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Women with fear of childbirth might benefit from having a known midwife during labour.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the women in the present study had limited access to a known midwife, the results indicate that having a known midwife whom the women met on several occasions made them more satisfied with the counseling and had a positive effect on their fear. Building a trustful midwife-woman relationship rather than counseling per se could be the key issue when it comes to fear of birth. PMID: 29773474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - May 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Hildingsson I, Karlström A, Rubertsson C, Haines H Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Trauma and fear in Australian midwives.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the extent of trauma and birth-related fear in midwives and how this might affect practice. AIM: (1) Determine prevalence of birth related trauma and fear in midwives and associations with midwives' confidence to advise women during pregnancy of their birth options and to provide care in labour. (2) Describe midwives' experiences of birth related trauma and/or fear. METHOD: A mixed methods design. A convenience sample of midwives (n=249) completed an anonymous online survey. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the quantitative ...
Source: Women Birth - May 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Toohill J, Fenwick J, Sidebotham M, Gamble J, Creedy DK Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Cessation of breastfeeding in association with oxytocin administration and type of birth. A prospective cohort study.
CONCLUSION: Planned cesarean birth without oxytocin is associated with the cessation of exclusive breastfeeding at 1, 3 and 6months of life. It would be desirable to limit elective cesarean births to essentials as well as to give maximum support to encourage breastfeeding in this group of women. The dose of oxytocin given during birth and puerperium period is not associated with cessation of exclusive breastfeeding. PMID: 29754970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - May 10, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Fernández-Cañadas Morillo A, Durán Duque M, Hernández López AB, Muriel Miguel C, Pérez Riveiro P, Salcedo Mariña A, Royuela Vicente A, Casillas Santana ML, Marín Gabriel MA Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

First-time mothers' birth beliefs, preferences, and actual birth: A longitudinal observational study.
CONCLUSION: Women's beliefs should be recognized and birth preferences respected. PMID: 29753684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - May 9, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Preis H, Eisner M, Chen R, Benyamini Y Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based programme on the psychological health of pregnant women.
CONCLUSIONS: Perinatal mental health problems affect mothers, their infants, and society. The eight-week mindfulness programme effectively reduced self-perceived stress and depression and increased childbirth self-efficacy and mindfulness. Future research is needed to explore the potential benefits, mechanisms, and effects on maternal and infant birth outcomes of mindfulness. PMID: 29752225 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - May 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Pan WL, Gau ML, Lee TY, Jou HJ, Liu CY, Wen TK Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Re-examining pregnancy-related anxiety: A replication study.
CONCLUSIONS: The methodology and more detailed analyses employed addressed noted limitations of the Huizink study. Findings that the contribution of general anxiety and depression to the variance in pregnancy-related anxiety scores was low, supports previous conclusions that pregnancy-related anxiety is a discrete anxiety type. Recognition of this unique anxiety (associated with many deleterious outcomes) may provide opportunity for prenatal screening/early intervention, potentially resulting in improved pregnancy outcomes. Limitations include no exclusion of women deemed as high-risk pregnancy and the pregnancy-related an...
Source: Women Birth - May 7, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Brunton R, Dryer R, Saliba A, Kohlhoff J Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Postnatal gestational diabetes mellitus follow-up: Perspectives of Australian hospital clinicians and general practitioners.
CONCLUSION: Gestational diabetes mellitus follow-up is characterised by communication where general practitioners appear to be information seekers whose communication needs are not met by hospital clinicians. Midwives are ideally placed to assist in improving communication and postnatal gestational diabetes mellitus follow-up. PMID: 29735392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - May 4, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kilgour C, Bogossian FE, Callaway L, Gallois C Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

"Trying to give birth naturally was out of the question": Accounting for intervention in childbirth.
