Central&nbs...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In this study, we evaluated ATA as a potential antiviral drug against ZIKV replication. The antiviral activity of ATA against ZIKV replication in vitro showed median inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of 13.87 ± 1.09 μM and 33.33 ± 1.13 μM in Vero and A549 cells, respectively; without showing any cytotoxic effect in both cell lines (median cytotoxic concentration (CC50)> 1,000 μM). Moreover, ATA protected both cell types from ZIKV-induced cytopathic effect (CPE) and apoptosis in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. In addition, pre-treatment of Vero cells with ATA for up to 72 h also resulted...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Adriano Queiroz1, Isabella Fernanda Dantas Pinto2, Maricélia Lima3, Marta Giovanetti1,4, Jaqueline Goes de Jesus1, Joilson Xavier1, Fernanda Khouri Barreto5, Gisele André Baptista Canuto6, Helineide Ramos do Amaral7, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis4, Denise Lima Mascarenhas8, Melissa Barreto Falcão8, Normeide Pedreira Santos8, Vasco Ariston de Carvalho Azevedo9, Marcos Yukio Yoshinaga2*, Sayuri Miyamoto2 and Luiz Carlos Junior Alcantara1,4,10* 1Laboratório de Patologia Experimental, Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Salvador, Brazil 2Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Quími...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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