Induction of labour: Experiences of care and decision-making of women and clinicians.

CONCLUSION: There is a need to develop strategies such as decision aids, the redesign of antenatal classes, and clinician communication training to improve the quality of information available to women and their capacity for informed decision-making. PMID: 31208865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Women Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

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This study examined contrasts in financial hardship among 1419 rural and urban cancer survivors using the 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey supplement – The Effects of Cancer and Its Treatment on Finances. We combined four questions, creating a measure of material financial hardship, and examined one question on financial worry. We conducted multivariable logistic regression analyses, which produced odds ratios (OR) for factors associated with financial hardship and worry, and then generated average adjusted predicted probabilities. We focused on rural and urban differences classified by metropolitan statistical ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Background: Perinatally HIV-infected adolescents (PHIVA) are an expanding population vulnerable to loss to follow-up (LTFU). Understanding the epidemiology and factors for LTFU is complicated by varying LTFU definitions. Setting: Asian regional cohort incorporating 16 pediatric HIV services across 6 countries. Methods: Data from PHIVA (aged 10–19 years) who received combination antiretroviral therapy 2007–2016 were used to analyze LTFU through (1) an International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) method that determined LTFU as>90 days late for an estimated next scheduled appointment wi...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Implementation Science Source Type: research
Background: HIV infection potentially increases coronary artery disease and heart failure risks. However, the association between HIV infection and sudden cardiac death (SCD) has not been extensively studied. This nationwide cohort study aimed to determine SCD risks in Taiwanese patients with and without HIV infection. Methods: Adult people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) since January 1, 2003, were identified from the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control HIV surveillance system. HIV-infected individuals were defined as positive HIV-1 Western blot. A control cohort without HIV infection, matched for age and sex, was select...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Authors: Savaş Şen Z, Taşar MA, Demirel Kaya F, Güneş A, Vezir E, Hızarcıoğlu Gülşen H Abstract Cryptosporidium spp. is one of the leading causes of parasitic diarrhea. It is the most common parasite in humans all over the world with Giardia. Cryptosporidium is an important cause of chronic diarrhea in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients. Patients with normal immune system may have an asymptomatic course or clinical presentation such as acute watery diarrhea without blood and persistent diarrhea. The severity and duration of the disease may be a re...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Authors: Sarınoğlu RC, Sağlık İ, Mutlu D, Öngüt G, İnan D, Çolak D Abstract Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is an important global public health issue. Increasing HIV/AIDS cases reported each year has become a serious health problem for our country. The fourth generation enzyme immunoassay (EIA) test is the first step in the laboratory diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. When the EIA test is repeatedly reactive, antibody-based tests such as immuno blot (IB), line immunoassay (LIA), HIV 1-2 antibody differentiation immunoassay, and HIV RNA tests for the early p...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Authors: Ziyade N, Sayan M, Elgörmüş N, Büyük Y Abstract Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) comprises two genotypes, namely HIV-1 (group M, N, O and P) and HIV-2 (group A to H), which differ in their envelope glycoproteins and other antigenic epitopes despite their morphological and biological resemblance.Group M of HIV-1 responsible for 95% of HIV infections worldwide is composed of nine subgroups. In addition to subgroups, group M contains also two recombinant forms, known as circulating recombinant form (CRF) and unique recombinant form (URF). The first case of HIV/acquired immun deficiency ...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
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Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
UNFPA-supported midwives ensured that this young woman gave birth safely in Bor Hospital, South Sudan. © UNFPA South SudanBy Julitta OnabanjoJOHANNESBURG, South Africa, Nov 12 2019 (IPS) This is a special year for all rights-based health advocates, as we celebrate 25 years of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). At the ICPD in Cairo in 1994, for the first time world leaders from 179 member states committed to the principles that underpin today’s Sustainable Development Goals: non-discrimination and universality; the centrality of health, including sexual and reproductive health and...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Gender Headlines Health Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations ICPD25 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD25) Source Type: news
This study aimed to assess the magnitude and asso...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Authors: Rahne T Abstract Implantable hearing systems work because mechanical vibration energy is introduced into the hearing system. The performance of the hearing system is thus essentially determined by physical parameters. Together with the tone and speech audiogram the indications for deciding on a system are based on the efficacy of the respective system and the patient's wishes. Hearing-assisted patients should have a dynamic range of 30-35 dB to adequately understand speech. This should be guaranteed with the respective system also in the medium to long term. In addition, sufficient cochlear reserve perfo...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
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