Unintended Effects of Communicating About Drug Safety Issues: A Critical Review of the Literature

AbstractCommunications about the safety and effectiveness of human drugs can influence patients ’ and prescribers’ perceptions and behaviors, which in turn can affect the public’s health more broadly. We conducted a critical review of the literature on the unintended effects from communicating information to the public about safety issues with prescription and over-the-counter drugs. We searched PubMed for peer-reviewed studies published from 1990 to 2017 where study authors reported probable unintended effects of communicating drug safety. The types of communications included in these studies were news reports, direct-to-consumer advertisements, and those released by government ag encies. Among the 26 studies identified, the most commonly reported unintended effects were decreased drug use or discontinuation. Other unintended effects included spillover to populations not targeted by the communications (e.g., discontinuation of antidepressants among adults following communicat ions concerning use among youth), shifts in clinical diagnoses (e.g., fewer diagnoses of depression), increased use of alternative therapies, and other undesirable behaviors (e.g., possible increased suicide attempts because antidepressants were discontinued). Limitations to the literature include t he inability to establish causation or to isolate the effects of multiple communication sources and messages. Further, because the intended effect of many communications was not known, our ...
Source: Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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In trying to cope with the debilitating symptoms of depression, people often turn to vitamins, supplements, herbs, or home remedies first. And it’s no wonder — such efforts to alleviate symptoms are often far less expensive and easier to obtain. For some, it may be a part of their rationalization that their depression “isn’t all that bad,” if it can be treated with vitamins and supplements. Many people find relief in taking vitamins and supplements for depression. It is also one of the most well-researched topics, so we know what the science has to say about the efficacy of such treatments. Bu...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Depression Diet & Nutrition General Medications Miscellaneous Drugs supplements for depression vitamins for depression Source Type: news
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Source: Palliative Medicine - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Tags: Palliat Med Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ConclusionSpirituality underlies many of the experiences of MI, including changes in identity, meaning making, social supports, and MI symptoms. The findings of this mini-review highlight the need to consider a person’s spiritual fitness and health throughout military service and during treatment of MI and examine how spirituality can be fostered to help build resilience and reduce the risk of MI (17). While acknowledging the limited quality of evidence, encouraging military members and veterans to draw on S/R resources and practices may be a salve to psychospiritual distress. Integration of spirituality as a bona fi...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
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Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Complementary Therapies Comprehensive behavioral treatment Drug Rehab Information Drug Treatment behavioral therapy complimentary therapy holistic therapy Therapeutic Alliance therapist Source Type: blogs
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Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
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Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
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Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
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