CONCLUSION: The experience of medical intervention in childbirth is routinely oriented to as a matter that requires explanation or account in online birth narratives. Women repeatedly referred to their preference to avoid intervention, but described being unable to do so in hospital. PMID: 29731383 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - May 3, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Cole L, LeCouteur A, Feo R, Dahlen H Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

A qualitative exploration of techniques used by expert midwives to preserve the perineum intact.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The perineum stretches during birth to allow passage of the baby, but 85% of women sustain some degree of perineal trauma during childbirth, which is painful post-partum. Episiotomy rates vary significantly, with some countries having rates of>60%. Recent Irish and New Zealand studies showed lower severe perineal trauma and episiotomy rates than other countries. AIM: To explore expert Irish and New Zealand midwives' views of the skills that they employ in preserving the perineum intact during spontaneous vaginal birth. METHODS: Following ethical approval a qualitative, descriptive...
Source: Women Birth - May 2, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Begley C, Guilliland K, Dixon L, Reilly M, Keegan C, McCann C, Smith V Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Making the hidden seen: A narrative analysis of the experiences of Assumption of Care at birth.
CONCLUSION: To address the tensions raised in this study, we suggest a two-fold change to maternity care for women at risk of an Assumption of Care: a therapeutic justice model of maternity care and continuity of midwifery care with a dedicated midwife. Introducing these changes could increase women's and children's safety and wellbeing. PMID: 29716826 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - April 28, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Marsh CA, Browne J, Taylor J, Davis D Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Women's experience of midwife-led counselling and its influence on childbirth fear: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: In this qualitative study, women reported that midwife-led counselling improved their confidence for birth through information and knowledge. The women experienced a greater sense of calm and preparedness, which increased the tolerance for the uncertainty related to the birthing process. This, in turn, positively affected the birth experience. Combined with a feeling of safety, which was linked to the professional support during birth, the women felt empowered. The positive birth experience strengthened the self-confidence for a future birth and the childbirth fear was described as reduced or manageable. ...
Source: Women Birth - April 27, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Larsson B, Hildingsson I, Ternström E, Rubertsson C, Karlström A Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Veiled midwifery in the baby factory - A grounded theory study.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide a theoretical conceptualisation of a 'veiled midwifery 'that causes problems for the surrounding team. This generates a desire to streamline and control midwifery in order to increase interprofessional collaboration. PMID: 29709432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - April 27, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Hansson M, Lundgren I, Hensing G, Carlsson IM Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Community engagement in the Aboriginal Families Study: Strategies to promote participation.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Aboriginal women and families are under-represented in Australian research on pregnancy and childbirth. The Aboriginal Families Study aimed to investigate the views and experiences of a representative sample of women giving birth to an Aboriginal baby in South Australia between July 2011 and June 2013, using methods designed to respect Aboriginal culture and communities. METHODS: A team of 12 Aboriginal researchers facilitated community engagement and recruitment of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal mothers of Aboriginal infants in urban, regional and remote areas of South Australia over a tw...
Source: Women Birth - April 23, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Weetra D, Glover K, Miller R, Wilson R, Leane C, Stuart-Butler D, Mitchell A, Gartland D, Brown S Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Joys and challenges of relationships in Scotland and New Zealand rural midwifery: A multicentre study.
CONCLUSIONS: To meet the challenges of rural practice the importance of relationship needs acknowledging. Relationships are created, built and sustained at a distance with others who have little appreciation of the rural context. Social capital for rural midwives is thus characterised by social trust, community solidarity, shared values and working together for mutual benefit. Rural communities generally exhibit high levels of social capital and this is key to sustainable rural midwifery practice. IMPLICATIONS: Midwives, educationalists and researchers need to address the skills required for building social capital in...
Source: Women Birth - April 21, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Crowther S, Deery R, Daellenbach R, Davies L, Gilkison A, Kensington M, Rankin J Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Self-management of gestational diabetes among Chinese migrants: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: To assist Chinese women with Gestational diabetes to better self-manage their condition, there is a need for clinicians to: (1) provide more effective diabetes education to ensure clear understanding of self-management principles; (2) actively elicit and respond to women's confusion and concerns; (3) provide women with adequate practical support; and (4) develop greater cultural awareness. PMID: 29693546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - April 21, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Wah YYE, McGill M, Wong J, Ross GP, Harding AJ, Krass I Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

The nature of labour pain: An updated review of the literature.
