Commentary to 'topical estradiol increases epidermal thickness and dermal collagen of foreskin prior to hypospadia surgery - randomized double blinded controlled trial'

In this study, the authors examine the effects of administering preoperative topical estradiol to boys with hypospadias. In contrast to testosterone, estradiol does not, and is not intended to, increase penile size.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research

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This study suggests that certain SNPs of NER genes (ERCC1, ERCC2, and ERCC6) predispose women to the development of endometriosis. PMID: 31373346 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biology of Reproduction - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Biol Reprod Source Type: research
In this study, the authors examine the effects of administering pre-operative topical estradiol to boys with hypospadias. In contrast to testosterone, estradiol does not, and is not intended to, increase penile size [2].
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Maunil K. Desai1 and Roberta Diaz Brinton2,3* 1School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States 2Center for Innovation in Brain Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States 3Departments of Pharmacology and Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States Women have a higher incidence and prevalence of autoimmune diseases than men, and 85% or more patients of multiple autoimmune diseases are female. Women undergo sweeping endocrinological changes at least twice during their lifetime, puberty and menopause, with many women undergoin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we found that senescent chondrocytes isolated from OA patients secrete more EVs compared with nonsenescent chondrocytes. These EVs inhibit cartilage ECM deposition by healthy chondrocytes and can induce a senescent state in nearby cells. We profiled the miR and protein content of EVs isolated from the synovial fluid of OA joints from mice with SnCs. After treatment with a molecule to remove SnCs, termed a senolytic, the composition of EV-associated miR and protein was markedly altered. The senolytic reduced OA development and enhanced chondrogenesis, and these were attributable to several specific differenti...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Vincenzo Tigano1, Giuseppe Lucio Cascini2, Cristina Sanchez-Castañeda3, Patrice Péran4 and Umberto Sabatini5* 1Department of Juridical, Historical, Economic and Social Sciences, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy 2Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy 3Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 4ToNIC, Toulouse NeuroImaging Center, Université de Toulouse, Inserm, UPS, Toulouse, France 5Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Ita...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Infertility due to nonobstructive azoospermia is treatable with the use of testicular sperm extraction and IVF. The optimal approach for sperm retrieval is microdissection testicular sperm extraction (mTESE). This systematic review summarizes and evaluates the literature pertaining to patient optimization before mTESE, mTESE technique, and post-mTESE testicular tissue processing. Preoperative patient optimization has been assessed in terms of adjuvant hormone therapy and varicocele repair. Limited data are available for adjuvant medical therapy, and although also limited, data for varicocele repair support increased sperm ...
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Views and reviews Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe emergence of new drugs for mCRPC has improved treatment options dramatically. Currently, systemic treatment options for mCRPC include hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radionuclide therapy as well as bone-modifying agents and palliative or supportive measures. Further, new genetically targeted agents (PARP inhibitors and PD-1 inhibitors) are on the horizon for certain subsets of biomarker-selected patients. The best strategies for patient selection and optimal sequential use to achieve the longest cumulative survival improvement and to prevent early resistance remain unclear.Patient summaryT...
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions: In children undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB, preoperative oral small-dose thyroid hormone therapy reduces severity of postoperative ESS and provides a protection against myocardial IRI by increasing HSP70 and MHCα expression.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Trial/Experimental Study Source Type: research
ConclusionsOutcomes to first-line NHT appear better in mCRPC patients harboring germline BRCA/ATM mutations (vs no mutations), but not for patients with other non-BRCA/ATM germline mutations.Patient summaryPatients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and harboring germline mutations in BRCA1/2 and ATM benefit from treatment with abiraterone and enzalutamide.
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
The use of hormonal therapy was first described in 1971 before hypospadias surgery, and it has been debated ever since. The long-term outcomes after puberty of patients treated with pre-operative testosterone in childhood are lacking.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
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