CONCLUSION: If a woman can sustain the belief that her pain is purposeful (i.e. her body working to birth her baby), if she interprets her pain as productive (i.e. taking her through a process to a desired goal) and the birthing environment is safe and supportive, it would be expected she would experience the pain as a non-threatening, transformative life event. Changing the conceptualisation of labour pain to a purposeful and productive pain may be one step to improving women's experiences of it, and reducing their need for pain interventions. PMID: 29685345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - April 20, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Whitburn LY, Jones LE, Davey MA, McDonald S Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity public health recommendations and diet during pregnancy.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity recommendations are associated with decreased intake of high-risk foods. Whether awareness of the recommendations affect dietary quality of pregnant women in Australian is unknown. AIM: To evaluate awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity recommendations during pregnancy and its impact on dietary quality. METHODS: Pregnant women (n=81) were recruited from antenatal clinics. Awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity recommendations and high-risk foods consumption were assessed via questionnaire at 10-23 weeks ges...
Source: Women Birth - April 17, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Zhou SJ, Greco RL, Grivell R, Louise J, Deussen A, Dodd J, Moran LJ Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Reasons for substance use continuation and discontinuation during pregnancy: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Recommendations are proposed for easier access to and more comprehensive services. Healthcare professionals and service providers should offer non-judgmental care by building high-quality relationships with pregnant women with substance use issues, to increase these women's self-efficacy and empower them to discontinue substance use. PMID: 29673617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - April 16, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Latuskie KA, Andrews NCZ, Motz M, Leibson T, Austin Z, Ito S, Pepler DJ Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

The private journey: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of exclusive breastfeeding.
CONCLUSION: The mothers were not prepared for public debates around infant feeding methods, where mothers judge each other and give advice that supports their own goals, both of which create an unnecessary divide between mothers. Despite these issues, the findings highlight the personal and social meanings aligned with exclusive breastfeeding and point to the significance in fostering determination as a means to achieve exclusive breastfeeding goals. This qualitative reflection contributes a nuanced understanding of mothers' lived experience of exclusive breastfeeding, deepening our understanding and enabling appropriate s...
Source: Women Birth - April 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Charlick SJ, McKellar L, Gordon AL, Pincombe J Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

The significance of interfamilial relationships on birth preparedness and complication readiness in Pakistan.
CONCLUSION: The tendency to take up antenatal care in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa can mainly be credited to a mutual understanding between husband and wife and a good relationship between the woman and her mother-in-law. Highlighting the significance of these relationships has implications for ensuring birth preparedness and complications readiness. PMID: 29606520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - March 29, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Ghani U, Crowther S, Kamal Y, Wahab M Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Refusal of recommended maternity care: Time to make a pact with women?
CONCLUSION: The Personalised Alternative Care and Treatment framework has the potential to meet the needs of women, clinicians and health services when pregnant women decline recommended maternity care. PMID: 29605143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - March 28, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Jenkinson B, Kruske S, Kildea S Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Benefits of caseload midwifery to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A discussion paper.
CONCLUSION: Prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder will be more likely if women experience a supportive relationship with a known midwife, who has received appropriate training and can enable women to feel comfortable in discussing and addressing alcohol use. PMID: 29602689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - March 27, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Reid N, Gamble J, Creedy DK, Finlay-Jones A Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Oral, systemic and socioeconomic factors associated with preterm birth.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that dental caries is frequent in postpartum women, but it does not appear to be associated with preterm birth. Meanwhile, maternal education level and arterial hypertension were associated with prematurity in this population. PMID: 29551483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - March 15, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Vieira ACF, Alves CM, Rodrigues VP, Ribeiro CC, Gomes-Filho IS, Lopes FF Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Midwifery students' experiences of problem solving based interprofessional learning: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: Interprofessional learning by challenging students of various professions during shared interprofessional learning can be followed by positive outcomes such as improved critical thinking, interprofessional communication, teaching-learning motivation and independent learning. PMID: 29526486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - March 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Aein F Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Midwives and clinical investigation: A review of the literature.
CONCLUSION: There is little research regarding experiences of midwives and clinical investigation. Midwives under investigation need appropriate support. Continuing to work during prolonged investigative processes is stressful as reported by midwives who described being "ill-equipped" and "unprepared." Midwives in the review preferred the support of colleagues over counsellors. Educators, employers and regulators need to work collaboratively and incorporate reflective practice in targeted support. PMID: 29525321 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - March 7, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Alexander CR, Bogossian F Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Sleep quality at 3 months postpartum considering maternal age: A comparative study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is related to old age among the general population, but few studies have focused on postpartum women of advanced maternal age. The present study aimed to describe and compare sleep quality between women younger or older than 35 years of age at 3 months postpartum, and to examine the related factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 160 postpartum women who had given birth at a teaching hospital in Taiwan. The participants were assigned to two groups according to age (≥35 years, n=80; and 20-34 years, n=80). Sleep quality was measured using the Pit...
Source: Women Birth - March 1, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Wen SY, Ko YL, Jou HJ, Chien LY Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Who owns the baby? A video ethnography of skin-to-skin contact after a caesarean section.
CONCLUSION: Providing skin-to-skin contact in the first 2h after caesarean sections has challenges. Despite this, health professionals can meet the mother's desire to 'own' her baby by realising they are one entity, encouraging skin-to-skin contact and avoiding maternal and infant separation. PMID: 29496385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - February 26, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Stevens J, Schmied V, Burns E, Dahlen HG Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Review and appraisal of guidelines for the management of asthma during pregnancy.
CONCLUSION: The recommended antenatal asthma management was generally consistent among the guidelines but lacked clarity in some areas which then leave them open to interpretation. More randomised controlled trials involving pregnant women with asthma are required to fortify the recommendations made and asthma management guidelines should be included in Australian Antenatal Care Guidelines as they currently are not. PMID: 29475603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - February 21, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: McLaughlin K, Foureur M, Jensen ME, Murphy VE Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Survey of midwives' perinatal mental health knowledge, confidence, attitudes and learning needs.
CONCLUSION: Midwives require further education on perinatal mental health across cultures with a skill focus and which explores attitudes delivered in a study day format. PMID: 29454664 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - February 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Noonan M, Jomeen J, Galvin R, Doody O Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Women's choice of maternal healthcare in Parung, West Java, Indonesia: Midwife versus traditional birth attendant.
CONCLUSION: Indonesian women's choice of a midwife instead of a TBA for their maternal healthcare resulted in a higher satisfaction of care and more ANC visits. PMID: 29454665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - February 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Agus Y, Horiuchi S, Iida M Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Risk of unplanned caesarean birth in Vietnamese-born women in Victoria, Australia: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Factors other than clinical risk appear to predispose Vietnamese-born women to unplanned caesarean birth. These may include intrapartum communication, length of residence and familiarity with care systems, and variations in care practices for Vietnamese women. PMID: 29449157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - February 12, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Agius PA, Davey MA, Small R Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Less or more? Maternal requests that go against medical advice.
This study explores the experiences of Dutch midwives and gynaecologists with pregnant women who request more, less or no care during pregnancy and/or childbirth. METHODS: All Dutch midwives and (trainee) gynaecologists were invited to fill out a questionnaire specifically designed for the purposes of this study. Holistic midwives were analysed separately from regular community midwives. FINDINGS: Most maternity care providers in the Netherlands receive requests for less care than recommended at least once a year. The most frequently maternal requests were declining testing for gestational diabetes (66.3%), optin...
Source: Women Birth - February 10, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Hollander M, Holten L, Leusink A, van Dillen J, de Miranda E Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Canada's evacuation policy for pregnant First Nations women: Resignation, resilience, and resistance.
CONCLUSION: There is a pressing need to improve the maternity care services that First Nations women receive when they are evacuated out of their communities, particularly when understood from the specific legal and constitutional position of First Nations women in Manitoba. PMID: 29439924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - February 10, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Lawford KM, Giles AR, Bourgeault IL Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

The importance of involving midwives before and during the implementation of an antenatal pertussis vaccination program in New South Wales, Australia.
CONCLUSION: Consulting with the midwives in advance of a new vaccination program was a new initiative and highly recommended as it was time well spent gaining essential information on program resourcing and operational needs. Conducting a post-implementation audit is also strongly recommended as a check-point for issues and recommendations, to empower frontline staff and support consistent program implementation. Frontline staff engagement before and during implementation of a new vaccination program is a powerful mechanism for effective, efficient and consistent program delivery. PMID: 29398459 [PubMed - as supplied ...
Source: Women Birth - February 1, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Nicholl S, Seale H, Saul N, Campbell-Lloyd S Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Client experiences with perinatal healthcare for high-risk and low-risk women.
CONCLUSION: Given the potential negative impact of adverse client experiences, this study highlights the need for healthcare professionals to be aware of what women are susceptible for having had negative experiences. It is advised that healthcare provision be altered to tailor to the needs of these women. PMID: 29395696 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - January 26, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: van Stenus CMV, Boere-Boonekamp MM, Kerkhof EFGM, Need A Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Sexual dysfunction predicts depressive symptoms during the first 2 years postpartum.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides robust evidence that sexual dysfunction and poor satisfaction, together with severe perineal laceration, greater pain, and a medical condition, predict depressive symptoms during the 24-month postpartum period. PMID: 29395697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - January 25, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Chang SR, Lin WA, Lin HH, Shyu MK, Lin MI Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Screening for recommended antenatal risk factors: How long does it take?
CONCLUSION: Women are willing to be asked about risk factors; however this process is time-consuming. Strategies to streamline visits and prioritise recommendations so time-efficient yet comprehensive care can be delivered are needed, particularly when factors require monitoring over time and for those who may be 'at-risk' for multiple factors. PMID: 29366711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - January 20, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Waller A, Bryant J, Cameron E, Galal M, Symonds I, Sanson-Fisher R Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Longitudinal evaluation of a training program to promote routine antenatal enquiry for domestic violence by midwives.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Routine enquiry about domestic violence during pregnancy is accepted best practice. Training is essential to improve knowledge and practice. Few studies have undertaken a comprehensive evaluation of training impact over time. AIM: To evaluate the longitudinal impact of a domestic violence training and support program to promote midwives' routine antenatal enquiry for domestic violence using a mixed methods design. METHOD: Data sources included (1) surveys of midwives at 6 months post-training, (2) interviews with key stakeholders at 12 months, (3) chart audit data of screening, risk,...
Source: Women Birth - January 15, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Baird K, Creedy DK, Saito AS, Eustace J Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Postnatal post-traumatic stress: An integrative review.
CONCLUSIONS: Postnatal post-traumatic stress symptoms and disorder have been shown to negatively impact the lives of childbearing women. Further investigation into methods and models for identifying women at risk of developing postnatal post-traumatic stress following childbirth is required in order to improve outcomes for this population of women. PMID: 29337007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - January 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Simpson M, Schmied V, Dickson C, Dahlen HG Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Ice pack induced perineal analgesia after spontaneous vaginal birth: Randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: By applying an ice-pack for 10min to the perineum, effective pain relief is achieved, that is maintained for between 1h 45min and 2h. PMID: 29337008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - January 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Francisco AA, De Oliveira SMJV, Steen M, Nobre MRC, De Souza EV Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

The Waterbirth Project: S ão Bernardo Hospital experience.
CONCLUSION: These safety outcomes, based on sound scientific evidence, should increasingly support and inform clinical decisions and increase the number of waterbirths in health facilities. The results of this study align with growing evidence that suggests waterbirth is a safe delivery option and therefore should be offered to women. PMID: 29305115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - January 2, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Camargo JCS, Varela V, Ferreira FM, Pougy L, Ochiai AM, Santos ME, Grande MCLR Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Midwifery management of second-degree perineal tears in New Zealand: A cross-sectional survey of practice.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Second-degree tears are the most common form of perineal trauma occurring after vaginal birth managed by New Zealand midwives, although little is known about midwives' perineal practice. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify how midwives managed the last second-degree perineal tear they treated and the level to which their practice reflects National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines. METHODS: An (anonymous) online survey was conducted over a six-week period in 2013. New Zealand midwives who self-identified as currently practising perineal management and could r...
Source: Women Birth - December 27, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Cronin RS, Li M, Culliney K, Maude R, Nelson K Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Maternal perception of fetal movements in the third trimester: A qualitative description.
CONCLUSION: Pregnant women observe a complex range of fetal movement patterns, actions and responses that are likely to be consistent with normal development. Maternal perception of a qualitative change in fetal movements may be clinically important and should take precedence over any numeric definition of decreased fetal movement. Midwives may inform women that it is normal to perceive more fetal movement in the evening and increasingly strong movements as pregnancy advances. PMID: 29287635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - December 26, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Bradford B, Maude R Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Why does the need for medication become a barrier to breastfeeding? A narrative review.
CONCLUSION: Poor quality of information about medicine safety during lactation can contribute to confusion in giving recommendations. This confusion can result in early cessation of breastfeeding or insufficient health care for the breastfeeding woman. PMID: 29258800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - December 16, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: McClatchey AK, Shield A, Cheong LH, Ferguson SL, Cooper GM, Kyle GJ Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Herbal medicines use during pregnancy in Sierra Leone: An exploratory cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Herbal medicine use among pregnant women in this study was widespread. Maternal health providers should be aware of this relatively common practice and routinely discuss and educate pregnant women on the potential risks and benefits associated with the use of herbs. PMID: 29254852 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - December 15, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: James PB, Bah AJ, Tommy MS, Wardle J, Steel A Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Exploring the Fear of Birth Scale in a mixed population of women of childbearing age-A Swedish pilot study.
CONCLUSION: The Fear of Birth Scale seems to be a useful instrument for different subgroups of women. The construct of fear of childbirth may be universally understood and experienced by women of childbearing age irrespective of whether they are currently pregnant, have recently given birth or do not have children. Identifying fear of birth is important in clinical practice in order to support women's reproductive needs. PMID: 29249331 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - December 14, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Hildingsson I, Rubertsson C, Karlström A, Haines H Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Telephone triage and midwifery: A scoping review.
CONCLUSION: Further research to explore midwives' perceptions of their role, investigate processes and tools midwives use, evaluate training programs, and examine outcomes of women triaged is needed. PMID: 29241698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - December 11, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Bailey CM, Newton JM, Hall HG Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Sterile water injections for childbirth pain: An evidenced based guide to practice.
CONCLUSION: The recommendation at present, based on the current state of knowledge, is to give four injections. Notwithstanding the differences in injection technique and number of injections the method appears to provide significant levels of pain relief and can be repeated as often as required with no adverse effect (apart from the administration pain) on the woman or her foetus. PMID: 29241699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - December 11, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Mårtensson LB, Hutton EK, Lee N, Kildea S, Gao Y, Bergh I Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

How obstetricians and pregnant women decide mode of birth in light of a recent regulation in Brazil.
CONCLUSIONS: Improved enforcement of Resolução Normativa 368, accompanied by structural changes like an on-call schedule and higher compensation for vaginal births in the private sector, could better inform patients about modes of birth and incentivise physicians to encourage vaginal birth. PMID: 29229514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - December 8, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Galvao R, Hawley NL, da Silva CS, Silveira MF Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Relationship between duration of second stage of labour and postpartum anaemia.
CONCLUSION: The duration of the second stage of labour beyond 4h is safe for postpartum anaemia in nulliparous women. However in multiparous women, monitoring should increase if the second stage of labour exceeds 3h given the increased risk of postpartum anaemia. PMID: 29221635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women Birth)
Source: Women Birth - December 5, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Infante-Torres N, Molina-Alarcón M, Rubio-Álvarez A, Rodríguez-Almagro J, Hernández-Martínez A Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research